the clay plug which stands at the top of the rocket case is perforated, and directly below it there is a heading of composition which burns more slowly than the propelling charge. In a typical example this is made from a mixture of saltpeter 24 parts, sulfur 6, fine charcoal 4, willow charcoal dust 1%, and dextrin 2; it is loaded while slightly moist, pressed, and allowed to dry before the head of the rocket is loaded. When the rocket reaches the top of its flight, the heading burns through, and its fire, by means of several strands of black' match which have been inserted in the perforation in the clay plug, passes into the head. The head is filled with a mixture, say, of gunpowder, Roman candle composition (see below), and stars. When the fire reaches this mixture, the head'blows open with a shower of sparks, and the stars, which have become ignited, fall through the air, producing their own specialized effects.

In another example, the head may contain a charge of gunpowder and a silk or paper parachute carrying a flare or a festoon of lights or colored tmnklers, the arrangement being such that the powder blows the wooden head from the rocket, ejects the parachute, and sets fire to the display material which it carries. In order that the fire may not touch the parachute, the materials which are to receive the fire (by match from the bursting charge) are packed softly in cotton wool and the remaining space is rammed with bran.

The very beautiful liquid fire effect is produced by equipment which is fully assembled only at the moment when it is to be used. The perforation in the clay plug at the top of the rocket is filled with gunpowder, and this is covered writh a layer of waterproof cloth well sealed, separating it from the space in the empty

Figure 27. Matching a Battery of 10 Ball Roman Candles.

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