44. General

All preparatory marksmanship training it conducted on the 25-meter range (fig 75). The soldier is taught, through a series of conference«, lectures, demonstration«, and practical exercises» the correct application of the fundaméntala of rifle marksmanship. Throughout the conduct of live firing, the ability of the soldier to apply these fundamentals is demonstrated by the lise of his shot groups on the target. Those personnel who have nnusual difficulties in mastering the ability to fire tight, three-round shot groups are sent to an area of remedial instruction where they are given individual attention by the best qualified rifle marksmanship instructors available. In the last phaae of 25-meter firing, the soldier obtains the 250 meter battlesight zero for his rifle.

45» Conduct of Training a. Org*niz*tion.

(11 Based on a 200-man unit, the range should have 110 firing points. The unit is divided into two orders, and the soldiers in the first order are paired with soldier* in the second order. Each pair of soldiers is then assigned a firing point, beginning with point number 1 and extending through point number 100. One order it designated as firers. The extra 10 firing points are used to conduct remedial instruction.

(2) On 25-meter ranges a foxhole, stump, and sandbags are provided at each firing point so in* struction firing from the supported positions can be conducted.

(31 A control tower should be centrally located to the rear of the firing line. It should be sufficiently elevated to permit unrestricted observation of the range, both to the rear of the firing line and a reasonable distance beyond the line of targeta. All firing commands are issued from the control tower and must be obeyed immediately. The single exception to this is in the event an unsafe act occurs. In this case, the first individual to see such an act should command CEASE FIRE.

Distance M14 Can Fire
Figure 75. The 25-meter range.

(41 To provide both safe and efficient range operation and effective instruction, the following personnel are required:

1*1 Officer in charge. (b) Safety officer.

(cf Noncommissioned officer in charge. (d) Ammunition detail. (ef Ordnance small arms repairman. if}One assistant instructor per every five to ten points.

(g) Medical personnel.

Prior to beginning each live fire exercise, all personnel must be briefed on the range safety regulations.

(hi As a soldier completes firing a shot group, his rifle is checked and cleared by an assistant instructor. When all rifles have been cleared, the control tower operator announces that the firing line is clear, and firers may move down range and stand by their targets until critiqued by an assistant instructor.

b. Exercises.

(a) The firing data card (fig 76) is used in each firing exercise throughout marksmanship fundamentals training. This card provides a record of the "calls," "hits," position fired from, sight used for each, and the battlesight zero.

ib) Properly used, the firing data card is a valuable aid to the firer and the instructor, since it provides an excellent means of analyzing each soldier's progress and marksmanship proficiency.

^c)The ''call" is plotted on the call target of the firing data card immediately after each shot ia fired. "Calls" are plotted in numerical order (i.e., 1, 2, 31 until all rounds of the shot group exercise have been fired. After the firing line has been cleared, fires will go forward, check their targets, and record the exact location of each hit as a penciled dot on the hit target.

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