Chapter Automatic Rifle Marksmanship

80, General i, Thb chapter it a guide for personnel conducting automatic rifle marksmanship training with the M14A1, and the M14 with selector and M2 bipod thereafter referred to as the M14 modified).

b, The automatic rifleman must frequently employ his weapon in the semiautomatic role for maximum effectiveness of fire. Therefore, proficiency in automatic rifle marksmanship requires that the individual has satisfactorily completed rifle marksmanship training. Training in automatic rifle marksmanship is intended to further develop skill in firing »em ¡automatically and to emphasize in the soldier's mind that the automatic rifle need not always be employed in the automatic role.

e. Fundamentals of automatic rifle marksmanship do not conflict in any way with those taught in semiautomatic rifle marksmanship training. The skills of rifle marksmanship are used by the automatic rifleman with only slight variation. Because of the nature of automatic fire and the decreased maximum effective range, ad* ditional skills are needed by the automatic rifleman if he is to become proficient in the em ploy em en t of the automatic rifle. These include:

(1) A more stable body position when em-ploying the weapon in the automatic role.

(2) Proficiency in rapid and systematic magazine handling.

(3) Distribution of fire.

(4) Additional knowledge on operation of the rear sight.

d. The degree of proficiency attained by the automatic rifleman will be largely dependent upon correct instruction and the correct application by the soldier of each fundamental of automatic rifle marksmanship. These fundamentals must be mastered by the soldier to insure a high degree of proficiency in the employment of the automatic rifle. These are:

()) The integrated act of automatic rifle shooting.

(b) Steady hold factors.

12) Positions.

.(3) Automatic fire.

(41 Magazine changing.

(5) Fire distribution.

81. Right-Handed Firers

The M14AI automatic rifle should be fired from the right shoulder. The primary reason for this is that the stablizer assembly, which is attached over the flash suppressor of the rifle, is designed to compensate for the dispersion characteristics of right-handed firers only. This dispersion pattern is generally high and to the left for the average right-handed firer (dispersion pattern for left-handed firere is generally high and to the right).

82» Integrated Act of Automatic Rifle Shooting Automatic rifle firing is an integrated act involving the simultaneous application of aiming and steady hold (holding the weapon steady).

a. Aiming. Aiming in automatic rifle firing is the same as that taught in semiautomatic rifle marksmanship training I although the soldier has been taught aiming in semiautomatic rifle marksmanship training, it must be reemphasized in his instruction on the automatic rifle).

b. Steady Ho Id. Steady hold is the technique of holding the automatic rifle as stable as possible while alining the sights and firing the weapon. Steady hold in automatic rifle marksmanship is somewhat different than that taught in rifle marksmanship, and must be analyzed from two aspects:

(1) Steady hold when firing from the unsupported positions (kneeling, kneeling supported [without use of bipod], and standing positions).

42) Steady hold when firing from the bipod supported positions {the prone and foxhole positions).

c. Steady Hold Ftctor* (Unsupported Positional, When firing from the kneeling, kneeling supported Iwithoug use of bipod), and standing positions, semiautomatic fire in these positions are the same as those taught in semiautomatic rifle marksmanship, with the exception of the grip of the left hand, grip of the right hand, and the spot weld. These three steady hold factors are the same for automatic rifle marksmanship in supported and unsupported positions.

d. Steady Hold Factors (Bipod Supported Positions).

(1 \ The left arm and grip of the left hand.The front handgrip is grasped with the left hand and a strong pressure exerted directly to the rear, forcing the weapon against the shoulder. The handgrip is so adjusted that it cants forward about 20° from the perpendicular (to the stock I so that when the arm aind wrist are straight, the sling w ill absorb the tension instead of the handgrip assembly, and the thumb will fil naturally against the rear of the handgrip liig*M>l. Unless the firer has exceptionally long arms, no part of his left arm should touch the ground.

121 The hinged shoulder rest and right shoulder. I he hinged shoulder rest should always be used when firing from the bipod-supported prone and foxhole positions. Position the weapon against the shoulder at the point where the neck and shoulder join so that the recoil pad is against the collar bone (fi^ ()7I, and the shoulder muscle is wedged in llie junction of the hinged shoulder rest and reroil pad. The tighter the weapon is held against the cheek, neck, and shoulder, the less dispersed will be the hurst of automatic fire. Care must be tak^n not to buck the shoulder into the weapon while firing as it will cause the mu/./.le to be displaced down and to the left.

L'tl The grip of the right hand. The pistol grip is grasped so that the rear of the pistol grip rests in the "V" formed by the thumb and forefinger of the right hand Ifig 98). The thumb, third, fourth, and fifth fingers close tightly around the pistol grip and exert only a slight rearw ard pressure. The tip of the forefinger is placed on the trigger so that there is no contact between the finger and the stock. This permits the trigger to be pressed straight to the rear without disturbing the lay of the weapon.

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