When The Target Blehos Ihto The Background Or Terrain

Figuj* 92. Fad ort afftding the *pp*Ar*itC0 of object*.

Figuj* 92. Fad ort afftding the *pp*Ar*itC0 of object*.

(c) Under proper conditions, either the 100-meter-unit-of-measure or the appearance<of-objects method is an effective way of determining range. However, proper conditions do not always exist on the battlefield. Consequently, the soldier will be required to use a combination of methods. The terrain might limit the use of the 100-meter-unit-of-measure method and the visibility might limit the use of the appearance-of-objects method. For example, an observer may not be able to see all of the terrain out to the target; however, he may see enough to get a general idea of the distance, say, within 100 meters. A slight hase may obscure many of the target details; however, the observer should still be able to judge its sise. Thus, by carefully considering the approximate ranges as determined by both methods, an experienced observer should arrive at a figure close to the true range.

(d) A sector sketch is a rough schematic map of an observer's area of responsibility (fig 931. It shows the range and direction from the observer's position to easily recognisable objects, terrain features, avenues of approach, and possible enemy positions. If practicable, the observer should pace the distance between his position and reference points in order to minimise range errors. By referring to this sketch, the observer can quickly find the range to a target appearing in the vicinity of a reference point.

72. Engaging Targets

Unless a rifleman has specific orders to the con-trary, targets are engaged as soon as they are detected. In the case of enemy personnel, there are essentially three types of target situations which confront the rifleman: a stationary target, a slowly moving target, or a rapidly moving target.

Sketch M14
Figur* 93. Sector sketch.

а. A stationary target can be engaged using reference or aiming points. Since a stationary target normally is in a concealed position, engaging it is usually as much a problem of target detection as it is of marksmanship.

б. Although there are less detection problems involved in locating moving targets, the movement itself complicates the selection of an accurate aiming point. Unless the enemy is completely unaware of the rifleman's presence, he normally will move by rushes from one covered or concealed position to another. While making the rush, the enemy soldier presents a rapidly moving target. However, for a brief moment as he begins and ends the rush, the movement is usually slow. The reason for this is that a few steps are needed to gather momentum to begin the rush; and, by the same token, a few steps are required to slow down to avoid overrunning the new position. It is at either of these two moments that a moving target is most vulnerable to aimed rifle lire.

c. A target moving directly toward the rifleman can be engaged in the same manner as a stationary target. However, to hit a target moving laterally across his front, the rifleman must aim far enough in advance of the target so the bullet will meet the target (fig 94). To hit a man walking laterally at ranges of 200 meters and less, the rifleman should aim at the forward edge of the body. For ranges beyond 200 meters the rifleman should select an aiming point approximating one body width in front of the target. If the target is running, these target leads are doubled. That is, at ranges of less than 200 meters the rifleman aims approximately one body width in front of the target, and beyond 200 meters he aims approximately two body widths in front of the target.

Not*. For target* moviag either away from or toward ikt flrer at an oblique *npde the Hirer would take ofta*half tbe rntmbtr of lead* normally taken for tha umi target movirif laterally.

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