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Multiple Integrated Laser Engagement System (MILES) — A tactical shooting device that uses a low-powered laser to activate detectors placed on people or vehicles.

Multipurpose Arcade Combat Simulator (MACS) — A part-task weapons trainer that is under development. The system consists of a light pen attached to the weapon, video monitor, and microcomputer.

Muzzle Velocity—The speed of a projectile as it leaves the muzzle of the weapon.

Natural Point of Aim—The direction the body/rifle combination is oriented while in a stable, relaxed firing position.

Natural Respiratory Pause—The temporary cessation of breathing between an exhale and inhale.

Night Firing—Firing performed under all conditions of limited visibility. Nonfiring Hand—The opposite of the firing hand.

Optical Sight — Sight with lenses, prisms, or mirrors used in lieu of iron sights.

Paige Sighting Device — A device with a small-scaled target that fits into the muzzle of the weapon, allowing the soldier to practice aiming.

Pasters—Small white or black gum-backed paper used for covering bullet holes.

Peep Sight—The rear sight; a sight with a small aperture (hole).

Peer Coach—A soldier with shooting experience and knowledge equal to that of the firer he is coaching.

Pit—The target area behind the large berm of a KD range.

Plastic Ammunition — Ammunition with a plastic projectile, high-muzzle velocity (the light weight causes it to lose velocity rapidly with a maximum range of 500 meters or less) designed for use in close-in training areas; frangible bullet.

Point of Aim —The exact spot on a target the rifle sights are aligned with.

Point of Impact—The point that a bullet strikes; usually considered in relation to point of aim.

Pop, No Kick — A firing condition when the primer ignites and the powder charge does not. This normally results in lodging the bullet in the bore.

Pop-Up Target — A silhouette target that is activated remotely so it can suddenly appear and fall when struck by a bullet.

Practice Record — Firing conducted on a qualification course for practice.

Predetermined Fire—A technique of aligning the rifle during good visibility so the rifle can be aligned and fired on designated areas when they cannot be seen due to darkness, smoke, or fog.

Preparatory Marksmanship Training (PMT) —All marksmanship training that takes place before live fire.

Glossary-8

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