To benefit from his side vision, the soldier looks at certain points as he searches from one flank to the other. He remembers prominent terrain features and areas that offer cover and concealment to the enemy, learning the terrain as he searches it.

After completing his detailed search, the soldier maintains observation of the area. He should use a technique the same as his initial quick search of the area. He uses quick glances at various points throughout the entire area, focusing his eyes on certain features as he conducts this search. He devises a set sequence of searching the area to ensure complete coverage of all terrain. Since this quick search could fail to detect the initial enemy movement, the soldier routinely repeats a systematic search of the area. This systematic search is conducted anytime the attention of the soldier has been distracted from his area of responsibility.

Target Indicators. A target indicator is anything a soldier (friendly or enemy) does or fails to do that reveals his position. Since these indicators apply to both sides of the battlefield, a soldier learns target indicators from the standpoint of locating the enemy. At the same time, he must prevent the enemy from using the same indicators to locate him. These indicators can be grouped into three areas for instruction: sound, movement, and identifiable shapes.

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