Target Location

The ability to locate a combat target depends on the observer's position and skill in searching and maintaining observation of an area, and the target indications of the "enemy" during day or night.

Selection of a Position. A good position is one that offers maximum visibility of the area while affording cover and concealment. Position has two considerations—the observer's tactical position in a location and his body position at that location.

Usually, the firer is told where to prepare his defensive position. However, some situations (such as the attack and reorganization on the objective) require him to choose his own defensive position.

Although target training courses prescribe conferences and demonstrations on choice of steady firing positions, the instruction does not normally include applying this skill. Therefore, instructors/trainers must emphasize the importance of the observer's position when conducting practical exercises in other target-detection techniques.

Observation of an Area. When a soldier moves into a new area, he quickly checks for enemy activity that could be an immediate danger. This search entails quick glances at specific points throughout the area rather than just sweeping the eyes across the terrain. The eyes are sensitive to slight movements occurring within the arc on which they are focused. However, they must be focused on a certain point to have this sensitivity.

If the soldier fails to locate the enemy during the initial search, he then begins a systematic examination known as the 50-meter overlapping strip technique of search (Figure B-l). Normally, the area nearest the soldier offers the greatest danger to him. Therefore, the search begins with the terrain nearest the observer's position.

Beginning at either flank, the soldier searches the terrain to his front in a 180-degree arc that is 50 meters deep. After reaching the opposite flank, the soldier

0 0

Post a comment