Identification Des Projectiles De Revolver En Plomb Nu

hair trigger 112, 113 halo 73

handguns 24, 25, 26

hand lens 84

Henry, Sir Edward 48-49

Henry, William 42

Henry System 49, 100

Herschel, William 40, 42-43, 46

Hillman, Rob 148

historic weapons collections 60

history of fingerprint examination 34-50 of firearms examination 24-33 hits, to AFIS database 7 homicide, suicide vs. 15, 16, 136-140 human tissue 94-95

IAI. See International Association for

Identification IBIS (Integrated Bullet Identification

System) 81 identical twins, fingerprints of 83 "Identification des Projectiles de Revolver en Plomb Nu" (Balthazard) 33 impressed tool mark 54 impression fingerprint. See plastic fingerprint India 41, 42, 48-49 individual characteristics 54, 55 individual identification 51-53, 82-83 individuality (uniqueness) 38-39, 41,

46-47, 83 Industrial Revolution 24 in-house training programs 20-21 inked print 34 inkless fingerprinting 35 Integrated Bullet Identification System

(IBIS) 81 intentional discharge 111 interior ballistics 9, 54 International Association for Identification (IAI) 21, 22 invisible fingerprint 2-3. See also latent fingerprint iodine fuming 91-92, 92 iron filings 86-87, 87 irregular entry wound 69, 109-110 islands 38

Jackson, Thomas "Stonewall" 30 Japan 41

Jeserich, Paul 31-32 juries 18, 116-117

Kass, George 60-61

knives 2, 132-136, 133-135, 150

Konai, Rajyadhar 42-43

Laboratory Accreditation Board

(ASCLD-LAB) 21-22 laboratory testing. See crime laboratories Lacassagne, Alexandre 31 lands 27

LAPD (Los Angeles Police Department) 100 laser 61, 62 laser protractor 64, 66 latent fingerprint 4

AFIS comparison of 100 composition 34 at crime scene 11 defined 2-3

development/enhancement of 5-6, 85-87

examination and comparison 82-85 quality of 35

residual print recovery 147-148 lead azide 79

lead bullet 73-75, 108. See also bullet/

bullet identification legal challenges 149-151 Leicester, University of 144, 147-148 lifting, of fingerprint 37 Livescan fingerprinting systems 35, 98 long guns 26-28 loop 46, 47, 83

Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department 10

Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) 100

lot of ammunition (term) 129 luminescence 83

machine gun 26-27 machine pistol (term) 26 Madrid terrorist bombings 103-104 magazine 26 magna powder 86-87, 87 magnification, for fingerprint enhancement 97 Malvo, Lee 12

Marshall University (West Virginia) 20 match 37-39

Mayfield, Brandon 103-104 McDonnell, Herb 88 McLean, Michael 55 micrometer 59, 59 Miller, Jerry 55 minutiae 37-38, 84, 85 minutiae-based fingerprinting technique 38

misfires 115

modification, of semiautomatic weapons

69-72 motive 119-120 mug shot 44 Muhammad, John 12 Murdock, John 55

muzzle-to-target distance 76, 79, 108, 137-138

National Firearms Act 72

National Integrated Bullet Identification

Network (NIBIN) 11, 81-82 natural sciences 20 Nature (journal) 42, 43 New York City Police Department

NIBIN. See National Integrated Bullet

Identification Network ninhydrin 92-93, 93 nitrites 79

nitrocellulose powder 77

nitroglycerin 77

nonporous substrates, fingerprints on

85-86, 95 numerical values, for fingerprint classification 49 Nunez, Guillermo 47 NYPD. See New York City Police Department

NYPD Crime Laboratory 60

Office of Anthropometric Identification

(Buenos Aires, Argentina) 47 on-the-job training 20-21 operability testing 67-69 organic compounds 34 Osborn grid method 84-85 out-of-sequence cartridge case 68, 69 overlay method 84

palm prints 42-43 papillary grooves 47 patent fingerprint 2 perceptive skills, training v. 132 permanence, of fingerprints 38-39, 46, 83

perspiration 34, 47

photographic strip method 84

photomicrographs 31

physical developer 94

pistol (term) 26

pistol barrels 56

pistol cartridge 27

plastic fingerprint 2, 4, 35

plumb bob 63-64, 65

points 37-38. See also minutiae polygon method 84

porous substrates, fingerprints on 83,

91-97, 96 portrait parlé ("spoken picture") 44 powdered iron filings 86-87, 87

powders, for taking latent prints 85-88, 86

primer case 74 proficiency testing 22 protein residue 142 protractor 63-64, 65, 66 Purkinje, Johannes Evangelista 40

qualitative aspects of tool marks 55, 56

quality of match 56

quantitative aspects of tool marks 55

Ramirez, Joseph J. v. State of Florida 150 rates of twist 27 reaccreditation 22 reconstruction 13-16

case studies 120-140, 128, 133-135,

137-139 crime lab's role in 113-117 fingerprint-related evidence 117-118 firearms-related evidence 106-108, 111-113

trajectory analysis equipment 61-67, 62-66 reduced load 74-75 reference collections 10, 33, 60-61 Reflective Ultraviolet Imaging System

(RUVIS) 97 registration point 38 relevant scientific community 149 residual fingerprints 147-148 retinal scanning 143-145 revolver 25, 26, 31, 68-69, 73 Rhodamine 94-95 Richmond, Virginia 81 ricochet 110 ridge. See friction ridge ridge ending 38 Riebel, Joseph 45 rifle 26, 26 rifle cartridge 27

rifling 10, 27, 28, 69 rifling marks 31 rotating target holder 64, 67 Ruger Mark II 70, 72 Ruger Single-Six revolver 136 rules of discovery 17 RUVIS (Reflective Ultraviolet Imaging System) 97

sawed-off shotgun 114 scanning electron microscope 97 Scheffer, Henri 45 school 20-22 scientific method 51-53 scientific principles 51-56 Scientific Review 47 Scotland Yard 42, 49 Sedgwick, John 30

semiautomatic weapons 25, 26, 68-72, 112-113

sequential processing 91-94, 94-96 serial numbers, obliterated 11 Seymour trace method 84 shooting incident analysis 13-16 shooting reconstruction. See reconstruction shotguns 26, 28, 80, 114 shot pattern (shotguns) 80, 80 silencer (sound suppressor) 70-72 silver nitrate 93-94 single-action revolver 26 size, of fingerprint 38 skin furrows 40, 41

"Skin Furrows of the Hand" (Herschel) 43 SKS semiautomatic rifle 109 slugs 28 smooth bore 28 smudged print 37, 143 sodium rhodizonate 79 soot, muzzle-to-target distance and 79, 108

soot deposits 73, 111, 137-138

sound suppressor 70-72

Spanish National Police 103

spherical gunpowder. See ball gunpowder spurs 38

state's expert 17

stereomicroscope 57, 79, 84

sticky-side powder 90-91

street gangs 11, 81

striated tool mark 54

striations 76

"Study of the Fired Bullets and Shells in

Brownsville, Texas Riot" 32 subclass characteristics 54-55 submachine gun 26-27 subsonic ammunition 70-72 substrate. See nonporous substrates;

porous substrates Sudan Black B 91 sufficient agreement 55 suicide, homicide v. 15, 16, 136-140 superglue fuming 87, 89, 89-91, 94-95, 121

superglue wand 90 suppressor 70-72 Supreme Court, Florida 150 Supreme Court, U.S. 118, 149 sweat 34, 47

sympathetic firing 68-69

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