High Standard pistols

The presently named High Standard Manufacturing Corporation, of Hamden, Conn., started out in 1926 as the High Standard Manufacturing Company, in New Haven, Conn., when C.G. Swebilius and three other men began the manufacture of gun barrel drills. At that time the firm had three employees. In 1932 the firm acquired the Hartford Arms and Equipment Co., of Hartford, Conn. This firm had developed and produced a single-shot pistol, a repeating pistol, and an automatic pistol. Although this firm was...

Markings on the cartridge

Cartridges, especially those fired in automatic or repeating firearms, often show repetitive marks which are useful in the identification of the type and sometimes the make of weapon used and of the individual arm when test cartridges fired in it are compared with an evidence cartridge. Impressions that are made by file marks, tool marks, or other inequalities on the surface of the breechblock when a shell sets back against it under high pressure are likely to be more reproducible than marks...

Measurement of bore and groove diameters

In a barrel having an even number of lands and grooves the bore diameter is the distance between the tops of opposite lands. In a barrel having an odd number of lands and grooves the bore diameter is the diameter of a circle which would touch the tops of all of the lands. The groove diameter for a barrel having an even number of grooves is the distance from the bottom of a groove to the bottom of the opposite groove. The groove diameter for a barrel having an odd number of grooves may be...

Llama Pistol Identification

Gun Cross Section

Automatic pistols made by Gabilondo from 1914 to 1933 were based on Browning F.N. models of 1903, 1906, 1910, and 1922. In 1931 it was decided to modernize their line by undertaking the manufacture of the external hammer, recoil-operated system originally designed by Browning and used by Colt and the Fabrique Nationale. Work on a new design began in 1931 and culminated in 1932 with a Spanish patent issued on April 12th of that year. The first pistol produced was an exact copy of the Colt Mod....

Alkartasuna Alkar pistols

Alkartasuna Fabrica de Armas was one of the Spanish pistol manufacturers of lesser importance, but they did play a part in World War I and many specimens of their product are to be found in this country, having been brought back by returning soldiers. This firm was organized during World War I, in 1917, to manufacture under license the Ruby automatic pistol originated by Gabilondo y Urresti in 1914. Information supplied by Gabilondo y Cia. states that the Alkartasuna firm was founded by...

Bayard pocket models

Munition Bayard

The Bayard pocket models were made by Anciens Etablissements Pieper A.E.P. and were produced in three calibers 6.35, 7.65, and 9 mm. The first to be produced was the so called Model of 1908 which appeared in late 1909 or early 1910. The first advertisement of this pistol appeared in the April 1, 1910, issue of Schuss and Waffe. The design was based on patents taken out by B. Clarus from 1905 to 1907 and purchased by A.E.P. in 1907 or early in 1908. In 1911 the 9 mm. model appeared and was...

Spanish Firearms Manufacturers

Firearms identifications are of interest to those engaged in law enforcement and to gun collectors, but from quite different points of view. The law enforcement officer is chiefly concerned with bringing to justice persons who have committed crimes, while the collector is interested in guns because of a fascination that only a gun collector can fully understand. Both need to know all that they can learn about firearms and it is hoped that the material here presented will be useful to both...

Ortgies pocket pistols

The Ortgies pistols are unique in design, although inevitably they have some features in common with other automatic pistols. The pistol was designed by Heinrich Ortgies, said to have been a German by birth but who was a resident of Liege, Belgium, until about the close of World War I. The first prototypes are thought to have been made in Belgium in 191516. The pistol has an outward appearance similar to the F.N. Browning Mod. 1910, but internally it is quite different Fig. 222 . To...

Zehna Pistol Take Down

The Zehna pistol, of 6.35 mm. caliber, was designed by Emil Zehner in about 1919-1920 and prototype forms were made in 1920 and perhaps in early 1921. When commercially produced, in mid-1921, the pistol differed somewhat from the prototypes. It was manufactured by the Zehner Metallwarenfabrik at Suhl, Germany. While it appears to have been moderately successful its production seems to have ceased somewhere around 1928. It appears in the 1927 Genschow Catalog but is not in the 1928 edition. The...

Jose Cruz Mugica History

The Mugica automatic pistols are a product of Gabilondo y Cia., sold by Jose Cruz Mugica, a manufacturer of shotguns in Eibar. A 1958 communication from the former states that the Mugica is the same as the Llama produced specially for Mr. Mugica to fill an order from Siam. In 1951, however, the Mugica firm issued a four-page pamphlet describing in some detail several models of the Mugica pistol he was offering for sale. The three models illustrated all bear Mugica's markings, including his...

Ruby class or Eibar type

Around 1910 the Spanish firearms industry began the manufacture of a style of automatic pistol patterned after the blowback, internal-hammer design used by Fabrique Nationale in their Modele 1903 Browning and by the Colt Co. in the manufacture of their Hammerless Pocket Model of 1903. The Spanish imitations differed in minor points from model to model, but all of them preserved the characteristics which easily marked them as Browning imitations. The common design was a 5- or 7-round type, in...

French service pistols

Up to World War I the revolver was the side arm used by the French military forces. In that war there was a shortage of revolvers but in nearby Spain there were many manufacturers who could supply automatic pistols, and many hundreds of thousands were so obtained. These pistols were of the modified Browning type so common in Spain. These are sometimes known as the Ruby type, because in 1914 Gabilondo y Urresti of Eibar obtained a patent on the pistol which covered this name also and because the...

Springfield 1903 Schematics

Browning 1910 Schematic

The 1910 model, in either caliber, seems not to have been adopted for military service by any nation, but it was used widely by police forces, including those of Denmark, Sweden, and Japan. It was sold commercially in large numbers and by ca. 1912 it had so superseded the Mod. 1900 that that model was dropped. Manufacture of the 1910 type, in both calibers, was continued through the 1930's, along with the 1922 Model described below. During World War II the Germans, who took over the F.N. plant,...

Bergmann Pocket Models

Bergmann blowback pistols of earlier type ceased about 1904. Inasmuch as it is reliably reported that the firm of V. Charles Schilling, long associated with Bergmann, actually made these pistols for Bergmann in the period 1896 to 1904, at which time the Schilling firm was taken over by H. Krieghoff, it seems a safe conclusion that these circumstances account for the cessation of production. Pistols of this type and vintage, bearing the name of Bergmann, are found...

Robar pistols Jieffeco and Melior

The Jieffeco pistol was designed by H. Rosier and, in its first form, appeared in about 1910. It is advertised in the ALFA Catalog of 1911. An earlier form was designed by Rosier around 1906-07, but this did not come on the market. The Jieffeco pistols were made by Robar and DeKerkhove, in Liege, Belgium, under S.G.D.G. patent No. 24875. S.G.D.G. Patent Without Government Guarantee The brand name or mark Jieffeco was no doubt derived from the name Jannsen Fils et Cie., who owned it and for whom...

7.65 1911 Model Automatic Pistol Victoria Patent

As indicated above it is not clear as to when the name Victoria was changed to Astra on the 6.35 mm. pistols, and it may well be that both names were used for some time. Specimen No. 251,141 which is identical to the pistol marked Victoria No. 229,363 bears the name Astra, as do those of this design produced subsequently. This Astra specimen is marked 1924 Model. Actually there was no 1924 Model, the designation simply indicates the year in which it was made. When the Banco de Pruebas Proof...