Illustrations by JOHN F. FINNEGAN Text by LUDWIG OLSON
Bolt-action repeating rifles were introduced in the U.S. many years before the turn of the century. However, most American sportsmen were accustomed to lever-action rifles and the bolt-action lacked popularity. This situation changed to a considerable extent during World War I when thousands of U.S. soldiers became familiar with Springfield and Enfield bolt-action rifles and acquired a liking for them. The result was a good market for bolt-action sporting rifles following the war.
Remington's entry in the bolt-action field to exploit this market was its Model 30 center-fire sporting rifle introduced in 1921. This Mauser-type rifle had a mod ified Enfield action generally similar to that of the U.S. Model 1917 Enfield rifle. It was produced on machinery used by Remington during the war to manufacture the Model 1917 Enfield for the Government, and was first offered in cal. .30-'06 only.
The Model 30 had a one-piece bolt with dual-opposed locking lugs at the front end. A safety lug was provided by the bolt handle which entered a notch in the re-
1 Open bolt (2), and inspect chamber -L and magazine to make sure that rifle is unloaded. Rotate safety catch (43) to the rear safe position "A", and close bolt as far as possible. Safety catch engaging cocking piece (10) will cause separation to occur at "B". Insert washer or coin between cocking piece and bolt plug (3), and raise bolt handle.
A Press point of firing pin (14) against " a wood surface. Push on bolt plug until it clears nose of cocking piece, rotate cocking piece Va turn in either direction, and pull it rearward off firing pin. Ease bolt plug to rear slowly, and separate it and the mainspring (32) from firing pin. Hold bolt plug firmly, and keep it pointed in a safe direction as it is under heavy pressure of mainspring.
O Rotate safety catch forward to fire ^ position. Pivot bolt stop (4) to the left, and pull bolt assembly rearward out of receiver (42). Cartridge used as shown assists in pivoting bolt stop to left.
5 Rotate extractor (12) until it rests on ungrooved portion of bolt head between locking lugs. Position cartridge rim under extractor hook, and use cartridge to pull extractor forward off bolt. It is not advisable to remove extractor ring (13) as doing so may deform it.
3 With washer or coin between cocking piece and bolt plug, unscrew firing mechanism from bolt.
6 While using bullet point or pointed tool to depress magazine catch (26), slide magazine bottom (25) slightly rearward until it disengages from trigger guard (55). Remove magazine bottom with attached parts, and slide magazine follower spring (30) out of engagement with magazine bottom and magazine follower (29). Use screwdriver to remove front guard screw (20) and rear guard screw (33). Pull out trigger guard and magazine (24), and separate stock (49) from receiver and barrel (I). Reassemble in reverse.
ceiver. The long, non-rotary extractor was fastened to the bolt by the extractor ring, and the spring-actuated ejector was pivoted in the left side of the receiver. Due to the low lift of the bent-back bolt handle and position of the safety on the right side of the receiver, the rifle was well suited for use with a low-mounted telescope sight.
Capacity of the staggered-column box magazine was five rounds inserted from the top singly or by means of a five-round clip. The magazine was not detachable although the magazine bottom, spring and follower could be removed easily for cleaning.
The first version of this rifle was cocked chiefly while closing the bolt as with the Model 1917 Enfield, and featured a small adjustable aperture rear sight on the receiver bridge. In 1926, the action was modified to cock chiefly while opening the bolt, and the aperture rear sight was discontinued. The new version, called the Model 30 Express rifle, had an open rear sight on the barrel, but the receiver was drilled and tapped for the Lyman No. 48R aperture receiver sight. In addition to cal. 30-'06, the new rifle was offered in .25, .30. .32 and .35 Remington rimless cham-berings. The barrel was 22" long, and the rifle weighed approximately IVa lbs.
A further change occurred in 1930 with introduction of the Model 30S "Special" Grade rifle in calibers .30-'06 and 7 mm. Mauser with 24" barrel, and cal. .25 Remington with 22" barrel. An NRA-style American walnut stock with checkered pistol grip and fore-end was an important feature of the Model 30S. It was much better proportioned than stocks of earlier Model 30 rifles. Other important features were a Lyman No/ 48R aperture rear sight and a two-stage trigger mechanism designed to give a light, clean final pull. A single-stage trigger was optional. An open rear sight was not provided except on the 30SX "Special" Grade which had no receiver sight. The list of chamber-ings for later Model 30S rifles included
.30-'06 and .257 Roberts only.
Two other versions of the Model 30 were the Model 30A "Standard" Grade rifle and Model 30R carbine. The Model 30A had a 22" barrel, and was available in cal. .30-'06, 7 mm. Mauser and the four Remington rimless chamberings. It featured an open rear sight, single-stage trigger and a walnut stock generally similar to that of earlier Model 30 rifles that preceded the 30S. A later version of the Model 30A was available in cal. .30-'06 only.
The Model 30R carbine had a 20" barrel. an uncheckered stock, and was offered in cal. .30-'06 only. According to Remington, it was intended for use by forest rangers, guards or state police.
The Model 30 was a high-quality arm with a well-designed action. It had an advantage over many other bolt-action rifles in that its bolt handle and safely offered no interference with a low-mounted telescope sight. In 1941, this rifle was superseded by the Remington Model 720. ■
47. Sear axis pin
48. Sear spring
50. Stock bolt
51. Stock bolt nut
52. Stock pin
54. Trigger axis pin
55. Trigger guard
3. Bolt plug
4. Bolt stop
5. Bolt stop axis screw
6. Bolt stop spring
7. Bolt stop spring rest
9. Buttplate screw (2)
10. Cocking piece
13. Extractor ring
14. Firing pin
15. Front sight
16. Front sight band block
17. Front sight band block fixing key
18. Front sight band block fixing pin
19. Front sight screw
20. Front guard screw
21. Front guard screw collar
22. Locking bolt
23. Locking bolt spring
25. Magazine bottom
26. Magazine catch
27. Magazine catch pin
28. Magazine catch spring
29. Magazine follower
30. Magazine follower spring
31. Magazine follower stop pin
33. Rear guard screw
34. Rear guard screw collar
35. Rear sight base
36. Rear sight base lock screw
37. Rear sight slide
38. Rear sight slide screw
39. Rear sight adjustment lock
40. Rear sight adjustment lock screw
41. Rear sight adjustment lock spring
43. Safety catch
44. Safety hole plug
45. Safety hole plug screw
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