The repeating rifle developed by Mauser from his original bolt action single shot rifle was formally adopted by the German government in 1884. Officially designated as "Infantry Repeating Rifle M. 71-84," it used the self same 11 mm (.433) cartridge as used in the earlier single-shot model.
The new Mauser was adopted after gruelling field tests following trials by the Army Commission which in 1884 recommended the adoption for the army of this rifle. By the spring of 1886 the entire German Army was equipped with it.
The rifle weighed 10 pounds 2.25 ounces (about 14 ounces heavier with bayonet) and measured 4 feet 3 inches over all (5 feet 9.5 inches with bayonet).
The barrel was 31.5 inches long and the caliber was the standard 11 mm (.433). The rifling was 4-grooves of .0079 inch depth with a twist of one turn in 21.65 inches, direction being to the right.
The sight setting ran from 200 meters (218.7 yards) to 1600 meters (1750 yards).
The velocity and range were the same as in the single shot, about 1425 feet per second velocity at the muzzle and a carrying distance of 3280 yards.
The magazine of this rifle was loaded with eight cartridges inserted through the action and pushed forward. The first one inserted pushed the follower forward to compress the spring within the magazine tube. Each successive cartridge inserted pressed against the base of the one ahead of it to further compress the spring. When the magazine was fully loaded, a ninth cartridge could be placed on the carrier (or "riser"), the bolt started slightly forward, and a tenth one inserted directly in the barrel chamber.
Pressing the bolt forward and turning the bolt handle down locked the breech and let the extractor snap around the rim of the cartridge in the chamber. As the motion of the bolt lever cocked the striker, the arm was now ready to fire.
After firing, turning up the bolt handle unlocked the breech, and pulling back on the bolt handle extracted and ejected the cartridge exactly as in the earlier type. The final motion of the bolt in its rearward travel however depressed the rear end of the riser or carrier
MODEL 71-84 GERMAN INFANTRY RIFLE, RIGHT SIDE VIEW WITH ACTION CLOSED This is the Model 71 action .modified to utilize a tube magazine below the barrel to convert it to a repeating rifle. The ockwork is essentially that of the Model 71 single shot.
Photos and drawings are reproduced from early Mauser originals.
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