One of a series
The Model 1905 Colt Automatic pistol was the forerunner of the world famous Models 1911 and 1911A1 U. S. Service pistols. It is the most common automatic pistol of the series of semi-experimental versions that led up to the Model 1911. While the Model 1905 is an effective weapon, it is primarily a collector item today. Except for a few details, the magazines look like Model 1911 magazines. Model 1905 magazines have 6 holes per side instead of the 5 found in the Model 1911.
Model 1905 magazines can be recognized by the extra horn-like projection in the front notch instead of the smooth line found on Model 1911 magazine.
Other points of identification are the retainer protrusion and cut on the back strap.— E. J. HOFFSCHMIDT
Colt Paterson Revolver
In 1836, under authority of a charter granted by the State of New Jersey, a group of financiers organized the Patent Arms Manufacturing Co. Their aim was to manufacture percussion firearms under patents held by Samuel Colt, a young inventor from Hartford, Conn. The factory was set up in Paterson, N. J., and the president of the firm was Elias B. D. Ogden. Dudley Selden, cousin of Samuel Colt, was secretary and general manager.
Very few arms were produced in 1836 except for limited production of rifles. The first Government trial of rifles was held in 1837, but report of the board was unfavorable. In 1838, however, Colt did succeed in selling 125 rifles to the Government for use in the Seminole War. Some revolvers were also purchased by officers engaged in that war.
An additional military order for carbines and revolvers was obtained from the Republic of Texas in 1839.
During this time Colt did everything possible to promote sale of his arms, including presentation of a revolver to President Andrew Jackson. Some of his promotional efforts must have been considered unorthodox by his conservative cousin Dudley Selden, as friction between these 2 eventually caused Selden to resign, and John Ehlers then took over the duties of secretary and general manager.
In 1841, Colt became dissatisfied with distribution of royalty payments by Ehlers, and began legal action which in 1842 resulted in bankruptcy of the firm. An order from U. S. Ordnance in 1841 for 160 repeating carbines was received too late to stave off the bankruptcy proceedings. Luckily for Colt, he retained ownership of his patents.
A variety of Paterson revolvers and long arms was produced by this relatively short-lived firm. Revolvers were made in cals. .28, .31, .34, and .36, in pocket, belt, and holster styles. Long arms made included shotguns, as well as carbines and rifles.
Early Paterson arms lacked loading levers, but this feature appeared some time in 1840.
Paterson arms, and especially revolvers. are much sought after by present-day collectors. Heavy demand, coupled with their rarity, ranks them among the most valuable antique arms.
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