Since Mr. Edward Allen began teaching Jiu-Jitsu twenty years ago he has taught thousands of law enforcement officers and law abiding citizens. He gives private lessons to single pupils and class lessons to hundreds. He teaches business men interested in Jiu-Jitsu as a means of keeping order in their establishments and officers eager to have this additional weapon at their commond. Housewives making certain that they can repel possible intruders in their homes and soldiers preparing for foreign duty have learned Jiu-Jitsu from him. He has instructed Y.M.C.A. classes in numerous cities, police and highway patrol officers in Pittsburgh, Detroit, and smaller cities, prison guards at the Ohio State Penitentiary, industrial guards of various large corporations, classes at the University of Michigan, many groups of business men and countless individuals.
Edward Allen, whose home is Akron, Ohio, gives many thrilling exhibitions every year to organizations interested in this ancient science. He has at his command more than two hundred different Jiu-Jitsu attacks and counterattacks which he demonstrates against any who will oppose him.
The success of his teaching efforts is attested by the many reports in mdro-politan newspapers of incidents in which his students successfully used Aeir Jiu-Jitsu to subdue unruly persons and even, on several occasions, to save lives.
Jiu-Jitsu is a system of self-defense and attack which consists of a series of holds, locks, and blows applied to various parts of an opponents' body in such manner that the strength and weight of the opponent, as well as that of the operator, is utilized so that additional movement or pressure will tend fo dislocate a joint, break a bone, or otherwise cause the victim increasing pain.
The joints of the body have a distinctly limited movement. Any forced extension of this movement or pressure in a direction contrary to the normal motion means pain and danger to the joint or bone. Bend one of your fingers sharply backward. You won't bend it far before the pain becomes intense. That's all there is to Jiu-Jitsu. It consists of a well thought out system for applying such pressures and blows to your opponent. Pressure he attempts to apply to release himself only serves to make the painful grip more severe. Hence there is seldom much struggling against a lock properly applied.
Jiu-Jitsu experts depend upon three factors in subduing their assailants. The first one is "misdirection". Mislead your man as to your intentions. Do not let him anticipate your attack. The second is "off balance". Act quickly to catch and keep your opponent off balance. He'll help to throw himself if you do. It is just as important also that you keep your own balance at all times. The third factor is "leverage". Leverage makes it easily possible for a Jiu-Jitsu operator to subdue and hold an adversary twice his own size and strength.
In the lessons following I will point out the specific applications of each of these principles.
The two charts on the next page indicate the position of a number of the nerve centers of the body. Sharp pressure on any of these spots, if located accurately, will cause very acute pain. The pain is usually so sharp as to temporarily numb or paraiize, and thus make entirely useless, the area involved. Using the knuckle of your second finger, as shown in the lower picture on page 4, give a very firm, very quick twist onto the exact nerve spot. The effect on your opponent is almost ludicrous in his violent and instantaneous reaction.
As these nerve centers are so important in this work you should spend the necessary time in becoming familiar with their exact location. With your knuckle search out each pressure point on yourself. One or two experiments will convince you that applying pressure to these nerve centers brings a very
edge of these pressure points would come in handy. Almost any encounter would furnish opportunity for a little work on one of these spots. For instance sharp pressure on the spot shown between the second and third finger close to the second finger will open the grip of the strongest man—at once. Actually he will probably be so startled and hurt that you will have an easy opening to finish him off with any Jiu-Jitsu number you may choose. Another instance might be when the opportunity arose to deliver a short, sharp blow with the knife part of the hand to the spot where the upper lip joins the cartilage of the nose. Such a blow, properly delivered, is often enough to end all hostilities right at that point.
Be sure of the location of these nerve centers and you have, in that information alone, a very potent protection
In Jiu-Jitsu we never use the fist. The knife part of the hand, as shown here, is used for all blows. As a Jiu-Jitsu operator you will have a definite location at which any blow is aimed and, using this "knife blow" you can attain that location accurately.
In exerting pressure on the nerve centers make a wedge of your hand as shown below. The second finger is thus in a position to bore into the nerve with considerable sharpness and accuracy. There is no bending tendency as there could be if you were to use your thumb or a straight finger.
This is the perfect defense position in Jiu-Jitsu. Stand with your feet apart, one four or five inches ahead of the other. Thus you may rock forward, backward or to either side without seriously disturbing your balance. A slight crouch will allow you to rise somewhat or sink further. Your arms in this position are ready to strike to either side. Of course you may in actual use not have time to completely assume this position but if you practice it you will in an emergency tend to automatically hold yourself this way in the face of an approach-inq troublemaker.
This is the correct grip. Hold the garment only, not the arm
Holding the arm itself this way is very ineffective
It is easy fo break away when held like this
In even such a seemingly simple operation as securely holding a person by the arm there are, in Jiu-Jitsu, wrong ways and one right way. When you grasp someone by the arm as a preliminary to throwing them or making them go with you your first grasp must hold — if they are able to jerk their arm away your advantage has gone or at least has been materially reduced. It will be much harder, if not impossi ble, to grasp the arm a second time. It's just as easy to use and a little experimenting will convince you that it is nearly impossible for the arm to be released from this grasp. With the palm of your hand toward you grip a substantial fold or two of your subjects' coat or garment. Thus held he cannot break away. Of course this is, as a rule, only preliminary to an arm lock or other hold but as long as you hold this grip he cannot release his arm.
The two lower pictures illustrate poor grips. The arm can easily be jerked out of such holds as these.
To strengthen the grip of your hands there are several beneficial exercises you may use. While they are old standbys for this purpose they are, nevertheless, very effective. One consists of kneading rubber balls, the size of tennis balls or smaller, in your hands. Another is to stand with arms outstretched and crumple a sheet of newspaper up in each hand, starting by holding them only by the edge or corners and continuing until they are balled up in your hands. This exercise does not sound impressive but a few trials will convince you of its effectiveness.
HERE IS a hold to apply on a person who is sifting. For some reason/ sufficient to yourself, you wish to eject him from your home or business office or to remove him to some other location. This Jiu-Jitsu number is easy to apply but very effective in its results. It is obvious that this is only used when the subject is wearing a coat, jacket, or some such substantial garment.
In these "comt along" holds you moke your Job eosler by approaching your mon without evident sign of belligerence, If possible. Bo-member, in Jlu-Jltiu, you ore not looking for o fight, or trouble; you ore bent on mostery of the situation in a neat, efficient manner.
Your right hand if offer a strong grip on his right coat lapel.
He'll fairly jump out of hit choir. Keep hit left arm tightly twrsted.
"Whaf't the matter, old fellow, a little trouble here?9' you may ask os
If you hove token your grip far enough back on hit right collar your wrist will be exerting pressure on his throat.
your bond is laid solicitously on his shoulder. This, of course, is on exomple of misdirection.
He won't attempt to argoo or strike you with his right hond. He will offer no resistance while you hove him in this grip.
Grasp for his left wrist. Greot speed is now essential.
Grasp for his left wrist. Greot speed is now essential.
You grip for around his wrist in order lhat you moy easily twist his arm toward you
The farther back around his nock lhat You have his left arm fully extended you grip his coat collar The moro now, palm of hand up. and a firm grip effective your control. on his righl collar.
Keep the knuckfes of your right hand The leverage you are exerting on his ogoinst the person's throat, arm causes him great pain.
roising his arm as you twist it. Your righl orm goes underneath his left arm.
Now using your righl arm os the fyl-crum, you exert leverage by forcing his left wrist sharply downword.
All Ihe action shown here took ploce within Ihree seconds. Il looks slow in pictures bul speed is actually the very essence oi successful Jiu-Jitsu. The pictures on Ihe next page review th* most importonf movements of this number.
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