Training Objectives

TRAINING OBJECTIVE 1

Qualify with the M60 machinegun on a 10-meter range.

TASK: Engage targets for qualification on a 10-meter range.

CONDITIONS: As a gunner, on a 10-meter range in daylight, given an M60 machine-gun, scorecard, targets, and ammunition.

STANDARD: The gunner must get a minimum score of 65 points on the 10-meter range, IAW chapter 9.

INTERMEDIATE TRAINING OBJECTIVES (ITO)

ITO 1: Mount the M60 machinegun on a tripod.

CONDITIONS: As a gunner, on a IO meter range in daylight, given an M122 tripod, an M60 machinegun, and target.

STANDARD: The gunner must:

1, Extend the tripod front leg.

2. Extend and lock the tripod rear legs.

3. Place the tripod on the ground, front leg pointing downrange.

4. Lock the pintle (and platform group) into the pintle bushing.

5. Attach the gun to the pintle (or platform).

6. Center the traversing and elevating handwheels on the traversing and elevating mechanism.

7. Attach the traversing and elevating mechanism to the gun.

8. Lower the gun and attach the bottom of the traversing and elevating mechanism to the tripod (indexed at zero).

9. Lift the rear legs of the tripod and shift them until the muzzle of the gun points at the 10-meter target.

10- Emplace the tripod feet firmly into the ground.

11, Place one sandbag on the front leg of the tripod.

ITO 2: Zero the M60 machinegun,

CONDITIONS: As a gunner, on a 10-meter range in daylight, given a tripod-mounted M60 machinegun, target, ammunition, and a safety briefing,

STANDARD: The gunner must:

2. Use the proper position and grip (tripod).

3. Set rear sight at 500 meters and zero windage.

4. Obtain proper sight alinement and sight picture on paster number 1 by turning the traversing and elevating mechanism.

5. Fire three single rounds.

6. Locate the center of the shot group.

7. Calculate and apply sight correcting,

8. Fire a single round on paster number 1.

9. Calculate and apply sight corrections.

10. Fire a single round on paster number 1.

11. Calculate and apply sight corrections.

12. Fire a confirming round on paster number 2.

13- Adjust the range plate scale to read 500 meters.

ITO 'i: Perform immediate action.

CONDITIONS: As a gunner, on a 10-meter range in daylight or limited visibility, given a tripod-mounted MOO machinegun, ammunition, and targets.

STANDARD: The gunner must:

1. Pull the cocking handle to the rear and observe the ejection port.

2. Return cocking handle to its forward position-

Re-lay on target and attempt to fire.

NOTE: If the gun still fails to fire, the gunner should raise his hand and get assistance from safety personnel.

ITO 4: Engage four targets.

CONDITIONS: As a gunner, on a 10 meter range in daylight, given a tripod mounted M60 machinegun, targets, and four 6-round belts of ammunition.

STANDARD: The gunner must get the feel of firing a six-round burst by:

1. Obtaining proper sight alinement and sight picture on paster number 1.

2. Pulling the trigger and firing six rounds.

1$. Repeating fire on pasters 2, and 4.

ITO 5: Engage five targets.

CONDITIONS: As a gunner, on a 10-meter range in daylight, given a tripod-mounted M60 machinegun loaded with a 30-round belt of ammunition, and targets.

1. Obtain proper sight alinement and sight picture on paster number 5.

2. Fire a burst of six rounds.

Traverse and search through the next seven targets, firing a burst of six rounds at each.

4. Cease firing after engaging paster number 6.

ITO 6: Engage eight targets.

CONDITIONS: As a gunner, on a IO meter range in daylight, given a tripod-mounted M60 machinegun loaded with a 48-round belt of ammunition, and targets,

STANDARS: Within 50 seconds, the gunner must;

1. Obtain proper sight alinement and sight picture on paster number 7.

2. Fire a burst of six rounds.

3. Traverse and search through the next seven targets, firing a burst of six rounds at each.

4. Cease firing after engaging paster number 8.

ITO 7: Score the basic (lO-meter) machine-gun qualification target.

CONDITIONS: As a scorer, on a 10-meter range in daylight, given a 10-meter target which has been fired on.

STANDARD: Scorer must score the target IAW chapter 9.

TRAINING OBJECTIVE 2

Qualify with the M60 machinegun on a transition range.

TASK: Engage targets for qualification on a transition range.

CONDITIONS: Acting as a gunner, on a transition range in daylight, given an M60 machinegun, scorecards, targets, and ammunition.

STANDARD: The gunner must get a minimum score of 50 points on the transition range, IAW chapter 9.

INTERMEDIATE TRAINING

OBJECTIVES

ITO 1: Field zero the M60 machinegun.

CONDITIONS: As a gunner, on a transition range in daylight, given a bipod-mounted M60 machinegun, target, ammunition, and safety briefing-

STANDARD: The gunner must follow procedures IAW chapter 9.

ITO 2: Engage long-range targets.

CONDITIONS: As a gunner, on a transition range in daylight, given a bipod-mounted M60 machinegun, eight electrical targets, and 120 rounds of ammunition.

STANDARD: Within 4 minutes the gunner must:

1. Locate the first exposed target.

2. Estimate the range to the target.

3. Apply the estimated range to the rear sight.

4. Aim and fire a six- to nine-round burst.

5. Observe the beaten zone.

6. Obtain an adjusted aiming point,

7. Aim at the adjusted aiming point and fire a six- to nine-round burst.

8. Repeat steps 1 through 7 on each of the remaining seven targets.

NOTE: Steps 6 and 7 are omitted if the initial burst hits the target.

TRAINING OBJECTIVE 3

Perform detailed disassembly and assembly on an M60 machinegun.

TASK: Perform detailed disassembly and assembly.

CONDITIONS: As a gunner, given an M60 machinegun, assembled and in working order, and one round of dummy 7,62-mm ammunition,

STANDARD: Within 16 minutes, the gunner must disassemble and then assemble the machinegun; the machinegun must be functional after assembly is completed,

ITO: Inspect an M60 machinegun for operator maintenance,

CONDITIONS: In a field environment, given a disassembled M60 machinegun,

STANDARD: Individual must inspect the following:

1. Buffer.

2. Operating group.

3. Trigger housing group.

4. Barrel group.

5. Receiver group.

6. Mount (Ml 22 tripod mount).

7. Spare-barrel case.

All parts needing repair, replacement, or maintenance must be identified, and corrective action must be taken so that the gun will function properly when assembled.

TRAINING OBJECTIVE 4

Read and record direction and elevation from the traversing and elevating mechanism, M122 tripod mount.

TASK: Read direction and elevation from the traversing and elevating mechanism, M122 tripod mount, and record the data on a range card.

CONDITIONS: Given a tripod-mounted M60 machinegun, and a range card.

STANDARD: Read direction and elevation from the traversing and elevating mechanism, Ml22 tripod mount, and correctly record the data on the range card.

1. Read direction from traversing slide bar.

2. Read elevation from the traversing and elevating mechanism.

3. Measure width of target (traversing handwheel).

ITO: Read directin and elevation from a range card and set the data on an M122 tripod mount,

CONDITIONS: Given a tripod-mounted M60 machinegun, and a range card.

STANDARD: Read direction and elevation from the range card and correctly set the data on Ml22 tripod mount.

1. Read direction.

2. Read elevation (major and minor).

3. Remarks (wide targets).

TRAINING OBJECTIVE 5

Engage point and area targets in the defense with an M6Q machinegun.

TASK: Engage point and area targets.

CONDITIONS: As a gunner, on a day defensive range, operating wTith a pair of machineguns under the control of a leader, given an M60 machinegun, assistant gunner, ammunition, and targets.

STANDARD: All targets must be engaged and hit I AW chapter 7.

INTERMEDIATE TRAINING

OBJECTIVES

ITO 1. Engage a point target.

CONDITIONS: As gunner, on a day defensive range, under the control of a leader, given an M60 machinegun, assistant gunner, ammunition, and target.

STANDARD: The gunner must;

1. Receive and repeat the fire command.

2. Locate the target,

3. Apply the announced range to his sight.

4. Fire on command.

5- Adjust his fire, using his observations and the instructions of the assistant gunner.

6. Cease fire on command.

ITO 2: Engage three area targets.

CONDITIONS: As a gunner, on a day defensive range, under the control of a leader, given an M60 machinegun, ammunition, and three targets: one linear target, one linear-with-depth target, and one deep target.

STANDARD: The gunner must accomplish the following for each target:

1. Receive and repeat the fire command.

2. Locate the target.

3« Apply the announced range to his sight.

4, Aim at the center of the target.

5, Fire on command.

6, Traverse, search, or traverse and search fire throughout the entire target area, IAW chapter 7.

7- Adjust his fire, using his own observations and the instructions of the assistant gunner.

8. Cease fire on command.

TRAINING OBJECTIVE 6

Engage point and area targets with the M60 machinegun in the dismounted attack.

TASK: Engage point and area targets.

CONDITIONS: As a gunner, in the dismounted attack, on an assault fire range, given an M60 machinegun, ammunition, and targets.

STANDARD: Targets must be engaged IAW chapter 7.

INTERMEDIATE TRAINING

OBJECTIVES

ITO 1: Engage a point target.

CONDITIONS: As a gunner, in the dismounted attack, on an assault fire range, using the shoulder firing position, given an M60 machinegun, 40 rounds of ammunition, and a target.

STANDARD: The target must be engaged and hit IAW chapter 7.

ITO 2: Engage an area target

CONDITIONS: As a gunner, in the dismounted attack, on an assault fire range, using the underarm firing position, given an M60 machinegun, 30 rounds of ammunition, and a target.

STANDARD: The entire target must be engaged IAW chapter 7,

ITO 3: Engage an area target

CONDITIONS: As a gunner, in the dismounted attack, on an assault fire range, using the hip firing position, given an M60 machinegun, 30 rounds of ammunition, and a target

STANDARD: The entire target must be engaged IAW chapter 7.

TRAINING OBJECTIVE 7

Engage targets during limited visibility.

TASK: Engage targets during limited visibility.

CONDITIONS: As a gunner in an fighting position, on a predetermined fire range, given an M60 maehinegun, assistant gunner, ammunition, and an AN/PVS-4 night vision device.

STANDARDS: Targets must be engaged by suing a range card, the AN/PVS-4, and field expedients.

INTERMEDIATE TRAINING

OBJECTIVES

ITO 1: Construct an infantry fighting position for the MfiO maehinegun.

CONDITIONS: As a gunner, on a predetermined fire range in daylight, given an M60 maehinegun, tripod, assistant-gunner, and entrenching tools.

STANDARD: Construction must be IAW FM 7-7.

ITO 2: Construct a maehinegun range card.

CONDITIONS: As a gunner, on a predetermined fire range in daylight, given an M60 maehinegun, tripod, assistant gunner, pencil, paper, and 40 rounds of ammunition.

STANDARD: Within 15 minutes, the gunner must:

1. Complete the sketch section IAW chapter 8,

2. Lay on each probable target and read direction and elevation IAW chapter 8.

3. Complete the data section IAW chapter 8.

ITO 3: Mount and zero the AN/PVS-4 night vision device on the M60 machinegun.

CONDITIONS: As a gunner, on a predetermined fire range in daylight, given a tripod-mounted M60 maehinegun, assistant gunner, AN/PVS-4, and 30 rounds of ammunition.

STANDARD: Within 25 minutes, the gunner must:

1. Attach the AN/PVS-4 to its mount on the M60 maehinegun.

2. Put the AN/PVS-4 into operation.

3. Lay the gun on a target at a range between 100 and 300 meters using the maehinegun iron sights.

4. Fire to confirm the lay.

5. Without moving the gun, aline the AN/PVS-4 sight reticle on the target.

6. Fire to confirm the zero of the AN/PVS-4.

7. Make adjustments as required.

ITO: 4: Construct field expedients for controlling the fire of an M60 Maehinegun.

CONDITIONS: As a gunner, on a petermined fire range in daylight, given an M60 maehinegun, tripod, assistant gunner, luminous tape, bayonet, assorted tree limbs, and 40 rounds of ammunition.

STx\NDARD: The gunner must construct three field expedients, IAW chapter 8.

TRAINING OBJECTIVE 8

Engage targets with suppressive fire from a moving vehicle, using the M60 maehinegun.

TASK: Suppress targets from a moving vehicle.

CONDITIONS: As a gunner, on a maehinegun range in daylight, firing from a vehicle moving at 10 mph over level ground; given an M60 maehinegun mounted on an MI51 1/4-ton or M113A1 armored personnel carrier (as described in chapter 3), 100 rounds of ammunition, and a 500-meter double "E" silhouette target.

STANDARD: The gunner must hit the target once within 30 seconds. Firing should be done I AW chapter 3.

TRAINING OBJECTIVE 9

Engage aircraft. TASK: Engage aircraft

CONDITIONS: As a gunner, on a maehinegun range in daylight, given an Mf50 maehinegun, ammunition, remote-controlled model aircraft.

STANDARD: The gunner must engage the remote-controlled model aircraft first using the football-field technique and then using the reference-point technique, IAW appendix F, and TC 23-44.

TRAINING OBJECTIVE 10

Engage targets while wearing the protective mask.

TASK: Engage targets while wearing the protective mask.

CONDITIONS: As a gunner, on a maehinegun range, while wearing the protective mask, given an M60 maehinegun, 100 rounds of ammunition, and targets.

STANDARD: Gunner must engage targets at 300, 400, and 800 meters, firing a maximum of three bursts at each target, within 4 minutes. The gunner must hit each target at least once.

GENERAL TRAINING SCHEDULE

This schedule is a guide to help the leader in determining his training needs and how to organize his training to meet those needs.

Training is divided into three phases and into periods within phases. Phase I is designed to determine through qualification wrhich soldiers should be gunners. Phase II deals with the mechanical aspects of the M60 maehinegun. Phase III is set up to make gunners expert in all aspects of firing the M60 maehinegun.

The performance evaluations are based on the standards set for training and will determine if the standards have been met. An explanation of each practical exercise is given in the paragraph on General Guidance.

Phase I, Period I (4 hours) - 10-Meter Basic Course-

Introduction to the M60 maehinegun, to include characteristics, nomenclature, capabilities, and functioning 10

minutes

Mounting the maehinegun on its tripod, and manipulation of the traversing and elevating mechanism 10 minutes

Preparatory marksmanship instruction to include sight alinement, sight picture, trigger control, bipod and tripod position, and grip 10 minutes

Prefire checks, function checks, loading, immediate action, clearing, and range safety 10 minutes lO-meter basic maehinegun firing, to include zeroing on the 10-meter target, engaging the target, and scoring the target 20 minutes

Zeroing and practice and record firing on the 10-meter range (practical exercise) 180 minutes

TOTAL 240 minutes

Phase I, Period 2 {3 hours) - Machinegun Transition Course.

Introduction to field firing, to include transition range setup and operation 15 minutes

Preparatory marksmanship training, to include bipod position, grip, field zeroing, observing and adjusting fire, target d etection s the adj usted-ai mi n g point technique of fire, and range estimation 165 minutes

TOTAL 180 minutes

Phase II, Period 1 (2 hours) - Detailed Disassembly and Assembly.

NOTE: Only those gunners who have qualified with the M6G during Phase I should advance to Phase II-

Detailed disassembly 20 minutes

Inspection 5 minutes

Cleaning 5 minutes

Lubrication 5 minutes

Maintenance 5 minutes

Assembly 20 minutes

Detailed disassembly and assembly (practical exercise) 60 minutes

TOTAL 120 minutes

Obtaining elevation readings from the traversing and elevating mechanism for a range card 20 minutes

Obtaining direction and elevation readings to probable target areas (practical exercise) 30 minutes

TOTAL 60 minutes

Phase III, Period 1 (3 hours)-Day Defensive Course:

Introduction to day defensive firing, to include techniques of engaging point and area targets independently or as one of a pair of machineguns 30

minutes

Controlling machinegun fires, to include fire commands and arm-and-hand signals lf> minutes

Day defensive firing (practical exercise) 135 minutes

TOTAL 180 minutes

Phase III, Period 2 (1 hour) - Assault Firing Course.

Introduction to assault firing, to include positions, rates of fire, tactical employ-

ment, observation, and adjustment of fire 20 minutes

Assault firing (practical exercise)... 40

minutes

TOTAL 60 minutes

NOTE: Only those gunners who have scored 65 points on the record firing during period 1 should advance to period 2.

Phase II, Period 2 (1 hour) - Obtaining Predetermined Data.

Obtaining direction readings from the

M122 tripod for a range card 10

minutes

Phase III, Period 3 (4 hours) - Night Firing.

Introduction to predetermined and night firing, to include the range card, field expedients, AN/PVS-4, and infantry fighting position 25 minutes

Range card construction .. 60 minutes

Mounting and zeroing the AN/PVS-4 Night Vision Device 10 minutes

Constructing field expedients to control machinegun fire 20 minutes

Predetermined and night firing (practical exercise) 125 minutes

TOTAL 240 minutes

Phase II, Period 1 Phase II, Period 2

Phase Phase Phase Phase Phase Phase

IIIt Period 1 III, Period 2 III, Period 3 III, Period 4 III, Period 5 III, Period 6

2 hours t hour

TOTAL 3 hours

3 hours 1 hour

4 hours 3 hours 2 hours

I hour

TOTAL 14 hours

Introduction to moving firing, to include position and grip, rate and technique of fire, effective ranges, and the vehicular mount 30 minutes

Moving firing (practical exercise).. 150

minutes

TOTAL 180 minutes

Phase III, Period 5 (2 hours) - Air Defense Firing.

Introduction to air defense firing, to include passive and active measures, rule of engagement, and techniques of fire 30 minutes

Aircraft engagement firing (practical exercise) 90 minutes

TOTAL 120 minutes Phase III, Period 6 (1 hour) - Masked Firing

Introduction to operating the M60 under NBC conditions 30 minutes

Masked firing (practical exercise) .. 30

minutes

TOTAL 60 minutes

Summary of Total Hours

Phase I, Period 1 Phase I, Period 2

TOTAL 7 hours

4 hours 3 hours

TRAINING TIME 24 HOURS

The training program is based on performance-oriented training, time devoted to conference, explanation, and demonstration has been minimized. The soldier will learn by doing rather than by listening and watching. Emphasis is on the small-group, hands-on method of achieving the training objectives. Soldiers should practice the action in the training objectives until they become proficient. When the soldier appears proficient, he should be tested by a noncommissioned officer on a pass/fail or GO/NO GO basis. If the soldier fails an evaluation test, he should continue to practice and be retested. those soldiers who have passed the evaluation tests may be used to assist in the training/evaluation of the soldiers experiencing difficulty. The recommended soldier to instructor ratio is 4:L The training program, as written, is compressed to minimum time. When scheduled, consideration must be given to poor weather, training equipment availability, and soldier/ instructor ratio greater than 4:1. Any of these conditions will dictate additional time. Recommend normal scheduling of 7 hours per day.

The training program should be conducted semiannually. This is necessary since the M60 machinegun, in some units, may not be assigned a dedicated gunner. As a minimum, it is recommended that the

platoon leader, all leader noncommissioned officers in the platoon, and three soldiers per squad be proficient with the M 60 maehinegun.

TRAINING AIDS AND EQUIPMENT

The M60 maehinegun is the best training aid available for conducting training. Other training aids may be constructed using the illustrations in this field manual. These training aids should not limit the instructor's imagination or replace any other training aids which may be available or listed in training catalogs. Whenever possible, local training and audiovisual support centers (TASCs) should be utilized to obtain desired training aids and devices. TASCs will lend and/or fabricate the required aids and devices.

NOTE: Although specific targets are cited in the tables in chapter 9 and 10, the local availability of targets is a consideration. Therefore, any meaningful and realistic target may be constructed or used. Targets should be placed at the ranges specified.

Facilities. Ranges (with bleachers) which are suitable for firing the M60 maehinegun. Ranges should also be capable of supporting practical exercises and concurrent training stations. Figures throughout this manual show schematic diagrams and dimensions of maehinegun ranges.

Personnel. One instructor per four soldiers-Should more than four soldiers be taught by an instructor, the time to conduct the training program may be increased. A trained safety officer/noncommissioned officer must be present during all firing.

Ammunition. The recommended amounts of ammunition to be fired in each exercise can be found in the tables for firing each type of range throughout the manual. Soldiers should fire 100 rounds while moving, 200

rounds at the aircraft, and 100 rounds while wearing the protective mask.

GENERAL GUIDANCE FOR PRACTICAL EXERCISES

Phase I, Period 1 (4 hours)-10-Meter Basic Course: See chapter 9.

Phase I, Period 2 (3 hours)--Machinegun Transition Course: See chapter 9.

Phase II, Period 1 (2 hours)--Detailed Disassembly and Assembly: See chapter 2.

Phase II, Period 2 (1 hour)-Obtaining Predetermined Data: See chapter 10.

Phase III, Period 1 (3 hours)- Day Defensive Course: See chapter 10.

Phase III, Period 2 (1 hour)--Assault Firing Course: See chapter 10.

Phase III, Period 3 (4 hours)-Night Firing (Predetermined Firing Course): See chapters 8 and 10.

Phase III, Period 4 (3 hours)-Firing on the Move:

• A local range with a 200-meter firing line over wrhich a vehicle can be driven. Ideallv, the vehicle should be able to kf j move 100 meters downrange.

• Gunners should fire 200 rounds over the side of the vehicle and 100 rounds forward.

• The vehicle should move at least 10 mph.

Phase III, Period 5 (2 hours) - Air Defense Firing:

• Use a remote controlled model aircraft.

• Fly the aircraft about 200 meters dowrnrange and parallel to the firing line.

+ On the first pass, use the football field technique of fire.

• On the next pass, use the reference point technique.

• Fly the aircraft from 600 meters downrange directly at the firing line. Gunners should aim above the nose of the aircraft.

# Fire a minimum of two M60 machineguns on each pass. Ml6x\l rifles and other weapons may be incorporated into the firing.

Phase III, Period 6 (1 hour) - Masked Firing (NBC): See training objective 10.

APPENDIX F

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