A I i l I X T W

mm

Body diam. mm

Country of origin ¡main use

Projectile type1

weight gm

Muzzle velocity m/sec

Muzzle energy joules

Name! Weapons chambered in

25 X 152

40.3

40.3

USA

194

1,200

140,000

cased telescopic for GAU-7/A post-war exp aircraft

30 X 85B

31.7

32.0

D

HE/330

530

46,300

Mauser MK 213/30 WW2 exp. aircraft

30 X 100B

34.5

32.5

USA

9 •

670

9 •

XM140 WECOM post-war exp. heli

30 X 126B

33.3

32.3

USA

250

850

90,300

T239 round for T182 post-war exp aircraft (revolver)

30 X 136(B)

39.5

39.5

CH

225

1,050

124,000

HS 825 post-war exp aircraft (belted version later)

30 X 138

42.7

42.7

CH

HE/230 APDS/110

1,150 1,350

152,000 100,000

Hispano-Suiza HS 836 postwar exp AFV

37 x 87R

44.0

39.5

USA

HE/500

380

36,100

AAC Type M inter-war exp aircraft

37 X?

9 •

9 •

USA

HE/500

823

169,300

AAC Type F inter-war exp aircraft

37 X 218R

60.0

54.0

F

HE/831

825

283,000

Hotchkiss M 1935 inter-war naval A A (trials use)

37 X?

9 •

9 •

F

9 •

800

9 •

Schneider Ml930 inter-war army A A

45 X 185

53.3

53.3

SU

HE/1,065

850

385,000

NS-45 WW2 exp. aircraft (trials use)

55 X 175RB

45.8

59.3

D

HE/1,485

600

267,000

RhB MK112 WW2 exp. aircraft (M-Geschoss)

55 X 450B

75.0

78.2

D

HE/2,030

1,050

1,119K

RhB WW2 FlaK 58 + MK 114 exp. aircraft

57 x 160RB

61

64

SU

HE/2,000

600

360,000

N-57 post-war exp. aircraft (OKB-16-57) (dimensions approx)

57 X 514R

89.5

82.0

UK

HE/2,720

945

1,215K

6 pdr 6 cwt WW2 exp. AA

57 x?

9 •

9 •

SU

AP/2,780

980

1,335K

OKB-15-57 WW2 exp. airborne AT

Manually Operated Repeating Machine Gi n and Cannon Cartridges

16.5 x 97R

24.3

20.5

USA

lead/92

9 •

9 •

19th century .65" Gatling naval

25 X 94R

31.1

27.8

S

iron/steel/206 470

22,750

1" Norden felt 4-bbl 19th century naval

47 x 139R

60.0

55.0

F

HE/1,075

425

97,000

19th century Hotchkiss rotary

53 x c.180R

64

58

F

HE/1,630

450

165,000

19th century Hotchkiss rotary

Cartridges for Shoulder-Fired Heavy Weapons: Anti-Tank Rifles, Sniper Rifles and Grenade Launchers

7.62 X 67B

13.5

13.0

USA

11.7

900

4,740

.300" Winchester Magnum: current sniper round

7.92 X 94

20.9

21.1

D

14.3

1,210

10,500

WW2 Panzerbüsche: PzB38/39, M.SS41 ATR

Metric calibre

Wr diam. mm

Country of origin/main use

Projectile typeI

weight gm

Muzzle velocity mlsec

Muzzle energy joules

Namel Weapons chambered in

7.92 X 107

16.4

16.5

P

12.8

1,220

9,500

WW2 Maroszek: Kb Ur wz 35 ATR

8.58 X 71

15.0

15.0

SF

16.2

900

6,560

.338" Lapua Magnum: current sniper round

11.5 X 23

12.0

12.0

UK

14.9

260

500

.45" ACP used in WW2 De Lisle silent carbine

11.5 X 38B

13.3

12.9

USA

32.4

320

1,700

.458 x 1'/2" used in post-war silent sniping rifle

11.5 X 44 B

13.3

12.9

USA

39

320

2,000

.458" Whisper silent sniping rifle (current)

12.7 x 57B

14.6

14.7

USA

58

320

3,000

.500" Whisper silent sniping rifle (current)

13 x 92SR

23.1

20.9

D

AP/52

770

15,400

Mauser Ml918 ATR (+ MG TuFexp. HMG)

13.9 x 99B

20.3

20.4

UK

AP/60 AP/47.6

747 884

16,700 18,600

loading

WW2 Boys .55" ATR; W Mk II loading

15.2 x 169

25.7

25.7

A

APFSDS/20

1,450

21,000

Steyr IWS 2000 (composite case) (under development) N.B. sabot weighs 15g; total projectile, wt 35g

20 x 180R

47.9

42.6

S

AP/108

950

48,700

Carl Gustav Model 1942 recoilless ATR

40 X 46SR

43.6

41.3

USA

H El 170

76

490

current low-velocity grenade launcher

Rifle Calibre M achine Gun Cartridges

5.45 X 39

10.0

10.0

USSR

3.44

900

1,390

5.45mm Russian: current assault rifle/LMG

5.56 X 45

9.5

9.5

USA/NATO

3.56 3.95

975 930

1,690 1,710

5.56mm NATO: current assault rifle/LMG 3.56g loading is US M193; 3.95 g is NATO ssl09

6.5 X 50SR

12.1

11.4

J

8.94

762

2,590

6.5mm Arisaka: WW 1/2

6.5 X 52

11.35

11.30

I

10.5

700

2,570

6.5mm Mannlicher Carcano: WW1/2

7.62 X 39

11.3

11.2

USSR

7.97

710

2,010

7.62mm Ml943 (Kalashnikov): post-war

7.62 X 51

11.9

11.8

USA/NATO

9.33

823

3,160

7.62mm NATO: current GPMG

7.62 X 54R

14.4

12.3

USSR

11.8 9.7

818 870

3,950 3,670

7.62mm Russian: late 19th century-current MG/sniper

mm

Body diam. mm

Country of origin/main use

Projectile type/

weight gm

Muzzle velocity mlsec

Muzzle energy joules

Name/ Weapons chambered in

7.62 x 63

12.0

12.0

USA

9.85

837

20th century

7.7 x 56R

13.5

11.27

11.27

610 744 111

2,590 3,120 3,400

.303" British: late 19th-mid 20th century

111 m/s = Mk 8 boat-tailed ball for Vickers MG

7.92 x 57

11.9

11.9

D

10.00 11.53 12.83

854 837 808

3,620 4,040 4,190

7.9mm Mauser: late 19th-mid-20th century (velocities varied with loading and barrel length. lO.Og WW2 V aircraft loading 905 m/s)

8 x 50R

16.0

13.6

F

12.96

725

3,410

8mm Lebel: late 19th century-WW2

Manually Loaded Single-shot Cannon Cartridges

25 x 194R

47.2

42.8

F

320

960

147,000

Hotchkiss Mle 1934 WW2 AT/AFV gun

37 x 132R

46.0

43.5

J

460-595

640

94-122,000

Type 94 tank gun, Type 98 aircraft (WW2)

37 x 223R

55.3

50.0

USA

AP/870

884

340,000

M3 AT+M5/6 WW2 AFV gun

37 x 249R

51.4

45.9

D

AP/680 APCR/350

762 1030

200,000 186,000

KwK AFV/PaK 36 WW2 AT gun (also used in FlaK M42 in Table 1)

37 x 277R

61.6

56.7

F

HE/725

850

262,000

Hotchkiss M 1925 naval A A

37 x 380R

57.8

49.6

D

HE/750

1,000

375,000

3.7cm SKC/30 WW2 naval AA

40 x 79R

47.9

43.8

UK

H E/540 A P/ 540

240 300

15,500 24,300

1.59 inch Vickers Crayford WW1 aircraft

40 x 304R

56.9

52.0

372,000 370,000

2pdr WW2 AFV/AT SV = Littlejohn squeezebore shot (emergent calibre 30mm): 454g = Mk 1; 567g = Mk 2

45 x 310R

57.8

52.9

APCR/850

760 1,067

404,000 484,000

WW2 AFV/AT gun APCR is 'arrowhead' shot

47 x 376R

63.9

57.7

UK

1,474

560

231,000

3 pdr naval and inter-war AFV gun

50 x 288R

78.6

70.5

D

A PC/2,040 APCR/950

745 1,050

566,000 524,000

KwK 38 L42 WW2 AFV gun

Metric Rim Body Country of Projectile Muzzle Muzzle Name! Weapons chambered in calibre diam. diam. origin/main type/ velocity energy mm mm use weight gm mlsec joules

57 X 306R 76.0 67.3 UK 2,720 540 397,000 naval+WWl AFV gun (lower velocity is for short-2,720 411 230,000 barrelled gun used in later tanks)

57 X 464R 78.8 70.8 UK HE/2,830 719 731,000 6 pdr 10 cwt Twin Six WW2 coast defence gun

57 X 480R 89.9 83.4 SU 3,100 1,000 1,550K WW2+post-war AFV/AT gun

TABLE3: SERVICE HEAVY AUTOMATIC WEAPONS 11.35MM - 57MM

Name

Metric calibre

Gun kg

Length cm

Barrel cm

Method of operation

Cartridge feed

Rate of fire rpm

Notes

CHINA (see also Soviet/Russian weapons)

Type 77

12.7 X 108

40.6

215

102

gas

belt

650-750

current army: weight = 56kg inc tripod

Type W-85

12.7 X 108

18.5

199

102

gas

belt

750

current army

NORINCO Type 2

23 X 115

43

9 •

9 •

gas

belt

(AM-23?)

NOR1NCO Type 1

30 X 155B

66

9 •

9 •

gas

belt

850

current aircraft (NR-30)

NORINCO Type 76A

37 x 240

9 •

9 •

233

recoil

9 •

380

current naval AA

FRANCE

Hotchkiss

13.2 X 99

37.5

170

129

gas

box-30 or strip-15

450

WW2 AA

GIATM621

20 X 102

49

221

150

gas

belt

800

current; AA/heli (e)

HS Type 9

20 X HORB

48

207

7 •

API blowback

druin-60

400

inter-war air (Oerlikon FFS; Type 7 similar)

HS 404

20 X 110

50

250

170

gas/blowback

various

700

a ire raft/ A A

GI AT M 693

20 X 139

72

270

206

gas

dual belt

900

current; mainly AA

Hotchkiss M 1938/9

25 X 163

115

245

150

gas

box-15

220

WW2 AA (IJN Type 96)

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