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Figure 83. Sttndtrd rifh m*rk*m*n$hip fitid fbing range.

a. Targets♦ There are three rows or banks of target* on the standard field firing range. One bank is located at a range of 75 meter», the second at 1 75 meters, and the third at 300 meters. The targets are silhouettes shaped in the general outline of a man. At 75 meters, the F-type silhouette target is used. This depicts the head and shoulders of an average size man. The E-type or full body silhouette, is used at ranges of 175 and 300 meters.

b. Target Devices. Each target is affixed to an automatic target device I fig 84) which is electrically operated and can be centrally or individually controlled. The most satisfactory control method is to connect all of the targets in one bank into one switch. This switch will then raise or lower the entire target bank at one time. Except for the initial field firing exercise, targets are exposed for a prescribed period of time and then lowered, since it requires 1 or 2 seconds for the mechanism to physically raise the targets, timing should begin when the targets are fully exposed rather than the moment the switch activates the mechanism. Time limits and sequence of target exposures are prescribed on the scorecard for the exercise being conducted.

c. Scoring. When a target is hit by a bullet, the vibration activates a mechanism in the device which causes the target to fall, simulating "kill." Each kill is scored as a hit for the firer. If the target does not fall, the firer receives a miss. During timed exercises, an audible signal such ap a buzzer, whistle, or bell should be used to indicate the expiration of the time limit. Rounds fired after the signal has sounded are scored as misses.

d. Range Organization. The organization of firers and range personnel to conduct field firing is as follows:

M14 Sillouette
Figure 84. Automatic target device iM31A I) with E-type silhouette.

(II Fir«rt. Normally, the training schedule requires hall of a 200-man unit to receive training on the field firing range while the remainder of the unit either fires on the 25-meter range, receives instruction on target detection, or participates in other training deemed appropriate by the commander. Those on the field firing range are divided into three orders. Initially, the first order is designated as Brers, the second as scorers, the third as the ammunition detail. These duties are then rotated.

(2) Range personnel. For best training results, the following personnel are required to conduct field firing:

(a) Officer in eft arge. He is responsible for tiie operation of the training range and for conducting a safety orientation prior to each scheduled period of instruction.

(b) Range safety officer. He is responsible for the safe operation of the range. He insures that all personnel comply with the safety regulations aid procedures. This officer should not be assigned any duty except that of safety officer.

(c) Noncommissioned officer tft charge (NCOICI. He is responsible for insuring that all enlisted personnel are capable of performing their assigned duties. He supervises the preparation of the training area and aids the OIC in overall supervision of the instructor and support personnel.

id) Control totver operators. They are responsible for raising and lowering the targets, timing their exposures, sounding the audible signal, and giving the fire commands. If possible, two men should be designated to perform these functions. Only the tower operator will give the command to commence firing.

(e) Ammunition detail It is responsible for distribution of ammunition to central points behind the firing line. This detail should not be confused with the ammunition men designated from among the firing orders.

(f) Ordnance detail It should be composed of two segments) one to conduct small arms repair and the other to perform minor maintenance on the automatic target devices.

(g) Assistant instructor. One assistant instructor 1» required per five to 10 points. He is responsible for insuring that all firing personnel observe safety procedures and regulations, and for assisting those firers having unusual difficulty in hitting the targets.

(k) Medical personnel. Provide medical support as required by regulations governing live fire exercises.

«. Range Procedures.

(II Orientation. Prior to beginning live fire exercises, all personnel must receive an orientation oa range safety. In addition, the orientation should outline the procedures for conducting the exercise to include the reaponsibilities of the nonftring orders. In general, these responsibilities are:

(a) Scorer». Responsible for maintaining the score of the firer. He may assist the firer by indicating the impact of the bullet in relation to the target; e.g., "short, right'* or "over, left-'*

(b) Ammunition men. Issue ammunition to firers and, if necessary, fill empty magazines for subsequent exercises.

121 Master score chart. A master score chart indicating individual scores for each exercise is an effective method of maintaining a competitive spirit within a unit. It also provides a means of ides* rifying those individuals in need of closer supervision and / or corrective instruction.

<31 Conduct of firing. During field firing, soldiers will fire from both stationary positions and positions which they assume rapidly while moving forward. In either of these two types of exercises, targets may be exposed singly or in multiples of two or three. The positions of the firer, and the sequence, type, and time of target exposures are prescribed on the scorecard for each exercise. Unless prescribed otherwise, only one round should be fired at each exposed target regardless of whether or not it is hit.

Note. Sm ASubJSed 23-72 for wimple excrtfiei ind

KONCwdl.

(a) Stationary position exercise. On command, firers assume the designated firing position and lock and load their rifles. The exercise begins on the command, WATCH YOUR LANES. At this time, firers unlock safeties and engage targets as they appear in their lanes. Firers remain in the same position unless told otherwise.

(b) Movement-type e*erclees. In order to conduct movement-type exercises, firers must be thoroughly familiar with the control points used to regulate the forward progress. These are the starting points, rear numbered stakes, stumps, foxholes, and the front nombered stakes (fig 831. To begin the exercises, firers move to the starting points and, on command, lock and load their rifles. Subsequent fire commands may or may not prescribe the firing position; however, the control point from which firing will be conducted must always be included in the command; e. g., THE KNEELING POSITION BY THE REAR NUMBERED STAKE, MOVE OUT, or, BY THE FOXHOLE, MOVE OUT; the firer begins walking slowly forward.

CAUTION: Firers must maintain aline-ment as they advance. Assistant instructors must closely supervise this movement lo insure Individ us) firers do not get ahead or behind the other firers. All firers must lock their weapons before they make the next movement.

At the line of firers near ihe designated control points, targets are exposed and each flrer rapidly assumes the designated position and engages the exposed targetUI In his lane. Firers remain in this position and continue to observe their lane for other targets to appear. If the firing position is not designated, firers may select their own position.

(c) Single and multiple target exercises. For the first several exercises, targets are exposed singly b each lane and firers engage the targets in their respective lanee. Later in the training, multiple target exercises are conducted. During the conduct of multiple target exercises each firer will be presented a combination of 75-meter, 175-met**, snd 300-meter target exposures.

Note. Sm approp-ists scorsesrd* In ASetySed 2&-

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