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If during the first phase the observer thinks he has located the target, he notes the letter of the panel nearest the target and determines the range from his position to the target. He enters this information on his answer sheet, and an assistant instructor checks his answer. A range error of not more than 10 percent is satisfactory. If the observer has chosen the wrong panel or the error in range exceeds 10 percent, he is told his answer is incorrect and to continue his observation.

If the answer is correct, the soldier continues his observation of the area, recording the required information on his answer sheet for the subsequent phases. This procedure is followed throughout the four phases of stationary trials.

NOTE: For more detailed information, see Exercise 1 and 2.

Moving Trials, The target trial cards for moving trials indicate the certain trials in which the target man engages, the stake location to which he moves, and the type of movement or other actions he performs. For example, the target trial card for target man No. 1 might indicate that he engages in trials 1,5, 6, and 8. In trial 1, the instructions state that he perform four phases of a stationary target exercise. In trial 5, he is told to make five short rushes from stake 25 to stake 25C.

To check the accuracy of soldiers, aiming devices are used to mark the points of disappearance of multiple moving targets.

The observer aligns the two sight knobs on the aiming device where he thinks the targets are located. Normally, two soldiers are assigned to an aiming device: one to act as the observer and one to check the observer's work.

To begin a moving trial, the command is MOVING TARGET(S) STAND UP; DISAPPEAR AND BEGIN YOUR MOVEMENTS. On these commands, the applicable target men reveal themselves to the observers, move back into their concealed positions, and begin the movements as directed on their target trial cards. During some exercises, the target men may fire blank rounds after reaching a new location. Observers are allowed 30 seconds to mark the point(s) of disappearance with the aiming device. The instructor then commands, TARGETS STAND UP, ALTERNATE OBSERVERS CHECK ALIGNMENT. The alternate observer then checks the accuracy of the observer's work. This procedure continues until all of the trials have been conducted.

NOTE: For more detailed information, see Exercises 3,4, and 6.

Stationary Sound Trials. Before the trials begin, the observers should draw a sector sketch of the area.

All of the numbered panels should then be raised for stationary sound trials. Each target man occupies a concealed position near one of the numbered panels. The instructor then informs the observer that a shot will be fired from one of the numbered panels. The observers must determine the panel location nearest the sound and record the information on their answer sheets. The commands to conduct the exercise are TRIAL NUMBER (ONE): READY, AIM, FIRE. OBSERVERS RECORD YOUR ANSWERS.

Should it be necessary to reposition target men for subsequent trials, the observers should face away from the range while the movement is taking place. In some trials,

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