About This Book

This book is complete except for irrelevant chapters such ass Relation of Chemical Industry to Chemical Warfare, International Situation, Chemical Technique and Tactics of Cavalry, Military Organization for Chemical Combat, Chemical Techniques and Tactics of Air Corps, etc. Also left out was the extensive bibliography and hundreds of footnotes referring to books long out of print and generally unobtainable. For the most part, their subject matter concerned the historical record of the use of...

Ale

Undar a magnifying glass it is relatively easy to male* measurements within .01 incb Then a small brass rod was chucked in the lathe and two slots sawed in it sufficiently far apart to make the two pieces. A diamond pointed tool was then adjusted in the lathe tool holder at an angle so that the sides of the point cleared both the lengthwise and crosswise faces. Cuts were taken with great care, using the saw cuts as reference points, and the same scale and magnifying glass were used lor the...

Altimeter Switch

This switch is designed for use with explosives placed on aircraft. It will close an electrical firing circuit when an altitude of approximately 5000 ft (1-1 2 KM) is reached. Thin sheet of flexible plastic or waxed paper Thin metal sheet (cut from tin can) Adhesive Tape Connecting Wires 1. Connect the altimeter switch in an explosive circuit the same as any switch. 2. Place the explosive package on airplane. As the plane rises the air inside the container will expand. This forces the plastic...

Automobile Generator Power Source

An automobile generator can be used as a means of firing one blasting cap or igniter. (Improvised Igniter. Section V, No. 2, may be used.) Automobile generator (6, 12, or 28 volts). (An alternator will not work.) Copper Wire Strong string or wire, about 5 ft. (150 cm) long and 1 16 in. (1-1 2 mm) Small light bulb requiring same voltage ss generator, (for example, bulb from aame vehicle aa generator). 1. Strip about 1 in. (2-1 2 cm) of coating from both ends of 3 copper wires. Scrape ends with...

Basic Principles Comparison Of Chemical And Explosive Weapons

An understanding of the true character of chemical warfare can best lie approached by a consideration of the action of combat chemicals as compared to that of explosive weai> ons. Certain important differences between the effects of chemical and of explosive munitions emphasize the peculiarity and novelty of chemical warfare and suggest some of its potentialities. These differences are particularly noticeable in the mechanism of the action of chemical agents and their effects in terms of time...

Bolt Assembly

Converting the Hossberg .22 semi-auto rifle to fulI-automatIc is very easily accomplished. The rear bottom of the bolt must be filed flat (see diagram). This hump activates the sear causing engagement of the striker on recoil. Removal of the hump allows continuous firing for the time the trigger is held to the rear full-automatic fire of the weapon until trigger is released. The Atchisson M-I6 AR-15 .22 Ir CONV. MARK II 30-shot magazine is used for the Mossberg in this conversion. The magazine...

By Todd W

Anyone who has read The Poor Han's James Bond knows some thing about dynamite. The section on p.6 of the PMJ8 has some good Information on dynamite, however, the part about storage of this high explosive is rather vague, and also somewhat Incorrect. Contrary to what Is written in the PNJB, gelatin dynamite CAN leak nitroglycerine Just like the sawdust-clay type dynamite. Last year, a friend of mine, who is a road construction contractor and uses dynamite In his work, began a series of...

Lacrimatory Agents

The first toxic gases employed in the World War were the lacrimators, i.e., sulwtances having a specific action on the eyes and producing a copious flow of tears and temporary blindness. In the concentrations used in battle, neither the eyeball nor the optic nerve was injured and only in rare eases (as when a soldier was so near a shell burst as to have the liquid chemical splashed in his eyes) was any corneal injury experienced. In fact, so transitory was the effect of these early lacriniatory...

The Effectiveness Of Chemical Warfare

Many factors enter into an evaluation of the relative effectiveness of war weapons. Chief among llinw nw (1) the 1 Wil I ige rent's philosophy of battle (2) the tactical objectives sought., i t> t casualties, destruction of material, the occupation of inqiortant strategic positions, denial to the enemy of the use ol vital land or water areas, etc. (3) the military effort required to achieve the objectives sought (4) the degree of preparation and training of the enemy's armed forces and (5),...

Chemicals In War

Screening smokes may also be generated from candles, shells, bombs, or airplanes. When a smoke screen is generated from candles, the wind must, be in the proper direction to accomplish the desired result. It must usually blow toward the enemy. Here again, and for the same reasons as stated above, the upper velocity limit should not be exceeded. The lower limit is not so important since, even if the wind did reverse itself, the screening smokes are harmless to personnel. Steadiness of the wind...

Fig Trigger

Note The bullet should be slanted downward with a 1 metal tube extending from It, blocked at the end with paper, so that the flash sets the charge off at the bottom middle. Better yet, put the detonator below the charge so the bullet rests at the bottom. To utilize this device, remove the business end from the bullet and put a small wad of paper In the cartridge to keep the powder in. Then insert the cartridge into the explosive, align the firing pin so it will strike the primer, and set the...

Fikeball Cannon

3 Beer Cans Black Electric Tape Slow Burning Fuse Gas l ine Cut out the tops and bottoms from 2 beer cans leaving clean edges.Then cut out the top of a third beer can and make a fuse hole in the center of the can bottom. Flg.l Tape the three cans with electric tape to form them Into a tube, making sure that the walls are smooth.

Future Of Incendiaries

Modern warfare has left little on the field of battle that is combustible hence suitable targets and opportunities for the use of incendiaries iu the Combat Zone are very limited and will become increasingly so as armies are mechanized. On the other hand, the military airplane has opened up a vastly larger field of application for incendiaries in the areas behind the battle front and in the hinterlands of the belligerents. To an ever-increasing degree the successful waging of modern war depends...

Gasproof Shelters

In war, especially in stabilized situations, large areas may be sul> -jected to harassing or lethal concentrations of gas for long periods, possibly for several days at a time. Under such conditions, provision must Ik* made for troops to eat, rest, and sleep without wearing gas masks. Placcs where work can be carried on without the encumbrance of the mask are also necessary, or at least most desirable, for headquarter*, medical dressing stations, telephone and signal stations, observation...

Giant Match

Lay the match on the paper, with the match head being about l V a-bove the striker. Then roll the whole thing into a tube and glue it closed. The tube should be tight enough to hold the match in place, but not tight enough to grip the match. When you pull the string, the match will slide over the striker, ignite, and send a violent jet of flame out of the tube. Your cost is about 3< . This detonator should be inserted in a metal tube and is used in manually detonated mines. If you reverse the...

How To Use

Shake the sma.ll bottle to mix contents and pour onto the cloth or paper around the large bottle. Bottle can be used wet or after solution has dried. However, when dry, the sugar - Potassium chlorate mixture is very sensitive to spark or flame and should be handled accordingly. 2. Throw or launch the bottle. When the bottle breaks against a hard surface (target) the fuel will ignite.

Igniter From Book Matches

Is a hot igniter made from paper book matches for use with molotov cocktail and other incendiaries. Use With Molotov Cocktail _ _ ___ . i -- Tape the match end tab of the igniter to the neck of the molotov cocktail. Grasp the cover end tab and pull sharply or quickly to ignite. The book match igniter can be used by itself to ignite flammable liquids, fuse cords and similar items requiring hot ignition,_ Paper book matches. Adhesive or friction tape. 1. Remove the staple(s) from match book and...

Index

Launcher, rocket 25, grenade 81 Machine pistols 74 Magazine as weapon 20 Measuring 26 Metal, to blacken 8 Mine, claymore 40, contact 78, detonator 84, placing 77 Missle, homemade 48 Mortars 18, 24 Ninja tools 20 Nunchaku 8 Pistol, plastic 37 Powder, explode with electricity 6 Reloading 82 water pipe 47 Silencers 10, 11, 14, 22, 33, 41, 57, 58, 63, end cap 35 Speargun, legal Spearguns 31 Submachineguns 64-, 72 Switches 9 Targets 6, 28 Vice, hand 62 Wire drawing 21 Edward L. Allen's system of...

Info

When the explosives arc afterwards thawed, the nitroglycerin shows a tendency to exude. Invention of Ammonium Nitrate Explosives In 1867 two Swedish chemists, C. J. Ohlsson and J. H. Norrbin, patented an explosive, called ammoniakkrut, which consisted of ammonium nitrate cither alone or in mixture with charcoal, sawdust, naphthalene, picric acid, nitroglycerin, or nitrobenzene. Theoretical calculations had shown that large quantities of heat and gas were given off by the explosions of these...

Step T

The 3 4 long piece of drain pipe is used to make a spacer for the area between the rear of the 4 tube and the spiral assembly. Split the edge of the 3 4 tube and overlap the edges, reducing the size until it will Various materials can be used as flexible baffles to fill the endcap. These baffles are intended to allow the bullet to pass, but to partially seal off the end of the silencer and help to slow the release of gas. Flexible plastic, nylon, and red or black rubber may all be used. The...

Doityourself Machine Pistols

Building an SMG from scratch is not an easy job for most people, even though excellent plans are available from various sources. Not everyone has the shop, tools or skill required. Converting a semi-auto pistol would seem to be a more practical approach. These conversions still appear to be difficult to most folks, who believe that complex machine work and hard to get parts are needed. All of these objections are true sometimes, for instance, to change an M-I carbine to M-2 (a favorite)...

Materials Required

Push nail through plug and cut off flat 1 32 past the plug. 10. Bend 4 metal strap into L shape and drill hole for wood screw. Notch metal strap on the long side 1 2 from bend. 3 4 nominal size water or gas pipe 20 to 30 long threaded on one end. 3 4 steel coupling Solid 3 4 pipe plug Metal strap (1 4 x 1 16 x 4) Twine, heavy (100 yards approximately) 3 wood screws and screwdriver Flat head nail 6D or SO Hand drill Saw or knife File 1. Carefully inspect pipe and fittings. 11. Position metal...

Means Of Projection

During the World War, chemicals were disseminated by every military arm, although the air corps did not use toxic gases. When chemical warfare made its appearance in 1915, there was already a large variety of high-explosive weapons in use. As chemical warfare was bom during the war and there was no prewar development of its mat riel, the first chemical munitions wTere hasty adaptations of high-explosive weapons, although subsequent experience showed that some of these weapons were not suitable...

Military Effort Expended For Gas Casualties

Having determined the battle casualties caused by gas, our next inquiry logically concerns the military effort expended in securing these casualties, as compared to the military effort expended in securing the sum total of battle casualties. Iu connection with this inquiry, it should be borne in mind that the military effort here referred to is only that part of tlie total combat effort which was expended in securing ptrmuncl los*e> (i.e., battle injuries and deaths), and does not concern...

Pack With Pencil

Next fill with the smoke powder mixture to the end of the casing and tamp down with a dowel the same size as the inside of the engine. (You can first start packing using the pencil, In order to avoid scrunching the fuse.) Fill to the top again and tamp in. We have used either a vise or a hammer in order to Insure that the mix is tightly packed, without a single mishap.Repeat this until there is about I A distance left to the end of the case. Note depending upon a number of variables, which...

Rubber Band

3 16 Stovebolt - 7iM long-file end as shown in detail All you need is t*o pieces of pipe, a coupling, a rubber band, some wire, and a thin metal rod. Assemble everything as In the diagram. The firing pin should be filed on one end. It should look 11ke a straight-slot screwdriver. The firing pin is used to both fire the ,22 and to poke out the fired shelly Hovr to lay at blades for proportional di* riderj, and a quick acting spring wire pivot

S

Nitroglycerin and 50 soluble nitrocellulose, made without volatile solvent, and sandwiched between two thin strips of powder made, without volatile solvent, from 50 soluble nitrocellulose and 50 crystalline dinitrotoluene. The two compositions were rolled to the desired thicknesses separately between warm rolls, as the burning advances, and, other things in the gun being equal, they produce gas at a rate which accelerates more rapidly and, in conscquence, gives a greater velocity to the...

Short Barreled Version

See your rifle's parts list for ordering instructions from the factory-about 12.00 1 - 3 4 Shaft Collar - 3 4IO-IV'OD This is a V' thick collar with a V NC or NF thread set screw.The collar is used to retain pulleys and gears on a 3 4 diameter arbor shaft. Available from hardware stores and tool suppliers. About 50< t. 1 - pc. Metal Screen - 4V'x24. Found at hardware and plumbing stores. Material from an old screen door may also be used. Plastic screen 1s...

Step Control

Glue the rubber or plastic strip to the other 1-1 2 x k strip of wood. This will be the bottom of the box. When assembling, the plastic or rubber will be facing up. 2. Screw the hinges to one of the 2-1 2 x V pieces of wood and attach the other side of the hinge to the side of one of the 2-1 2 x J-l 2 pieces of wood. 3. Drill a > l6 bole in the bottom of the other 2-1 2 x 1-1 2 piece of wood, which will be the left side of the box, and a 1 8 hole in the top right hand corner of the other 2-1...

Step I

Cut grip frame out of 5 8 plywood, using pattern 1. It is a good idea to first make this piece out of balsa-wood. This allows you to make changes in grip shape or angle. When the entire stock is completed and you are comfortable with the final shape, it is duplicated in plywood. Drill four 1 8 holes and 7 16 takedown screw hole as shown. Taper the rear of the hole to accomodate the head of the screw. Drill hole for stock latch. STEP 2 Drill seven holes in brass side plates as shown in pattern...

Technique

In considering the chemical technique and tactics of the several arms, we shall follow the organization of the Theater of Operations for chemical warfare, as presented in Chap. Ill, Diagram I, and discuss the chemical technique and tactics of each arm in the order of its proximity to the battle front of an army. In connection with the normal chemical-warfare zones of operation, shown in Diagram 1 of Chap. Ill, it should be borne in mind that these tones are not rigidly delimited, nor are they...

The Silencers

Of all 201h century 9mall arms developments, the firearm silencer is probably the most mysterious and the leasl understood. Invented in 1908 by Hiram Maxim, the firearm silencer was one of Maxim's early contributions to firing. This attendant clatter Is most pronounced In semi and full automatic weapons. Some noise also escapes through the unlocked breech area of these autos. A bolt action rifle will produce the field of noise pollution control. By little If any mechanical noise when the 1930s,...

Toxicity Of Lacrimators

The toxicity of the World War lacrimators has been previously mentioned in Chap. I. The following table shows their relative toxicity on the basis of 10 minutes' exposure 0.35* 1.50 1.00 2.00* 2.30* 2.30 3.20* In the cases of those compounds marked with an asterisk (*), their volatilities at 20 C. (68 F.) exceed their minimum lethal doses, so that fatal concentrations of these compounds may be encountered in the field at ordinary temperatures. Moreover, it must be remembered that, even in the...

U

CAUTION If safety lever should be released for any reason, grenade will explode after regular delay time (4-5 sec.). NOTE If diameter of safety fuse is too large to fit in hole (Step 4), follow procedure and How to Use of Time Delay Grenade, Section VI, No. 9. instead of Steps 3 and 4 above. HOW TO USE 2. Whirl grenade overhead, holding knot at end of rope, until grenade picks up speed (3 or 4 turns). 3. Release when sighted on target. ii 0 No. 9 NOTE It is helpful to practice first with a...

United States Patents

710.660 10 1902 Bennett et al 42 16.3 UX 1.502.676 7 1924 2.297.693 10 1942 2.424.194 7 1947 Sampson et al 42,72 3.039.366 6 1962 linthum el al 42 7 X 3,276.323 10 1966 Primary juim ner Benjamin A. Bore belt Assistant Examiner Stephen C. Bentley Attorney Nolte A Nolte An automatic firearm comprises a frame, a receiver mounted on the frame, a barrel mounted on the receiver, a bolt diiposed in the receiver andteiescopicaily movable relative to the breech end of the barrel against the action of a...

Tud

As you knock his hands away get a good Firm grip around his tipper right arm with your lefl hand. This will be easy as your arms and hands are still in motion. you will be amazed at the ease with which you throw the person. and throw him so hard upon his back that he may be stunned by the fall. Your right hand now takes a firm hold on his shoulder right up close to his neck. Up to this point you have been standing face to face You can throw the subject very heavily or you con ease up a little...

Vacuvise

A plastic container and stored in a cool dry place. Another explosive powder which even surpasses photoflash powder is chlorate flashpowder. Chlorate flashpowder is much more powerful than photoflash powder and also much more sensative. The reason for Its increased strength is the use of potassium chlorate (a very powerful unstable oxidizing agent).The equipment needed for making chlorate flashpowder Is the same as for photof I ash powder with one minor exception. A flat metal pan and a hammer...

Sulphuric Acid

If battery acid or other dilute acid is used, concentrate it by boiling. Container used hould be of enamelware or oven glass. When dense IMPORTANT Wash outside of jar thoroughly with clear water. If this is not done, the jar may be dangerous to handle during use 1. Place the tube containing the Sugar Chlorate crystals on an incendiary or flammable material taped end down. 3. Fit the tube to the bulb ba and tape in place. Meke sure that the tube doee not cover that portion of...

Do Not Remove Safety Stick Until Ready To Throw Fire Bottle

The safety stick, when in pUce, prevents ignition of the fire bottle if it should accidentally be broken. the end with the matches passes ' the slot in the can. Pass the flat stick or piece of metal Matches through slots in can to hold spring in place. This acts as a safety device. 8. Punch many closely spaced small holes between the lines marked on the can to form a striking surface for the matches. Be careful not to seriously deform can. Section V No. 4.1 CELLED FLAME FUELS LYE SYSTEMS Lye...

Pipe Pistol For Caliber Ammunition

A .45 caliber pistol can be made from 3 8 in. nominal diameter steel gas or water pipe and fittings. Lethal range is about 15 yards (13-1 2 meters*. Steel pipe. 3 8 in. (1 cm) nominal diameter and 6 in. (15 cm) long with threaded ends. 2 threaded couplings to fit pipe Solid pipe plug to fit pipe coupling Hard wood. 8-1 2 in. x 6-1 2 in. x I in. (21 cm x 16-1 2 cm x 2-1 2 cm) Tape or string Flat head nail, approximately 1 16 in. < 1-1 2 mm) in diameter 2 wood screws, approximately 1 16 in. <...

1

.* . 't - - , -. - t -I . .- . sp ' ft.' A- , - *> . AHEAD LOCK can be broken with one sure swift blow. You may frantically pull and tug and twist to release yourself from someone who has an arm tightly wrapped around your neck or by Jiu-Jitsu you may release yourself easily in less than two seconds. There is no question about the effectiveness of this method the effect on the nerve which is struck is instantaneous and severe. This release is very easy to apply and needs comparatively little...

Connect To Explosive

When a vehicle passes over the switch, the two metal plates make contact closing the firing circuit. 3. Wrap a connecting wire around one leg of each U at least 1 4 from the end and solder in place. 4. Place metal ball on block so that it rests in the center hole. 5. Insert the ends of the small MU into two holes in the block. Insert large U into the remaining two hole s. CAUTION Make lure that the metal ball does not touch either MU shaped wire when the switch is standing on its base. If the...

By Fred B

1 -piece of hardwood,about 1VWx3 4 )-piece of hardwood,about 2x lMxl I-strip of tension steel, about 3*l The Bates MFG. Co. of Orange, NJ makes a steel ruler that will do.The stock H is BNR-12. It can be bought in most stores. I-roof ing na iI -nail about 1 long String them 3 8n from the bottom and the other 2 3 V from the bottom. If you are using the ruler there will be no problem. 2. Snip all but V off the roofing nail, and file it to a point. Solder or glue it V' from the tension steel. This...

J

WHILE the chances are that you'll never be attacked by anyone wielding a knife, the Jiu-Jitsu defense against such a person is so easy that you cannot afford to neglect it. When practicing, use a knife of the proper weight and shape, but have the blade covered by some protective sheath so that there is no possibility of anyone This number requires o lot of proctice before you can know thai you have really mastered 1. But when you can apply it as shown in the following pictures you own a real...

Pack With Dowel

Of paper (newspaper or magazine stock Is what we prefer) and tamp them down In on top of the powder charge. Use several pieces to bring up the level to about 1 8 from the end of the casing.This paper serves both as a primary end seal and as a heat-sink to prevent possible damage to the mix by the final wax seal. With that done, seal the end by pouring melted wax over the paper allowing It to pool In the recess. We Just let the wax drip from a candle. This is better than using epoxy to seal the...

Info Rdb

In each step several isomers are formed only one of the possibilities in each case is indicated above and the ortho and para compounds both go through similar series of reactions. The product is too sensitive and in the wrong physical state (liquid) for use as a military explosive. In short, for the manufacture of Figure 45. Marina Marqueyrol, Inspecteur-G n ral des Poudres, France. 1919. Author of many researches on aromatic nitro compounds, nitrocellulose, smokeless powder, stabilizers and...

Wax Base Seal

Add a drop of wax to the nozzle fuse Junction or store your completed grenades in a zlplock bag, as the mix Is somewhat hygroscopic and may take on some moisture from the air or moist surroundings. For your first test firing It Is best not to hand-hold the grenade, although this Is possible once you can predict its functioning. Not only may it get quite hot, but It may malfunction dangerously If you prepared the filler incorrectly. Wedge it into the ground and stand upwind to watch the action....

M V

This is another of those Jiu-Jitsu numbers which you should be coreful about in your practice. Hit your partner easily reserve the vicious blows for a rcot enemy. Looking at this number again, note that you pay no attention to the attacker's hands at your throat. Raise your hands above his elbows. Hit hard Hit at about the fifth ribs with the knife edge of your hands.

Jjs

In analyzing this hold I discussed the severol steps vuch as blocking the blow, getting rid of the knife and throwing the man,, as if ihuy were separate parts of the number. Of course they are all port of one smooth flowing action which accomplishes the final goal. When you block a blow don't merely slow it down. Hit as hard as you can. The instant you block this blow your hand moves down and grips his hand with your thumb to the back of his hand. Your left hand then re-in-forces your right and...

World War Development

To accomplish its mission in war, an army must protect itself it must seek to keep itself intact and avoid an excessive drain in casualties upon its resources and fighting power. Hence there is both an individual and a collective demand for protection in war regardless of what means or weapons are employed. In consequence of this, the history of war might well be viewed as an age-long and continuing struggle between weapon development as a means of taking life, 011 the one hand, and protection...

Info Eba

Becomes colorless again when the reduction is complete. After all the zinc has disappeared, 1 niol of concentrated nitric acid is added, then 1 mol of benzaldehyde, and the mixture is shaken and scratched to facilitate the separation of the heavy granular precipitate of benzal-aminoguanidine nitrate. The product, recrystallized from water or from alcohol, melts when pure at 100.5 . Nitroguanidine and nitrosoguanidine both give a blue color with the diphenylamine reagent, and both give the tests...

Summary Op Gases

We have now completed a survey of the 38 compounds which constitute the entire group of World War toxic agents. For convenience of reference, a consolidated list of these compounds is. given below, arranged in groups by physiological classification, in order of their chronological appearance (of the group) in the war, as treated in the foregoing chapters.

Animal Blood Systems

MATERIAL REQUIRED Animal blood can be used to gel gasoline for use as a flanre fuel which will adhere to target surfaces. Small jar with cap Cardboard Adhesive tape How Used Common Source Potassium Chlorate Sugar Motor fuel Gas Station Sulphuric Acid (Battery Acid) Motor vehicles Rubber sheeting (automotive inner tube) white fumes begin to appear, immediately remove the acid from heat and allow to cool to room temperature

No

During the first World War the Germans used a mixture of trinitroanisol and hexanitrodiphenyl sulfide in bombs. Trinitrophenetol or ethyl picrate, m.p. 78 , is prepared by the same methods as trinitroanisol. The explosive properties of the two substances have been studied by Desparmets and Calinaud, and by Desvergnes, who has reported the results of the earlier workers together with data of his own and discussions of methods of manufacture and of the explosive properties of mixtures with picric...

Nitroamines And Related Substances

The nitroamines are substituted ammonias, substances in which a nitro group is attached directly to a trivalent nitrogen atom. They are prepared in general either by the nitration of a nitrogen base or of one of its salts, or they are prepared by the splitting off of water from the nitrate of the base by the action of concentrated sulfuric acid upon it. At present two nitroamines are of particular interest to the explosives worker, namely, nitro-guanidine and cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine...

O

Attach strap to stock with wood screws. 11. Place screw on each side of stock about 4 in. (10 cm) in front of metal strap. Pass elastic bands through notch in metal strap and attach to screw on each side of stock. 1. Cut off match heads from 3 books of matches with knife. Pour mutch heads into pipe. 2. Fold one end of 1 in. x 12 in. rag 3 times so that it becomes a one inch square of 3 thicknesses. Place rag into pipe to cover match heads, folded end first. Tamp firmly WITH CAUTION 3. Place...

Bicycle Generator Power Source

1 Tie a 4 to 6 foot (1 meter) length of cord to the grenade. Be sure that the rope will not prevent the grenade handle from coming off. A 6 volt, 3 watt bicycle generator will set off one or two blasting caps (connected in series) or an igniter. Note If improvised grenade is used, tie cord around grenade near the end cap. Tape in place if necessary. 2. Tie a large knot in the other end of the cord for use as a handle. coatin& from both cnds of 2 c0 5pcr 3. Carefully remove safety pin from...

Lunginjurant Agents Group Characteristics

The lung injurants were the second group of agents to make their appearance in the World War. They form a well-defined group, having many properties in common* and for that reason they were designated by the Germans under a siugle generic class Green Cross substances. In general, they were all liquids of relatively low boiling points and high vapor pressures. They, therefore, were volatile substances that formed i ion persistent gases upon release from their containers. Their principal...

Cut So Inner Core Is Exposed

Cut end of fuse cord to expose inner core. 1. If watch has a sweep or large second hand, remove it. If delay time of more than one hour is required, also remove the minute hand If hands are painted, carefully scrape paint from contact edge with knife. 2. Drill a hole through the crystal of the watch or pierce the crystal with a heated nail. The hole must 2. Light cigarette in normal fashion. Place a paper be small enough that the match so that the head is over exposed end of fuse cord and screw...

Lzt

Which is as good a stabilizer as diphenylamine itself. Since both of these substances may be detected by simple tests upon an alcoholic extract of a sample of the powder, the fitness of the powder for continued storage and use may be easily demon which is as good a stabilizer as diphenylamine itself. Since both of these substances may be detected by simple tests upon an alcoholic extract of a sample of the powder, the fitness of the powder for continued storage and use may be easily demon...

Relative Casualty Value Of Gases

In order to determine the relative casualty value of the principal battle gases, it is necessary to take into consideration the amountB of each that were used in battle during the World War. Table XV shows the amounts of battle gases of each class that were manufactured during the War. Of the 150,000 tons of battle gases manufactured during the war, approximately 125,000 tons were used in battle and 25,000 tons were left on hand after the war in filled shell and in bulk storage, as indicated...

Procedure

Natural form Myrica berries General store Department store Drug store 1. Obtaining wax from Natural Sources Plants and berries, are potential sources of natural waxes. Place the plants and or berries in boiling water. The natural waxes will melt. Let the water cool. The natural waxes will form a solid layer on the water surface. Skim off the solid wax and let it dry. With natural waxes which have suspended matter when melted, screen the wax through a cloth,

Aromatic Nitro Compounds

Aromatic nitro compounds are generally stable but are frequently reactive, especially if they contain groups other than nitro groups in the meta position with respect to one another. As a class they constitute the most important of the military high explosives. They are also used as components of smokeless powder, in compound detonators, and in primer compositions. Liquid nitro compounds, and the mixtures which are produced as by-products from the manufacture of pure nitro compounds for...

Future Of Smoke Agents

During the World War obscuring smoke proved its tactical value on land and sea and won for itself an assured place as a military weapon. Since the war the development of air force has still further enhanced the value of obscuring smoke, for not only are airplanes a means par excellence for putting down smoke Bcreens on the field of battle, but their power of observation has greatly increased the need for obscuration. So greatly has aircraft increased the facility of observing enemy dispositions...

Plastic Bombs

Hand grenades and antipersonel mines can be easily and cheaply constructed from polyester casting res in, auto body putty, ABS and PVC pipe, plexiglass, vacumn formed styrene sheet etc. These plastic devices won't produce shrapnel fragments or concussions equal to the power of conventional bombs, but they do have two unique and noteworthy features they are both non metallic and x-ray Li.apparent. The first feature allows these devices to be carried through airports, government buildings and...

By The Kentucky Rifleman

1911 Disconnector Cut

A stronger recoil spring to insure reliabi1i ty. All that is left is to install the new shoulder stock, give the whole thing a good safety test and you're in business The Sauer M-38 is even easier to alter than the Colt. Start by stripy-ping the gun. The Sauer is stripped by pulling down the latch in the trigger guard, then pulling the slide all the way back and up, then letting it go forward off the frame. Then remove the grips. To start the conversion, remove the trigger bar (see drawing) by...

Explosive

If an exploaive charge other than a atandard TNT block ia uaed, make a hole in the center of the charge for inaerting the blaating cap. TNT can be drilled with relative safety. With plaatic explosives, a hole can be made by preaaing a round atick into the center of the charge. The hole ahould be deep enough that the blaating cap ia totally within the exploaive. 2. Tape, tie or glue one or two rows of closely packed naila to sides of explosive block. Nails should completely cover the four...

Tt

a working model and it was an instant sucess. Really though, it couldn't have been anything but a success, as It was so very simple in construction. This first bazooka consisted of nothing more than an aluminum tube six feet long and 3 A to I inch In diameter, a motorcycle battery (power pack), a light switch (trigger), and the necessary wiring and electrical connections. These parts were all taped together for easy assembly and disassembly. The assembly goes as follows The wiring goes from...

Group II White Phosphorus WP

One of the earliest and by far the most efficient material used in the war for generating artificial smoke was phosphorus. This element exists in two allotropic forms white phosphorus and red phosphorus. White phosphorus, the normal and common form, was discovered in 1669 by the German chemist, Brand, who noted that it is spontaneously inflammable at ordinary temperatures and burns with a dense white smoke. While both white and red phosphorus were used in the war, white phosphorus was by far...

L

0.004267 X 0.1865 10,000 0.8 X 1,556 - 1,245 ft. 0.2L. - 249 ft. from which we see that our effective range is 1,245 ft. and our width of target 249 ft. When a gas concentration is increased tenfold and all other factors remain the same, the effective range is increased by the cube root of 10, or 2.154 times. The smoke cloud in our example does not realize such an increase over the gas cloud because the vertical rise of smoke is twice as great as that of gas, i.e., K smoke 2K gas (table, page...

Command Post

Place your manually detonated mines in spots that can be readily identified by you. If you put one in a tree stump, run the string into your command post, put a little tag on the pulling end that says 'tree stump'. If you have a big project like a long wall that you want to dot with mines, put numbers on the wall facing you and tag your strings accordingly. By doing this, you just sit back and wait for someone to take his position, and then finish him off. If you are being stormed, pull all the...

Pulls Instead Of Pushes

SING wh t I lerm a double-action bow and a front-wheel-drive arrow of entirely design, Orville Littleton and I have obtained almost incredible results in a series of flight-shot experiments. Here are the figures BEST TYPE YEW FLIGHT BOW 10-lb. bow. 2S-in. Port Orford cedar arrow GO yd. 30-lb. bow, 28-in. Port OrfoM cedar arrow 209 yd. 65-lb. bow. 28-ln. Port Orford cedar arrow 304 yd. BOW AND ARROW OF NEW DESIGN 10-lb. bow, spring type, front-diSve arrow 160 yd. 30-lb. bow, spring type,...

Bargain Bugging

When it is necessary to record your conversation with another person or his conversation with a third party after your departure, a bug can be hidden In your pocket and may be left at the scene. The bug transmits to a receiver tape recorder setup In your nerarby parked car or carried by your associate who places himself as close to the scene of conversation as possible outside an office, in an adjoining room, etc. walkie talkies. Adequate ones are available for about 25 from any radio and...

Comparison Op The Vesicants

Considering the factors (1) rapidity of action (2) extension of rube-faction, swelling, and edema and (3) time of healing of lesions, the World War vesicants and those compounds having subsidiary vesicant action may be arranged in descending order of their skin-irritant efficiency as follows On the basis of relative toxicity, the above agents would rank as Minimum Lethal Dose (10 Minutes' Exposure) 0.120 0.150 0.200 0.200 0.500 0.560

Physiological Classification

This classification arranges chemical agenfs according to the effects they produce upon the living body. Both during and since the late war, the physiological classification systems of the principal countries has differed considerably in order to compare these systems, we shall review briefly the salient points of each. American Classification (World War) In this system, the toxic substanccsare classified according to the predominant effects which they exert, with the understanding, however,...

Figs

In accordance with the invention, therefore, the chamber has at its front end a section of reduced cross-sectional area. Weight, size and cost are reduced without seriously affecting the efficiency of noise reduction. The silencer may be built as an attachment or, preferably, the rear portion of the chamber may be built around the barrel of the firearm, with communicating holes through the barrel. The heat absorbing material may be metal screen , which may take the form of apertured discs,...

Trip Lever

Strip one in. (2 1 2 cm) of insulation from the ends of 2 connecting wires. 4. Wrap one wire tightly around the spring loaded striker of the mousetrap. 5. Wrap the second wire around some part of the trip lever or piece of metal. This switch can be used in a number of ways -- one typical method is presented here. The switch is placed inside a box which also contains the explosive and batteries. The spring loaded striker is held back by the lid of the box and when the box is opened the circuit...

Projectors

RANCE PROJECTOR - RIFLE TTPE (CO, powered) 1. Specially designed pneumatic rifle that fires patented Cap-Chnr syringe. The 2 small CO, cylinders inserted into the rifle will discharge the rifle approximately 10 times. Can be successfully used at distances up to about 35 yard*, but most effective at 25 to 30 yard range. The lower velocity of this unit minimizes danger of injury to animals resulting from the physical impact of the syringe. Bolt Action. Specially designed barrel. Sh. wt. 8Yi...

Capchur Sol Immobilizing Drug

Cap-Chur Sot is the most rapid actms immobilizer available. Total immobilization usually occurs in from 2 to 10 minutes. Dizziness and lack of visual coordination may occur in as short a time as 30 seconds so that the animal will normally not move far after injection. Best results are usually obtained by mak-ins ihe injection in the muscular area of the hindquarters on larger animals. The dosases prescribed are for intramuscular or intraperitoneal Injection. Cap-Chur Sol contains nicotine...

Cross Strips

Tween the rollers of. a wringer, by flattening them with a lawn roller, or in anv other convenient way. If the target 4S to be no larger than 2 ft. in diameter, it is now necessary only to roll the strip* as tightly as possible under your knee and bind with wire aa described a little later on, It will improve the target to brush the pasteboard heavily with a solution of sodium silicate (water glass). If a standard 4-ft. target is to be made, prepare a frame as shown in the drawing. Bore the...

Fertilizer Explosive

An explosive munition can lie made from fertilizer grade ammonium nitrate and either fuel oil or a mixture of equal parts of motor oil and gasoline. When properly prciwrcd, this explosive munition can be detonated with a blasting cup. 4. Place the aluminum metal on top of the explosive. 5. Just before use, insert the blasting cap into the cavity made by the rod. The initiator is now ready for use. Cardboard Disk Insert For Handling Purposes NOTE If it is desired to carry the initiator some...

The Handy No Impact Required Firebomb

1 came up with this devilish little device one day while pondering the best way to torch piles of hay. It uses a minimum amount of fuel, is silent (no bottles breaking), and cheap to build. Take an empty soft drink can and remove the top. Stuff with some sort of absorbant material. Pour in a few ounces of gas and pour out excess. To use, all you have to do is light the top and throw on a flammable substance. A little sand in the bottom of the can helps it throw farther. Finally, their use is as...

Push Dagger Full Size Pattern

Sewn to the inside of your boot or the scabbard supplied with the knife can be shortened to fit the new blade length. The push dagger, like the derringer, was a popular b ckup or hideout weapon for the American traveler in the 18008. Rlverboat gamblers would often produce a push dagger to settle a gambling argument, and many gentlemen carried a dagger as a discrete means of protection for encounters with the local riff-raff. Many of these early push daggers were works of art. One of the more...

Coke Bottle Shaped Charge

This shaped charge will penetrate 3 in. (7-1 2 cm) of armor. (It will disable a vehicle if placed on the engine or engine compartment). Glass Coke bottle. 6-1 2 oz. size Plastic or castable explosive, about 1 lb. (454 gm) Metal cylinder, open at both ends, about 6 in. (IS cm) long and 2 in. (5 cm) inside diameter. Cylinder should be heavy walled for best results. Non-metal rod about 1 4 in. (6 mm) in diameter and 8 in. (20 cm) or more in length. 2 tin cans if castable explosive is used (See...

A D C Ranford

Here's a neat little device that can launch a 2 lb. pipe bomb 100 yards or more, depending upon the thrower. Use a pipe bomb with a 10-15 second fuse and tie a string 2-3 feet long around one end, as shown in Fig.I. Using this method of launching, you shouldn't find it too difficult to throw accurately at surprisingly long distances. The grenade that wouldn't reach a nearby hill can now be thrown over1 the next one as well. There are several times when you'll need a grenade to reach something...

Edward L Allen

Nerve Centers And Pressure Points

Edward Allen began teaching Jiu-Jitsu twenty years ago he has taught thousands of law enforcement officers and law abiding citizens. He gives private lessons to single pupils and class lessons to hundreds. He teaches business men interested in Jiu-Jitsu as a means of keeping order in their establishments and officers eager to have this additional weapon at their commond. Housewives making certain that they can repel possible intruders in their homes and soldiers preparing for foreign...

Use Of Vesicants In The World

The vesicants rank second in the extent of use in the war, being exceeded in tonnage by the lung injurants only. Altogether, about 12,000 tons of vesicants were used in battle, and of this quantity it is estimated that mustard was fully 95 per cent. No separate records are available as to the exact quantities of the minor vesicants that were used, or as to the casualties produced by them. Mustard gas so nearly completely dominated the vesicant field that all such casualties are generally...

Mannose Pentanitrate

Nitroglucose d-Glucose pentanitrate , CJEirOfONOub d-Glucosc pentanitrate 00 is a colorless viscous syrup, insoluble in water and in ligroin, readily soluble in alcohol. It becomes hard at 0 . It is unstable above 50 , and if heated slowly to a higher temperature decomposes rapidly at about 135 . It reduces Fehling's solution on warming. Ghicosan trinitrate, CUH7O2 0N02 3, is produced by the nitration of cr-glucosan and by the action for several days of mixed acid on d-glucose. It is readily...

Bolas

For centuries, the Indians of South America have used a weapon called the bola, or bolsadero, for hunting and warfare. It was used widely in tribal disputes, and was very effective a-gainst the Spanish cavalry. Today the gauchos who inhabit the pampas use them to snare the feet of livestock on the run, but their value as a weapon has not diminished. The bola of old was made by wrapping a stone in a leather pouch, tying a leather thong about three feet long to the pouch, then tying three of...

Nitric Acid

Nitric acid is used in the preparation of many explosives, incendiary mixtures, and acid Delay timers. It may be prepared by distilling a mixture of potassium nitrate and concentrated sulfuric acid. MATERIAL REQUIRED SOURCES Improvised Section I. No. 2 Motor vehicle batteries Industrial plants Potassium nitrate 2 parts by volume by volume 2 bottles or ceramic jugs narrow necks are preferable Pot or frying pan Heat source wood, coal, or charcoal etc. but not cellophane Paper or rags IMPORTANT If...

P

PETN see Pentaerythrite tetranitrate Palm tree set piece, 58, 60 Panclastites, 355 Paper, nitrated, 245, 246, 247, 251 Paper caps, 105, 106, 107 Parachute, 78 Paracyanogen, 119, 387 Parade torches, 67 Paraffin, 70, 71, 90, 118, 124, 167, 289, 333, 336, 338, 350, 361, 364, 366, 391 Paraffin oil, 276, 289 sec also Hydrocarbons, heavy also Petroleum Paraldehyde, 407 Paranitraniline red, 123 Paranitraniline yellow, 123 Parazol, 140 Paris green, 64, 65, 67, 70, 81, 85, 86, 122 Pastilles, 93 ff....

Shotgun Shell

Set guns are a dandy way to protect yourself and your property. Correctly rigged, they can kill or malm an intruder , and, If you are around, announce the Intruder's tresspasses. If push ever comes to shove In our uncertain future, set guns will provide c eap, they can be improvised reliable, and effective insurance for a broad variety of security problems. For the present, they must be used with the greatest discretion. The authorities and their minions frown upon the use of firearms In...

Aa

All these isomers occur in commercial trinitronaphthalene, known as naphtite, which melts at about 110 . lt The nitration of a-, and ytrinitronaphthalene yields y- or 1,3,5,8-tetranitronaphthaiene glistening tetrahedrons, m.p. 194-195 . The nitration of the -compound also yields or 1.3,6,8-tetranitronaphthalene m.p. 203 , and that of the S-trinitro compound yields S- or 1,2,5,8-tetranitronaphthalene glistening prisms which decompose at 270 without melting , a substance which may be formed also...

Zx

Bury at least 1 2 of the launcher pipe in the ground at desired angle Open end should face the expected path of the enemy. Muzzle may be covered with cardboard and a thin layer of dirt and or leaves as camouflage. Be sure cardboard prevents dirt from entering pipe. NOTE The 14 in. launcher may be hand held against the ground instead of being buried. METHOD II - If Electrical Igniter is Used NOTE Be sure that bulb is in good operating condition. 1. Prepare electric bulb initiator as described...

American Jiujitsu

For 20 years I have studied and taught Jiu-Jitsu. My students have been city and state policemen, business men, soldiers, housewives, college students, penitentiary guards, private and industrial policemen, Y.M.C.A. classes and householders. Sixteen year old boys and girls and sixty-five year old men and women two hundred and fifty pounders and ninety pound lightweights have gained poise and confidence by acquiring the knowledge and skill of Jiu-Jitsu. Whether the art originated, as some...

Co M B At Pisto L T A R G Et

Pictured Is a diagram of an excellent target to use when practicing defensive shooting with a pistol. A wide black felt tip pen is used to lay out several targets on 18 inch X 30 inch pieces of corrugated cardboard, following the measurements given in the drawing. These targets are hung from a piece ot clothesline about 25 yards from the shooter. The silhouettes may be used singularly, in groups of two or three, or even more if you anticipate a gun fight with a band of desparados. Any hit in...

By Billy L Nielsen

Billy Fitchett

In the event of an extreme emergency or catastrophe, the urge to survive will be the one most uppermost instinct in all men. As we prepare for an eventual crisis, we begin stocking up on food, water, defense firearms and ammunition.Having made the above provisions, we next must consider keeping and protecting these precious supplies, as well as keeping alive. Booby traps will not only help protect one against unwelcome intruders, but can also serve as an alarm system. It should be stressed that...

Archer Rolls Targets From Pasteboard

Targcta no larger than 2 ft. in diameter can bi rolled under one's knee Targcta no larger than 2 ft. in diameter can bi rolled under one's knee Bigger target Ilka that at tha lait ara atarlad in the tame my but finished on 4 wooden frame ci the type ihown below Snww target backs used for archery re expensive, wear out quickly, cannot be repaired when the ccnters have been shot away, and cannot easily be made at home even in the few localities where luitable rye straw is to be obtained. An...

Water Or Moisture Away From The Mold

Short Cartridge Dimensions

Lead from the last house that was torn down here. Stand the bullets you have cast in a shallow pan and pour melted bullet lube on them. When the lube cools and hardens cut the bullets out of the lube by pressing a fired cartridge case down over the bullet. Punch the fired primer out first and use a stiff piece of wire to shove the bullet out of the case. The bullet shoots fair as is but for better accuracy, get a Lee Lube and Size kit. The lubed and sized bullets shoots very accurately with a...

Pipe Bomb

A simple rrortar can be made from a shotgun of any gauge. It can deliver almost any type of bomb, Including incendiaries , pipe bombs, nolatov cocktails even the C02 bomb detailed In issue I. First, a regular shotgun shell is converted for use in the mortar. The shell is opened and the pellets are removed the wadding is pulled out and replaced by a wad of cotton. Next, obtain a piece of round wood Stick or dowel. When the stick is loaded in the gun, it should be long dough to protrude from the...