Range Organization

Known-distance ranges are organized and operated differently than other ranges. Personnel are organized into firing line safety and pit crews. The firing line safety crew operates under orders from the chief range officer. The pit crew operates under orders from the pit officer.

Chief Range Officer. The chief range officer ensures the safety of all personnel and proper operation of his range. He may appoint a tower operator to issue fire commands or perform those duties himself. The chief range officer performs the following:

• Gives the range safety briefings to all soldiers and support personnel before organizing firing orders and pit crews. Local regulations may require an appointed safety officer to perform this duty.

• Is responsible for ammunition details.

• Organizes soldiers into firing orders for testing. If a pit detail is provided, the chief range officer may use as many firing points as he chooses to conduct his range. When a pit detail is not provided, the chief range officer must assign four soldiers for each firing point. For example, if a unit has 100 personnel, the chief range officer should use 25 firing points.

• Numbers the firing orders. Firing orders 1 and 2 remain at the firing line, while firing orders 3 and 4 perform pit crew duties. Firing order 1 fires first and firing order 2 performs as coaches.

• Informs the pit officer when refires are to be conducted.

• Informs the pit officer when pit crew changeovers are executed. Pit crew changeovers occur when firing orders 1 and 2 have completed the known-distance course or the alternate course, including initial refires. Refires are conducted when that firing table is completed or during alibi firings.

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