Care Handling And Preservation

Most men have at one time or another fired a rifle or a pistol, or perhaps both types of weapons. If you have, it means you have also handled ammunition for these weapons. You know that the ammunition was not dangerous to handle. This, of course, does not mean that you handled the ammunition carelessly. The ammunition used in your carbine is not dangerous to handle, but there is a correct way to handle it.

a. Try to prevent ammunition boxes from becoming broken or damaged. All broken ammunition boxes must be repaired immediately. All original markings must be transferred to the new parts of the box. The metal liner should be air tested and sealed if equipment for this work is available.

b. Open wooden ammunition boxes carefully- They are used as long as they are serviceable.

c. Do not open ammunition boxes until the ammunition is to be used. Ammunition removed from the airtight container, particularly in damp climates, is likely to corrode. This ammunition is unserviceable.

± Protect ammunition from mud, sand, and water. If it gets wet or dirty, wipe it off at once with a clean, dry cloth. A light corrosion should be wiped off as soon as it is discovered. Cartridges with a heavy coat of corrosion must be turned in.

e: During markmanship and combat training, do not fire any caliber .30 carbine ammunition until it has been identified by an ammunition lot number and grade.

f. Do not expose ammunition to the direct rays of the sun. If the powder is heated, excessive pressure may be developed when the weapon is fired. This condition will affect ammunition performance.

g Do not oil or grease ammunition. The dust and other abrasives that collect on greasy ammunition are harmful to the operating parts of the carbine.

ft. Do not attempt to fire cartridges that have bad dents, scratches, or loose bullets, or those that are rusted. If you think a cartridge is defective, return it. Do not throw away or attempt to destroy defective ammunition, i Be especially careful not to strike the primer of a cartridge since this may ignite the cartridge.


a Small-arms ammunition is not an explosive hazard. Under poor storage conditions, however, it may become a fire hazard.

b. Small-arns ammunition of all classes should be stored away from radiators, hot water pipes, and other sources of heat.

c. Whenever practicable, small-arms ammunition should be stored under cover. If it is necessary to leave ammunition in the open, it should be raised at least six inches from the ground and covered with a double thickness of tarpaulin. The tarpaulin should be placed so that it gives maximum protection and allows free circulation of air. Suitable trenches must be dug to prevent water from flowing under the ammunition pile.


The approximate maximum range and average muzzle velocity of the different types of caliber .30 carbine ammunition authorized for use in the carbine are shown below.


Ball, M1 Tracer, M16 Tracer, M27

Max. range {yards}

2,200 1,680 1,600

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