Kos

No4r The Bbov*urcpk mul b4 l b tr A*ett lOtrUlsfor 14Mfclte c4kieM Urfrt*. UtSto rr Figura 63. Time movement maater trial aheat. fa) Two principal instructors (one for each (b) Four assistant instructors (two for each (c) Four demonstrators (two for each 131 Organisation. One order of observers is assigned to each range. (41 Blank ammunition requirements. None. (51 Master trial sheet (fig 163). (61 Target Trial card*. Target Trial Card No. 1 (Target Man 11 Trials (2) 2-second rush 15) 5-meter...

In

Even the most skilled marksmen is useless if he cannot find the target. For the combat rifleman, finding the target can be even more of a problem than hitting it. Except during the final stages of the assault, it is a rare soldier who fails to use some cover and or concealment when he is in the vicinity of enemy units. Consequently, considerable emphasis must be placed on teaching soldiers the techniques of detecting targets as they will appear on the battlefield. As used in this manual, the...

Magazine Spring

Replacing the magazine base. Section III. OPERATION AND FUNCTIONING it. l.oiK nfi the Magazine (Out of the liiflet. t I ) Plan1 the first round on top of the magazine follower (with the bullet end toward the front of the magazine I and apply pressure with the thumb to fully seat the round in the magazine Ifig 2> I. Mare each additional round on the preceding one, seating it in the magazine. < 2i To load the magazine with a five-round cartridge clip, the magazine filler is used...

X

M1a1 Rifle Operating Rod Handle

The frequency of disassembly and assembly should be kept to a minimum consistent with maintenance and instructional requirements. Constant disassembly causes excessive wear of the parts and leads to their early un serviceability and to inaccuracy of the weapon. c. The rifle has been designed to be taken apart and put together easily. No force is needed if it is disassembled and assembled correctly. The parts of one rifle, except the bolt, may be interchanged with those of another when...

Info

TC 23-14 Sniper Training and Employment. TM 3-220 Chemical. Biological, and Radiological < CBR Decontamination. TM 9-1005-223-20 Organisational Maintenance Manual Including Basic Issue Items List and Organisational Repair Paru and Special Tools List Rifles, 7.62-mm, M14 and M14A1, and Bipod Rifle, M2. TM 9-1005-223-34 Direct Support, and General Support Maintenance Manual Including Repair Parts and Special Tools List (Including Depot Maintenance and Repair ParU and Special Tools I Rifle,...

Chapter Advanced Rifle Marksmanship

The purpose of advanced rifle marksmanship (ruining is lo enable selected personnel to obtain a high degr ft of proficiency and expertise that is not normully required of the average rifleman. To be able to obtain a first round hit on target* at varying extended range* the firer must be highly skilled in applying the fundamental* of marksmanship to include aiming, position*, trigger control. sight adjustment. effect* of weather and zeroing. It aboii Id be a requirement that every firer...

Barrel And Receiver Group

Front sight Rear right FlaaK auppreaaor Spindle valve Seer releaae Selector and aelector abaft lock Bipod M2 Connector aaaembly (apring and plunger Boit lock Cartridge clip guide Operating rod gnide Barrel from receiver Stabiliser aaaembly M14A1 Stock liner Upper aling awivel bracket Stock ferrule

Lit Drop Prom The Axis Op The Bore

M14 Zeroing Target

Chart 5. bulUt drop verwu range. 121 Field expedient. Thin method may be lined when the time or the situation does not permit the use of the known distance. It in mostly used for confirm in* old zeroes. The firer will require an observer equipped with binoculars or a spotter telescope to As i*t him. The firer and observer pick out an aiming point in the center of an area hillside, brick house, or any surface where the strike of the bullet can be observed. The range to this point can...

Md

Marlin Model Schematic

44) After determining wind direction and velocity,the windage correction to be placed on the sights will be based on the following formulas. RxV number of clicks for 15 a full value wind on RxV number of clicks for 25 a full value wind on a standard issue rifle with standard ammunition. In these formulas, R range in hundreds of meters, V velocity of the wind in km ph. For half value winds simply divide the answer by 2. The constants 15 and 25 were arrived at mathematically considering the...

Appendix D Target Detection Exercises

The exercises outlined in chts appendix serve as the basia lor the target detection training conducted in conjunction with any of the rifle marksmanship courses. Target detection periods of instruction are listed in numerical sequence however, this denotes only the recommended sequence of instruction and has no relation to the numerical periods of a specific marksmanship coarse. 6. Army Subject Schedule 23-72 may be nsed as a guide for a target detection program however, detailed information...

Boiling

M14a1 Rifle

SOILING WITH LATIRAL RIGHT TO LIFT i. SOILING WITH LATIRAL RIGHT TO LIFT Il In utilising the telescope to read the mirage the following adjustment technique is used Pick out an object midway to the target and adjust and focus the scope at that point. Without disturbing the focus, adjust the scope onto the target. Since the scope is focused to read the mirage, the target will appear fumy. c. Temperature. Temperature has a definite effect on the elevation setting required to hit the crater of...

Addendum

FM 23-8, April 1974, is changed as follows Pag 153. Add the following b. General. Instructional firing is practice firing on a marksmanship range with help from an instructor. The coach and firer method may be used. b. Purpose. Instructional firing with the M14 and M14A1 develops the skill needed to engage targets during record fire. c. Procedure. Instructional firing uses the same procedures for conducting record fire I. Coaches and instructors will critique firers during this exercise. All...

When The Target Blehos Ihto The Background Or Terrain

Fad ort afftding the pp Ar itC0 of object . Figuj 92. Fad ort afftding the pp Ar itC0 of object . c Under proper conditions, either the 100-meter-unit-of-measure or the appearance lt of-objects method is an effective way of determining range. However, proper conditions do not always exist on the battlefield. Consequently, the soldier will be required to use a combination of methods. The terrain might limit the use of the 100-meter-unit-of-measure method and the visibility might limit...

M14 Firing Positions

Homemade Gun Barrel Rifling Machine

Open the trigger guard and place the firing mechanism straight down into the receiver, making sure that the guide rib on the firing mechanism enters the recess in the receiver Ifig 17 . Place the butt of the weapon on the left thigh, sights to the left insuring the trigger guard has cleared the trigger. With the palm of the right hand, strike the trigger guard fully engaging it to the receiver. 12. Disassembly of the an System and Handguard Note. Under normal usage the gat cylinder should...

Bolt

M1a1 Rifle Operating Rod Handle

Parts of the barrel and receiver group in order of disassembly. h. Replacing the Operating Rod. Holding the operating rod at the handle, place the front end into the operating rod guide and position the rod so that the recess in the hump fits over the bolt roller. Turn the operating rod to the left until the guide lug fits into the disassembly notch on the receiver, then move the operating rod forward until the bolt is closed. c. Replacing the Operating Rod Spring and Operating Rod...

And Rifle Marksmanship

INTRODUCTION 1 3 3 CHAPrsat 2. MECHANICAL TRAINING Section II. DiuMMtibly and 0 16 8 III. Operation and IV. Stoppage and Immediate actkn Chapter S. RIFLE MARKSMANSHIP FUNDAMENTALS Section I. General II. Markmanihlp fundamental CHAFTKR 4. PREPARATORY MARKSMANSHIP TRAINING AND 25-METER FIRING Saction I. Preparatory markunantklp and conduct oi II. M14 and M14A1 right III. Battleeight Section I. Conduct oI II. Rang operation 62.63 99 Section II. Range orgaoiaatlon and management III....

Forefinger

The location of the right elbow in extremely important as it provide balance to ihe firing position . Position the right elbow to the side ho that the right upper arm forms an angle of between 90 and 45 to the ground fig 99 . The nearer to 90 the right upper arm is held, the more stable will be the firing position. In no case should the angle be less than 45 . As a quick reference to insure correct location of the right elbow, the firer's shoulders should be checked to...

Meters

Mirage Target Displacement

Ftfitr J46. micefc Mi4 windmgw Magrem. 31 Figure 149 gives an illustration of the relative appearance of the mirage under varying velocities and directions. In general, the shallower the waves of the mirage the faster the wind speed. lt 41 The tme direction of the wind may be determined by traversing the telescope until the heat waves move straight up without lateral motion la boiling mirage I. lt 51 A mirage is particularly valuable Id reading so-called no value1' winds. If the mirage la...

Chapter Rifle Marksmanship Fundamentals

Rifle Fundamentals

To be proficient, a combat rifleman must be able to detect targets, determine the ranges to targets, and hit the targets when he fires at them. There are many variables affecting an individual's ability to detect and determine the ranges to combat targets chap ft . However, the factors affecting a rifleman's ability to fire and hit the target are relatively constant. Essentially, the rifleman must be able to assume a firing position which enables him to hold the rifle in such a manner that he...

Eyepiece

M14a1 Rifle

Snipericop u-ith mount. c. Sight Picture. With bot h the iron and the optical sight. the firer aims at t 1b centcr of visible mu of the targct lt fi1341. Further the rifle must not be canted. Canting s lie cl of tipping the rifle to either aide of the vertical. Figure I3. gt shows a proper si ht pictun' in vhich lie rifle, or seope ftitrhl and the rifle barrel. are in vertical alinement. Figure I3. gt shows the relation between the firer's line of sight lui the line oi l vation of...

Minimum Vilooty Round

NOTE UM SIC CHAMCE IN VILOCITY COMSTITUTCS t MN4UTK CNAN6C IN CLIVATION lt 11 In the following tables curve A represents those factors high temperature, low barometric pressure, and high relative humidity 1 which foster a high bullet velocity. The factors in curve B produce low bullet velocities and curve C represents more average conditions. Greater extremes can. of course, be encountered resulting in correspondingly greater deviation. 21 Chart 3 fig 1511 defines the three curves in terms of...

Rifle Marksmanship

Pump Airgun Schematic

Combination tool used hx h screu driver. l ist n' 12. Combination tool used hx h screu driver. Fi turv . . Combination o lt l used ms urenck. in Screw the threaded end of cleaning rod section into ratchet base of brush 1 A. fig 45 . b Apply a light coat of CR to chamber. ic Insert brush in chamber with thumb pushing against base of brush IB. fig 45 . dl Release the bolt lock and ease operating rod and bolt forward, seating brush in chamber. If rifle is disassembled, continue to...

Quick Fire

M14 Silhouettes

This chapter provides guidance in training procedures and techniques for Instruction of the fast, unaimed method of fire called quick fire. a. Quick fire, a military development of a technique called instinct shooting, is simply doing what comes naturally. It is a distinct departure from most methods taught which tend toward mathematical precision. The key to the successful employment of this technlqns is dmplidty. IT IS AS SIMPLE AS POINTING THE FINGER. b. Whan time allows it la always...

M14 Record Qualification

Night firing cerrtW thcuify fubrkutwd . d. The flasher assembly Is preset to control the manner to emit a flash of light every 4 seconds. Indicator lights mounted on the M3IAI in a This gives the firer five flashes for every target exposure. The mode of the flash may be set to either the single or rapid mode. 106. Qualification Scores and Ratings a. Qualification scores for rifle marksmanship are based on a possible 100 points and include 70 possible points for daylight aimed fire,...

Ammunition

Ammunition M14

The M61 armor piercing cartridge is used against lightly armored targets. The cartridge can be identified by it black tip. b. Ball. M60 ball ammunition is used against personnel and unarmored targets. The cartridge can be identified by its unpainted tip c. Tracer. The M62 tracer cartridge is used for indicating target areas and adjusting fire. The cartridge can be identified by its orange tip. H. Grenade Cartridge. The M64 rifle grenade cartridge is used for launching grenade...

Mhmum

M31a1 Target

Night firing rang na tr op movement required f. Figur 122. Night firing rauft fUttrml troop movement . Figure 123. Countenuak M31A1 target hoi ding mecftenitm. Figure 123. Countenuak M31A1 target hoi ding mecftenitm. lt 21 A dual light system should be established for expediency and safety purposes. Red or black lights should be used as needed during the conduct of training. Normal white lights should be used only for emergency purposes and police of the range after firng. 31 Red...

Eft Foot Well Forward

Under rm firing position with the MI4AI rifle. 2 Itipod supported prone position. The bipod supported prone position is the most table position from which to fire the automatic rifle, and it should be used whenever the tactical situation permits fig 10IK This position has the advantage of presenting a low silhouette and is easily adapted to the use of cover and concealment. Its primary disadvantage is the limitation of its use in heavily vegetated or irregular terrain where the...

Training

All preparatory marksmanship training it conducted on the 25-meter range fig 75 . The soldier is taught, through a series of conference , lectures, demonstration , and practical exercises the correct application of the fundam ntala of rifle marksmanship. Throughout the conduct of live firing, the ability of the soldier to apply these fundamentals is demonstrated by the lise of his shot groups on the target. Those personnel who have nnusual difficulties in mastering the ability to fire tight,...

Cartridge Case

AftTRlCGf 7 mIIUmCTCR AR NATO M41 CARTRIOCI. 7 MtLLIMfTIR MATCM. MATO. M 11 CAftfRlDGC 1 Mt.lM T ft OU my MATO WAJ CA f IDCC T MitlIM TfR CRINAD NATO Figure 4V. Types of ammunition for the M14 and M14 Al rifles. . Dummy, The M63 4mmmy cartridge hat six longitudinal oorrngatiens approximately one-third the length of the case. There are no marking a on the bullet amd there is no primer la the bate of the cartridge. It is used ii training for dry firing exercises. g. Mitch. The Ml 1 match...

Accessories

Beretta Silencer

Of the latching lever snap over the bayonet lug fig b. Removal Grasp the handle of the bayonet and depress the latching lever on the handle, releasing the bayonet log from the groove in the handle. Slide tie bayonet from the rifle. 32. M76 Grenade Launcher The M76 grenade launcher fig 541 is attached to the barrel of the rifle for launching grenade . The barrel of the launcher contains nine annular grooves, numbered 6 to 1, 2A, 3A, and 4A. When firing grenades, these are utilized to obtain...

Mot To Scalk

M14 Sillouette

Sttndtrd rifh m rk m n hip fitid fbing range. a. Targets There are three rows or banks of target on the standard field firing range. One bank is located at a range of 75 meter , the second at 1 75 meters, and the third at 300 meters. The targets are silhouettes shaped in the general outline of a man. At 75 meters, the F-type silhouette target is used. This depicts the head and shoulders of an average size man. The E-type or full body silhouette, is used at ranges of 175 and 300...

No Value

It x V 3 x 10 1.2 clicks, rounded off 25 to lh lt nearest whole A graphic diagram for determining windage corrections is found in figure 148. b. Mirage. Ml The word mirage refers to ihe heat wave or reflection of light through layers of air of different temperature and density as seen by the naked eye on a warm, bright day. With the telescope, a mirage can be seen on all but the coldest days. Proper reading of mirages will ewjbW the firer to estimate and make windage corrections with a high...

Extractor Engaged In Extractor Roove On Empty Cartridge

M14a1 Rifle

Ejecting th round Mad cocking. fl Feeding. Feeding takes place when a round is forced into the path of the bolt. The top round is forced into the patch of the bolt by the magazine follower which is under pressure of the magazine spring fig 35 . After the last round has been fired, the bolt is held in the rearward position by the bolt lock. g Chambering. Chambering occurs when a round is moved into the chamber. This takes place as the bolt goes forward under pressure of the expanding...

Clear All Weapons

Target Holding Mechanism M31a1

THE FIRING LINE IS CLEAR, au fon The control tower operator will orally command LOCK ALL WEAPONS prior to all move out commands. N t. Cnmmiwfc Jven wily it alkbia rt indie t d by itxn. Section III. RECORD FIRE NIGHTTIME The soldier's inability to successfully detect and engage targets during periods of limited visibility has slways been a major concern of commanders. To help overcome this handicap more time has been devoted to the fundamentals and their ap-plication, practice firing during...

Rifle Marksmanship Fundamentals

Target Rifle Bipod

Fire two three-round magazines using a three-round burst at one of the zero targets in the lower left hand portion of the standard 25-meter automatic fire target . b Fire two six-round magazines using three-round bursts at configuration B and C on the standard 25-meter automatic fire target. c Fire one 18-round magazine using three-round bursts at configuration E on the standard 2. -meter automatic fire target. I I General. The ultimate objective of automatic transition firing is to produce...

Terminal Mx

Cut two 36-inch lengths of two-conductor wire. b. Attsch an electrical plug to one end of each wire. c. Attach one wire to the indicator light and plug into utility box tagged Lights. d. Attach one conductor of the remaining wire to the binding post labeled L on the M31AI and one conductor to the binding post which was added per modification, and plug into the utility box tagged Hit Switch ' The utility boxes may be stored in a small am-munition can by cutting a A -inch slot in the side of...

Da

DUM M1H 1 Mrr 71 fucu DA FORM OIR-N, 1 jun WHICH otiOkiTL Simple of DA Form S012-R will et rie . Tr r J64 Co ltm 4. 1 Range facilities. One target detection range. b Seven asaiitant instructors. 3 Blink ammunition requirements. Rounds per presentation 15 Rounds per rehearsal 15 44 Muter trial sheet. Same as used for Period 1 except locations of target men should be changed. 5 Answer sheet. Same as used in Period 1 fig 160 . i. Period Nine, Target Detection Testa Two and Three I Hrh The purpose...

Top

Kffects of the Weather In the case of the highly trained firer, effects of the weather are of primary importance because they can cause an error in the strike of the bullet. The wind, mirage, light, temperature and humidity all have some effect on the bullet, the firer, or both, a. Wind. Ill The condition which constantly presents the greatest problem to the firer is the wind. Wind has a considerable effect on the bullet. This effect increases with the range. This is due primarily to the...

Aiming Point

Rifle Butt Stock Wire Shoulder Support

1RR0N CAUfID V N ftORtft HOMT ALMRMRMT Fifurv 64. Importance of correct tight eiinement. b Since it is so important to obtain and hold perfect flight alinement when shooting, the rifleman mast concentrate on it as the first and last steps in aiming. That is, he first concentrates on getting perfect sight alinement, then establishes the proper placement of the aiming point to complete the sight picture, and finally as he starts to squeeze the trigger, he again concentrates on maintaining perfect...

Straight And Off Ground

Automatic Sandbag Machine

IMAGINARY STRAIGHT LINE PASSES THROUGH 8ARREL, RECEIVER, RIGHT SHOULDER ANO CENTER OF RIGHT BUTTOCK Figure 101. Bipod supported prone position with the M14A 1 rifle. 2. The legs should be spread well apart with the toes pointing outward and, if the conformation of the body permits, the heels should be on the ground. . . The back should be arched, the chest off the ground and the shoulders parallel to the ground. 4. The left arm and wrist should be straight, with no part of the arm touching the...

Appendix C Known Distance Firing

Known Distance Range

Knows distance firing give the rifleman an opportunity to apply all the principles learned during preparatory marksmanship training. It ia not a substitute for the standard rifle marksmanship program ft has been added for use by those units that desire additional rifle trailing for their personnel. The rifleman learns to aero his rifle for all usable ranges and to make practical application of sight adjustments. It instills confidence in him and requires him to fire accurately in order to...

Zv W

Elevation Enter any elevation change applied to the rifle under that numbered shot. Windage Enter any windage used in click si under that numbered shot. Count left or right from actual zero not mechanical zero. c After firing. Wind Word description steady, gusty, fish tailing I. Light Word description bright, dull, hazy, overcast . Mirage Word description medium, heavy and or a simple picture fig 149 . Windage diagram Velocity in kmph and show direction with an arrow. Light diagram Show...

Meter Battlesight Zero

Each soldier should be required to maintain a progress booklet throughout his marksmanship training. The booklet should contain hia 25-meter targets, firing data card, shot group analysis card, field firing scorecards, and target detection answer sheets. With this in- -formation, instructors can review a soldier's performance and accurately identify those areas that are causing difficulty. c. Remedial instruction. 111 Purpose. During some phases of marksmanship...

Hammer Release

M14 Chamber Brush

STOPPAGES AND IMMEDIATE ACTION a. Definition. A stoppage is an unintentional interruption of the cycle of operation. The stoppage may be caused by improper functioning of the rifle or faulty ammunition. h. Types of Stoppages. Hi Misfire. A misfire is a failure to fire. A misfire itself is not dangerous, but since it cannot be immediately distinguished from a delay in the functioning of the firing mechanism, it should be considered as a possible delay in firing until this possibility...

Chapter Record Fire

Record firing is a scries of practical exercises which require the soldier to apply individual rifle marksmanship technique learned in previous instruction. Although the soldier receives a qualification rating luteed on the number of targets he hits, rep or d firing should not be considered so much 4i test us it is an extremely valuable training exercise. When record firing is correctly organized and conducted, any soldier can gain valuable experience and become mure effective as a combat...

Watch Your Targetsi

Firers commence firing when the targets are presented. c. Once all the targets are withdrawn, the range officer checks for alibis and then allows them to fire. An alibi is allowed when there is a malfunction NOT DUE TO THE FAULT OF THE FIRER. a. General. The pit officer is responsible for the organization, orientation, and safety of the pit detail. The success of known distance firing depends largely upon the efficient operation of the targets and the close coordination maintained between the...

Fsn 6920-906-0169

DA Form 3012-R Answer Sheet, period seven will be reproduced locally on 8- by 10 Vi-inch paper, h. Period Eight, Target Detection Test One 1 Hr . The purpose of this period is to test the soldier's ability to locate and determine ranges to single, stationary battlefield targets. TARGET DETECTION EXERCISE ANSWER IMf IT PERIOD 7 Far UM el tetm, FM 2 4 fid FM 2J-9r pr pw r gt r a i y 1 TRADOC. COMBINATION Of SOUND LOCALIZATION AND MULTIPLE MOVING TARGETS OBSERVERS...

Chapter Automatic Rifle Marksmanship

I, Thb chapter it a guide for personnel conducting automatic rifle marksmanship training with the M14A1, and the M14 with selector and M2 bipod thereafter referred to as the M14 modified . b, The automatic rifleman must frequently employ his weapon in the semiautomatic role for maximum effectiveness of fire. Therefore, proficiency in automatic rifle marksmanship requires that the individual has satisfactorily completed rifle marksmanship training. Training in automatic rifle marksmanship is...

Buckle

Proper Trigger Pull

Good Position The three elements of a good position arc bone support, muscular relaxation, and a natural point of aim on an aiming point. 1 I I Bone support Firing positions are designed us foundations for the rifle. It should be stressed that a good foundation for the rifle is important to good shooting, When a firer uses a weak foundation I position J for the rifle, without bone support, he will not be able to apply the fundamentals of shooting. 121 Muscular relaxation. The firer must...

Chapter Field Firing

Field firing provides the soldier with practical experience in firing at realistic targets located at ranges comparable to those of the battlefield. Field firing begins with simple exercises designed to familiarize the soldier with the range, the targets, and the scoring system. During the first field firing exercise the soldier will have sufficient time to check his position and sight picture and fire at the target. However, in subsequent exercises, speed becomes an increasingly important...

Power Caile

Night firing target mechanism M40 components and assemblies. 5 The target holder assembly not used for night record fire, as it is already present on the M31A1 tsrget holding mechanism . 6 The hit switch assembly Inot used when employed in conjunction with the M31A1 as it is already present on the M31A1 target holding mechanism 71 Indicator light see modification instruction for M31AI target holding mechanism I. 6. Scores for night record fire are recorded automatically on the M40...

Chapter Mechanical Training

Folding Handgrip

II The US rifle, 7.62 mm, M14 fig 1 is a lightweight, aircooled, gas-operated, magazine-fed, shoulder weapon. It is designed primarily for semiautomatic fire. 21 When employed as an automatic rifle, the selector and M2 bipod must be installed fig 21. 131 The flash supressor is designed with a wide rib on the bottom to reduce muzzle climb and the amount of dust raised by muzzle blast. lt 4 The lug on the rear of the flash suppressor is used to secure a bayonet, a grenade launcher,...

Target Painted White With Black Rectangle

Target Box Exercise

To conduct this exercise, a rifle, a rifle rest, a target box, and a target disk are required for each assistant and firer team fig 79 k Blank paper attached to the target box is used to record aiming points. A miniature 23-meter target is painted on the disk. A sn.all hole is made in the center of the disk so the assistant can insert the point of a pencil and mark the firer s point of aim. The exercise is conducted as follows fa The rear sight is set at 12 clicks of...