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ALM* TMII (UPlTTNCn

»MtTtt TAftMT

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Figure 121. Night firing rang» (na tr+op movement required f.

ICORMOCMTIft

Figur* 122. Night firing rauft fUttrml troop movement).

M31a1 Target
Figure 123. Countenuak M31A1 target hoi ding mecftenitm.

<21 A dual light system should be established for expediency and safety purposes. Red or black lights should be used as needed during the conduct of training. Normal white lights should be used only for emergency purposes and police of the range after firng.

(31 Red filtered flashlights are used on the firing line by the safety NCO and safety officers.

To facilitate orientation and Issuance of fire commands, a public address system is used. An alternate method should also be devised for a cease fire should the need arise (flares, sirens).

(SI A 4-inch square piece of reflective material

(luminous tape or used multilith plate I is attached to the center of mass of the standard R-type silhouette target (fig 1251.

Hit To assist the firer in identifying his target it is recommended that the odd numbered target indicator lights use the amber or reddish lens assembly which comes with the M40 systems and the even numbered target indicator lights use a blue lens assembly. The blue lens assembly is available through supply channels under the manufacturer number 51-0434-200.

<71 The indicaor light assembly must be modified and will be discussed in paragraph 111.

Figure 12S. E-type silhouettea tcith reflective mattriei

102. Organization of a (Night Record Fire Range a. Range Safety. All live firing exercises have a degree of danger associated with them. Night firing exercise« can be extremely hazardous unless the range is properly organized and the firers are closely supervised. As a guide in establishing the organization of a night record range and the personnel required to meet the minimum supervisory and / or safety requirements, the following may be used:

111 Range organization. The firing points on the night record range should be divided into alphabetical sections with no more than 25 firing points in each section I fig 120, 121. 122 K Each section 125 firing points! is then designated Alfa section. Bravo section, and so on. Each section is further divided into blocks of five firing points each. These blocks are given a letter and numerical designation. For example, there are 2-"» firing points or five .»-point blocks in Alfa Two, and so on. A safety officer should he assigned responsibility for each alphabetical section, and one safety non commissioned officer should be assigned responsibility for each numerical block.

<21 Range personnel.

(a) One officer in charge of the range.

(b) One safety officer per alphabetical section.

fc) One noncommissioned officer in charge.

(d) One safety NCO per numerical block.

(e) Ammunition detail.

if) Medical personnel.

(g) Two control tower operators.

(h) Scorers (one per M40 counter device!.

(i) Guards as prescribed by local policy.

Note. Although some modification* in the organisation of the rang« may be required, night firing ahould not b* attempted without an adequate number of «upervisory and safety personnel.

b. Organiz*non of Firers. Firers are divided into orders lone firer per firing point I. The first order moves to the firing line while subsequent orders remain on the ready line until called forward to fire.

1U3. Conduct of Firing a. Initially, firers are given a review of the pointing technique and the principles of night vision. This is followed by an orientation on safety aspects and range procedures.

b. The first firing exercise is for practice. Targets are exposed at a range of 25 meters with each soldier firing six rounds. The first and fourth rounds should be tracers to aid the firer in obtaining weapons alinement on target. Targets are initiislly in the UP position. At the command COMMENCE FIRE, the tower operator, controlling the targets, counts 20 seconds, pushes the switch that controls the targets, to the UP position, and releases it. Firers are instructed to fire only one round at each target exposure.

c. At the completion of 25-meter practice firing the soldier is ready to begin the record fire exercise at 2."» meters. He is issued one magazine containing I 0 rounds and is instructed to fire at each of 10 target exposures. As in practice firing, the targets are initially in the UP position and the tower operator raises them every 20 seconds. Targets are to be exposed only 10 times.

d. Upon completion of the 25-meter record fire exercise the scores are recorded from the M40 counter device Ipara 1051 and the 50-meter exercise is initiated (i.e.. six rounds for practice followed bv 10 round for record 1. The 50*meter exercise is a repeal of 25-metcr exercise with the exception of the distance to the targets.

e. At the completion of the 50-meter record fire exercise the scores again are recorded from the M40 counter device and each firer is informed of his score.

Note. Target* ahmild never be kmrred by the t»mrr «5*-rstnr dnrfaig the rtwidnrt <if the rrmrd fire pxprriw* (pare I d I or prior to firing alibi*.

/. Alibi« must be fired after the completion of each exercise or prior to the changing of firing line«.

g. Distribution of ammunition for the conduct of firing may be accomp1i«hed by having each firer pick up. from a central issue point, two magazine« of «ix round« each (for practice firing! and two magazines of ten rounds each (for record firing). After each order has completed firing the entire course, the magazines are returned to the central point. Thin procedure may be modified to fit local conditions.

104« Fire Command*

Fire commands «hould be simple and include only that information and in«truction required. A sample fire command for night practice fire and night record fire is a« follows:

a. ARK RANCH PERSONNEL READY TO FIRE? I Block safety NCOs signify UP to section safety officers: safety officers in turn signify UP to die tower operator: e.g.. Alpha UP, Bravo UP). Safely personnel may show readiness by oral or visual Ired lights) signals..

Noit. Thi* procedure may be modified to conform to Viral nafrty SOP*.

b. IS THERE ANYONE DOWN RANGE? I Ask three times).

c. THE FIRING LINE IS NO LONGER CLEAR.

rf. ORDER__MOVE TO THE FIRING

LINE. PLACE YOUR WEAPON NEXT TO THE STAKE OF YOUR ASSIGNED FIRING POINT AND ASSUME A GOOD NIGHT FIRE POSITION: THEN SECURE YOUR WEAPON.

e. IS THE FIRING LINE READY? (Block safely NCO's signify UP to their respective safety officer; xafcly officers in turn signify UP to the tower operator).

/.THE FIRING LINE IS READY.

g. SAFETY NCOs ISSUE ONE MAGAZINE OF SIX ROUNDS (one magazine of 1(1 rounds for record fire).

h. FIRER'S: ONE MAGAZINE OF SIX HOI ROUNDS: LOAD.

t. UNLOCK YOUR WEAPON.

/. TARGETS UP la slight hesitation to allow firer to point toward target).

k. COMMENCE FIRING (targets raised six limes at 20 second intervals for practice) (10 timet at 20 second intervals for record fire).

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