Section I. GENERAL
Record firing is a scries of practical exercises which require the soldier to apply individual rifle marksmanship technique» learned in previous instruction. Although the soldier receives a qualification rating luteed on the number of targets he hits, rep or d firing should not be considered so much 4i test us it is an extremely valuable training exercise. When record firing is correctly organized and conducted, any soldier can gain valuable experience and become mure effective as a combat rifleman regardless of his qualification rating. I'roperly used, qualification ratings are important« since they provide goals for the individual soldier. They ulso aid the commander in identifying the more proficient marksmen in his unit. This can be a significant consideration in the assignment of personnel, since the belter marksmen should be evenly distributed among all elements of a combat unit. However, the ultimate objective of record firing, like all combat marksmanship training, is to pruducc combat proficient marksmen—not to award qualification ratings.
95. Training Concepts a. Uniform and Equipment. While firing the record course, soldiers should not be required to wear equipment. Tests have proven that the results will be the same whether they wear it or not. f). Assistance to Firert.
(It Record firing is strictly an individual efford of each soldier. The firer should not receive coaching or any other assistance during the exercise. This is particularly true of detecting targets, determining ranges, and locating the im pact of bullets. If a rifle sustains a malfunction, it is the firer's responsibility to apply immediate action and attempt to eliminate the stoppage.
(21 The single exception to not assisting the firer is in the interest of safety. A firer attempting to clear a stoppage may inadvertently point the mux ale of his rifle to the flanks or rear. In such instance*, the scorer or other range personnel should immediately correct the unsafe condition. During exercises in which the firer is moving, the scorer should also caution the firer to stay on line with adjacent fires.
Section II. RECORD FIRE—DAYTIME
The standard record firing range achieves realism h> presenting the firer with various target situations he will likely encounter in combat. Except where modification is necessary to install and maintain targets, the terrain is left undisturbed. Upon completion of record firing the number of targets hit by each firer is totaled. Based on this score, marksmanship qualification ratings are awarded. The qualification rating is based upon the collective «•ores of Record Fire 1. Record Fire II, and Night Record Fire.
97. Organization a. Firers. For scheduling purposes the average company of approximately 200 men must be divided in half. While half of the unit is firing the record course, the other half of the unit receives other training as prescribed by the commander. Since only half of a unit can be scheduled at one time, 2 training days are required to conduct Record Fire I and II using one record range. To equalize light conditions, the half company which conducts Record Fire I in the morning of the first day should fire Record Fire II in the afternoon of the second day. Conversely, the half company which conducts Record Fire 1 in the afternoon of the first day should conduct Record Fire II in the morning of the second day.
b. Range and Range Personnel. There are four general areas needed to form a record range complex. These are an orientation area, ready area, firing area, and a retired area .The requirements for these areas, to include the necessary range personnel, are as follows:
(1) Orientation area. Location of the orientation area for record firing should be close to the firing area but should not allow the firer observation of the firing area. The orientation for record firing should include conduct of record fire.
Instructions on lifety and range operation» to include procedures in the ready and retired areaa. and scoring.
(a) Location and purpose. The ready area should be located in the immediate vicinity of the tiring range; however, firers should not be able to see the targets on the range from this area. While in the ready area, each soldier should be allowed sufficient time to blacken his rifle sights» lubricate the rifle as needed» and visually check hia rifle for any apparent defects which might cause malfunctions. An ordnance small arms repairman should also be available in this area to service those rifles requiring repair.
(b/ Range personnel
1. Noncommissioned officer tfn charge. Supervises the activitiea of firers in the ready area.
2. Ordnance email arms repair• man. Replaces damaged or broken parts discovered prior to or during record firing.
CAUTION: The replacement of any element of the sight system will change the battles If ht aero of the weapon. When such replacements are made, the Ordnance repairman Informs the noncommissioned officer in charge of the ready area so provisions for reserotaf the rifle can be made.
(a) Location and conetruction. Ideally, a record firing range shonld be located on ground which has a gradual downward slope for approximately 200 meters and then a gradual upwaiil slope for an additional 110 meters, giving a total rnnge depth of 310 meters. The standard record range (fig 117 Ms divided into 16 lanes, each 30 meters wide, with one foxhole in each lane. Stakes will be placed 25 meters from the first bank of targeta and used for control points during the quick fire exercises (firing at the 25-meter targets). The E- and F-type silhouette targets attached to target holding mechanisms are used for record firing. Seven targets are placed in each lane. Two targeta are placed at a range of 50 meters from the line of foxholes. These two targets must be a minimum distance of 10 meters apart to insure that the flrar does not employ aimed fire on quick fire targets. Subsequent targets are placed at 50meter intervals out to 300 meters. For Record Fire I the F-type silhouette is used at ranges of 50 and 100 meters, and the E-type silhouette is used at all other ranges. For Record Fire II the two F-type silhouettes at 50 meters are replaced with E'type silhouettes. Targets must be placed in positions approximating, those which enemy soldiers might occupy. They must not be completely hidden, but so situated that an aJerf observer can. be expected to detect their location. In the raised position, however, targets most not provide a distinctive outline against the horison or contrast with the background.
Figure 127. Sta«
(b) Range personnel.
1. Officer ir charge. The senior officer on the range it responsible for the eonduct of firing and the overall operation of the range complex.
2. Safety officer. He enforces safety regulations.
record fire range.
3. Noncommiaaioned officer in charge. He supervise« and coordinates the actions of the target control operator, lane scorers, ammunition detail, target repairmen, and the noncommissioned officers in charge of the ready and retired areas.
4. Lane scorers. One lane scorer is required (or each lane (total of 16 for the standard record range). The lane scorers have the following duties:
(a) Check the location and proper operation of targets within their lanes before firing begins.
(b) Point out the right and left flank limits of the lane to each firer.
IcI Record the hits, misses, and no fires on the scorecard of each firer. Rule on the validity of alibis and the number of alibis to be fired (para 98 d). If in doubt, the lane scorers rfiould request the noncommissioned officer in charge or the officer in charge to rule on the alibi.
(d) Require each firer to observe all safety precautions. During the moving phases of record firing, the lane scorer continually cautions the firer to stay on line with firers in adjacent lanes.
5. Ammunition detail. This detail is responsible for the issue and accounting of ammunition.
6. Control tower operators. They are responsible for raising and lowering the targets, timing their exposures, sounding the audible signal, and giving the fire commands. If possible, two men should be designated to perform these functions.
7. Medical aidman. Responsible for providing medical support as required and / or assist in the evacuation of the injured.
(41 Retired area.
(a) Location and purpose. The retired area is located in the immediate vicinity of the firing range, usually about 100 meters behind the ready area. Soldiers completing record firing move to the retired area where they are checkcd for live ammunition and brass. They may also clean their rifles in this area.
(b) Range personnel. One non com missioned officer is required to check firers for live ammunition and brass cartridge cases and supervise the cleaning of rifles.
98, Conduct of Firing a. Target Operation.
Ill Control tower. All targets are operated from the control tower. The control tower should be located in the center and slightly to the rear of the line of foxholes. It should be high enough to permit the target control operator to observe firers conducting both supported and unsupported firing phases. For safety purposes, the tower should also be high enough to permit observation of the entire target area.
(21 Target exposure times.
(a) In Record Fire 1 the soldier is confronted with both single and multiple target exposures. The firer has 5 seconds to engage a single target exposure between SO and 200 meters, and 10 seconds to engage a single target exposure beyond 200 meters. The time for multiple target exposures depends upon the range to the targets. The firer has 10 seconds to engage double target exposures if both targets are 200 meters or less, and 15 seconds if one or both targets are beyond 200 meters. The firer has 20 seconds for triple target exposures.
(b) In Record Fire II the soldier is again confronted with single and multiple targets with the same time for engagement as in Record Fire I. Additionally the firer is confronted with two close-in targets simultaneously (25 meters) which he has 3 seconds to engage the close-in targets.
\^\ Signals. When the prescribed target exposure time has elapsed, the target control operator sounds a signal such as a bell, buzzer, or whistle which is audible to all firers and scorers. Rounds fired after this signal are scored as misses. To eliminate confusion resulting from targets being hit at the same moment the signal is sounded, target control operators must allow a few seconds interval between the signal and the actual lowering of targets.
Note. In order to provide maximum target and terrain ftitiiatkiiu. soldier« «hould fire Record Fire II on a lane different from that on which they fired Record Fire 1.
fc. Record Fire l. Record Fire I consists of four tables of ten target exposures each (fig I 1H K The firer is issued forty rounds (four magazines of 10 rounds each I and is instructed to engage each target with.one round. Total possible points for Record Fire I is 40. During Record Fire I the firer is required to engage single and multiple targets from the foxhole supported and prone unsupported firing position.
Ill Table I—The firer engages 10 single target exposures from the foxhole supported firing position.
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