Meters Or Less Aim Here

M14a1 Rifle

73. Trial Sheets a. Matter TrUl Sheet». The master trial sheet 4fig 86) shows the number of target men required for an exercise, the actions to be performed by the target men, the duration of the actions, and the psnel or stake locations where the actions will occur. A master trial sheet should be made for each period of instruction.

b. Target Trial Card». A target trial card Iflg 8?) is issued to each man who will act as an enemy target in the area of observation. These men, called "target men/' use the target trial cards as a basis for their location and actiona throughout an exercise. All actions performed by a target man.

which leads to his eventual disclosure are termed a "trial

74. Conduct of Trials

Before a trial is conducted, observers should face away from the range area so target men can assume their positions unobserved. When the target men are in position, the observers are told to again face down range. There are four types of trials conducted during target detection training. These are stationary trials, moving trials, stationary sound trials, and multiple moving and sound trials.

a. Stationary Target TrUit. Normally, there are four phases in each stationary trial. The first three phase« last 30 seconds each. In phase owe the target man remains motionless in a slightly exposed position that will enable him to observe the heads and chests of soldiers along the observation line. In the second pfcasethe same target man slowly raises his head and shoulders until he can observe the soldiers on the observation line from the ground up. In phaae three the same target man makes rapid, jerky movements continuously for 30 seconds. Finally, in pAase four, the same target man fires one or two blank rounds toward the observation line (safety permitting). The command to begin a stationary target trial is TRIAL ONE, PHASE ONE. OBSERVE. If, during the Brst phase, the observer thinks he has located the target, he notes the letter of the panel nearest the target and determines the range from his position to the target-He enters this information on his answer sheet and an assistant instructor checks his solution. A range error of not more than 10 percent is considered satisfactory. If the observer has selected the wrong psnel or the error in range exceeds 10 percent, he should be told his*answer is incorrect and to continue his observation. If the answer is correct, the observer should continue his observation of the area, recording the required information on his scoresheet for the subsequent phases. This procedure is followed throughout the four phases of utationary trials.

Not*. For mote detailed Information we Appendix D, period» 1 and 2.

b. Moving Target Trials.

(II The target trial cards for moving trials must indicate the specific trials in which the target man will participate, the stake location at which he begins the trial, the stake location to which he must move, and finally, the type movement and / or other specific actions to be performed by the target man. For example, the target trial card for target man No. 1 might indicate that he would participate in trials 1, 5,6, and 8. In trial one the instructions state that he will perform four phases of a stationary target exercise. In trial five he is told to make five short rushes from stake 25 to stake 2SC.

(2) In order to check the accuracy of obiter vers, aiming devices should be used to mark the points of disappearance of multiple moving targets (fig 881. The observer simply alines the two sight knobs on the aiming device where he thinks the targets are located. Normally, two soldiers are assigned to an aiming device, one to act as the observer and the other to check" the observer's work.

131 To begin a moving trial, the command is MOVING TARGETISI STAND UP; DISAPPEAR. AND BEGIN YOUR MOVEMENTS. On these commands the applicable target men reveal themselves to the observers, move back Into their concealed positions, and begin the movements as directed on their target trial cards. During some exercises the target men may fire blank rounds after reaching a new location. Observers are allowed 30 seconds to mark the point Is) of disappearance with the aiming device. The instructor then commands, TARGETS STAND UP, ALTERNATE OBSERVERS CHECK ALINEMENT. The observer then checks the accuracy of his work. This procedure is continued until all of the trials have been conducted.

Note. For no1» detailed information see appendix D, periods 5, 4, and 6.

c. Sound Target Triali. Before the trials begin, the observers should draw a sector sketch of the area. All of the numbered panels ihould then be raised for sound target trials. Each target man occupies a concealed position in the vicinity of one of the numbered panels. The instructor then informs the observer that a shot will be fired from one of the numbered panels. The observers must determ ine the panel location nearest the sound and record the information on their answer sheets. The commands to conduct the exercise are: TRIAL NUMBER (ONE): READY, AIM, FIRE. OBSERVERS RECORD YOUR ANSWERS. Should it be necessary to reposition target men for subsequent trials, the observers should face away from the range while the movement is taking place. In some trials two target men should fire simultaneously in order to demonstrate the difficulty in locating similar sounds coming from two directions at the same time.

Note. For more detailed information see appendix D, period

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