Slave Pins

Model Rifle


Model 94 Carbine

By James M. Triggs

With only a few minor changes, Winchester Model 1894 rifles and carbines have been in continuous production for over 60 years. Some idea of the number produced may be gained from the fact that Model 1894 rifle serial number 1,000,000 was presented to President Calvin Coolidge in 1927, with President Harry S. Truman receiving rifle No. 1.500,000 in 1948 and President Dwight D. Eisenhower rifle No. 2,000.000 in 1953.

James M. Triggs. a gun collector of Mamaroneck, N. Y., is a writer-illustrator.

Finger Lever Stop Screw

Unscrew finger lever pin stop screw (15) ' and remove from left side of receiver. Drift out finger lever pin (14) as shown with a small punch inserted in hole provided for this purpose in right-hand side of receiver. Remove link pin screw (35) from link and drift out link pin (34) from either side. Draw out and disengage link from trunnion in lower end of locking bolt (40). (Rifle should be held in vise with padded jaws)

A significant fact is that the Winchester Model 1894 was the first American rifle of sporting type specifically constructed for smokeless powder cartridges. Like many successful Winchester firearms, it was designed by the famed firearm inventor John M. Browning who sold the patent to Winchester. Initial rifles were offered in .32-40 and .38-55 Winchester blackpowder calibers as a satisfactory smokeless powder was not yet available. In early spring of 1895 Winchester did offer the Model 1894 chambered for the new .30-30 and .25-35 Winchester smokeless powder cartridges. Barrels were of nickel steel. This marked the first time they had been listed as standard equipment by Winchester.

The Model 1894 in .30-30 Winchester caliber soon became popular in the West where it was preferred by the pioneer, hunter and rancher. The .30-30 Winchester cartridge was also an immediate success because of its excellent killing power coupled with reasonably flat trajectory and moderate recoil. It is still the most popular deer cartridge used in the United States. The Model 1894 was first offered in

.32 Winchester Special chambering in June 1902.

A variety of carbines and rifles, including takedown models, have been manufactured since the Model 1894 was first introduced. Currently it is available in carbine version only, in .30 Winchester (.30-30) and .32 Winchester Special calibers.

disassembly procedure

Unscrew upper tang screw (28) and remove buttstock. Remove finger lever pin stop screw (15) from left-hand- side of receiver and drift out finger lever pin (14) through hole at right-hand side of receiver as shown in Fig. 1. Remove link pin stop screw (35) and drift out link pin (34). Finger lever (39) and link (33) may now be removed from bottom of receiver. Separate these parts by removing finger lever link screw (43).

Remove carrier screws (29) from right and left sides of receiver and drop carrier (30) out bottom of receiver.

With hammer let all the way down, remove mainspring screw (50) and mainspring (49). Do not move mainspring strain screw (51) as this will change hammer blow and trigger pull. Remove hammer screw (24) and, while holding

Mauser 792Two Sides Firing Pin Stop

O Remove mainspring screw and mainspring. ^ Remove hammer screw. While pressing upward on safety catch (45) as shown at "A", pull back on trigger "B" and pull ham-mer (25) upward and backward out of receiver as shown at "C". Reverso this procedure when reinstalling hammer

O This sectional drawing shows the Model 94 action closed and locked after firing. When lever (39) is pulled down, link (33) drops down, allowing the next cartridge to be moved back onto carrier (30) by the magazine spring (7). Dropping the lever also lowers the locking bolt (40) and firing pin striker (41), and draws back breech bolt (16), ejects spent cartridge, and cocks hammer (25). When lever is almost to its lowest position, the carrier is moved up, placing cartridge in front of bolt, which carries it into chamber. Note that lever must be securely closed in order to push up safety catch (45), allowing trigger to be pulled safety catch (45) up, pull back on trigger and remove hammer as shown in Fig. 2. Drive out lower tang (44) toward rear of receiver using a brass rod or wood mallet. Locking bolt (40) and breech bolt (16) may now be removed from receiver.

Remove spring cover screw (56) from right side of receiver and remove spring cover (55). Remove carrier spring screw (32) and carrier spring (31) from receiver. Removal of cartridge guides (11 & 12) is not recommended since poorly installed guides will result in improper feeding. The services of a gunsmith should be employed in repair or replacement of these parts. The cartridge guides can be easily cleaned while in place within receiver.

While not necessary for normal cleaning purposes, magazine assembly is easily removed. Remove magazine plug screw (9) and magazine plug (8) from front of magazine tube (8A). Withdraw the magazine spring (7) and follower (6) from front of magazine tube. Remove front and rear band screws (59 & 61). Slide forearm (65) and rear band up on barrel and loosen rear band from forearm. Pull magazine tube free of receiver and withdraw to front.-wm

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Hunting Mastery Selected Tips

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  • Samuli
    How to adjust mainspring strain screw winchester model 94?
    8 years ago

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