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Spec Ops Shooting

Ultimate Firearms Training Guide

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The mode of fire may be either slow or timed, any firing position can be used, and any number of shots may be fired before checking the target. (Checking the target after only a few bullets have been fired is more beneficial than checking the target after several bullets have been fired.) When spotting scopes are available, the target can be checked from the firing line without clearing the firing line, which would allow a target check after each bullet fired. The scaled silhouette targets are also excellent for dry-fire training. They incorporate an adjusted aiming point to help the soldier learn the effects of gravity. They could be used, with instructor assistance, to learn about wind—for example, where should point of aim be for each target on the 10-target silhouette if there were a 10-mph full-value wind from the right.

All firing at the Army training centers is conducted with rifles that are equipped with standard sights. The long-range sight is used on the 250-meter range so the point of aim is equal to point of impact. The targets shown in Figures E-l and E-3 are available for use by units that have rifles equipped with standard sights. For units that have some rifles equipped with the LLLSS, the slow-fire target shown in Figure E-5 and the timed-fire target shown in Figure E-6 are available. These targets are used the same as the previous targets. From the firing line, the soldier sees exactly the same thing and aims at the black silhouette exactly as he does the previous targets. The only difference is that bullet strike is evaluated based on the dotted circle and the dotted silhouette.

The target shown in Figure E-7, page E-8, is a silhouette target designed to be used as alternate course C at 25 meters. The target shown in Figure E-8, page E-8, is also an alternate course C target, but it has been scaled for 15 meters (50 feet or 600 inches) for use on indoor ranges. (A validated qualification course of fire for these targets is contained in Chapter 4.) Units may use any of the scaled silhouette targets to develop their own unique competitive program. Any action that encourages competition among soldiers can generate interest in developing good firing habits, and can motivate soldiers and sub-units to conduct practice required to develop good marksmanship skills.

While the targets scaled for live fire at 25 meters can serve several useful purposes on the 25-meter live-fire range, the perceived range to the target can be changed for dry-fire training by changing the distance to the target. Then, the targets are scaled based on a visual angle from the firing position, which means the 50-meter target is one-half actual size, the 100-meter target is one-fourth actual size, and so on. If the firer views the target from one-half the intended distance (12.5 meters), the perceived range to the target would be one-half — for instance, the 50-meter target would become a 25-meter target, and the 300-meter target would become a 150-meter target. Of course, the opposite would occur if the range to the target were doubled. When viewed from a range of 50 meters, the 50-meter target would appear as a 100-meter target, and the 300-meter target would appear as a 600-meter target. (The reduced targets in this manual could be used for indoor dry-fire training.) A simple procedure for finding the correct range is to adjust the distance while looking through the rifle sights until the 175-meter target appears to be the same size as the standard front sight post.

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