Makarov Disconnector

Proper Hand Gun Position

Picture 3.18 insertion of the safety into the slide

Makarov Pistol

Picture 3.19 Insertion of the hammer into the frame

Picture 3.20 Attachment of the hammer spring to the frame

Proper Hand Gun Position

spring clip the frame

Picture 3.19 Insertion of the hammer into the frame

Picture 3.21 Securing the hammer spring with the hammer

Picture 3.20 Attachment of the hammer spring to the frame

Picture 3.22 insertion of : .c-slide lock and the sear into

It is forbidden to cock and release the hammer with the trigger before the hammer has been firmly seated into the frame.

The pieces of the pistol are to be tested for proper function after assembly, as described in section 6.2.

4. Interaction of the Parts

4.1 State c:: the Parts Prior to Loading The pistol is on safe.

The slide is in the forward position. The breech is closed due to the inertial slide lock. The surface of the safety locks the motion of the slide on the frame.

The hammer rests on the edge of the safety and cannot move forward. The safety claw grips the recess of the hammer and locks it.

The sear is lifted through the edge of the safety pin. There is a small space between the "safe" position of the hammer and the edge of the sear.

The trigger bar with disconnector is in its rearmost position by action of the narrow tip of the hammer spring. The disconnector is sunken into the frame. The edge of the disconnector responsible for cocking the hammer is connected to the hammer such that pulling the trigger does not result in cocking of the hammer.

The magazine is inserted into the frame. The follower is in the highest position. The follower tab presses on the slide lock.

4.2 Interaction of Parts During loading

Loading of the pistol

Insert the loaded magazine into the frame. Move safety to "fire".

PulI slide back and allow to travel forward.

During insert.on of the magazine into the frame, the magazine lock holds the protrusion at the rear wall of the magazine and holds it ir. piace.

The top cartridge rests against the slide comb. The magazine follower tab does not act upon the slide lock.

When safety is moved to "fire" the hammer is unlocked. The tip of the safety pin unlocks the sear. The sear drops slightly under action o£ its spring and positions itself in front of the safety notch of the hammer. The lock on movement of the slide is released.

When slide is pulled backwards, the slide rotates the hammer to its rearmost position. The cocking notch in the sear places itself in front of the hammer and holds it in the cocked position. The rearward motion of the slide is limited by the forward end of the trigger guard. The recoil spring is compressed. The hammer lifts the sear during its rearward rotation. The trigger bar moves forward, and part of the trigger curvature remains. When the disconnector is lifted, its recess is pushed under the tip of the sear. By action of the magazine follower and spring the cartridges are pressed up. The top cartridge lies in front of the ejector.

When slide is released, the recoil spring pushes the slide forward, thereby pushing the top cartridge into the chamber. Once the slide reaches its most forward position, the extractor claw grasps the ring-shaped cartridge rim. The pistol is loaded, cocked, safety off, and thereby ready to fire (Picture 4.1).

Makarov Pistol
Picture 4.1 Position of Parts Prior to Firing

1 - slide; 2 - extractor; 3 - recoil spring; 4 - trigger; 5 trigger bar; 6 - magazine; 7 - hammer spring; 8 - sear with spring; 9 - disconnector; 10 - hammer

4.3 Interaction o£ Partis when Moving Safety to "Safe"

If no shot is to be fired, the pistol shall be made safe. When rotating the safety, the safety rotates the sear via a cutout on the safety. The tip of the sear releases from the cocking notch on the hammer. The hammer rotates forward (strikes) under power from the wide tip of the hammer spring and strikes the edge of the safety, which absorbs the hit.

The safety locks the motion of the slide. The safety claw locks the hammer. The pistol is scife.

If the safety is set to "fire" in this state, the hammer remains in the safe position, that is, the safety of the pistol during handling while accidental striding (impact) is assured.

Simultaneously the pistol is ready to fire with trigger cocking (cocking by activating the trigger).

4.4 Interaction of Parts during Firing

In order to fire a shot, the safety is released, the hammer cocked, and the trigger activated.

During activation of the trigger, the trigger bar is moved forward. The disconnector rotates about the rear pin of the trigger bar and is lifted; thereby it pushes on the tip of the sear and lifts it from the hammer cocking notch.

The disconnector grips into the slide recess.

The hammer speeds forward under power from the hammer spring and hits the firing pin. The firing pin tip strikes the cartridge primer and the shot is fired.

By pressure of the powder gases, the projectile leaves the barrel. A portion of the powder gas pressure pushes on the cartridges base and the force is transferred to the slide. The slide slides rearward.

4.5 Interaction of the Parts after the Shot

The rearward traveling slide pushes the disconnector tip to the right and separates the disconnector from the sear. The released sear is pushed against the hammer by the sear spring. Once the hammer has reached its rearmost position, the sear grabs the cocking notch of the hammer. The empty shell is simultaneously pulled from the chamber by the extractor and is thrown from the slide ejection port by the ejector. The recoil spring is compressed. The follower guides the next cartridge upwards. The recoil of the slide is limited by the forward end of trigger guard. The slide is pushed forward by the expanding recoil spring; thereby the slide grabs the next cartridge and pushes it into the chamber.

Before the next shot can be fired, the trigger must be released; thereby the trigger bar is moved rearward by pressure of the narrow tip of the hammer spring. The disconnector is lowered, moves left, and rests against the edge of the sear. The pistol is ready to be fired again.

4.6 Interaction of Parts when Shooting Double Action

When activating the trigger, the trigger bar is pulled forwards. The disconnector turns and is pressed up. The tip for cocking the hammer pushes the hammer backwards. The sear is simultaneously lifted. The sear cannot grasp the hammer cocking notch. The edge of the disconnector releases from the hammer, the hammer strikes forward onto the firing pin and the shot is fired.

Makarov 9mm
Picture 4.2 State of Parts before Firing Double Action

1 - slide; 2 - extractor; 3 - recoil spring; 4 - trigger; 5 trigger bar; 6 - magazine; 7 - hammer spring; 8 - sear with spring; 9 - disconnector; 10 - hammer

.7 Interaction. Parts when Exhausting Magazine Contents

Once the last cartridge in the magazine has been shot, the magazine follower tab pushes the front edge of the slide lock up. The slide lock grasps the slide which, like the hammer, remains in its rearmost position. This condition remains unchanged when the magazine is removed.

Only when the slide lock is pushed down will the slide unlock and speed forward. If no cartridge is to be loaded, the slide is to be guided forward (slowed by hand).

5 . Stoppages while Flrir.g and their Resolution

5.1 General

The pistol is a reliable and functional weapon when used under typical service conditions, careful maintenance and storage. However, after long service, harsh service conditions, and lack of proper maintenance, stoppages can occur during firing.

5.2 Measures for Prevention of Stoppages

To prevent stoppages while firing, the pistol shall be: properly prepared for firing inspected and maintained in a timely fashion (observing that the pistol is clean and the moving parts are lightly lubricated), repaired in a timely fashion protected from dirt and impact while firing and in service, stored properly in the weapons storage room and under combat conditions.

Before loading, the cartridges shall be inspected (Section 6.4). In low-temperature conditions, the slide should be retracted and released several times; the hammer should also be cocked and decocked several times.

5.3 Stoppages, their Cause and Resolution

If a stoppage occurs during shooting, the hammer is cocked or the slide is activated. If the stoppage is not resolved, unload the pistol, look for the cause of the stoppage and resolve it.

Stoppages should never be resolved by excessive use of force.

Table 5.1: Stoppages, Causes, and Resolution





Slide is closed. Hammer hit firing pin, but shot did not fire

Slide does not glide into forward position''

Trigger cannot be activated

Cartridge is not pushed into chamber. Slide is in forward position or slide is in midway position with a cartridge

Shell is not ejecteg and is j ammed between slide and frame a)

Primer is defective Thickened lubricant or dirt in the firing pin channel

Firing pin tip worn, firing pin or firing pin tip broken

Chamber, frame guide slots, slide guide rails, or cutout in slide for bottom of cartridge are di rty

Extractor jams and did not grasp the cartridge base, extractor spring or claw are dirty Magazine and moving parts of the pistol are dirty

Upper parts of magazine are dep.ted. Follower spring is fatigued or broken

Moving parts of pistol are dirty

Extractor or ejector worn or broken a) Rack slide and continue firing b) Inspect pistol. Clean firing pin channel and firing pin c) Submit pistol for maintenance

Strike slide forward with hand and keep firing. Inspect pistol and clean dirty parts a) Rack slide and keep shooting. Clean pistol and magazine b) Change magazine. Have follower spring changed a) Remove j ammed shell and keep shooting; clean moving parts b) Submit pistol for maintenance

24 Typically called "going into battery".




Pistol fires automat i cally (sustained fire)

After firing last shot, slide goes to foreward position a) Parts of the trigger and striker mechanism are dirty or covered with thickened lubricant b) Hammer or tip of sear is worn c) Sear spring weak or broken

Magazine follower tab broken a) Inspect and clean pistol b) Submit pistol for maintenance c) Submit pistol for maintenance [sic] 25

Change magazine. Have new follower installed in magazine

25 Instruction is repeated in original manual (typographical error)

6. Inspections .1 General

Inspections are composed of assessing the state of readiness and safety as well as examination and assessment of the service readiness of the pistol. Damage should be discovered in a timely fashion and corrected. During inspections, it should be examined if there are traces of rust, dirt, large scratches or cracks on the parts and in v/hat state the lubricant is, the slide, the trigger and striker assembly, the safety, the slide lock, and the magazine are functional, the magazine is securely in the frame and held by the magazine lock as well as ensuring that removal is not hindered by the lanyard, the bore is clean, the front and rear sights are in order, the accessories are all present.

Any deficiencies should be resolved immediately. If issues cannot be resolved in the unit, the pistol should be submitted for maintenance.

Characteristic issues that have influence on firing are as follows:

The front sight is bent or damaged

The target hits are laterally opposite the front sight shift.

The rear sight is shifted.

The target hits are laterally opposite the rear sight shift.

The muzzle is damaged.

The projectile is deflected in opposite direction of the barrel damage location.

The bore is enlarged (especially at the muzzle).

The rifling lands are worn (rounded). The rear sight is not tight.

The projectile pattern becomes larger.

6.2 Inspection before Active Duty

The inspection before active duty is typically done in assembled state. The following are to be considered:

a) No beginnings of rust, scratches, impact marks, and cracks are allowed on parts of the pistol. The [serial] number on the slide, the safety, and the magazine must all match the number on the frame.

b) No impact marks that hinder aiming are allowed on the front sight or in the notch of the rear sight. The rear sight must be tight in the slide notch. The groove26 on the rear sight must match the groove in the slide.

c) The safety must be easily movable and remain reliably in both positions.

d) When releasing the hammer (pull trigger to rearmost position), the hammer must be capable of being pushed forward to the point of impact. Once this action is ended (release trigger), the hammer should rotate backwards and stay in the "safe" position. From this position, the hammer should not be able to be pushed forward.

e) After pulling the trigger, it should return into its forward state.

f) The trigger guard must be able to be pulled out of the frame.

g) The grip screw must be tight.

h) There should be no dirt, beginnings of rust, and other deficiencies. To inspect, pull the slide back and lock and look into the muzzle; to facilitate inspection, place a piece of white paper into the ejection port.

i) The magazine (spare magazine) must be easily inserted into the frame and removed from the frame as well as be held firmly by the magazine lock. The walls and stamped parts of the magazine may not be damaged. The follower should be easily movable by hand.

k) 27 The functionality of the pistol must be ensured. For examination, the following actions are necessary: make pistol safe.

26 Dovetail

17 In the original manual, the numbering scheme skips from item i) to k) without 2)• We have reproduced that hero.

Pull slide ail the way back arid release. After approximately 5 mm forward movement, the slide lock must hold the slide in its rear position.

Push down on slide lock. The slide must abruptly move forward. The hammer must remain cocked.

Activate trigger. The hammer must release from its cocking notch and hit the firing pin.

Remove magazine from frame and fill with practice cartri ges.

Insert magazine, rack slide. The slide must rapidly move to its forward position. One cartridge must be pushed into the chamber. During every pull of the slide, one cartridge must be thrown from the ejection port.

Make pistol safe. The hammer must be released from its cocking notch, strike the edge of the safety and be locked into this position. The motion of the slide must be locked.

Move safety to "fire" and pull trigger. The trigger cocking must be performed.

Cock the hammer and push on the head of the hammer. The hammer may not release from the cocking notch. The trigger release weight is to be checked with a spring scale. The release force shall not be less than 1.5 kp and not more than 3.5 kp.

1) Testing of the hammer blocking by the edge of the safety.

For testing, the following actions are required: Move safety to "fire." Cock hammer.

Hold pistol with muzzle down and watch the sear through the notch in the slide.

Slowly rotate safety lever up until the sear lifts. Determine the position of the safety the moment the sear lifts.

Hold the hammer, activate the trigger and slowly let the hammer rotate forward. The hammer must touch the edge of the safety, i.e. the shot cannot be fired.

Picture 6.1 Method of hammer blockage by the edge of the safety

1 - edge of the safety lever; 2 - edge of the safety; 3 - safety claw m) The accessories must be clean and complete. There must be no burrs or. the end of the pull-through weight (tip of the Cleaning rod). The cleaning rod must not be bent or damaged. The cor.d.tion of the seams and loops of the holster must be examined. The lanyard must be in order and properly fastened.

6.3 Inspect:or. during Active Duty

The inspect, or. during active duty is carried out during breaks in combat and troop movement. It encompasses an external inspection of the pistol.

The foliow!r.c are to be observed:

a) The parts may not show any damage that prevent use.

b) Extreme d^rt contamination that leads to stoppages is not

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