Mopp Fire Exercises

The many difficulties the soldier encounters while firing with MOPP gear must be experienced and overcome during training.

Dry-Fire MOPP Exercises. Repeated dry-fire exercises covering all aspects of MOPP firing are the most effective means available to ensure all soldiers can function during a live-fire MOPP situation. Multiple dry-fire exercises must be conducted before the first live round is fired. Otherwise, valuable ammunition and training time are wasted in trying to teach soldiers the basics. The soldier is trained in the fundamentals; repeated dry-fire or Weaponeer exercises are conducted; grouping, zeroing, qualifying, and evaluating are performed using standard non-MOPP firing; the differences and modifications are trained for MOPP firing; and repeated MOPP dry-fire exercises are conducted. The soldier is now ready to move on to MOPP live fire.

Live-Fire MOPP Exercises. These exercises further develop the learned firing skills and allow the soldier to experience the effects of wearing MOPP equipment on downrange performance.

Individual. Application of immediate action, rapid magazine changes, grouping, and adjusted point of aim at 25 meters should all be tested and evaluated for further training. After soldiers exhibit proficiency at these tasks, further training and evaluation at extended ranges are indicated.

Unit. Parts of unit LFXs should be conducted in the highest MOPP level with a planned system of target hit evaluation. As in all aspects of marksmanship training, the emphasis is on soldier knowledge and skills displayed.

Basic 25-meter proficiency course. Initial live-fire exercises are conducted at 25 meters. This training provides all soldiers the basic techniques and introduces firing the rifle in MOPP equipment. This basic proficiency exercise must be fired while wearing gloves and protective mask with hood. The basic 25-meter proficiency exercise is fired to standard and is an annual/semiannual GO/NO-GO requirement for most soldiers. It is entered on the record fire scorecard when completed.

The course of fire can be conducted on any range equipped with mechanical target lifters. Soldiers are given initial instruction and a demonstration of the techniques of firing in MOPP equipment.

Each soldier is issued 20 rounds of 5.56-mm ball ammunition to engage 20 three-to-five-second exposures of F-type silhouette targets at 25 meters. Initial firing is performed with 10 rounds from the individual fighting position (supported), and 10 rounds from a prone unsupported position. Each soldier must obtain a minimum of 11 target hits out of 20 exposures to meet the basic requirement. This initial basic 25-meter exercise prepares soldiers for future individual and unit training in full MOPP gear.

Downrange feedback. Once the soldier has mastered basic marksmanship proficiency, he should be introduced to firing at range. This phase of firing should provide the maximum hit-and-miss performance feedback; it can be conducted on a KD or modified field fire range at 75,175, and 300 meters.

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