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in both bulbs are at atmospheric pressure. The stopcock is closed, the volume in the measuring bulb is read, thermometer and barometer are noted, the volume which the air in the measuring bulb would occupy at 20° and 760 mm. is calculated, and the mercury reservoir and the bulbs are adjusted until the air in the measuring bulb occupies this

Reaction Morcufy

Compensating Measuring bulb reservoir

bulb

reservoir

Stopcock AttentlonI

Ficuu 68. Du Pont Nitrometer.

calculated volume and until the air in the compensating bulb is ut exactly the same pressure as that in the measuring bulb. A glass tube bent twice at right angles and containing some water is used for leveling the mercury in the two bulbs. The position of the mercury in the compensating bulb is now marked by means of a strip of paper glued to the glass. Whenever in the future the gas in the compensating bulb is again confined in this same volume, and whenever the nitric oxide in the measuring bulb is confined at the same pressure as the gas in the compensating bulb, then the nitric oxide will occupy the volume which it would occupy if confined at 20- and 760 mm., and, if a 1-gram sample was taken for the analysis, the reading will indicate correctly the nitrogen content. If a sample larger or smaller than 1 gram was taken, then the reading is to be corrected accordingly.

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