Range Procedures

BEFORE FIRING

# All prescribed roadblocks and barriers will be closed and necessary guards posted.

• All guns will be checked to insure that they are clear of ammunition and obstructions and that the covers are UP to show they are cleared.

# All individuals will be briefed on the firing limits of the range and firing lanes.

• Range clearance will be obtained from installation range-control office.

# The downrange area will be checked prior to firing to insure that all personnel and equipment are clear of the area.

• A complete first aid kit will be on the range.

• Medical personnel will be located on the range or nearby where they can be contacted quickly.

• All guns will be checked by an officer or noncommissioned officer to insure that they are operational.

• Guns will not be handled except on command from the tower operator or the officer in charge.

• Ammunition will he drawn and issued only on command of the officer in charge. When two or more lots of ammunition are used for firing, the officer in charge must insure that the lots are separated and properly identified so that identification can be made by lot numbers in case of an accident or malfunction.

% All ammunition must be protected from the direct rays of the sun.

• No one will move forward of the firing line without permission of the tower operator, safety officer, or officer in charge.

DURING FIRING

• Should an unsafe condition be noted during firing, the person noting the condition will immediately call, CEASE FIRE- Firing will not resume until directed by the officer in charge.

• Assistant gunners will not be permitted to have their heads forward of the front sling swivel during firing. This is to prevent injury to the assistant gunners by the muzzle blast of the gun.

• During basic firing, all personnel on the range must be aware of the danger in moving forward of the firing line to score their targets. Before the firing line is clear and anyone is allowed forward, all machineguns will be cleared by the officer in charge or the safety officer.

• In clearing the niachinegun, the gunner pulls the cocking handle to the rear, places the safety lever on the SAFE position, and pushes the cocking handle forward. He then raises the cover and inspects the tray assembly and chamber. If it is clear, he declares,

CHAMBER CLEAR. An assistant instructor (officer) then runs a cleaning rod through the barrel until he sees the end of the rod in the receiver; he then withdraws it. If the gun is clear, the gunner pulls the cocking handle to the rear, places the safety lever in the FIRE position, pulls the trigger, and eases the bolt forward. After the bolt has gone forward, he places the safety lever on the SAFE position, and the procedure is complete.

During transition firing, if pit men are used on the transition range, the following safety precautions apply:

• Communication between each pit and the firing line must be established and maintained throughout firing.

• Pit men must remain in the pits at all times unless directed otherwise by the officer in charge.

• When personnel are downrange and not in their pit, a red flag, clearly visible from the firing line, will be displayed in the vicinity of that pit.

• If a red flag appears downrange during firing, the command, CEASE FIRE, will be given immediately, and all guns will be cleared.

• Steel helmets will be worn by all pit personnel.

During assault firing, the following safety precautions apply:

# No one will move onto or forward of the firing line until ordered to do so by the officer in charge.

Gunners will fire only in their lanes. Lanes must be clearly marked.

# Each gunner will be accompanied by a lane NCO. The lane NCO will instruct the gunner to place the gun on SAFE, keep it pointed up and downrange, and continue moving through the course if: the gunner gets too far ahead or behind the line of other gunners; the gunner moves out of the marked path in his lane; the gunner shoots wildly; or the gunner stops for any reason at any point other than the first or second phase line.

# If the gunner falls or stumbles, the lane NCO will secure the gun, place it on SAFE, keep it pointed up and down-range, and direct the gunner to continue moving through the course.

# If a gun fails to fire, the gunner will continue to move and will dry-fire until he reaches a phase line. Immediate action is applied only at the firing line or the first or second phase line. When immediate action is applied, the gun must be placed on the ground.

# The lane NCO halts the gunner at the first and second phase line. At the first phase line, the gunner moves forward only on command from the officer in charge. At the second phase line, the guns are cleared and unexpended ammunition is collected. Lane NCOs report in sequence to the officer in charge when their points are cleared.

• A whistle is used as an emergency signal. If the whistle is blown during the conduct of an exercise, all gunners will halt, place their guns on SAFE, point them up and downrange, and wait for orders from the officer in charge.

• All personnel moving in the assault will wear steel helmets.

When firing during darkness,the following special precautions apply:

% The downrange area will be checked before firing to insure that all personnel and equipment are clear of the area. This wiD be done by asking three times over a public address system, IS

THERE ANYONE DOWNRANGE?

pausing each time long enough to permit a response.

• A blinking red light must be used in addition to the red flag. It should be displayed at the entrance to the range or at some other prominent location.

• Two red lights will be mounted on the striped poles marking the limits of fire. They must be visible to all firers.

• No one will move from position until told to do so by the officer in charge.

AFTER FIRING

• Safety personnel will inspect all guns to insure that they are clear. A check will be conducted to determine if any brass, links, or live ammunition is in possession of the troops.

• When guns have been cleared, they will be kept in a prescribed area with the bolt forward, safety lever on the SAFE position, and the feed cover raised.

APPENDIX D

Blank Firing Attachment, Ml3

INSTALLATION OF THE M13

The Ml3 blank firing attachment (BFA) is used on the M60 machinegun when blank cartridges are fired to simulate live firing where live firing is not practical.

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