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The 1910 model, in either caliber, seems not to have been adopted for military service by any nation, but it was used widely by police forces, including those of Denmark, Sweden, and Japan. It was sold commercially in large numbers and by ca. 1912 it had so superseded the Mod. 1900 that that model was dropped. Manufacture of the 1910 type, in both calibers, was continued through the 1930's, along with the 1922 Model described below. During World War II the Germans, who took over the F.N. plant, made the newer 1922 Mod. only, but production of the 1910 models was resumed after the war.

The 1910 type of Browning has been extensively copied by Spanish manufacturers. In some cases they made direct copies, while in others only certain features of design were used. The Czech Praga pistol dating from 1910 is a copy of the Mod. 1910 Browning. Certain design features of the latter are present in the Czech M 27 and in the Hungarian Frommers M 29 and M 37.

Mod. 1922-7.65 mm. and 9 mm. Short. The Browning 1922 is similar in principle to the 1910 Mod. but is considerably larger and has some modifications. The barrel length was increased about one inch, necessitating an addition of a barrel extension unit for the slide. This particular means of extension was introduced in order to make it possible to continue using the basic forging and machine setups of the 1910 slide and frame. Almost immediately after introduction, the magazine capacity was increased, necessitating an increase in length of the grip frame. Very few specimens having the shorter grip frame are to be found (Fig. 134).

Other changes include a simple bolting device that makes removal of the barrel easy, and the slide is fitted with fore and rear sights. The pistol was specifically designed for military and police use.

Types and models of the Browning Mod. 1922 pistol that have appeared are as follows:

Pistolet Automatique Browning Modele 1922 Cal. 7.65 m/m.-This was offered for commercial sale and was also adopted for Belgian military service in 1922, thus making obsolete the Mod. 1903 which was dropped from production in 1923. French service issue prior to 1935 has also been reported. It was also used by the Danish police.

Pistole 626(b)-The 7.65 mm. pistol was made under German supervision during the occupation, from November 1940 on, and was given this nomenclature. As thus made, it had checkered wood grip pieces and the lanyard loop was omitted. More than 350,000 were made.

Pistool M 25 No. 1-7.65 mm. Dutch service issue from 1925 through World War II. These pistols are identified by having a brass plate brazed to the slide. They were possibly made by the Dutch, but this is not confirmed.

Pistolet Automatique Browning Modele 1922 Cal. 9 m/m.-This pistol was offered for commercial sale as well as for the military and police use, in Belgium, France, Sweden, Czechoslovakia, and perhaps other countries.*

*A number of these pistols were obtained from F.N. by the Yugoslav Government before World War II and were used in the Mikhailovich army that fought against the forces of Tito. Those seen bear interesting inscriptions. The inscription on the right side is a hyphenated Serbian word, meaning „Army-State" (i.e., Army-State property), and this is followed immediately by the F.N. serial number. This number is probably in a special series. The inscription on the left side is that regularly used by F.N. The coat of arms, which appears on the top of the slide, is that of the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (i.e., Yugoslavia). This coat of arms was frequently used on the grips as well as on the holster and also appeared as a shoulder patch on the uniforms of the Mikhailovich army. Tito's army used the hammer and sickle in the same manner. The inside shield of the coat of arms has the Yugoslav double-headed eagle bearing the symbols of Serbia (upper right), Croatia (upper left), and Slovenia (bottom). These symbols are: the Croatian „checkerboard" signifying union, the Serbian Cross with the Cyrillic letters CCCC (SSSS in English) meaning „Unity Alone Saves Serbia," and the Slovenian sword at the bottom. The outside shield with the crown surmounted by a cross indicates the union of the three nations into the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes.

Mod. 1935 H.P.-The 1935 Browning High Power, or „Pistolet Automatique Browning Modele de Guerre Grande Puissance," resulted from basic design and principles originated by J. M. Browning in 1925 and 1926. The design was undertaken at the request of Fabrique Nationale. Numerous prototype forms appeared between 1926 and 1935. Early in 1935 two forms of the pistol were offered for sale throughout the world and, at the same time, were offered to many countries for possible adoption as service weapons (Fig. 135, 136).

The first type was called the „Ordinary Model" and it featured a conventional rear sight. The second was the „Adjustable Rear Sight Model" which featured a radial leaf rear sight and also provision for a shoulder stock-holster. Both pistols were made in 9 mm. Parabellum caliber and had 13-round magazine capacity. The Ordinary model was quickly adopted into the Belgian military service, without special markings, and by the Latvian army (with special serial numbering series and with a crest engraved on the top of the slide). The Adjustable Sight Model was reportedly purchased by the French service in large numbers, but it was not adopted officially nor were the pistols specially marked. The Rumanian Government is reported to have adopted the Ordinary type in 1938 or 1939. It was adopted by the Danish Government in 1939, but the advent of war prohibited delivery. However, the Danish order was completed after the war, in 1946, and the pistol was called by them the „m/46." It had special markings and a lanyard loop on the left side of the grip frame.

It is reported that about 6000 Browning H.P. pistols were supplied to the Lithuanian Government in about 1937. Other adoptions of this splendid pistol are reported to be: Belgian Congo, Ethiopia, Holland, Indonesia (one crest for the air force, another for the army), Paraguay, El Salvador, Syria, Siam, and Venezuela. Each of these was in a special numbering series, and many had special markings, such as crests, etc. on the slides.

A special reduced magazine capacity type of the Ordinary model was made in 1936. It contained 9 rounds and seems to have been produced in several calibers, including 7.65 mm. Parabellum, and 7.65 mm. French Long. It is presumed that both were intended for offer in service tests in France and Switzerland. This reduced capacity version does not seem to have been manufactured for commercial use. A variant Adjustable Sight type was produced in small numbers with a 1000-meter sight instead of the regular 500-meter sight.

During World War II the John Inglis Co., of Toronto, Canada, secured a license to manufacture the pistol in several forms for Canadian, British, Chinese, Greek, and Austrialian use. Both radialsight and the ordinary-sight types were supplied with Chinese markings. Inglis also made a special variant form with radial sight but without the shoulder-stock attachment in limited numbers. This firm also experimented with „duraluminum" frames to produce „lightweight" types. The Belgians also experimented with such „lightweight" types after the war. Production in Canada ceased at the close of the war. Manufacture of the Ordinary model was resumed by F.N. as the Model 1946 (for military use) and as the High Power (for commercial use), at the close of the war.

The following is a tabulation showing other forms and nomenclatures for this pistol:

Pistole 640(B)-This was the ordinary-sight model as produced during the war under German supervision. Specimens are characterized by the presence of the German Waffenamt marks, which also appear on other models made under German supervision.

Modele M.P.-This is a reported selective-fire type originally developed by F.N. prior to World War II, with change lever.

Pistol No. 1 Mark I (Browning F.N. 9 mm. H.P. )-This is British nomenclature for the Canadianproduced pistol with radial sight.

Pistol No. 2 Mark I (Browning F.N. 9 mm. H.P. )-Same as above, but for the Canadian-produced pistol with ordinary sight.

S. L. Pistol No. 2 Mark I-The British service version of the pistol purchased from F.N. after World War II.

S. L. Pistol No. 2 Mark I*-The Canadian firm originated a modification of the ejector, and pistols so provided were given the Mark I° nomenclature. The British have continued this in the post-war period.

Fig.

127. Browning Mod. 1900. Sectional view.

Fig.

128. Browning Mod. 1900. Schematic view.

Fig.

129. 9 mm. Browning Mod. 1903. Sketches showing both sides. Factory drawing.

Fig.

130. Browning Mod. 1903. Factory drawing.

Fig.

131. 9 mm. Browning Mod. 1903. Action open. Factory drawing.

Fig.

132. „Pistolet Browning 6.35 mm." Partially disassembled.

Fig.

133. 7.65 mm. Browning Mod. 1910. Sectional view.

Fig.

134. 9 mm. Browning Mod. 1922. Sectional view.

Fig.

135. 9 mm. Browning High Power Mod. Partially disassembled.

Fig.

136. 9 mm. Browning High Power Mod. Schematic view.

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