Mod. 1903-9 mm. Long „Modele de Guerre." The basic design of this pistol dates from 19011902. It is a blowback type, with concealed hammer and with spring below the barrel (Figs. 129 to 131). Production began in 1903 under the nomenclature
„Pistolet Automatique Browning Grande Modele," and by the summer of that year it was in full production. It was offered to the Swedish Government as the Modele 1903, and at the trials conducted in 1903 and 1904 it was so successful that it was adopted by that country and given the nomenclature Pistol m/07. Specimens of this pistol with full Swedish markings (Husqvarna Vapenfabriks Aktiebolag - System Browning) and with the conventional Husqvarna monogram on the grip pieces have been encountered. This would seem to indicate that these specimens, at least, were made in Sweden. This is confirmed by a personal letter from this manufacturer stating that the m/07, which they describe as „similar to the Browning," was made by them and was discontinued in 1942. This would seem a little late, unless it was made for commercial sale, since the Swedish Government adopted the Walther H.P. pistol in 1939 as the Pistol m/39, and since Husqvarna also states that they produced the Lahti m/40 from 1939 to 1944. Just when the Swedes began production of the m/07 Browning is not known, but it may well have been in 1923 (or thereabouts) since F.N. discontinued the manufacture of this model at that time, and it certainly would not be obtainable thereafter. The Belgian Government adopted the 1903 Browning for military use shortly after it appeared.
This pistol is chambered for the 9 mm. Long Browning cartridge, specially developed for it by F.N. in 1902-03. A very limited number of these pistols were manufactured during World War I, in the 9 mm. Short Browning size, supposedly under German supervision during the occupation.
Many of these pistols in the 9 mm. Browning Long cartridge were purchased by Denmark (for police use only), by Turkey (for service use), by Czechoslovakia (in 1919 and 1920), by Holland, and, reportedly, by Russia (prior to 1917). It has been stated that the pistol could be had with special markings on order.
The pistol was available in three „De Luxe" models in addition to the standard model. Data for the standard model are as follows: over-all length, 205 mm.; height, 116 mm.; length of barrel, 128 mm.; thickness, 31 mm.; weight, empty, 930 gm.; and magazine capacity, 7 ctges.
A wood holster-stock was available, allowing the pistol to be fired like an automatic rifle. Magazines with a capacity of 10 cartridges were available for such use.
This pistol was still in production in 1923 but was discontinued at about that time or very shortly thereafter.
Mod. 1906-6.35 mm. ACP Pistolet Browning Cal. 6.35 is the proper designation for this pistol, although an early manual refers to it as the „Browning Baby Pistol." Later, however, an entirely new and smaller „vestpocket" 6.35 cal. pistol was produced and this new pistol was officially named the Baby Browning. The designation „Mod. 1906" for the pistol introduced in 1906 is not an official designation but is the one most commonly in use (Fig. 132).
As first issued this pistol did not have a mechanical safety. This addition may have been made in the 100,000 series, but this is not known with certainty. Pistols with this additional safety were advertised as the „Triple Surete" model. Later editions of the F.N. catalogs mention both the Triple Surete model and the Baby model, the latter referring to the newly introduced smaller (vestpocket) model.
The Triple Surete model was obtainable with the „Standard" finish and in six additional „De Luxe" models. Data for the standard model are: over-all length, 113.5 mm.; height, 76 mm.; length of barrel, 53.6 mm.; thickness, 23.5 mm.; weight, empty, 350 gm.; and magazine capacity, 6 ctges. This pistol was supplied with a special barrel, ca. 112 mm. in length, for the Czechoslovakian market.
Mod. 1910 (Mod. 1910/22)-7.65 mm. and 9 mm. Short. The 1910 pistol (including the 1922 variation) was based largely on patents issued to John M. Browning in Europe from 1905 through 1925. The basic design is characterized by a recoil spring surrounding the barrel, a full slide, and three to four underlugs on the barrel, below the chamber, for holding the assembly to the frame. Other features are the grip safety, magazine safety, and mechanical safety („triple surete") (Fig. 133).
When first brought out commercially, in 1910, the pistol was known as the „Nouveau Modele" to distinguish it from the 7.65 mm. 1900 Mod., as the latter was still in production at that time. Though the 7.65 mm. size was the only one produced at first, a 9 mm. Short version was introduced in 1922, after certain design changes had been made. At that time the official nomenclature for the pistol was changed to Pistolet Automatique Browning Modele 1910 - Cal. 7.65 m/m or 9 m/m. It is frequently called Mod. 1910/22. Data on these pistols are given in Table 27.
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