Ultimate Firearms Training Guide

Spec Ops Shooting

Spec Ops Shooting Thrive on the Rabid Gun Shooting Market is a book that aims at transforming you into a better combatant when holding a gun in the battlefield. The book contains three battle-proven strategies that will work your way in the hour of need, helping you conquer the enemy you face with ease. It is a product of Brian Morris and contains a number of secrets to gunfights. The program covers three main techniques that will help maintain brain focus and avoid panicking, something that can get you killed with ease. The initial strategy was developed by Israeli and is meant imparts you skills that aid one's sharpness in mind along with body movements that will enhance your speed and a mastery of the manner in which things will turn out to be. The author was a Green Beret who served for nearly three decades in such a deadly unit. It goes without saying that his work will significantly benefit you. You will get all the necessary details about what you need to know. Considering the world we live in, life can change any minute. You need to be ready to face whatever comes your way. This program will help you do just that. Read more...

Spec Ops Shooting Summary


4.7 stars out of 15 votes

Contents: Ebooks
Price: $39.00

Access Now

Spec Ops Shooting Review

Highly Recommended

It is pricier than all the other books out there, but it is produced by a true expert and includes a bundle of useful tools.

Overall my first impression of this book is good. I think it was sincerely written and looks to be very helpful.

Read full review...

Marksmanship Training Tasks

The following marksmanship training guide contains the current tasks that are trained in basic rifle marksmanship programs, during basic combat training at ATCs, and during infantry OSUT. It provides a basis for structuring unit sustainment programs. The unit normally trains by performing a diagnostic test of the tasks and conducts training only for soldiers who must improve their firing skills. Training is usually conducted in a shorter time frame than at IET. Introduction to Rifle Marksmanship and Mechanical Training.

Handgun Weaponlight

There are several things to consider in selecting the right WeaponLight for your handgun. Along with reliability, quality, and durability all of which are satisfied by choosing a SureFire you must decide how it will mount, whether it needs to be easily removable, what the best switching option is, and whether to use an LED or incandescent light source. SureFire X200 Series WeaponLights slide directly on to most handguns manufactured with integral accessory rails. Military Series WeaponLights are designed for rail-less handguns and are attached via model-specific, hard-mounted adapters that may require a special holster. While all SureFire handgun WeaponLights can be quickly detached, the hard-mounted adapter for the Military Series remains on the gun.

Before Cleaning Be Certain The Handgun And Its Magazine Contain No Cartridges

At regular intervals, after firing or whenever the handgun has been exposed to sand, dust, extreme humidity, condensation, immersion in water, or other adverse conditions, disassemble, clean and oil it. Proper periodic maintenance is essential to the reliable functioning of any firearm. To clean the handgun, proceed as follows 1. Disassemble (field-strip) the handgun to the extent described on page 13. 4. NOTE Only a light application of oil is needed to provide adequate lubrication of moving parts and to prevent rust. Excess accumulations of oil tend to attract particles of dust and dirt and may congeal in cold weather which can interfere with the safe and reliable function of the handgun.

Sniper Proficiency Training

The purpose of proficiency training is to enable the qualified SEAL scout sniper to jaaintain the degree of skill and proficiency to which he was trained. Proficiency training should be conducted an a quarterly in all sniper skills, although special emphasis should be made on marksmanship and stalking. These should be practiced as frequenly as passible. Every effort should be made to maintain sniper proficiency. Snipers should be requalified each year in all SEAL scout sniper skills. They should also be quizzed and or tested every quarter. Proficiency training should be conducted to the same degree of standards as it was originally taught so not to lose any effectiveness in combat. If a sniper is not retained quarterly in all basic sniper skills, his quality of perfordnance Hill decrease therefore, he will not meet the standards of the SEAL scout sniper. NOTE SEAL scout snipers must be included, in the sniper roll, in norjaal SEAL tactical training and in tactical exercises.

Loading For Handgun Cartridges

Smokeless Powders Handloaders Guide

While developing the data presented in this loading guide, we have determined several rules of thumb that we will attempt to highlight in the form of helpful hints. But first we need to divide the discussion on loading handgun cartridges into two categories straight walled and bottlenecked. Let's examine straight-walled cartridges first. They are the most common configuration of handgun ammunition. Nearly every shooter has had at least one handgun chambered for a straight-walled cartridge at one time or another. Several important factors must be considered when reloading this type of handgun cartridge. The first is variation in case length. Uniform length is mandatory to assure that a uniform crimp can be applied to the bullet. The reloader must measure and trim, if necessary, each case every time they're loaded. For this reason, lighter weight bullets are not recommended to be used in magnum handgun cartridges with Accurate's No. 9 propellant. Loading heavier (i.e., longer) bullets...

Chapter Marksmanship Training

Starlight Scope 1966 Model 6060

Marksmanship training for the Starlight Scope must he considered as a continuation of marksmanship training received by the rifleman, grenadier, machiuegunner, or recoilless rifle rifleman. Many of the elements of marksmanship as taught for each of these weapon* must also be practiced when using the Starlight Scope. If the soldier lias mastered these fundamentals, he can expect excellent results when employing the Starlight Scope in its weapons mounted role. Marksmanship training as contained in FM 23-67, FM 23-71, FM 23-11, FM 23-9, FM 23-31, and FM 23-33 provides a firm foundation for Starlight Scope marksmanship training. Army Subject Schedule 23-39 also provides an excellent guide for (lie conduct of training Starlight Scope operators. 19. Purpose of Marksmanship Training. Marksmanship training is designed to develop skills in aiming and zeroing techniques so that the soldier can effectively employ the Starlight Scope to detect and place aimed fire on an enemy at...

Handgun Weapqnlight Models

WEAPONLIGHTS FOR HANDGUNS WITH INTEGRAL RAILS SureFire Handgun WeaponLights also fit some of the newest pistols with integral rails, such as the Beretta Vertec. SureFire engineers worked in consultation with designers from Beretta and other handgun manufacturers to assure compatibility.

Chapter Marksmanship Training M

Prone Sniper Black And White Silhouette

Marksmanship training is to teach the grenadier how to fire the grenade launcher and to prepare him mentally and physically to employ it in combat. His previous rifle marksmanship training provides a sound basis for training with the grenade launcher. a. Marksmanship training with the grenade launcher develops skill in b. The skills learned from previous marksmanship training with other weapons are similar to those skills required for firing the grenade launcher. Proficiency in all skills listed above is essential and can only be attained by proper training. b. In rapid fire training the firer is required to take positions and reload rapidly. The actions are included in two exercises which are described below for the prone position. Note. Either dummy rounda or empty cartridge cases may be used for this exercise. Live practice or high explosive ammunition is never used for rapid fire training except on the grenade range during range firing. A recommended method for constructing dummy...

Conduct Of Dryfire Training

A skilled instructor trainer should supervise soldiers on dry-fire training. Once an explanation and demonstration are provided, soldiers should be allowed to work at their own pace, receiving assistance as needed. The peer coach-and-pupil technique can be effectively used during dry-fire training with the coach observing performance and offering suggestions. Several training aids are available to correctly conduct initial dry-fire training of the four fundamentals (Appendix C). A supported firing position should be used to begin dry-fire training. Sandbags and chest-high support are used to effectively teach this position. While any targets at any range can be used, the primary aim point should be a standard silhouette zeroing target placed at a distance of 25 meters from the firing position. The other scaled-silhouette targets - slow fire and timed fire - are also excellent for advanced dry-fire training. After the soldier understands and has practiced the four fundamentals, he...

Superb Urban Sniper

Sgt Ethan Place

Marines heavily employed sniper teams, with one courageous young Marine sniper demonstrating skill and technique on a par with the best snipers in Marine history. In one 13-day period of April 2004, Sgt. John Ethan Place scored 32 confirmed kills while engaging insurgents who fought the Marines of Echo Company, 2nd Battalion, 1st Regiment, 1st Marine Division. The 1st Division commander, Maj. Gen. Richard Natonski, while presenting the Silver Star to the 22-year-old sniper, said his unerring fire had so unnerved the enemy that insurgent negotiators pleaded to have Place and his fellow snipers withdrawn while the talks were under way. It's hard to believe, Major General Natonski said, that one individual could have had such an impact on our combat operations.

The Sniper Grade Stock

A proper stock is the foundation for precision shooting. That stock is the interface between you Frequently seen, this sniper has added duct tape, padding, and commercially available Moleskin to custom-fit his cheekrest. a sudden life-or-death shot. sniper versions were stocked in Vietnam. The that the action fits snuggly to the stock. Using a liquid epoxy that contains atomized stainless steel, quality bedding material is extremely dense and rigid. When properly installed by an expert and only an expert should epoxy bed a sniper-grade weapon the result is a stock that's perfectly mated to the action. Areas of particular concern are the fit of the recoil lug's back surface, proper alignment of the tang to preclude twisting during recoil, and replacement of the action screw fittings with aluminum pillars to secure the action independently of the stock. A quality bedding job includes installing Allen-head receiver screws for an accurate tension setting that varies somewhat, but usually...

Shooting Straight Years Of Rifle Marksmanship Research

ARI has produced a rich history of rifle marksmanship research and related research products spanning more than two decades. Based on growing concerns that rifle marksmanship training was not producing qualified marksmen for U.S. Army units, ARI began a systematic examination of basic, advanced, and unit marksmanship training programs in 1977.1 After developing and implementing a series of improved marksmanship training programs in the early 1980s under the joint sponsorship of the U.S. Army Infantry School (USAIS) and the U.S. Army Forces Command (FORSCOM),2 ARI researchers began to increasingly focus their attention on issues related to marksmanship simulation and training devices.3 With an eye towards supporting the new training programs, new devices and simulators were either evaluated or developed in the 1980s and early 1990s. In 1992, ARI research began to address problems associated with night firing and night operations in general. Over a period of seven years, the...

Thk SniperS Hide T h K F F P

Snipers Hide Pic

Note that the spotter is much busier than the sniper indeed, in a hide it's the sniper who is somewhat resting so that his mind and body are better prepared for shooting. DUMMY SNIPER HIDES The enemy usually will have a fair idea of where your shot originated, probably to within 20 or 30 degrees. Depending on how terrain and weather affect your muzzle blast, he'll likely guess your distance to within 100 or 200 yards. Within such a sector, he'll instantly shoot up any obvious sniper hide, hence my repeated warnings about being inconspicuous. But the corollary to blending in is to ensure there's something else nearby that will divert his fire away from you. Capt. H.W. McBride, the World War I sniper, usually located his hide beside or below a natural dummy position. He wrote at length of a barn that the Germans repeatedly blasted, but it was well above and to his rear. The only advice I add is to make sure you're not too close or a long or short round might hit you. Recall, too, that...

Aval Special Warfare Basic Sniper Training Syllabus

Tie primary mission of the SEAL scout sniper in combat is to support combat operations by delivering percision fire on selected targets from concealed postions, The SEAL sniper also has a secondary mission of gathering information for intelligence purposes. The future combat operations that would most likely involve Naval Special Warfare would be low intensity type combat operations that would employ SEAL personnel in the gathering of information for future military operations or the surgical removal of military targets and personnal with a minimal assult force with no lost of life to civilan personnel, this is the ideal mission profile tD employ snipers due to their advanced field skills,marksmanship and their ablity to operate independently in a field environment.

National Guard Sniper School

Co-locatcd at Camp Robinson with the Guards Marksmanship Training Unit and home to the annual Winston P. Wilson Matches, this is the course I cofounded with Lt. Col. Gary Schraml at Camp Ripley, Minnesota, in 1983, which moved to Arkansas a decade later. Other than Ft. Benning, this is the only school authorized to award the Armys B-4 sniper certification. The course is conducted in two two-week phases to better fit Reserve Component schedules. In 2003, its cadre traveled to Iraq to conduct a sniper course for American forces.

Chapter Automatic Rifle Marksmanship

I, Thb chapter it a guide for personnel conducting automatic rifle marksmanship training with the M14A1, and the M14 with selector and M2 bipod thereafter referred to as the M14 modified). b, The automatic rifleman must frequently employ his weapon in the semiautomatic role for maximum effectiveness of fire. Therefore, proficiency in automatic rifle marksmanship requires that the individual has satisfactorily completed rifle marksmanship training. Training in automatic rifle marksmanship is intended to further develop skill in firing em automatically and to emphasize in the soldier's mind that the automatic rifle need not always be employed in the automatic role. e. Fundamentals of automatic rifle marksmanship do not conflict in any way with those taught in semiautomatic rifle marksmanship training. The skills of rifle marksmanship are used by the automatic rifleman with only slight variation. Because of the nature of automatic fire and the decreased maximum effective range, ad*...

Planning And Preparation Of A Sniper Mission

The purpose of this lesson plan is to ensure that all Special Warfare scout snipers pocess the ability to plan, prepare and carry out a assigned sniper mission. All aspects of planning and preparation of a sniper mission are contained in this lesson plan, from the sniper employment officer's responsibilities to the sniper team's responsibilities in planning, preparing, and executing a mission. A sniper patrol is always tailored for the mission it is to execute. 1. DEFINITION. A sniper mission is a detachment of one or more sniper teams performing an assigned mission of engaging selected targets and targets of opportunity, and collecting and reporting information, or a combination of these, which contribute to the acccmplishment of Naval Special Warfare's mission. 2. SNIPER EMPLOYMENT OFFICER. The responsibilities of the employment officer (usually XO, OPs, Intelligence Officer, SEAL platoon ccmnanders) are a. Issuance of necessary orders to the sniper team leader. f. Advising...

Sniper Measure Human Body

The role of the sniper in an urban guerrilla environment is to dcminate the area of operations by delivery of selective, aimed fire against specific targets as authorized by local commanders. Usually this authorization only ccmes when such targets are about to employ firearms or other lethal weapons against the peace keeping force or innocent civilians. The sniper's other role, and almost equally important, is the gathering and reporting of intelligence. (2) Engaging urban guerrilla snipers as opportunity targets or as part of a deliberate clearance operation. c. Limitations. In urban guerrilla operations there are several limiting factors that snipers would not encounter in a conventional war (1) There is no FEBA and therefore no No Mans Land in which to operate. Snipers can therefore expect to operate in entirely hostile surroundings in most circumstances. (4) Although the sniper is not subject to the same difficult conditions as he is in conventional war, he is subject...

Phase I Reflexive Fire Training

Reflexive Fire Target

Reflexive fire training provides the fundamental skills required to conduct short-range marksmanship. It involves the practical application of all four of the fundamentals of SRM. All soldiers must receive a go on the task Conduct Reflexive Firing, before proceeding with training. Reflexive firing should be conducted as refresher training as often as possible to insure that soldier's skills are always at the highest possible level. This is a perishable skill that must be constantly reinforced.

Military Sniper Target Priorities

One of sniping's biggest illusions is that a sniper engages targets at leisure, for however long he wants, while the enemy cooperatively remains in the open like some splendid shooting gallery. Baloney Unless you stumble upon totally green troops or armed imbeciles, they'll vanish less than a second after hearing your first shot, instantly return fire, and do their utmost to kill you. A sniper must weigh his first shot because any subsequent shots will be against an alert enemy staying invisible and shooting back. Day or night, in any situation, your top priority always is your enemy counterpart a bad-guy sniper outfitted with an optically equipped rifle. The enemy sniper is always priority one because, more so than any other hostile, he has the optics, training, ballistic performance, and perspective to eliminate you. If you're snuffed out, you can hardly accomplish any further sniping engagements indeed, you will have yielded all local sniping capabilities to the enemy. On the other...

Introduction To Sniper Rifle

First round kill is the name of the game. Being snipers, you could very well be placed in this situation and when you are, will be expected to put that round right where it belongs on a moving target out to 800 yards. TRANSITION. The best example of a lead can be demonstrated by a quarterback throwing a pass to his receiver. He has to throw the ball at some point down field to where the receiver has not yet reached. The same principle applies in shooting at a moving target with the sniper rifle.

The Ultimate Sniper The Surveillance Role

Today in Afghanistan and Iraq, sniper teams often are being employed purely in a surveillance role. Due to their team's superior optics and observations skills along with their ability to hide in plain sight more so than other soldiers and marines, these scout-snipers are more likely to detect enemy forces emplacing improvised explosive devices (IEDs), smuggling people and weapons across borders, or many other hostile activities. Most such surveillance missions are clandestine that is, teams are infiltrated and operate to avoid any sign of their presence. Should they detect suspicious or hostile actions, instead of engaging they report it and vector in a reaction force so their presence is not compromised and they can continue to surveil the area. Interestingly, the U.S. Marine Corps recently equipped its Scout-Sniper teams with highresolution digital cameras and an uplink device that connects to a military radio(shovvn on page 325). Practically real-time, these sniper teams can snap...

Sniper Mission Insertion Equipment

Sniper Gear And Equipment


Elements of a Good Shooting Position

There are three elements of a good shooting position that apply when using a loop sling bone support, muscular relaxation, and natural point of aim. The three elements of a shooting position applied with the loop sling do not apply in the same way as when firing with a hasty sling. While some degree of bone support is still achieved with the hasty sling, muscular tension is applied rather than muscular relaxation. Natural point of aim, however, applies to both the loop sling and the hasty sling.

Rifle Marksmanship Fundamentals

Target Rifle Bipod

Proficient automatic riflemen not to award qualification badges. Automatic transition firing consists of a series of practical live fire exercises which require the soldier to apply all of the fundamentals of automatic rifle marksmanship learned in preparatory marksmanship training. When automatic transition firing is correctly organized and conducted the soldier wilt gain valuable experience toward becoming a proficient combat automatic rifleman, regardless of his qualification rating. Properly used, qualification ratings are important in motivating the soldier and providing the commander with an aid in identifying the more proficient automatic riflemen of fata unit. Thto can be a significant consideration in the commander's assignment of personnel as the better marksmen should be assigned evenly throughout all elements of a combat unit. (21 Training concoptt. The moat significant advantage afforded by the automatic transition course of fire is that it requires the automatic rifleman...

The Mosinnagant Sniper Rifle

Chechen Sniper

Although now obsolete, the Mosin-Nagant Model 1891-30 sniper rifle may yet be encountered on Third World battlefields. This World War D Soviet rifle was the North Vietnamese Army's primary sniper weapon during the Vietnam War. 7.62x54mm rimmed cartridge as the SVD sniper rifle, making it battistically comparable to the American .30-06. High-quality versions of the Mosin-Nagant were produced in Finland and the Czech Republic, which I've personally examined and found to be quite nicely made, with a smooth action and excellent fitting of wood to metal. The triggers, too, are honed and as good as those on the best Mauser sniper rifles. These high-grade Mosin-Nagants are still in service in the hands of Eastern European SWAT officers. I once examined a Mosin-Nagant and 4x PE scope that had been taken off a dead North Vietnamese by U.S. 173rd Airborne Brigade troopers. Its absolutely perfect condition said a lot about the enemy sniper's meticulous maintenance, and I was surprised by the...

Armor Piercing Handgun Ammunition KTW and Its Legacy

In the 1960s, KTW ammunition, a form of armor-piercing handgun ammunition intended for police use, was introduced. It was subsequently banned in some localities because of its potential to perforate bullet-proof vests worn by police. The cartridge was loaded with a light-green Teflon-coated tungsten alloy or steel bullet with a copper half jacket on its base. This jacket, rather than the bullet proper, is gripped by the lands and grooves. Thus, rifling marks will be present only on this jacket and not on the bullet. Because of the KTW controversy, awhole mythologyhasarisenabout armor-piercing handgun ammunition in relationship to bullet proof vests, i.e., soft body armor worn by police. A numberof vapidpublicstate-ments and proposed laws concerning ammunitionallegedlyof this typehas emanated from government officials. Theonlyhandgunammunitioncur-rently manufactured in the United Statesthat will routinelydefeatthesoft body armor worn by police is in the possessionof themilitary....

Wounds Due to Handguns

Colt Cartridge

Handguns are the most commonly used form of firearm in both homicides and suicides in the United States. Handguns are low-velocity, low-energy weapons having muzzle velocities generally below 1400 ft sec. Advertised velocities of revolver cartridges traditionally have not been accurate because they are obtained in test devices that have no cylinder gap. Even in well-made revolvers, this gap will cause a velocity loss of approximately 100 to 200 ft sec, depending on initial velocities and pressure as well as the construction tolerances of the weapon. Advertised velocities for semiautomatic pistols are more accurate as there is no cylinder gap from which gas can escape. The length of the barrel also influences muzzle velocity. The longer the barrel, the greater the velocity. Table 5.1 gives the advertised muzzle velocities of some .22-caliber and .38 Special ammunition compared to the actual velocities determined in revolvers with 2-, 4-, and 6-in. barrels. The velocity of .22-caliber...

Recommended Holster Makers For Handguns With Sure Fire Weapon Lights

Surefire Military Issue Weapons Lights

Handguns equipped with SureFire WeaponLights require special holsters. Several manufacturers offer suitable holsters, the vast majority of which are of the tactical thigh holster genre. The most popular in the SWAT community is the thigh rig made by Safariland. The Safariland holster features a quick-access, thumb-operated safety snap to retain the handgun. The only downside to the Safariland rig is that it is not currently available to fit all models of SureFire handgun WeaponLights. Bianchi International's new Cobra system is a modular style holster that can be configured to fit different handgun shapes with a Velcro adjustable closure. The Bianchi holster is based on the California-based company's highly successful M9 military holster. The main advantage of the Bianchi rig is that it can be configured to fit most handguns equipped with SureFire WeaponLight systems. Several holster companies offer custom made rigs to fit handguns fitted with SureFire WeaponLight. We have used and...

McMillan Sniper School

602-690-2550 www.sniperschool.org The McMillan Sniper School is an offshoot of the McMillan rifle company, which builds high-quality sniper weapons. The school's five courses benefit from realistic live-fire training at a sizable former movie set in the Arizona desert. Most phases last two or three days, plus a special 11-day course designed to prepare U.S. military snipers for combat in Iraq and Afghanistan. Instructors include a cross-section of state, federal, and local police and military snipers.

Figure Suppressive fire training program

M16a1 Rifle

Suppressive fire should be well aimed. Figure 7-13 shows a landscape target suitable for suppressive fire training. When this type of target is used, trainers must develop a firing program to include areas of engagement and designated target areas be credited as sustained effective suppressive fire. At 25 meters, this target provides the firer an area to suppress without definite targets to engage.

Carver Method of Gun Pointing

While this style of shotgun aiming is of modern origin, in fast originated with Doctor Carver, yet Gun pointing was the recognized manner of aiming of all our Western bad men and gun fighters whose gun play was entirely too rapid to be dircctcd by any description of gun sights. In combined quickness and accuracy, from foot or horseback, the work of these men has never been equalled, but their system of shooting is now becoming a lost art because it was not found the best adapted to target practice. Perhaps in coursc of time gun pointing will hold sway in short range shooting with every variety of firearm, for the military tendency at present is to encourage rapidity of fire. Gun pointing has been miscalled instinctive aiming, though in reality there is nothing instinctive about it. There can be nothing instinctive in doing hood, that of Gun pointing both eyes open being able to Shooting a pistol in the old Western way consisted simply in extending the hand quickly in the direction of...

Reaction Response Times in Handgun Shootings

Thoracic Gunshot Wounds

Tobin and Fackler measured the minimum time needed for police Officers to fire, on signal, a drawn handgun, pointed at a target.29 The tests were performed with both the trigger finger on the trigger as well as outside the trigger guard (the recommended way by many police agencies to hold a gun). The mean time from signal to firing the handgun was 0.365 seconds with the finger on the trigger and 0.677 seconds with the trigger finger outside the trigger guard. Volunteers were then videotaped as they turned their torsos 180 degrees as rapidly as possible. The mean time to turn the torso 90 degrees was 0.310 seconds while to turn 180 degrees it was 0.676 seconds. Thus, Tobin and Fackler concluded that if an individual was facing a shooter, it was possible for the individual to turn their torso and end up facing away from the shooter in the time from when the shooter decides to fire and the gun discharges.

Advanced Optics Lasers And Iron Sights Phase V of Basic Rifle Marksmanship

Basic rifle marksmanship taught effective engagement of the enemy with the basic rifle or carbine using iron sights to engage targets primarily during the day. Advanced rifle marksmanship added other marksmanship situations that a combat soldier may encounter. This chapter discusses how to enhance marksmanship skills, with proper training, using the Army's newest optics and lasers to ensure the soldier can fight as well at night as he can during the day.

New Forms of Handgun Ammunition

Hollow Point Gunshot Wounds Photos

Up to the mid 1960s, commercial handgun bullet design had not changed since the early 1900s. Handgun bullets were either full metal-jacketed or all lead. Lead bullets were roundnose or, less commonly, wadcutter or semi-wadcutter. Recovery of a full metal-jacketed bullet meant that the individual had been shot with an automatic pistol an all-lead bullet of medium or large caliber indicated a revolver a small lead bullet a .22. Soon after their introduction, hollow-point handgun bullets became the center of controversy. Many civil libertarian groups protested that they were Dum-Dum bullets, violated the Geneva Convention, and caused severe and more lethal wounds. All these statements are incorrect. The Dum-Dum bullet was in fact a .303 centerfire rifle cartridge loaded with a soft-point style bullet manufactured at the British Arsenal at Dum-Dum, India, in the late nineteenth century. Silvertip Handgun Ammunition. Produced by Winchester, this ammunition is loaded with hollow-point...

The Sniper Engagement Sequence

After wrestling with all the actions a sniper must accomplish many of them critical but easy to forget or do out of order- I devised a battle drill especially for snipers that combines fieldcraft and marksmanship skills, which I call the sniper engagement sequence. The engagement sequence equally applies to police snipers, who would follow these steps in a modified way after getting a green light. 4. CLARIFY THE TARGET You and your spotter employ optics to confirm the nature of your target. You focus your scope at the target, which automatically eliminates parallax. If there are multiple enemies visible, you establish target priorities. Police snipers use this step to confirm their suspect's identity. This also is a good time to SHOOTING POSITIONS To underscore further the emphasis of one-shot kills, in a tactical shooting drill the sniper has only one round for each exercise. If he misses, he cannot engage again, which helps him recognize Military Sniper 92 - 4 3 Police Sniper 90 4 5...

Suicides Due to Handguns

Suicide Gunshot Imprint

The location of the self-inflicted wound varies depending on the type of the weapon, the sex of the victim, and whether the victim is right- or left-handed. In individuals who shoot themselves with handguns, the most common sites for the entrance wound are the head (81 ), the chest (17 ), and the abdomen (2 ), in that order (Table 14.1). There is some difference by sex (Table 14.1) in that a smaller percentage of women (72 ) shoot themselves in the head than do men (83.5 ). Table 14.1 Sites of Suicidal Handgun Wounds Table 14.1 Sites of Suicidal Handgun Wounds When individuals shoot themselves, they do not necessarily hold the weapon the same way they would if they were firing the weapon at a target. Commonly, they will hold a handgun with the fingers wrapped around the back of the butt, using the thumb to depress the trigger, firing the weapon (Figure 14.2). In gunshot wounds under the chin, they may hold the weapon correctly , but bend their forearm upwards and backwards such that...

Figure NBC fire training program

M16a1 Rifle Characteristics

MOPP EQUIPMENT FIRE TRAINING (4) Trigger Squeeze. Grasping the pistol grip and squeezing the trigger with the index finger is altered when the firer is wearing MOPP gloves. The action of the trigger finger is restricted, and the fit of the glove may require the release of the swing-down trigger guard. Because the trigger feels different, control differs from that used in barehanded firing. This difference cannot be accurately predicted. Dry-fire training using dime-washer exercises is necessary to ensure the firer knows the changes he will encounter during live fire.

Chapter Rifle Marksmanship Fundamentals

Rifle Fundamentals

To be proficient, a combat rifleman must be able to detect targets, determine the ranges to targets, and hit the targets when he fires at them. There are many variables affecting an individual's ability to detect and determine the ranges to combat targets (chap ft). However, the factors affecting a rifleman's ability to fire and hit the target are relatively constant. Essentially, the rifleman must be able to assume a firing position which enables him to hold the rifle in such a manner that he and his rifle form a single, steady unit. He must know how to correctly aline his rifle on the target and he must be able to fire his rifle without disturbing this alinement. The skills needed to accomplish these requirements are known collectively as rifle marksmanship fundamentals. A recoil demonstration and an early-firing exercise should be conducted for soldiers who have little or no previous marksmanship experience. The recoil demonstration will clearly show soldiers that they have nothing...

Chapter Advanced Rifle Marksmanship Phase Iv of Basic Rifle Marksmanship

MOPP Equipment Fire Section IV. Night Fire 7-14. Unassisted Night Fire Section VI. Short-Range Marksmanship 7-22. Conduct of Short-Range Marksmanship Training 7-37 7-25. Phase I, Reflexive Fire (PHASE V of Basic Rifle Marksmanship) APPENDIX C. LASER MARKSMANSHIP TRAINING SYSTEM C-1

Snipers in Support of River Crossings

Trained Snipers Hiding

As with any other assault, snipers support a river crossing with fire rather than cross with the attacking troops. Snipers are especially well equipped for supporting river crossings due to the great reach of their rifles, which is much But snipers also could mount an effective diversion or supporting attack alone by pinning enemy forces at another nearby objective. Or the team could position itself on the enemy's rear or flank to help isolate the objective and prevent its reinforcement or relief. Of course, these tasks require suitable hide locations. And certainly snipers can support the main attack, which we've phased into three segments in the illustration above. First, the sniper team fires in support of assaulting troops, then it rushes forward to a suitable hasty hide, and finally it helps repel any enemy counterattacks. During an advance, snipers occupy hasty hides, like this Iraqi ditch. The Sniper Area Ambush area by multiple sniper teams, a sniper teams a battalion s entire...

Figure Unassisted night fire training program

Rifling Cutter Head

UNASSISTED NIGHT FIRE TRAINING (1) Steady Position. When the firer is firing unassisted, changes in his head position and or stock weld will be necessary, especially when using weapon-target alignment techniques. His head is positioned high so that he is aligning his weapon on the target and looking just over the iron sights. His cheek should remain in contact with the stock. Repeated dry-fire practice, followed by live-fire training, is necessary to learn and refine these modifications and still achieve the steadiest position.

Adjusting the Snipers Fire

If the sniper missed, the spotter must tell him by how much, exactly describing the impact point. This is an important distinction the spotter doesn't tell him how much to correct he only gives him the raw data. The sniper interprets this data and decides how to adjust his scope or hold for a corrected follow-up shot. The fastest most easily understood way of describing to the sniper where his round impacted is via a mil dot reticle in a spotting scope because both spotter and sniper are using exactly the same yardstick. Second to that is the clock system, with the spotter giving first a clock direction then a distance in inches from the intended impact point. What needs to be clear, of course, is exactly what this point is in most military sniping situations, it's cenier-chest. However, it's not so clear-cut for many police incidents, in which the sniper should probably announce his intended impact point just to ensure that his spotter understands.

Differences Between Police And Military Snipers

Police officers prior to the engagement. The police sniper usually has only one target per operation, and he neutralizes that target with just one round. One bang and he goes home. His military sniper counterpart, on the other hand, usually engages many targets during a single operation, perhaps even during a single engagement. The military sniper moves, spots, fires moves, spots, fires moves, spots, fires in a dangerous setting in which potential hostiles are all around him. The enemy frequently has more firepower, has greater numbers, and can outmaneuver or outrun the military sniper if his position is clearly determined. Due to the ever-present danger, in addition to marksmanship and target detection, the military sniper must pay equal heed to the finer points of infiltration and exfiltration in order to accomplish his job and live to tell about it. Some police sniper missions such as clandestine drug lab recon or remote airfield surveillance require sophisticated infiltration and...

Chapter Advanced Rifle Marksmanship

The purpose of advanced rifle marksmanship (ruining is lo enable selected personnel to obtain a high degr ft of proficiency and expertise that is not normully required of the average rifleman. To be able to obtain a first round hit on target* at varying extended range* the firer must be highly skilled in applying the fundamental* of marksmanship to include aiming, position*, trigger control. sight adjustment. effect* of weather and zeroing. It aboii Id be a requirement that every firer periodically refmtiiliarixe him*elf with the*e fundamental* regardle** of hi* *hooting experience. Kven the experienced firer will develop a deficiency from time to time in the application of fundamental* that i* often ma*ked by perfection of other fundamental*. The fundamentals taught in advanced rifle mark*man*hip differ from those taught the average *o dier cmly in degree. In order for the firer to achieve the high degree of perfection desired in advanced rifle marksmanship, he should be equipped...

USMC Quantico Army Sniper School

With the bullet, the brass case and the load now refined, extensive live-fire tests followed, pitting the new Ml 18 Long Range against the two rounds it was intended to replace, the 168-gram M852 and the original Ml 18 Special Ball. Above are some of those comparative results, fired by Marine and Army sniper instructors, in which 1.0 equals a 100 percent hit probability.

Countersniper Engagement

In modern history there's never been a battle so dominated by snipers as was Stalingrad, the 1942 high-water mark of German conqucst in Russia. With aggressive attackers pitted against determined defenders, this most bitter urban would see the ultimate sniper encounter in history. By October 1942, the Germans had seized nine-tenths of the city, which artillery had so reduced to rubble that the Reich's wean,' soldiers called the fighting Rattenkrieg, or the War of the Rats. Combatants on both sides tunneled, scurried, and hid in the ruins of once enormous industrial plants and whole blocks of collapscd apartment buildings. It was a sniper's haven, the Beirut of its eta. The premier Soviet sniper at Stalingrad was Vassili Zaitsev, a broad-faced Siberian who had been a hunter and shepherd in the Ural Mountains. In his first 10 days of shooting, Zaitsev killed 40 Germans. When his tally neared 100, he received the Order of Lenin and became the focus of a Soviet propaganda campaign as the...

Marksmanship Training

The planning of MG training is no different from other marksmanship training. Guidelines are provided to assist the trainers in understanding, preparing, and ensuring that all training is conducted to standard. This section addresses the objectives, the responsibilities of the commanders, and the phases of training. It also introduces the training devices that assist in training, and designates when remedial and sustainment training should be conducted.

USMC Scout Sniper Instructor School

This is the USMC's highest level sniper training school, founded by GySgt. Carlos Hathcock in 1977. The nine-week Quantico school produces instructors for all other Marine sniper training courses. Students also come from other military services, federal agencies, and even foreign countries. Sniper school cadre assist the design and testing of U.S. sniping-related items, from camouflage to weapons to ammunition.

The Snipers Environment

American Sniper Lifting Weights

Both police and military snipers operate in stress-filled environments, but how the stresses are generated, and how they can affect you, are quite different. The military sniper, day in and day out, operates in great personal danger because he probably is behind enemy lines. Every single move, his tiniest act, must be modified to remain undetected, for his only true security is invisibility. When he shoots he must displace, or certain retaliation will crash upon him. He cannot relax from the moment he departs friendly lines until he returns. The military sniper's stresses eventually reduce him to being combat ineffective. Having run many operations deep behind enemy lines, I can tell you This custom police sniper vest was made to author's specs rifle speedloaders, a 20-round ammo box, and mini binoculars No matter the item, keep the threac of hostile countersu rve ill a n ce in mind and ensure your gear is colored in a suitable camouflage shade. A sniper must stay invisible. To start...

Rifle Marksmanship Training

The procedures and techniques for implementing the Army rifle marksmanship training program are based on the concept that all soldiers must understand common filing principles, be proficient marksmen, and be confident in applying their firing skills in combat. This depends on their understanding of the rifle and correct application of marksmanship fundamentals. Proficiency is accomplished through practice that is supervised by qualified instructors trainers and through objective performance assessments by unit leaders. During preliminary training, instructors trainers emphasize initial learning, reviewing, reinforcing, and practicing of the basics. Soldiers must master weapon maintenance, functions checks, and firing fundamentals before progressing to advanced skills and firing exercises under tactical conditions. The skills the soldier must learn are developed in the following four phases Each soldier progresses through these phases to meet the objective of rifle marksmanship...

Figure Quick fire training program

Pistol Tekening Met Man

(b) The key to the successful employment of either technique is practice. Both pointed and aimed quick fire must be repeatedly practiced during dry-fire training. Live-fire exercises provide further skill enhancement and illustrate the difference in accuracy between the two techniques. Tactical considerations dictate which technique is most effective in a given situation, and when single shot versus burst fire is used.

Handgun Shot Cartridges

Handgun cartridges loaded with lead shotare availableinvariouscalibers, e.g., .22 Long Rifle, .38 .357. This ammunition, often called birdshot or snakeshot, is used to kill small game usuallyvarmints orsnakesat close range. The rimfire versions of these cartridges have been discussed in Chapter 6. Blount (CCI) manufactures centerfire handgun shot cartridges in

C Three Elements of a Good Shooting Position as they Apply with the Loop Sling There

13 are three elements of a good shooting position that apply when using a loop sling 15 rifle's weight. A weak shooting position will not withstand the repeated recoil of a rifle when 16 firing at the sustained rate or buffeting from wind. To attain a correct shooting position, the 4 (b) When in a shooting position with proper sight alignment, the position of the tip of the 11 (d) For each shooting position, specific adjustments will cause your rifle sights to settle

US Army Sniper School

In addition to its instructional role, the Ft. Benning sniper school is the U.S. Army's receptacle for lessons learned and a test bed for new sniping weapons and gear. This five-week course is the active Army soldier's sole means for earning the Bravo-Four sniper certification. In addition, the school hosts an annual military sniper competition that draws competitors from throughout the U.S. military and several foreign countries. Five years ago, I was honored to be the U.S. Army Sniper School's graduation speaker. A U.S. Army Sniper School instructor demonstrates a rooftop firing position.

The Targeted Sniper Attack

The insurgent's best snipers are employed in carefully planned attacks against somewhat fixed targets, such as a soldier at a guard post, security personnel outside a public building, or a GI manning a guard tower at a U.S. base. We know that these operations involve their finest shooters because with uniformity, these are one-shot kills usually head shots carefully placed to bypass the victim's body armor. These usually are shoot and scoot attacks, but if the sniper's first shot misses he may linger for a second shot. This pattern is clear with quite a number of incidents. In some instances, the sniper has been supported by a video cameraman who recorded the attack for later broadcast on Arab television or insurgent Web sites. Typical of these targeted sniper attacks were two incidents in Ramadi on 8 and 17 August 2004, which each killed a U.S. Marine. In both instances, they were manning a well-established observation post, and the victim was killed with a single shot to the head....

Snipers Supporting an Air Assault

It's because the first lift of landing troops must be prepared to let loose with a wicked, massive fusillade of fire that snipers should not be on that lift every aircraft seat, I think, is needed for machine guns and assault rifles. But the second lift certainly should include snipers, and their priority target would be enemy antiaircraft weapons crews until the landing's complete. Sniper teams could be inserted clandestinely to overwatch positions prior to the main landing, but their presence at that point makes for very difficult coordination should it become necessary to place air or artillery strikes around the first lift. When conducting independent operations, however, helicopters prove particularly suitable for inserting sniper teams.

Conducting a Delay with Snipers

Delay, is finding terrain that naturally reduces the enemy's width and speed so that your limited fire has an effect. An enemy restricted by a bridge, causeway, paddy dike, narrow trail, or mountain pass can be delayed dramatically by properly employed sniper rifle fire. By properly I mean maneuver at least three teams in unison, along the same narrow avenue of approach, then retrograde using backward leapfrogs. When the enemy attempts to maneuver against one sniper hide, he's engaged from another while the first team displaces. The enemy diverts its maneuver to the second hide, only to be engaged by the diird team, and so on. The enemy's advance is made more difficult by the emplacement of mines and booby traps where he'll likely maneuver when trying to bypass or flank a hide. When backed up by skillfully directed artillery on top of terrain exploited to the maximum, I think three to five sniper teams could slow even a reinforced company's ad A DELAY BY SNIPERS. Multiple sniperteams...

Section I Preparatory Marksmanship Training

Preparatory marksmanship training for the MK 19 covers the firing positions, the MK 19 fighting position, use of the T&E mechanism, and manipulation exercises. Thorough instruction during the preparatory training and exercises helps ensure efficient use of time and ammunition during range firing.

Section Iv Night Fire Training

All units must be able to fight during limited visibility. All soldiers must know how to employ their weapons during such time. Soldiers must experience the various conditions of night combat from total darkness to the many types of artificial illumination. All units must include basic, unassisted night fire training annually in their unit marksmanship programs. Combat units should conduct tactical night fire training at least quarterly. This tactical training should include MILES, during force-on-force training, as well as live-fire training. The many effects darkness has on night firing are discussed in this section. This section will provide units guidance on training soldiers to be effective in total darkness without using iron sights and using iron sights during limited visibility. (Figure 7-21 shows the current training program for unassisted night fire training.) (See Appendix H for more detailed information on night fighting.)

Section Ii Fieldfire Training Single Timed Targets and Multiple Timed Targets

Field-fire training provides the transition from unstressed slow firing at known-distance or feedback targets to engaging pop-up silhouettes from 50 to 300 meters. Two basic types of field-firing exercises are single-target and multiple-target engagements, which use 75-, 175-, and 300-meter targets. Once the soldier has developed the unstressed firing skills necessary to hit single KD targets, he must learn to quickly detect and engage combat-type targets at various ranges. Pop-up targets are used to add stress and simulate the short exposure times of combat targets. Therefore, the soldier must detect, acquire, and engage the target before the exposure ends. During field-fire training, the firer learns to quickly detect targets, apply SPORTS, and apply the four fundamentals simultaneously.

Preliminary Marksmanship Instruction Phase I of Basic Rifle Marksmanship

An infantryman's basic battlefield tool is his weapon. To effectively employ his weapon, marksmanship must be masteredfrom the basics of rifle marksmanship to the advanced stages of target engagement. This will greatly enhance the infantryman's capability to close with and destroy the enemy. Understanding the operation and functions of any machine is vital to becoming an expert with that machine. The same theory applies to rifle marksmanship. Commanders must keep this in mind when setting up a training program. This chapter covers the mechanical training of the M16- M4-series weapons. With this knowledge, a soldier is able to assess and correct any malfunction to keep the weapon always operating properly.

Figure Rapid semiautomatic fire training program

To maintain the desired rate of fire, the soldier has only a short period to squeeze the trigger (one well-aimed shot every one or two seconds). The firer must cause the rifle to fire in a period of about one-half of a second or less and still not anticipate the precise instant of firing. It is important that initial trigger pressure be applied as soon as a target is identified and while the front sight post is being brought to the desired point of aim. When the front sight post reaches the point of aim, final pressure must be applied to cause the rifle to fire almost at once. This added pressure, or final trigger squeeze, must be applied without disturbing the lay of the rifle. Repeated dry-fire training, using the Weaponeer device, and live-fire practice ensure the soldier can squeeze the trigger and maintain a rapid rate of fire consistently and accurately. (2) Immediate Action. To maintain an increased rate of suppressive fire, immediate action must be applied...

Field Fire Phase III of Basic Rifle Marksmanship

Field firing is part of the continued progression in the development of combat shooting skills. This begins the soldier's critical transition from unstressed firing at single, known-distance targets to targets at various ranges for short exposures. It also requires the soldier to practice and refine previously taught skills.

Advanced Rifle Marksmanship Phase IV of Basic Rifle Marksmanship

The procedures and techniques for implementing the Army rifle marksmanship training program are based on all soldiers understanding common firing principles, being proficient marksmen, and being confident in applying their firing skills in combat. During preliminary marksmanship instruction, instructors-trainers emphasize initial learning by reviewing, reinforcing, and practicing the basics. This chapter concentrates on advanced techniques and procedures the soldier will need to participate in collective training during unit live-fire training exercises. Areas discussed in this chapter include advanced firing positions, combat firing techniques, NBC firing, unassisted night fire, moving target engagement, short-range marksmanship (SRM) training, and squad designated marksman (SDM) training.

Sniper Training In Vermont

Sniper team ( 1) will depart at 1900 hours 20 July 1986 and proceed to the vicinity of grid 892777 to establish an OP. Collect and report all relative information and modify A Co fire support plan accordingly. a. Concept of the Operation of the Sniper Team in the Objective Area. This is a brief statement of the whole picture, or an outline of the conduct of the mission, followed by a detailed report of all the actions the sniper team will accomplish from the ORP to the FFP and back to the ORP, to include movement, routes, security halts, pacing, selection of FFP, construction of FFP, placement and operation of logistics, individuals1 duties in the objective area, objective location, identification and engagement, reports, immediate action drills, contingency plans and actions, air support fire support employment, and a host of others. b. Actions of the Sniper Team Not in the Objective Area. A detailed report of all tasks or actions accomplished outside the objective area, i.e., from...

Data on hand guns

The role of Class Characteristics of rifling in firearms identification has already been explained and discussed at some length. Because of the paucity of reliable information concerning rifling characteristics as they actually exist in guns, rather than in manufacturers' specifications, and because no reliable information was available for guns of many makes and models it seemed worth while to make a comprehensive series of measurements of all the makes and models of hand guns that could be obtained for study.

Field Fire Training

Field fire training provides the transition from unstressed slow firing at known-distance feedback targets to engaging fleeting combat-type pop-up silhouettes. Two basic types of field firing exercises are single-target and multiple-target engagements, which use 75-, 175-, and 300-meter targets. Once the soldier has developed the unstressed firing skills necessary to hit single KD targets, he must learn to detect and quickly engage combat-type targets at various ranges. Time standards are provided during this instruction to add stress and to simulate the short exposure times of combat targets. The soldier must, therefore, detect, acquire, and engage the target before the exposure ends. During field fire training, the firer learns to quickly detect and apply the fundamentals at the same time. (See Appendix G.)

Rifle Marksmanship

Marine Corps Reference Publication (MCRP) 3-01A, Rifle Marksmanship, provides the doctrine, techniques, and procedures for Marine Corps rifle marksmanship. Every Marine is first and foremost, a rifleman. MCRP 3-01A reflects this ethos and the Marine Corps warfighting philosophy. This publication discusses the individual skills required for effective rifle marksmanship, and standardizes the techniques and procedures throughout the Marine Corps. It constitutes, the doctrinal basis for all entry level and sustainment level rifle marksmanship training. MCRP 3-01A supersedes the discussion of rifle marksmanship in Fleet Marine Force Manual (FMFM) 0-8, Basic Marksmanship and FMFM 0-9, Field Firing for the M16A2 Rifle. (The discussion of pistol marksmanship in FMFM 0-8 remains in effect until until superseded by MCRP 3-01B, Pistol Marksmanship, which is currently under development.) Rifle Marksmanship

The Sniper Cape

In situations where it's too hot or you're short of materials for a full-fledged G-suit, 3'ou may get by with a sniper cape, which is an abbreviated version that conceals just the sniper's head and body above his waist. The ones I've seen were simple pullovers made from army camouflage netting. Known humorously as an ape cape, this half-size Ghillie-like concealment is popular in the 100+ degree temperatures of the Middle East and Southwest Asia. I also know civilian police snipers who've made sniper capes rather than G-suits and keep them stowed with their alert gear just in case.

Rapidfire Training

Soldiers should be well trained in all aspects of slow semiautomatic firing before attempting any rapid-fire training. Those who display a lack of knowledge of the fundamental skills should not advance to rapid semiautomatic training until these skills are learned. Initial training should focus on the modifications to the fundamentals and other basic combat skills necessary during rapid semiautomatic firing.

Locating the Sniper

When we say locating the sniper, it doesn't mean pinpointing his exact location with a single glance. Recall that, like you, he will attempt to exploit available concealment and use any trick he can to stay invisible, from preparing dummy positions to masking with ccho. You could be lucky and observe him immediately, but this is unlikely. In order to have adequate observation, you'll probably surveil from well to the rear and or above those under fire. You should avoid crawling forward into his field of fire because you may become pinned down. You easily could find that you must observe from one location, then go to another hide to engage him. Or, as Soviet snipers did during World War II, you could use a small periscope, the size of a musical flute, to safely peer from behind cover to search for the sniper. As you consider his potential hides, keep in mind the criteria you use lor your own hides it should be inconspicuous have good observation and fields of fire, concealment, and...

Duties of a Sniper

Target enemy snipers and surveillance teams. Take care when targeting one or two U.S. soldiers or Iraqi agents on a roadside. A team of American snipers may be waiting for you. They may be waiting for you to kill one of those agents and then they will know your location and they will kill you. along nearby Highway 8, Lieutenant Johnson noticed civilian vehicles converging. Cars were pulling up without lights, scooters were coming in and out, and 20 to 30 military-aged Iraqis appeared ' he recalled. As Johnson told his radioman to call for a Quick Reaction Force, the arriving Iraqis suddenly opened fire, attempting to overrun the snipers. Johnson was shot three times through one lung, his back, and his left arm. Friendly forces arrived, compelling the attackers to withdraw. Johnson was medevacked back to the States and survived. Marine sniper position. These four Marines, too, had been on a surveillance mission, but the aggressive attack and heavy fire was more than they could repel....

Dryfire Training

Correct Sight Picture Handgun

Dry-fire training is designed to teach the gunner the essentials of MG gunnery, including safety. Dry-fire training also includes sighting, aiming, sight setting, laying, manipulating the gun, manipulating the T&E mechanism, and determining the range. Thorough, carefully supervised training of these essentials is necessary to conserve time and ammunition during live fire. Practical exercises should be used to determine gunners' proficiency. Mastery of these skills is a must before the gunner is allowed to move on to the next phase of training. Practice is a must to achieve mastery. b. Range Setting and Laying. Range setting and laying the gun are important elements in marksmanship training. It is this training that prepares the gunner to accurately and rapidly place fire on his target in combat. To properly set ranges, the gunner must be trained in rear sight operation.

Sniper Selection

Frederick Russell Burnham, the American explorer-adventurer who led Britain's scouts in the Boer War, described his scouts as half wolf and half jackrabbit. What a fining description for the sniper and how fining that Bumham said this. For Burnham's most accomplished recon soldiers were Scots of a Highland regiment known as Lovat's Scouts 16 years later, these phenomenal woodsmen became the British army's first sniper unit. Yes, a sniper is a bold tempter of fate, but he also must be a wise practitioner of discretion He who shoots and runs away, lives to shoot another day. 6 the ultimate sniper requires care in selecting snipers. To this must be added reliability. It's the only element that we tell just two men to go out and execute a mission, says Lt. Col. Michael Phillips, former chief of small arms training at the Army's Ft Benning, I think because so much is demanded of them, we must ensure that only those who are truly capable receive the title 'sniper.' What to look for in...

Other Sniper Threats

Where two-man spotter-sniper teams most likely exist in Russian forces would be in Spetsnaz elements, but they'd be employed primarily on special assassinations and deep-penetration raids. Sniper teams also likely exist in GRU Special Operations units, as well as within Razvedchiki (scout) units. Beyond Russia and among the incorrigible Communist regimes, detailed information is scant. North Korea remains a distinct threat and maintains many snipers in the Light Infantry Brigades and Special Purpose Units of the VH1 Special Corps. Ambush and infiltration is their most basic doctrine. North Korea has a serious marksmanship training program, which I personally witnessed during a very rare visit to dial closed land in 1979. At the Children's Palace in Pyongyang, I saw photos of mere tots firing .22 bolt guns at you guessed it American bogeymen, and they were shooting surprisingly well. One incontrovertible indicator of the quality of their marksmanship is that the Olympic Prone Free...

The Opposing Sniper

With the Soviet Union dissolved and gone, why-put any particular focus on the Soviet sniper Is it worth studying Ivan and his distinctive SVD rifle It is, and here's why. Recall that throughout the 1970s and 1980s, Soviet SVD rifles and Communist Bloc instructors appeared in most Mideast countries, perhaps half the nations of Africa, and several in Latin America. While you may not encounter a Soviet sniper today, you could face snipers equipped and trained in Red Army doctrine. By combining this knowledge with what we already know of Western snipers, it should prepare us for couniersniper operations against nearly any foe in the world.

Targeting US Snipers

There can be no question that Iraqi insurgents have especially targeted U.S. snipers. Besides being the number-one priority on an Iraqi terrorist Web site (see sidebar, page 492), American snipers are despised for their effectiveness, so detested that insurgent propaganda frequendy accuses them of heinous offenses such as killing women and Muslim holy men crimes so despicable that any punishment is justified. Though most often these are opportunistic attacks, some appear to be focused on particular U.S. snipers. On 2 September 2004, one of the U.S. Army's finest rifle shots, a Specialist 4th Class who'd previously been with Ft. Benning's Marksmanship Training Unit and aspired to make the U.S. Olympic rifle team, was ambushed near Kirkuk. After his vehicle was halted by a roadside bomb, the veteran sniper stepped from his vehicle and was shot dead by an enemy sniper's bullet to his head. He was slated to return to Ft. Benning to be an instructor at the U.S. Army Sniper School. Indeed,...

Sniper Marksmanship

A sniper practices shooting to develop consistency. Keenly attentive, he looks for ways to introduce consistency into his every litde task because he knows that consistency equals accuracy and accuracy equals consistency. If his rifle is tuned for consistency, and with his every shot he uses the same scope sight picture, trigger pull, breathing, and body position and a dozen other tinier subskills the inevitable result will be accurate shooting. To make the difference between all right shooting and superb performance, you must hone the skills and shooting techniques taught in this chapter. Whether you learned to shoot a rifle in the service or never fired one until joining your department's tactical team, you'll still benefit from what's covered here.

Night Sniper Hides

There's a tendency for snipers to overextend themselves in the darkness that is, to occupy a hide that may be excellent for night engagements but becomes extremely dangerous by daylight. Evaluate your night hide in this respect, and be ready to relocate well before dawn into thicker, safer cover. An excellent temporary night hide would be in a ditch or creek bed from which the sniper can take a shot then withdraw without having even once exposed himself directly to small-arms fire. daytime and rest at night unless there's some kind of actual or likely enemy activity that's worth losing sleep to observe, or your orders specifically require day and night surveillance. Otherwise, remember a fatigued sniper makes dumb, deadly mistakes.

Sniper Equipment

The sniper rifle used by Naval Special Warfare is a bolt action, 7.62mm rifle with a stainless steel barrel for improved accuracy. It weighs anywhere from 9*5 lbs to 12 lbs depending on the type stock used. The stocks vary in weight frcm 1 lb. 10 oz. to 3 lbs plus, and are constructed from fiberglass. The rifle is fitted with a topmounted telescope base, to which the sniper scope can be readily attached without special tools. 1. The optical system. Is composed of a series of glass lenses which transmit and magnify the image of the target to the sniper.

Sample Evaluation Guide

The following questions are provided as an example of a self-evaluation guide for commanders leaders to help evaluate unit marksmanship training and small-arms readiness. Other areas of interest should be developed locally, based on the unit's missions and state of training. COMMANDER'S LEADER'S RIFLE MARKSMANSHIP EVALUATION GUIDE

Instructortrainer Selection

Institutional and unit instructors trainers are selected and assigned from the most highly qualified soldiers. These soldiers must have an impressive background in rifle marksmanship be proficient in applying these fundamentals know the importance of marksmanship training and have a competent and professional attitude. The commander must ensure that selected instructors trainers can effectively train other soldiers. Local instructor trainer training courses and marksmanship certification programs must be established to ensure that instructor trainer skills are developed. The instructor trainer helps the firer master the fundamentals of rifle marksmanship. He ensures that the firer consistently applies what he has learned. Then, it is a matter of practice, and the firer soon acquires good firing skills. When training the beginner, the instructor trainer could confront problems such as fear, nervousness, forgetfulness, failure to understand, and a lack of coordination or determination....

Role of the Marine Rifleman

To be combat ready, the Marine must be skilled in the techniques and procedures of rifle marksmanship. Although equipped with the best rifle in the world, a unit with poorly trained riflemen cannot be depended upon to accomplish its mission. A poorly trained rifleman can lack

Section Iv Knowndistance Range

The known-distance range is used for testing and marksmanship training. The firing task on a known-distance range is an intermediate step toward the firing task of a combat soldier. Program changes (pop-up targets) and ranges have provided a much better simulation of combat requirements. The soldier is provided information concerning the precise hit-or-miss location of every bullet fired. KD firing is conducted with a single, clearly visible target at a known distance, and the soldier can establish a position that provides a natural point of aim on that single target. While this is good for its intended purpose, overuse often results in KD training being more competition-oriented than combat-oriented.

Assessment Of Marksmanship Status

To conduct an effective marksmanship program, the unit commander must determine the current marksmanship proficiency of all assigned personnel. To check the effectiveness of a unit's marksmanship program, constant evaluation is required. Observing and accurately recording performance reveals the status of rifle and magazine maintenance, the quality of rifle zeros, and the ability of each soldier to hit targets. This also allows the commander to identify soldiers who need special assistance in order to reach required standards, and to recognize soldiers who exceed these standards. Based on this evaluation, marksmanship training programs can be developed and executed.

Chapter Eight Assembling and Testing

Once the interior components are finished to your satisfaction, begin assembling the handgun by placing the appropriate coil spring in position between the sear and frame pin the sear in place. Pin the trigger in place in the frame, then fit the trigger bar-disconnector, pin, and spring in their respective locations.

DAcquiring and Maintaining Sight Alignment and Sight Picture

(1) The human eye can focus clearly on only one object at a time. For accurate shooting, it is important to focus on the tip of the front sight post the second the shot is fired. When the shot is fired, focus must be on the tip of the front sight post secondary focus will include the rear sight and the target. The rear sight and the target will appear blurry. To stare or fix the vision on the front sight post for longer than a few seconds can distort the image, making it difficult to detect minute errors in sight alignment.

Figure Using the Back of a Vehicle for Cover

The proper use of cover provides protection from enemy fire. Cover and concealment should provide additional support for the position. The type of cover can dictate which firing position (e.g., standing, kneeling, sitting, prone) will be the most effective. For example, a Marine's height in relation to the height of the cover aids in the selection of a firing position.

Chapter Rifle Firing Positions

A firing position must limit a Marine's exposure to the enemy, yet allow observation of the enemy. Manmade structures and terrain features (e.g., vegetation, earth contours) often dictate the shooting position. The standing position normally provides the best field of view, but it usually allows the most exposure to the enemy. The prone position normally allows the least exposure, but it usually provides a limited field of view.

Interrelated Aspects Of Position Shooting

It should be explained to a new shooter that it is important to place his spotting telescope in a favorable location (Figure 18). This is true of all the shooting positions, but it is most critical when shooting the prone positions. The scope should be placed so that only a slight movement of the head is necessary to bring the eye to the lens. If the shooter must raise or move his body to see through the scope, he may change the established position for his next shot. This shifting can change the natural point of aim or the head position. Unless the change of position is redressed it can move the point of impact. C. REQUIREMENTS OF A POSITION, There are certain satisfactory results that we want from any shooting position that we build. First we decide what we want and then we work on how to achieve the goal.

Organization and Tactics

As illustrated, each motorized rifle, airborne, and air assault platoon in the Soviet army was authorized one SVD-equipped sniper, who's found in the First Squad. It's this same First Squad where the platoon leader is assigned, meaning the sniper purposely has been kept near him for instant directions so the sniper can quickly support platoon operations. Interestingly, the platoon's shoulder-fired SA-7 antiaircraft missileman, the other platoon-level special weapon, is in another vehicle, meaning that the wise men who determine the Red Army's organization think it's more important to have the sniper rather than the SAM close to the platoon's senior leader. SOVIET SNIPER'S POSITION. Note the parapet protecting his front while he fires to the oblique. But unlike Western snipers, the Soviet sniper seems to spend his entire time with his unit right in its position. He is not a member of a sniper team, lacking a trained spotter for independent operations. It seems that his superiors are...

Conduct Of The Exercise

The sniper is given a specified area with boundaries in which to conceal himself properly. The observers turn their backs to the area and allow the students 5 minutes to conceal themselves. Athte end of 5 ninutes, the obersvers turn and commence observation in their search for concealed snipers. This observation should last approximately one-half hour. At the conclusion of the observation, the observer will instruct, by radio, one of the two walkers in the field to move to within the 10 meters of one of the snipers. The sniper is given one blank. If the sniper cannot be seen by the observer after moving to within 10 meters, the walker will tell him to load and fire his blank. The observer is looking for muzzle blast, vegitation flying after the shot, and movement by the sniper before and after he fires. If the student cannot be seen, the walker then extends his arm in the sniper's direction, indicating his post on. If the sniper still remains unseen after indiction, the walker goes to...

Opportunity For Questions Summary

During this period of instruction we discussed position selection and the two factors necessary to all positions (1) Provides maximum fields of observation and fire to the sniper. (2) It provides maximum concealment frcm enemy observation. 2. Remotivate. How well the sniper team accomplishes the mission depends, to a large degree, on their knowledge, understanding, and application of the various field techniques or skills that allows them to move, hide, observe, and detect. These skills are a measure of the sniper*s ability to survive.

Am I Ready To Use The TM

OPERATOR LONG RANGE SNIPER RIFLE, M107 NSN 1005-01-469-2133 _GENERAL INFORMATION_ Rifle, Caliber .50, Sniper with Day Optical Sight and Carrying Case, M107. Purpose of Equipment The M107 Long Range Sniper Rifle (LRSR) is a man-portable, direct line of sight weapon system capable of providing precision fire on targets at a distance of up to 1000 meters.

Available Light Shooting

During our sniper school, our first night fire is always with available light and students employing their ordinary daytime optics. It's not as sexy as high-tech NODs, but the students gain tremendous respect for their abilities to engage targets with only a scoped rifle. The optics portion of the spotting chapter addressed the ability of quality lenses to transmit light, so we won't rehash all that material. But recall that your eye pupil dilates to 7mm in total darkness, and

Sgt Fred Mcdonald Minneapolis

This second edition of The Ultimate Sniper is dedicated to the United States of America's military and law enforcement snipers, sharpshooters, and designated riflemen. Though few ever receive the recognition they deserve, our world is a better and safer place thanks to their great dedication, skill, and courage. Hundreds of snipers, long-range riflemen, tacticians, optics experts, and firearms industry professionals have helped me since the publication of the first edition, sharing not only their tactics, techniques, and lessons learned but new ideas, weapons, and devices, many of which I've incorporated into these pages. Among this diverse group, first I thank my old Special Forces friend, Steve Stormoen the first edition's mysterious S.S. who finally has come in from the shadows all my colleagues and friends at Gunsite Training Center, including Dr. Richard Jee, Neal Terry, Jim K-Bar Kauber, Bill Jeans, Jack Furr, Bill Atkins, Eric Olds, Chris Mayer, Chris Caracci, and Ted Yost the...

Front Sight Firearms Training Institute

Front Sight offers two long-range shooting courses, Precision Rifle I and Precision Rifle II, with firing out to 1,000 yards in the advanced phase. According to course descripuons, these are long-range shooting classes, not tactical courses. At the McMillan Sniper School, Special Ops snipers fire from Little Bird helicopters into an abandoned movie set.

Objective Lens Best Night

Passive Night Vision Weapon Sight

Every time a sniper fires in darkness, he also creates a muzzle flash that tells the enemy, Shoot here Bolt-action rifles lacking any kind of flash suppressor generate a particularly conspicuous flame at night. Hie same can be achieved by removing a smoke grenade fuze and attaching a pull wire to its ring. Just be aware that your pull cord can become tangled, there's a two-second delay before it flashes, and there's no bang. A truly insidious sniper, however, does the same thing, but with a brilliant trip flare. Not only will the enemy fire at this dazzling light, but the more he looks at it, the more he'll burn out his night vision, and the easier it becomes for you to disappear. Something a bit more subtle is to expose an IR chemlight in a dummy position, again using a pull cord so that enemy NOD-equipped riflemen have something to shoot at, too. From my experience, I'd say these figures exaggerate sniper engagement distances by about 25 percent because merely being able to make out...

M Carbine and MA Rifle Bullet Trajectory Comparison

Notes Trajectory

The firers can demonstrate that they understand holding off by using an M15 sighting device. The firer aligns the sights on the silhouette on the proper adjusted aiming point. Once the firer has an understanding of elevation and windage hold-off, he is able to begin the live-fire training exercise (Table 7-11). The firer will be given 20 rounds in which to engage 20 targets at ranges from 100 to 500 meters using elevation and windage hold-off.

More Products

Defensive Handgun Training Drills Book
Legally Concealed Courses
21 Day Alpha Shooter

Download Instructions for Spec Ops Shooting

Free version of Spec Ops Shooting can not be found on the internet. And you can safely download your risk free copy of Spec Ops Shooting from the special discount link below.

Download Now