Aimingstake Technique Of Engaging Targets During Limited Visibility

Luminous tape near center of front-sight post method is effective under all conditions of visibility and requires little additional material. The stock of the gun is placed in the rest of a notched stake or tree crotch and is adjusted to hit selected targets or to define sector limits. Shallow, curved trenches or grooves are dug for the bipod feet. These trenches allow rotation of the bipod feet as the stock is moved from one crotch or stake to another.

Mm Ammunition In Metallic Belt

CARTRIDGE 7.62 MM ARMOR PIERCING NATO* CORRUGATED OR THREE HOLES IN BODY OFCARTRIDGE CASE Ammunition should be stored under cover. If it is necessary to leave ammunition in the open, keep it at least 15 cm (6 in) from the ground and covered with a double thickness of tarpaulin. Place the cover so that it protects the ammunition and allows ventilation. Dig trenches to prevent water from flowing under the ammunition. Ammunition containers should not be opened...

Ammunition

This appendix describes the ammunition to be used in the M60machinegun and gives a summary of ammunition requirements for the firing courses in this manual. Ammunition is issued in a disintegrating, metallic, split-linked belt. M60 machinegun ammunition is classified as follows Ball Cartridge for use against light materials and personnel, and for range training. Armor-Piercing Cartridge* for use Tracer Cartridge for observation of fire, incendiary effects, signaling, and use during training....

Range Procedures

All prescribed roadblocks and barriers will be closed and necessary guards posted. All guns will be checked to insure that they are clear of ammunition and obstructions and that the covers are UP to show they are cleared. All individuals will be briefed on the firing limits of the range and firing lanes. Range clearance will be obtained from installation range-control office. The downrange area will be checked prior to firing to insure that all personnel and equipment are clear of the area. A...

Transition Training

Bipod firing on the basic (10-meter) marksmanship range teaches the gunner fundamentals of firing the bipod-mounted gun. Later, when the gunner moves to the transition range, he is taught to engage targets at long ranges with the bipod-mounted gun. Transition firing gives the gunner the experience necessary to progress from the basic (10-meter) range firing to field firing. It is also the final phase of a gunner's qualification. A standard transition range (10 lanes) can accommodate about 75...

Zeroing An M60 Machine

SET SIGHTS FIRE 3 ROUNDS CORRECT FOR DEFLECTION CORRECT FOR ELEVATION CONFIRM ADJUST RANGE PLATE AND RECORD DEFLECTION ZERO The unit is assembled and instructed on the objectives and fundamentals, fire commands used on the basic range, basic machinegun marksmanship target, analyzing and scoring the target, and the following Course of Fire. Bipod firing on the basic range consists of firing 42 rounds as described in BASIC (10 METER) MARKSMANSHIP-BIPOD FIRING, Prefire Checks.Before any gun is...

Correct Sight Alinement And Correct Sight Picture

Reduces wear of the sear and sear notch. To time himself in firing a six-round burst, the gunner pulls the trigger straight to the rear, says, FIRE A BURST OF SIX, and then releases the trigger. The rear-sight assembly is adjusted until the strike of the rounds coincides with the point of aim at a given range, and then the elevation scale is adjusted to reflect that range. The procedures for zeroing the machinegun on the basic range follow Set the sights. To establish a common starting point...

Engaging Linear Targets With Depth Single

ENGAGING LINEAR TARGETS WITH DEPTH PAIR for both guns is the same as that prescribed for linear targets. The gunners employ enough search between bursts to keep the center of impact on the base of the target One Machine gun. A single gunner initially lays and adjusts on the midpoint of a linear target with depth, unless some other part of the target presents a greater threat. The gunner then traverses and searches to the near flank, then back to the far flank. Hard-to-Identify Linear Targets...

Engaging A Visible Deep Target During Limited Visibility

TRAVERSE A FEW MILS METERS RIGHT AND LEFT OF THE LINE OF SEARCH. TRAVERSE A FEW MILS METERS RIGHT AND LEFT OF THE LINE OF SEARCH. The gunner first lays on the center of mass of the target He searches down to the near end and then up to the far end. With the tripod-mounted gun, the target is searched by using the elevating handwheel. To help make rapid lateral adjustments, the traversing slide is kept loose. While searching the target, the gunner traverses a few mils to either side of his line...

Obtaining Direction Readings From The Traversing

After taking a direction reading to a linear target or PDF, the width of the target may be measured by traversing from flank to flank across the target using the traversing hand wheel. The traversing h and wheel must be recentered before moving to another target, or else data obtained to the other target will not be accurate. To recenter, turn the traversing hand wheel back to the original starting point. Recording Elevation Readings After getting the direction reading, the elevation reading is...

Crew Drill

Crew drill gives squad and platoon members training in the fundamentals of maehinegun operation and confidence in their ability to put the gun into action with precision and speed- Rotation of duties during training insures that every member becomes trained in the duties of each crew position. Precision is attained by learning and practicing correct procedures, to include inspecting the gun before firing and observing safety procedures- Speed is acquired after precision has been developed....

Used With The Tripodmounted Mmachinegun

Place a log or board beneath the stock of the gun so that the stock can slide across it freely. Dig shallow, curved trenches or grooves for the bipod feet to allow rotation of the feet as the stock is moved along the horizontal log or board. Adjust the bipod legs to the desired elevation. The sector limits may be marked by notching or placing stops on the horizontal log or board. Bipod firing position and grip are used. With the Tripod-Mounted Gun. Place a log or...

Safety Precautions

The following precautions will be observed A red flag will be displayed at the entrance to the range or in some other prominent location on the range during firing. It will always be assumed that guns are loaded until they have been thoroughly examined and found to contain no ammunition. Firing limits will be marked with red and white striped poles visible to all firers, Obstructions will never he placed in the muzzles of guns about to be fired. When not in use, all guns will be kept in a...

Malfunctions Stoppages Immediate Action Remedial Action Maintenance and Destruction

M60 Barrel Carrying Case

A malfunctioning machinegun is a gun that is not firing properly. Defective ammunition or improper operation by the gunner is not a malfunction. Two of the more common malfunctions of the M60 machinegun are sluggish operation and uncontrolled fire runaway gun . The table on the next page shows malfunctions, their probable causes, and corrective actions. Sluggish operation of the M60 usually is due to excessive friction caused by carbon, lack of proper lubrication, burred parts, or excessive...

Classes Of Fire With Respect To The Ground

Fire with respect to the TARGET includes Frontal Fire - when the long axis of the beaten zone is at a right angle to the front of the target. Simply stated, that means when firing directly into the front of a target. Flanking Fire - when delivered directly against the flank of a target. Oblique Fire - when the long axis of the beaten zone is at an angle other than a right angle to the front of the target. Enfilade Fire - when the long axis of the beaten zone coincides or nearly coincides with...

Fundamentals And Firing Techniques

Each member of the machinegun crew must be trained in standard methods of applying fire with the machinegun, both as a member of the crew and as a gunner. The easiest and quickest means of delivering fire with the gun mounted on its bipod, tripod, or vehicular mount is by alining the sights of the gun on the target and properly applying fire. This technique of fire is called DIRECT LAY. At times, techniques of fire other than direct lay are more effective- When delivering fire in the assault,...

Applying The Fingermeasurement Method

M60 Firing Positions

A fire command is given to deliver effective fire on a target quickly and without confusion. When the leader decides to engage a target which is not obvious to the gunners, he must provide them with the information they need to effectively engage the target. He must alert the crews, and give a target direction, description, and range the method of fire and the command to fire. There are initial fire commands and subsequent fire commands. Initial fire commands are given to begin firing at a...

Engaging Hardtoidentfy Targets With A Reference Point Within The Target Area

Deep targets are engaged with searching fire. When range is announced, it is given to the midpoint of the target. Machineguns in Pairs. The point of initial lay on a deep target for both guns is on the midpoint, which is also the point of division. Normally, the number 1 gun has the near half and the number 2 gun the far half- Since enfilade fire is being delivered, it is not necessary to adjust on the midpoint of the target, because the long beaten zone will compensate for any range errors....

Blank Firing Attachment Mounted On The M

Blank Firing Guns

The BFA is adjusted by organizational maintenance personnel, using the following procedure Insure that the large nut on the front of the BFA is tight. Unscrew the orifice tube with a pair of large pliers. Fit it into the barrel until the clamp will barely start over the front sight. With the BFA installed on the barrel, pinch the clamp tightly behind the wingnut with the fingers and rap the top front of the BFA above the large nut with a machinegun combination tool the clamp will snap into...

Blank Firing Attachment

The BFA must be adjusted to fit the machinegun barrel. The orifice tube fits inside the flash suppressor, flush against the gun muzzle and flush with the forward end of the flash suppressor. The BFA is clamped tightly to the front sight. When properly adjusted, it will fit snugly against the muzzle, thus preventing the escape of gas during firing. When the BFA is manufactured, the distance the orifice tube screws into the restricter bushing is fixed and fitted by ''staking'' the restricter...

M60 Machine Gun Disassembly

Machine Gun Trigger Mechanism

Clearing is always the first step upon receiving an M60 or preparing it for 3 Put the safety on SAFE and return the cocking handle to its forward position. 4 Raise the cover, inspect the tray, and remove links or ammunition. 5 Raise the tray and inspect the chamber to insure that no rounds are present. 6 Close the cover, place the safety on FIRE, pull the cocking handle to the rear, and pull the trigger while manually easing the bolt forward. 7 Place the safety on SAFE and raise the cover. If...

Common Errors Encountered On The Basic Meter Machinegun Range

Common Error Marksmanship

Incorrect sight aline ment and sight picture incorrect sight aline ment and sight picture incorrect grip. the gun ner is not locking his elbows and shoulders prior to and during firing. incorrect grip. the gun ner is not locking his elbows and shoulders prior to and during firing. incorrect position and grip the gunner's left elbow moved. the gun ner should lock his elbows and shoulders prior to and during firing. incorrect position and grip the gunner's left elbow moved. the gun ner should...

Bracket

Hing -pin latch and hinge-pin jn position stowage position of hinge-pin latch and hinge pin Select a target with an aiming point at a range of 25 meters Support the gun in a stable firing position. Place the sight in operation and adjust the azimuth and elevation controls so that the reticle aiming point is about in the center of the field-of-view of the sight. Fire a few rounds to seat the sight on the gun. Re-tighten the mounting knob. Place the zeroing range aiming point of the reticle on...

Transition Range

200 Meter Zero Target

Weather, electrical target devices may malfunction. If this happens, a minimum of five of the eight targets must work in each lane to run qualification. Three targets may be shown twice. Target Control Points. Whether the targets are operated electrically or manually, each lane must have a control point about 10 meters behind the firing line to control raising and lowering the targets and to facilitate scoring. Instruction Site. Bleachers are desirable to the rear of the firing line. Control...

Operation and Cycle of Functioning

Locking Cycle

The M60 machinegun is loaded, fired, unloaded, and cleared from the open-bolt position. The safety lever must be placed on FIRE before the bolt can be pulled to the rear. Before using ammunition, insure that It is free of dirt and corrosion. 9 The double link is at the opening end of the bandoleer. Place the safety lever on FIRE. Pull the bolt to the rear by the cocking handle with the palm facing UP. When the bolt is held to the rear by the sear, manually return the cocking handle to the...

Classes Of FiRe With Respect To The Target

Fire with respect to the GUN includes Fixed Fire - that delivered against a stationary point target when the depth and width of the beaten zone will cover the target. Traversing Fire - that distributed in width by successive changes in direction. With the tripod-mounted gun, the changes are made in 2- to 6-mil increments on the traversing handwheel between bursts. If denser fire is needed, a 2-mil change in direction will cause an overlap of beaten zones to insure complete coverage of the...

Disassembly and Assembly

M60 Disassembly Parts

The M60 machinegun can be disassembled and assembled without special tools or equipment. With the exception of the barrel group and the cocking handle, general disassembly requires only a cartridge or other pointed object. Detailed disassembly requires a combination tool. In disassembly, as each part is removed, it should be placed on a clean, flat surface such as a table, shelter half, or disassembly mat This makes it easy to keep track of parts, and it aids in their assembly since the parts...

M60 Machine Gun With Bipod Details

M60 Safety Lever

The 7.62-rnm M60 machinegun supports the rifleman in both offense and defense. It provides the heavy volume of close and continuous fire he needs to accomplish his mission. It can engage targets beyond the capability of individual weapons, with controlled and accurate fire. The long-range, close defensive, and final protective fires delivered by the M60 form an integral part of a unit's defensive fires. The M60 is a general purpose machinegun. It is used on a bipod, a tripod, or a vehicular...

Predetermined Fires

Predetermined fires are used to cover target areas such as avenues of enemy approach, likely sites for enemy weapons, and probable enemy assault routes. dead space should be covered by other weapons dead space should be covered by other weapons A good FPL covers the maximum area with grazing fire. Grazing fire can be obtained over various types of terrain to a maximum range of 600 meters. To obtain the maximum extent of grazing fire over level or uniformly sloping terrain, the gunner sets the...

Training Objectives

Qualify with the M60 machinegun on a 10-meter range. TASK Engage targets for qualification on a 10-meter range. CONDITIONS As a gunner, on a 10-meter range in daylight, given an M60 machine-gun, scorecard, targets, and ammunition. STANDARD The gunner must get a minimum score of 65 points on the 10-meter range, IAW chapter 9. INTERMEDIATE TRAINING OBJECTIVES ITO ITO 1 Mount the M60 machinegun on a tripod. CONDITIONS As a gunner, on a IO meter range in daylight, given an M122 tripod, an M60...

Danger Space

Therefore, not all the distance between the gun and the target is danger space. Machinegun fire is classified with respect to the GROUND, the TARGET, and the GUN. Fire with respect to the GROUND includes Grazing Fire - when the center of the cone of fire does not rise more than 1 meter above the ground. When firing over level or uniformly sloping terrain, a maximum of 600 meters of grazing fire can be obtained. Plunging Fire - when danger space is practically confined to the beaten zone....

Single E And Double Silhouette Targets

Any two of these targets, as they appear to a gunner from the firing line, must be at least 5 mils apart in width or 150 meters apart in depth. This spacing of the target requires gunners to make a major change in either direction or elevation w hen engaging any two successive targets. All targets must be plainly seen from the firing position. Target Devices Electrical target devices M30 or M31A1 are desirable however, targets which are raised and lowered manually by pit...

Mounts

M122 Tripod Mount

The bipod assembly can be used to fire from the prone position. The shoulder rest provides support for the gun. The bipod is part of the barrel assembly and is not removed at unit level. The bipod yoke fits around the barrel and is held in place by the flash suppressor. REINFORCEMENT BIPOD-LEG RIB PLUNGER REINFORCEMENT BIPOD-LEG RIB PLUNGER To lower the bipod legs, push or pull them to the rear compressing the lock springs and allow them to swing down into the locked position. To adjust the...

Relative Size And Shape Of Beaten Zone

This is the pattern formed by the rounds within the cone of fire striking the ground or the target. The size and shape of the beaten zone changes when the range to the target changes or when the machinegun is fired into different types of terrain. On uniformly sloping or level terrain, the beaten zone is long and narrow. As the range to the target increases, the beaten zone becomes shorter and wider. When fire is delivered into terrain sloping down and away from the gun, the beaten...

Range Card With Final Protective Line

Predetermined targets in the secondary sector are sketched on the range card, and ranges to these targets are recorded below the sketches but not in the data section. Field expedients should be used for targets in the secondary sector, since the gun must be employed in the bipod role. NOTE A PDF is used when grazing fire can not be obtained, i.e.,whenthegun is located on rough, hilly, or broken terrain. The PDF is directed at the most likely enemy avenue of approach.

M60 Nomenclature

GENERAL AND DETAILED DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY MACHINEGUN 7.62 MM. M60. 2. BUFFER ASSEMBLY AND OPERATING-ROD ASSEMBLY RETAINING BUFFER YOKE BUFFER ASSEMBLY RETAINING BUFFER YOKE BUFFER ASSEMBLY 6. COVER ASSEMBLY AND CARTRIDGE-THAY ASSEMBLY GROUP 6. COVER ASSEMBLY AND CARTRIDGE-THAY ASSEMBLY GROUP Chalkboard used to record direction and elevation readings. Concurrent Training Station for Techniques of fire. Chart Classes of Fire with Respect to the Machinegun. Punchboard training aid or...