Parker Double Barrel Shotgun

By Thomas E. Wessel

In 1832 Charles Parker of Meriden, Conn., organized the Parker Co. to make coffee mills and subsequently bench vises. In 1860 the firm was reorganized to become Parker, Snow, Brooks & Co. On Sept. 28. 1863. the firm signed a contract with the government to make 15.000 Model 1861 rifled muskets at $19 each. This contract was fulfilled. Upon termination of the Civil War. Charles Parker became president of the Meriden Mfg. Co.. which position he held until 1868 when the firm of Parker Brothers was organized.

Their first shotgun was made in 1868 and was known as the 'Parker Brothers'. Of hammer type, it featured a lifter bolting device, and the fore-end was attached to the barrels with a cross-key. In 1879 an improved fore-end assembly based on the Deeley & Edge system was made standard. A hammerless lock was adopted in 1889, with automatic ejectors first offered in 1902. The Parker single trigger was introduced in 1922.

On June I. 1934, the assets of the Parker firm were purchased by Remington Arms Co., Inc.. but with the advent of World War II production of Parker shotguns was discontinued and was not resumed with the coming of peace.

The Parker shotgun was essentially machine made, although much hand-fitting was involved in its production. Forgings were machined slightly oversize and then hand fitted by filing and scraping. Reputation of the Parker shotgun was founded on uniformly excellent quality and durability as well as fine balance and handling qualities. Parkers were offered in several grades, and all but the cheapest Trojan grade could be ordered built to customers' specifications. Regardless of price, the Parker shotgun justly earned its title of 'Old Reliable'.

Remingtonmodel8 Disassembly

not shown stock 31

1 Commence disassembly by removing fore-end assembly and barrels (1). Remove guard bow screw (67) and rear tang screw (65). Unscrew guard bow (66) and remove 3 trigger plate screws (57, arrows). Turn gun right side up and push top-lever (16) to right. Remove front tang screw (30)

2 Tap out trigger plate (58) and attached assembly. Use a small wood dowel inserted into forward part of receiver (28) and just in front of cocking crank (17) where a portion of the foremost surface of trigger plate may be seen. Lift trigger plate assembly away, while lifting out cocking slide (46). Trip (41) and its internal assembly will also drop out. Trip sears (44 & 45), drift out sear pin (40), and remove sears. This will permit removal of stock

3 Continue (A) by removing top-lever retaining screw (29). Using a piece of cotton waste for padding, place thumb against top-lever spring shell (13) and fingers against face of receiver. Pry shell away from tang at (B) using a small screwdriver or hardwood wedge. Withdraw top-lever spring shell, spring (14), and plunger (15). Top-lever (16) may now be lifted out. and bolt (38) withdrawn rearward from receiver

Mainspring Meriden Pistol

4 Next, remove hammer fastening screws (22) and hammer screws (23). Hammers (49 & 50), hammer stirrups (51), mainspring plungers (48), and mainsprings (47) will drop out. It is best to hold a large cloth at rear of receiver while doing this to prevent loss of parts which arc under spring tension

Meriden Firearms Parts

5 Remove (A) unhooking slide screw (56) and withdraw unhooking slide (62) and assembly from front end of trigger plate. (B) Remove trigger spring screw (61) and trigger spring (60). Drift out trigger pin (53) and remove triggers (54 & 55)

Shotgun Extractor

6 Remove extractor screw (9) and slide extractor out and away rearward. Remove cocking link screw (6) and cocking link (3). link spring pin (4), and link spring (5). Removal of extractor or cocking link is not dependent on prior removal of one or the other. Reassemble in reverse sequence ■

1. Barrels

2. Front sight

3. Cocking link

4. Cocking link spring pin

5. Cocking link spring

6. Cocking link screw

7. Bolt plate

8. Bolt plate retaining pin

9. Extractor screw

10. Extractor

11. Buttplate

12. Buttplate screw (2)

13. Top-lever spring shell

14. Top-lever spring

15. Top-lever spring plunger

16. Top-lever

17. Cocking crank

18. Joint pin screw

19. Joint pin

20. Cocking crank pin stop screw (2)

21. Cocking crank pin

22. Hammer fastening screw (2)

23. Hammer screw (2)

24. Unhooking pin screw

25. Joint roll

26. Unhooking pin spring

Parts Legend

27. Unhooking j5in

28. Receiver

29. Top-lever retaining screw

30. Tang screw, front

31. Safety slide pin

32. Safety slide

33. Safety slide spring

34. Safety lever jacket

35. Safety lever pin

36. Safety lever

37. Safety pin

38. Bolt

39. Sear spring

40. Sear pin

41. Trip

42. Trip spring

43. Trip spring plunger

44. Sear, left

45. Sear, right

46. Cocking slide

47. Mainspring (2)

48. Mainspring plunger (2)

49. Hammer, left

50. Hammer, right

51. Hammer stirrup (2)

52. Mainspring pin (2)

53. Trigger pin

54. Trigger, left

55. Trigger, right

56. Unhooking slide screw

57. Trigger plate screw (3)

58. Trigger plate

59. Tang screw sleeve

60. Trigger spring

61. Trigger spring screw

62. Unhooking slide

63. Unhooking slide spring

64. Unhooking slide plunger

65. Tang screw, rear

66. Guard bow

67. Guard bow screw

68. Fore-end

69. Fore-end iron

70. Fore-end plunger box pin

72. Fore-end plunger box

73. Fore-end plunger spring

74. Fore-end plunger

75. Fore-end plunger roll

76. Fore-end plunger roll pin

Www Remington Modle 81woods Master

Remington Models 8 & 81 Autoloading Rifles

By James M. Triggs

The Remington Model 81 Woods-master autoloading rifle was produced from 1936 until 1950. Except for minor differences, it is mechanically identical to the Remington Model 8 5-shot autoloading rifle produced from 1906 until 1936. Design of the Model 8 rifle was based on U. S. Patent No. 659,786 granted Oct. 16, 1900 to John M. Browning. It was the first successful high power autoloading rifle produced in America. Manufacturing and sales rights were sold to Remington.

The Model 8 rifle has a locked breech long-recoil action wherein the barrel, bolt, and bolt carrier assembly recoil several inches together so that the bullet has cleared the barrel before unlocking begins. The bolt has twin locking lugs which engage locking recesses within the barrel extension. The barrel, suspended in guide bushings, is surrounded by 2 heavy coil-type springs in turn covered by a sheet-metal jacket. These springs are compressed on rearward movement of the barrel bolt and bolt carrier assembly.

At the end of recoil the bolt carrier is locked into rear of the receiver. Energy of the compressed recoil spring then drives the barrel forward, which cams the bolt open to unlock it from the barrel extension. When the barrel extension reaches its forward position, it trips the barrel lock allowing the bolt mmmmmmmmm.

Meriden Firearms

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  • Anthony
    How do I know where each parker shotgun trigger plate screw goes?
    8 years ago
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    8 years ago
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    7 years ago
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    How to tell when a parker shotgun was made?
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