Recommended Briefing

The first priority of this range is training, but safety must be at the forefront of the training program. The safety program will be corrected immediately. The safety program should include the following The two red and white candy-striped poles, located on the far right and far left (point to them), are the range left and right limits. Firers never fire or point their rifles outside the limits of these poles. When not on the firing line, the selector lever is on SAFE, the bolt is locked to...

Unit Livefire Exercises

Unit live-fire exercises are planned, prepared, and performed as outlined in the mission training plan for the infantry platoon and squad, it is within the framework of these exercises that the soldier performs marksmanship tasks under realistic combat conditions. During training, the fundamentals must apply to combat as well as to the range. Too often soldiers disregard the fundamentals while under the pressure of combat. Therefore, it is imperative the soldier receives feedback regarding his...

Scaled Silhouette Targets

Scaled silhouette targets were developed in conjunction with the zero target to expand the use of widely available 25-meter ranges beyond that of just zeroing weapons. They are designed to provide an alternative to fill a significant training void. In the past, soldiers went directly from the zero range to the field fire environment. They fired at pop-up targets located at ranges of 75 to 300 meters and received only hit or miss feedback as to performance. The pop-up silhouette target...

Qualification Standards

The chief range officer briefs all soldiers on the proper scoring procedures. The firing line safety crew Inform the chief range officer of cross-fires. Inform the chief range officer of allowable alibis. Accurately count hits and misses. A hit is any bullet hole that is either completely within or touches some part of the scaled silhouette. If a bullet hole does not touch some part of the scaled silhouette, it is counted as a miss. Richochets are counted as hits or misses. Count only two hits...

Conduct Of Practice Record Fire Range

The unit receives an orientation on the conduct of practice record fire and exercise scenarios to include a review of the fundamentals, lanes and target detection, immediate-action drills, and practice record fire performance standards. After the orientation, soldiers are divided into firing orders the first order is the firer, the second order is coaches scorers, and the third order is in the ready area. As each order is completed, duties are rotated. The standard practice record fire range is...

Da Form R

This scorecard will be used lo score Alternate Course record lire qualification when the 25M (NSN 6920-01-167-139B) or 15M (MSN 6920-01-167-1396) scaled silhouette target is used. The Alternate Course will be used only when standard record fire and known Distance ranges are unavailable. If zeroing grouping exercises are not pe rf ormed on the day of * ecord 1 ire. 6 rounds of training sustainment ammunition will he fired for 25 meter zero confirmation prior to conducting rhe Qualification...

Shortrange Training Ammunition

The SRTA is about .06-inch shorter than the corresponding service cartridge, and has a blunt nose and projectile. The case and base that cnclose the primer cap are made of brass, which is lined with plastic. The projectile is made of light-blue plastic. SRTA has an overall weight of about 114.6 grains. The muzzle velocity of the projectile is about 4,750 feet per second. Because of the light weight of the projectile, the velocity The projectile has a usable range of 25 meters and a maximum...

Modifications For Automatic Fire Positions

Trainers must consider the impact of the greatly increased rate of fire on the soldier's ability to properly apply the fundamentals of marksmanship and other combat firing skills. These fundamentals skills include Immediate Action. To maintain automatic fire, immediate action must be applied quickly. The firer must identify the problem and correct it immediately. Repeated dry-fire practice, using blanks or dummy rounds, followed by live-fire training and evaluation ensures that soldiers can...

Combat Fire Techniques

The test of a soldier's training is applying the fundamentals of marksmanship and firing skills in combat. The marksmanship skills mastered during training, practice, and record fire exercises must be applied to many combat situations (attack, assault, ambush, MOUT). Although these situations present problems, only two modifications of the basic techniques and fundamentals are necessary (see Chapter 3) changes to the rate of fire and alterations in weapon target alignment The necessary changes...

Fm

Has aligned the target and sight properly. Many sightings are conducted, and the trainer may include variations to ensure the soldier understands the process. This device is provided with a small metal clip that slips over the front sight assembly. It allows a smoother surface for attachment of the magnet however, the device can be used without the metal clip. M16 Sighting Device. The M16 sighting device (Figure C-3) is made of metal with a tinted square of glass placed at an angle. When the...

Gas Port

As the bolt carrier moves to the rear, the bolt cam pin follows the path of the cam track (located in the bolt carrier). This action causes the cam pin and bolt assembly to rotate at the same time until the locking lugs of the bolt are no longer in line behind the locking lugs of the barrel extension. STEP 6 Extracting (Figure 2-9). The bolt carrier group continues to move to the rear. The extractor (which is attached to the bolt) grips the rim of the cartridge...

Unit Sustainment Training

A unit cannot sustain marksmanship proficiency based only on qualification preceded by preliminary training. Soldier skills and marksmanship fundamentals deteriorate within two months, and mechanical skills weaken even sooner. Dry-fire training can strengthen marksmanship skills and assess their deterioration. Each newr soldier should be assigned a rifle and must perform shot grouping, zero firing, and diagnostic testing to assess training status. Many of the nonfiring tasks may be accomplished...

Section ill Downrange Feedback

Downrange feedback provides precise knowledge of what happens to bullets at range. It provides for an effective transition between 25-meter firing and firing on the field fire range. Having precise knowledge of where all bullets are hitting or missing the target, the poor firer (with instructor trainer assistance) can improve his performance and the good firer can bring his shots to target center. Firers develop the knowledge and skills required to perform with confidence on the field fire...

Conduct Of Dryfire Training

A skilled instructor trainer should supervise soldiers on dry-fire training. Once an explanation and demonstration are provided, soldiers should be allowed to work at their own pace, receiving assistance as needed. The peer coach-and-pupil technique can be effectively used during dry-fire training urith the coach observing performance and offering suggestions. Several training aids are available to correctly conduct initial dry-fire training of the four fundamentals ( Appendix C). A supported...

Conduct Of Training

During practice record fire, soldiers fire at 40 single or multiple target exposures. They are issued 20 rounds of ammunition to be fired from the supported fighting position, and 20 rounds to be fired from the prone unsupported position. Based on the total number of hits achieved in each table, soldiers are critiqued on the practice record fire score. Exposure times are three to seven seconds at ranges of 50 to 300 meters. Since it requires one to two seconds for the manually activated target...

Info

M16A2, M855 Complet e round 190 grains Projectile .62 grains M16A2, M855 Complet e round 190 grains Projectile .62 grains dummy, and plastic Recommended basic 210 rounds load(30-round magazine) OPERATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS Barrel rifling Right hand one twist in 12 inches inches 3,250 fps (approximately) Cyclic rate of fire 700 to 800 rounds per minute (approximately) MAXIMUM EFFECTIVE RATE OF FIRE man-sized meters stationary combat target Daytime against man-sized moving combat target Maximum...

Principles Of Night Vision

For a soldier to effectively engage targets at night, he must apply the three principles of night vision Dark Adaptation. Moving from lighted to darkened areas (as in leaving a tent) can be temporarily blinding. After several minutes have passed, the soldier can slowly see his surroundings. If he remains in this completely darkened environment, he adapts to the dark in about 30 minutes. This does not mean he can see in the dark at the end of this time. After about 30 minutes, his visibility...

Watch Your Lanes

LOCK YOUR WEAPONS. (Place the selector lever in the SAFE position.) Repeat the first seven commands above, or give the following commands Commands for conduct of firing are minimal and standard. The proper commands are listed in the following paragraphs. Preliminary commands to describe the particular exercise may be used. The range officer relays his commands either by radio or telephone to the pit NCOIC so he can keep abreast of the conduct of fire. Before each firing exercise,...

Single Target Held Firing Scorecard

For iJRi ni ihr* lor l- FM a 1 hf prftfwnern ayvncy iv TNADOC DATA H QUIBEP V PRIVACY ACT OF 1 > 4 AUTHORITY 1D SC 2(g) EnWuiivwOrcJar J97. PRINCIPAL PURPOSED) Faciiit*t a individu* l' ntMc-rt to datant target and pfovktai twdback ROUTINE USE S) Eviiuata individu profane y. SSN rt uHd tor poaitiv id nTifteJT< OA Purpowa only. MANOATOftV OR VOLUNTARY DISCLOSURE ANC EFFECT ON INDIVIDUAL M t PROVIDING INFORMATION Voluntary individual* not providing informftii n ein not b ritad COf*d Gfl a rVS...

Effects Of Aiming Modifications

The normal amount of cant needed by most firers to properly see through the sights has a limited influence on rounds fired at ranges of 75 meters or less. At longer ranges, however, the change in bullet strike becomes more pronounced. Rifle ballistics (Appendix F) causes the strike of the bullet to impact low in the direction of the cant (when a cant is used) at longer ranges. Due to this shift in bullet strike and the many individual differences in sight alignment when wearing a protective...

Conduct Of Zeroing On A Meter Range

When the soldier can consistently place two consecutive three-round shots within the same general area at 25 meters, he is ready to zero his rifle. The soldier fires a three-round shot group at the 25-meter zero target. The firing line is cleared, and he moves downrange to examine the shot group. The soldier connects the bullet holes with a pencil line and marks the holes with the number 1. With the instructor trainer, the soldier examines the shot group for size placement and Figure G-17....

Combat Factors

The ultimate goal of a unit rifle marksmanship program is well-trained marksmen. In order for a unit to survive and win on the battlefield, the trainer must realize that rifle qualification is not an end but a step toward reaching this combat requirement. To reach this goal, the soldier should consider some of the factors of combat conditions. Enemy personnel are seldom visible except when assaulting. Most combat fire must be directed at an area where the enemy has been detected or where he is...

Normal Primer Indent

If the malfunction continues, the firing pin, bolt, carrier, and locking lug recesses of the barrel extension should be inspected, and any accumulation of excessive carbon or fouling should be removed. The firing pin should also be inspected for damage. Cartridges that show a normal indentation on the primer but failed to fire could indicate a bad ammunition lot. Those that show a complete penetration of the primer by the firing pin could also indicate a bad ammunition lot or...

Effectiveness Of Automatic Fire

Automatic fire is inherently less accurate than semiautomatic fire. The first automatic shot fired may be on target, but recoil and high-cyclic rate of fire often combine to place subsequent rounds far from the desired point of impact. Even controlled (three-round burst) automatic fire may place only one round on the target. Because of these inaccuracies, it is difficult to evaluate the effectiveness of automatic fire, and even more difficult to establish absolute guidelines for its use....

Lead Requirements

To effectively engage moving targets on the battlefield, soldiers must understand lead requirements. Figure 4-13 shows the amount of lead required to hit a 300-meter target when it is moving 8 mph at an angle of 90 degrees. Aiming directly at the target would result in missing it When an enemy soldier is running 8 mph, 90 degrees to the firer, and at a range of 300 meters, he covers 4 1 2 feet while the bullet is traveling toward him. To get a hit, the firer must aim and fire at position D when...

Description Of Requirements

Same as trial 1 (above). Poor aiming point location. 5. Start standing. Disappear on command, reappear in same position. Make four 4-second rushes to good aiming points. 1. Start from kneeling position behind bush. Make five rushes. Disappear at poor aiming points. Reappear from same position 5-3-3-5-5 seconds. Fire one Wank round from last position. 2. Start prone. Make five rushes. Disappear after each rush and roll or crawl to a new location before reappearing...

Assessment Of Basjc Proficiency Readiness

Training continues in units on the basic skills taught in IET. Additional skills such as area fire are trained and then integrated into collective training exercises, which include platoon and squad live-fire STXs. (A year-round unit marksmanship training program is explained in Appendix A.) The strategy for sustaining the basic marksmanship skills taught in IET is periodic preliminary rifle instruction, followed by instructional and qualification range firing. However, a unit must set up a...

Rate Of Fire

During most phases of live fire (grouping, zeroing, qualifying), shots are delivered using the slow semiautomatic rate of fire (one round every 3 to 10 seconds). During training, this allows for a slow and precise application of the fundamentals. Successful suppressive fire requires that a faster but sustained rate of fire be used. Sometimes firing full automatic bursts (13 rounds per second) for a few seconds may be necessary to gain initial fire superiority. Rapid semiautomatic fire (one...

Section Vi Field Fire Range

When soldiers receive adequate training before field firing, they gain confidence in their ability to hit targets. When hit-and-miss information is available, soldiers develop techniques for observing their sector of fire, for engaging targets rapidly, and for engaging multiple targets all preparing them for practice on the record fire course. Field firing should be scheduled to follow downrange feedback or known-distance firing, or other suitable training that assures soldiers they have...

Section Ix Alternate Qualification Courses

Units should conduct rifle qualification on a standard record fire range. Convenience and comfort should not be the prime consideration when choosing a range. The known-distance alternate course is used by all components of the Active Army, US Army Reserve, and Army National Guard when a standard record fire range is not available. The 25-meter alternate course is used when neither a standard record fire nor a known-distance range is available for rifle qualification. Units are permitted to use...

Conduct Of Grouping Range

Fundamental exercises are conducted in two situations duringIET at the Army training centers, and as part of the soldiers individual and collective sustainment training programs within his unit. The organization and conduct of a grouping range are based on the availability of ammunition and the firing ability of personnel in training. Initial training consists of an explanation of the purpose of a grouping exercise. It highlights individual actions needed to receive maximum benefit from the...

Use Of The Weaponeer

In BRM, the Weaponeer is used early in the program to evaluate firer's ability to apply the four fundamentals. It is used throughout the program to help diagnose and remediate problems. In the unit, the Weaponeer should be used much like it is used in BRM. Concurrent use of the Weaponeer at the rifle range provides valuable remedial training. The preferred training configuration for the Weaponeer is shown in Figure C-14. One trainer operates the system while three to six soldiers observe the...

Scorer S Signature

This scorecard is used to score Known Distance Course record fire qualification when the Known Distance Range is used. This course is used only when the standard record fire course is not available, NOTE If zeroing grouping exercises are not performed on the day of record fire, 6 rounds of traininq sustainment ammunition are fired from the 300 yard meter line for confirmation of zero prior to conducting the Qualification Course.

Terminal Ballistics Factors

Bullet penetration depends on the range, velocity, bullet characteristics, and target material. Greater penetration does not always occur at close range with certain materials since the high velocity of the 5.56-mm bullet causes it to disintegrate soon after impact (see Table F-4). Table F-4. Example penetration comparisons.

Conduct Of Record Fire Range

Since all soldiers must fire the record fire course at least once each year for qualification, the record fire course can provide excellent firing performance evaluations. It also provides excellent diagnostic information for instructors trainers who are concerned with scheduling training to overcome the most serious firing weaknesses. The standard qualification course should be used for all soldiers. However, there are times when a qualification exercise must be conducted on an alternate...

Kneeling Targets Inches High

Point of ai mat each target, at all ranges, is center of mass or in the center of the chest. Point of impact is also center of mass. Note that fire on targetat 300meters is also effective on 400meter target. At SOOmeters, fire does not exceed the height of a man at any point along its trajectory. the correct information so they can improve their firing performance by adjusting their aiming point to allow for the effects of gravity. The use of an adjusted aiming point could be more important for...

6920-00-172-3572

Landscape Target 6920-00-713-8253 Spindle, Target Spotter Wood 6920-00-713-8257 Spotters, 1 1 2 inches in diameter 6920-00-789-0864 Spotters, 3 inches in diameter 6920-00-713-8255 LOCATION OF MISS AND HIT (LOMAH) SYSTEM LOMAH is a range aid used during downrange feedback exercises. The device uses acoustical triangulation to compute the exact location of a supersonic bullet as it passes through a target. The bullet impact is displayed instantly on a video monitor at the firi ng line. Of more...

Marksmanship And The Metl

Marksmanship proficiency is critical and basic to soldiering and is required for any unit deployed to a wartime theater. All commanders should develop a METL and organize a training program that devotes adequate time to marksmanship. The unit's combat mission must be considered when establishing training priorities. This not only applies to the tasks selected for the unit's METL but also the conditions under which the tasks are to be performed. If a unit may be employed in a MOUT environment,...

Background

The scaled silhouette target provides the same visual perception at 25 meters as the firer would see when firing targets at actual range. The use of this target at 25 meters allows the firer to practice aiming at various range targets and to see precisely where his bullets hit, whether they are target hits or misses. Scaled silhouette targets fit well into a marksmanship training program between zeroing and field fire training, but they provide for excellent training whenever a 25-meter range...

Personnel And Duties

To provide both a safe and efficient range operation and effective instruction, the following is an example of personnel and duties that may be required. OIC. He is responsible for the overall operation of the range before, during, and after live firing. Range Safety Officer. He is responsible for the safe operation of the range to include conducting a safety orientation before each scheduled live-fire exercise. He ensures that a brass and ammunition check is made before the unit leaves the...

Conduct Of Downrange Feedback

During IET basic rifle marksmanship, downrange feedback is conducted with paper targets at 75 meters, 175 meters, and 300 meters. Shot groups are fired progressively at the 75-meter target, then the 175-meter and 300-meter range targets. Half of the bullets are fired from the supported fighting position and the other half from the prone unsupported position. After each group is fired, soldiers move downrange to mark their targets. Based on this feedback, soldiers receive a critique from their...

Ma Standard Sights And Zeroing

Front Sight Ajuste Aliexpress Brasil

Limited visiability and moving target ape limited visiability and moving target ape The larger aperture, marked 0-2, is used for moving target engagement and during limited visibility. The unmarked aperture is used for normal firing situations, zeroing, and with the elevation knob for target distances up to 800 meters. The unmarked aperture is used to establish the battlesight zero. After the elevation knob is set, adjustments for elevation are made by moving the front sight post up or down to...

Conduct Of Fire

The firer will be given two 1 0-round magazines to engage the 10 silhouettes on the targei. This mdudes2 rounds lor each silhouette ftom the foxhole supported position to be completed in 1 20 seconds, including the magazine change. No more than two hits for each silhouette will be scored. The firer will then be given 2 additional 10-round magazines to engage the lO silhouettes on a second target sheet. This includes 2 rounds lor each silhouette from the prone unsupported position to be...

M16a1 Aiming Card

Aiming card, C-2 (illus) ammunition, 2-16 bolt, M2, C-14 care and handling, 2-17 short-range training, C-14 types and characteristics, 2-16 (illus) automatic fire effectiveness, 4-8 modifications, 4-9 training, 4-20 ball-and-dummy exercise, C-7 ballistics bullet dispersion, F-17 external, F-16 internal, F-14 terminal, F-17 blank firing attachment, C-4, C-5 (illus) caliber .22 rimfire adapter, M261, C-12 characteristics, 2-2 clearing, 2-1 (illus) M16A1 and M16A2,2-2 (table) coach checklist, 3-20...

Failure to Feed Chamber or Lock

A malfunction can occur when loading the rifle or during the cycle of operation. Once the magazine has been loaded into the rifle, the forward movement of the bolt carrier group could lack enough force (generated by the expansion of the action spring) to feed, chamber, and lock the first round. While firing, the cycle of function is interrupted by a failure to strip a round from the magazine, to chamber the round, and to lock it (Figure 2-14). Probable causes. The cause could be...

Section I Suppressive Fire

In many tactical situations, combat rifle fire will be directed to suppress enemy personnel or weapons positions. Rifle fire, which is precisely aimed at a definite point or area target, is suppressive fire. Some situations may require a soldier to place suppressive fire into a wide area such as a wood line, hedgerow, or small building. While at other times, the target may be a bunker or window. Suppressive fire is used to control the enemy and the area he occupies. Suppressive fire is employed...

Bullet Dispersion At Range

The effects of bullet dispersion and accuracy at various ranges are discussed in this paragraph. Instructors trainer must have a working knowledge of normal shot dispersion. Minute of Angle. Minute of angle is a term used to discuss shot dispersion. It is the standard unit of measurement used in adjusting rifle sights and other ballistic-related measurements. It is also used to indicate the accuracy of a rifle. A circle is divided into 360 degrees. Each degree is further divided into 60...

Mopp Fire Exercises

The many difficulties the soldier encounters while firing with MOPP gear must be experienced and overcome during training. Dry-Fire MOPP Exercises. Repeated dry-fire exercises covering all aspects of MOPP firing are the most effective means available to ensure all soldiers can function during a live-fire MOPP situation. Multiple dry-fire exercises must be conducted before the first live round is fired. Otherwise, valuable ammunition and training time are wasted in trying to teach soldiers the...

Adjusted Aiming Point

Teaching an adjusted aiming point is intended to increase hit probability when properly presented. However, soldiers can be easily confused, which could result in degraded performance. Therefore, all soldiers should be taught to aim at target center unless they are confident they know the range to the target, or they have just engaged a close target and missed presumably high , or they have just engaged a distant target and missed presumably low , or the strike of the bullet had been observed....

Other Malfunctions

Some other malfunctions that can occur are as follows. Failure of the bolt to remain in a rearward position after the last round in the magazine is fired. Check for a bad magazine or short recoil. Failure of the bolt to lock in the rearward position when the bolt catch has been engaged. Check bolt catch replace as required. Firing two or more rounds when the trigger is pulled and the selection lever is in the SEMI position. This indicates a worn sear, cam, or disconnector. Turn in to armorer to...

Practice M

Although PPA see 7, Figure 2-17 closely replicates the trajectory and characteristics of service ammunition out to 25 meters, it should not be used to set the combat battlesight zero of weapons to fire service ammunition. The setting that is placed on the sights for a weapon firing PPA could be different for service ammunition. If adequate range facilities are not available for sustainment particularly Reserve Components , PPA can be used for any firing exercises of 25 meters or less. This...

Grouping

Shot grouping is a form of practice firing with two primary objectives firing tight shot groups and consistently placing those groups in the same location. Shot grouping should be conducted between dry-fire training and zeroing. The initial live-fire training should be a grouping exercise with the purpose of practicing and refining marksmanship fundamentals. Since this is not a zeroing exercise, few sight changes are made. Grouping exercises can be conducted on a live-fire range that provides...

Range Operations Checklist

This checklist consists of nine sections, each covering a different topic relating to range operations. The checklist should be modified to include local policy changes to the regulations or SOPs. The person responsible for the training must answer the questions in each section. Ask yourself each question in order. Record each Yes11 answer by placing a check in the GO column. Record a No or Don't know by checking the NO-GO column. Refer to the checklist to find the GO and NO-GO columns. When...

External Ballistics Factors

When the bullet is launched into the earth's atmosphere at some 2,200 mph, its path is influenced by various forces and elements. As the temperature rises, the bullet hits higher on the target. As the atmospheric pressure rises, the bullet hits lower the higher the humidity, the lower the bullet strikes. A strong wind from the rear causes the bullet to hit high while a strong head wind causes the bullet to hit low. Firing uphill or downhill normally causes the bullet to hit high. Changing light...

M16a2 Rifle Parts

M16a1 Naming The Parts

The M16A2 rifle features several product improvements illustrated in this chapter and the operator's manual. The rifle Figure 2-3 is a 5.56-mm, magazine-fed, gas-operated, shoulder-fired weapon. It is designed to fire either semiautomatic or a three-round burst through the use of a selector lever SAFE, SEMI, and BURST . NOTE The procedures for disassembly, inspection, and maintenance of the M16A1 and M16A2 rifles are contained in the appropriate operator's technical manual. cartridge magazine...

Rapidfire Training

Soldiers should be well trained in all aspects of slow semiautomatic firing before attempting any rapid-fire training. Those who display a lack of knowledge of the fundamental skills should not advance to rapid semiautomatic training until these skills are learned. Initial training should focus on the modifications to the fundamentals and other basic combat skills necessary during rapid semiautomatic firing. Dry-Fire Exercises. Repeated dry-fire exercises are the most efficient means available...

Marksmanship Fundamentals

The soldier must understand the four key fundamentals before he approaches the firing line. He must be able to establish a steady position that allows observation of the target. He must aim the rifle at the target by aligning the sight system, and he must fire the rifle without disturbing this alignment by improper breathing or during trigger squeeze. The skills needed to accomplish these are known as rifle marksmanship fundamentals. These simple procedures aid the firer in achieving target...

Types And Characteristics

The characteristics of the M16 family of ammunition are described in this paragraph. Cartridge, 5.56-mm, Dummy, M199. Used in both rifles. The M199 dummy cartridge is used during dry fire and other training see 3, Figure 2-17 . This cartridge can be identified by the six grooves along the side of the case beginning about 1 2 inch from its head. Jt contains no propellent or primer. The primer well is open to prevent damage to the firing pin. Cartridge, 5.56-mm, Blank, M200. Used in the M16A1 or...

Moving Target Techniques

There are two primary techniques of engaging moving targets. Tracking. Tracking is a more accurate technique of engaging targets by experienced firers. It involves the establishment and maintaining of the aiming point in relationship to the target and maintaining that sight picture moving with the target while squeezing the trigger. As the target moves, this technique puts the firer in position for a second shot if the first one misses. Trapping. Trapping is the setting up of an aiming point...

Target Engagement Techniques

Night fire usually occurs under three general conditions. Unassisted Firing Exercise.The firer must detect and engage targets without artificial illumination or night vision devices. Potential target areas are scanned. When a target is detected, the firer should engage it using a modified quick-fire position. His head is positioned high so that he is aligning the weapon on the target and looking just over the iron sights. His cheek should remain in contact with the stock. The firer should take...

Failure To Feed First Round Bolt Carrier Not Fully Closed A Double Feed Of Two Live Rounds

Other causes could be damaged or broken action spring, exterior accumulation of dirt in the lower receiver extension, or fouled gas tube resulting in short recoil. Corrective action. Applying immediate action usually corrects the malfunction. However, to avoid the risk of further jamming, the firer should watch for ejection of a cartridge and ensure that the upper receiver is free of any loose rounds. If immediate action fails to clear the malfunction, remedial action must be...

Meter Zeroing Target Wa

Rifle Zeroing Targets

Ml6Al SERIES TARGET 25-METER ZERO TARGET STANDARD SIGHTS gt 121110 I 7 1 I 3 2 f 0 1 2 J 4 b I 7 11011171 1 . AIM AT TARGET CENTER. ADJUST SIGHTS TO HOVE SHOT GROUP CENTtR AS CLOSE AS POSSIBLE TO WHITE DOT. 2. AT COMPLETION OF ZERO ROTATE REAR SIGHT TO U NMARKED APERTURE AMD WEAPON WILL BE BATTLE SIGHT ZEROED FOR 25 M RKik It HI Ihm IK IP l t B'3 mUipd infibp rigmiMK chO pitl Ift MCmqrk iDr j- p5 nilirs An il UfQBlCMIBr mcl ygfrS M m6M tftftlqrfcjp Ii IS ilnt E'DMlhlB la t will iter ID IlK ce...

Burst Fire Mode Ma

When the selector lever is set on the BURST position Figure 2-13 , the rifle fires a three-round burst if the trigger is held to the rear during the complete cycle. The weapon continues to fire three-round bursts with each separate trigger pull as long as ammunition is in the magazine. Releasing the trigger or exhausting ammunition at any point in the three-round cycle interrupts fire, producing one or two shots. Reapplying the trigger only completes the interrupted cycle it does not begin a...

Downrange Feedback Targets

The M16A1 M16A2 75-meter feedback target is the size of an actual F-type silhouette target with 6 inches cut from the bottom to allow for the target-holding mechanism and skip plate. When viewed from a distance of 75 meters, the target looks similar to a standard F-type silhouette on the field-fire range. However, there are important differences. The target and surrounding space are large enough to capture all bullets fired. The firer moves to the target and actually locates each bullet hole....

Training Devices And Exercises

Several marksmanship training devices are available to aid in sustainment training when used with the appropriate training strategies. They are beneficial when ammunition is limited for training or practice exercises. Some training devices are complex, costly, and in limited supply, while others are relatively simple, cheap, and in large supply. Devices and aids can be used alone or in combinations. Individuals or squads can sustain practice basic marksmanship skills and fundamentals with...

M16a1 Rear Sight

Front And Rear Sight Post M16a2

M16A1 250-meter trajectory. Figure 3-22. M16A1 250-meter trajectory. O 25M 50M 75M 100M 125M 150M 175M 200M 225M 1 275M Most combat targets are expected to be engaged in the ranges from 0 to 300 meters therefore, the 250-meter battlesight zero is the setting that remains on the rifle. At 25 meters, the bullet is about 1 inch below line of sight, crossing line of sight at 42 meters. It reaches its highest point above the line of sight about 5 inches at a range of about 175 meters,...

Gta For M16a2 Rifle

Rifle Rest for target-box exercise DVC-T-07-26 GTA 09-06-43 TAD-0034 locally TAD-12 locally TAD-12 locally TAD-26 locally TAD-0026A Rotating Panel Chalkboard Holder for GTA Charts TAD-4 locally Graphic Training Aids GTAs Rifle, 5.56-mm, M16A1 Mechanical Training 1973 GTA 7-1-26 Rifle, M16 Disassembly M16A1 M16A1 Rifle Malfunction M16A1 Rifle Maintenance Card Rifle, M16A1 Part I, Care, Cleaning, Lubrication Rifle, M16A1 Part II, Field Expedients

Record Fire Da 5790 For M16a2

Example of completed DA Form 5790-R Record Firing Scorecard Scaled Target Alternate Course back 25 or 15 meters continued . This corecwd wtti be used to cor Alternate Course record fire qualification when the 25M NSN 692001-167-1398 or 15M NSN 6920-01-167-1396 scaled silhouette target is used. The Alternate Course will be used only when standard reoord lire and Vnown Distance ranges are unavailable. NOTE M zeroing grouping exercises are not performed on the day of record fire. 6...

Mechanical Zero

To mechanically zero the weapon, the firer adjusts the front sight post up or down until the base of the front sight post is flush with the well. Then he adjusts the front sight post 11 clicks in the direction of UP. This moves the post down into the well 11 clicks. The soldier turns the rear sight windage drum until it moves all the way to the left side and locks. Then, he turns the windage drum back right 17 clicks so the rear sight is approximately centered see Figure G-23 . Figure G-23....

J V

Once the supported fighting position has been mastered, the firer should practice various unsupported positions to obtain the smallest possible wobble area during final aiming and hammer fall. The coach trainer can check the steadiness of the position by observing movement at the forward part of the rifle, by looking through the M16 sighting device, or by checking to see that support is being used. NOTE The objective is to establish a steady position under various conditions. The ultimate...

Record Fire Scorecard

Thu proponent agency is TRADOC Data Rf UiRfO 0Y PRIVACY act Of 1974 AUTHORITY 10U5C301 lg twutiv Or 'Mft PRINCIPAL Pu POSE S Facilita individual' training on mMh.pl t.m targatangagamant at varying rang ROUTINE US Ej Si. Evalutn individual Pfoiirmnrv. N IW r poaitivi dnntif lotion piirpnw nnlv MANDATOR Y OR VOLUNTARY DISCLOSURE AND E FFECTON INDIVIDUAL NOT PROVIDING INFORMATION. Voluntary Individual npt providing infnrmfltion nannnt b ratftd Rcnrad on a misi...

Appendix H

This appendix provides a blank copy of DA Form 3009-R Target Detection Exercise Answer Sheet, Periods 1, 2, and 8 , DA Form 3010-R Target Detection Exercise Answer Sheet, Period 3 , DA Form 3011-R Target Detection Exercise Answer Sheet, Period 5 , DA Form 5791-R Target Detection Exercise Answer Sheet, Period 7 , DA Form 3014-R Target Detection Exercise Answer Sheets Test No. 2 and No. 3, Period 9h DA Form 3601-R Single Target Field Firing Scorecard , DA Form 3595-R Record Fire Scorecard , DA...

Multipurpose Arcade Combat Simulator

MACS has been developed by the US Army as an inexpensive part-task marksmanship trainer Figure C-10 . The system consists of a Commodore 64 microcomputer, 13-inch color monitor, specially designed long-distance light pen, and mount, which attaches to the M16 rifle. Some versions use a permanent mount on a demilitarized rifle. The system is activated by a program cartridge, which contains several training exercises. Figure C-10. Multipurpose arcade combat simulator.

Shoot

A novice firer can learn to place the rifle in a steady position and to correctly aim at the target if he follows basic principles. If the trigger is not properly squeezed, the rifle is misaligned with the target at the moment of firing. Rifle movement. Trigger squeeze is important for two reasons First, any sudden movement of the finger on the trigger can disturb the lay of the rifle and cause the shot to miss the target. Second, the precise instant of firing should be a...

Srta And M Bolt Use In Training

Nsn 1005 184 4041 Pics

The US Army is constantly faced with training constraints such as lack of suitable real estate, safety restrictions, and cost of transporting troops to live-fire ranges. Short-range training ammunition allows training in small local training areas without fixed training facilities, in MOUT facilities, and in combat training theaters. With its 25-meter usable range, the SRTA can train on grouping, zeroing, 25-meter scaled silhouette firing, Figure C-11. M2 bolt NSN 1005-01-184-4041 . The...

Disconnector

SEMIAUTOMATIC MODE M16A1 AND M16A2 The disconnector is mechanism installed so that the firer can fire single rounds in the M16A1 and M16A2 rifles. It is attached to the trigger and is rotated forward by action of the disconnector spring. When the hammer is cocked by the recoil of the bolt carrier, the disconnector engages the lower hook of the hammer and holds it until the trigger is released. Then the disconnector rotates to the rear and down, disengaging the hammer and allowing it to rotate...

Equipment

E-type silhouette NSN 6920-00-071-4780 Target, zeroing, 25- 15-meter, 25-meter NSN 6920-01-167-1392 M16A1 A2 15-meter NSN 6920-01-167-1394 M16A2 15-meter NSN 6920-01-253-4005 M16A1 Target, scaled, silhouette 25-meter NSN 6920-01-167-1398 15-meter NSN 6920-01-167-1396 Pasters, black, NSN 6920-00-165-6354 Pasters, buff, NSN 6920-00-172-3572 Also used if sighter rounds are fired. Six if sighter rounds are fired.

Single And Multiple Targets Field Firing Scorecard

For use In i- form, i ne f-M 'J.ift Thft f gt rnpon nr aftftiry 5 TRAQOC DATA niaUIRCD BY PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 AUTHOR ITY 10 USC 301 Z E ugcutiv Ordar 9397 PRIN CIPAl Pu AP05fe SJ FacilrraT Individ ranfiuon io dltTftnt lirg x nd pfovid f db 6k. ROUTJNE USE S Evaluate individual pfi gt f c ency. SSN S used for poftilrva identification purpot f only MANDATORY OR VOLUNTARY DISCLOSURE AND EFFFCT ON INDMDUAl NOT PROVIDING INFORMATION. Voluntary Individual nor providing mfOfrtUKrOrt CArt no I be rated...

Initial Sight Setting For Field Fire Ma

When zeroing on either a modified field fire range or a KD range using the M16A2 300-meter feedback targets, the initial sight setting field fire must be placed on the weapon. To do this, the soldier flushes the front sight post, centers the 0-2 aperture on the rear sight, and sets the elevation knob to the 8 3 mark. Point of aim should be on the 300-meter feedback target center of mass. During zeroing, the soldier makes all adjustments for elevation with the front sight post. If the rifle has...

Internal Ballistics Factors

The overall dimensions of the combat service 5.56-mm cartridges are the same, which allow cartridges to be fired safely in M16A1 or M16A2 rifles. There are internal differences that affect firing accuracy. An ammunition comparison is provided in Figure F-14. This increase in projectile length, weight, and configuration requires different twists in the barrels, lands, and grooves to stabilize the M855 bullet in flight Figure F-15 . The M16A1 has a 1 12 barrel twist. The bullet rotates by the...

Firing Elbow

Meter Zero Target Silhouette

Firing elbow placement The location of the firing elbow is important in providing balance. The exact location, however, depends on the firing fighting position used for example, kneeling, prone, or standing. Placement should allow shoulders to remain level. Nonfiling elbow. The nonfiring elbow is positioned firmly under the rifle to allow for a comfortable and stable position. When the soldier engages a wide sector of fire, moving targets, and targets at various elevations, his nonfiring elbow...

Stoppage

A stoppage is a failure of an automatic or semiautomatic firearm to complete the cycle of operation. The firer can apply immediate or remedial action to clear the stoppage. Some stoppages that cannot be cleared by immediate or remedial action could require weapon repair to correct the problem. A complete understanding of how the weapon functions is an integral part of applying immediate-action procedures. Immediate Action. This involves quickly applying a possible correction to reduce a...

M16a1 Sniper Rifle

Illustrates that the bore line and line of sight are parallel, gravity causes the bullet to drop. B. Illustrates that by raising the bore line above the line of sight, the effects of gravity are compensated for and the bullet hits all targets near center mass. Notice how the line of sight, bore line, and trajectory coinside at 42 meters, and how the line of sight and trajectory again coincide at 250 meters but the bore line is 16 inches above the target. While the trajectory shown in Figure...

M16a1 Trajectory

M16A1 short- and lorig-range trajectories. Trajectory short-range sight - passes through mass of all targets out to 300 meters. Trajectory long-range sight passes through mass of all targets from 325 meters to maximum effective range. It should be noted that the same scale was used in Figures F-2, F-3, and F-4. Therefore, the relationship between the bore line and trajectory is similar in all figures. The bullet drops from the bore line the same way regardless of the zero range....

Wind Measurement

A wind gage can be used for precise measurement of wind velocity. When a gage is not available, velocity is estimated by one of the following methods Flag method. If the firer can observe a flag or any clothlike material hanging from a pole, he should be able to estimate the angle formed at the juncture of the flag and pole. As shown in Figure F-10, dividing this angle by the constant number 4 equals the wind velocity in mph. Pointing method. If a flag is not visible, a piece of paper or other...

Steps Of Functioning

The eight steps of functioning feeding, chambering, locking, firing, unlocking, extracting, ejecting, and cocking begin after the loaded magazine has been inserted into the weapon. STEP 1 Feeding Figure 2-4 . As the bolt carrier group moves rearward, it engages the buffer assembly and compresses the action spring into the lower receiver extension. When the bolt carrier group clears the top of the magazine, the expansion of the magazine spring forces the follower and a new round up into the path...

Target Detection and Exercises

The material contained in this appendix provides the detailed information on the skills required for proper target detection and identification. The exercises contained herein will train and sustain those skills. Section I. TARGET DETECTION AND ENGAGEMENT Target detection is the process of locating, marking, and determining the range to combat targets. For most soldiers, finding the target can be a greater problem than hitting it. Target detection must be conducted as part of individual...

Range Determination

Range determination is the process of finding the distance between two points one point is usually the observer's own position and the other a target or prominent feature. Range determination is an important skill in completing several types of missions since it affects combat marksmanship proficiency. It is needed in reporting information, and in adjusting artillery and mortar fires. Many techniques are used to determine range measuring distances on maps, pacing the distance between two...

Speed Loading

Emphasis on maintenance and understanding of the rifle can prevent most problems and malfunctions. However, a soldier could encounter a stoppage or malfunction. The soldier must quickly correct the problem by applying immediate action and continue to place effective fire on the target. Immediate-action procedures contained in Chapter 2 and the operator's technical manual should be taught and practiced as part of preliminaiy dry-fire exercises, and should be reinforced during live-fire...