This weapon was designed for quick loading through the top of the action with the now famous Mauser strip-in clip. The clip was inserted in the guide, and the cartridges were stripped down off it by thumb pressure directly into the magazine below. Note that the magazine was also removable to permit insertion of larger magazines and for cleaning.
The bolt stop is in the form of a hinged lever with a tooth projecting into a groove in the receiver for the left locking lug of the bolt. This lever is pivoted and is kept pressed against the receiver normally by a flat spring which is led into it. When it is pulled away from the receiver by drawing on its flap, it pivots and permits the bolt to be withdrawn from the rifle. (In this model a flap formed to slide against the side of the receiver replaces the rib found in most Mausers).
The ejector is a flat piece inside the retaining bolt. It works on the same pivot pin and is actuated by the spring inside the lever. It projects into the boltway. A slot is cut for it in the left locking lug and in the face of the bolt itself. Thus when the bolt is drawn back, the ejector springs into this slot so that the base of the cartridge strikes against it. As the extractor continues to pull back the right side of the cartridge, this combined motion swings the cartridge case around and throws it out of the action to the right.
The sear projects into the groove cut into the tang of the receiver and is part of a bar pivoted at its front end to the receiver. It is operated by a spiral spring led into it whose other end bears against the receiver. The spring in this type is horizontally placed.
The trigger is pivoted to the bar portion of the sear in which there is a vertical slot. No half cock is provided. The striker cannot be placed at full cock except by opening and closing the action. The pull off is double in standard military practice* The first pull is a sliding movement. This permits the slack to be taken up ready for the actual releasing pull. When this first movement is completed, the leverage shifts. On continued pressure the trigger and sear move to free the seai from the striker bent. The striker is then driven forward by its compressed spring.
The magazine holds 5-rimless cartridges in a single column. It is a short steel box whose bottom is hinged to the sides at the rear end fastened by a screw at the front end. This screw acts as a pivot for a flat lever actuated by a flat spring attached to the bottom of the magazine. A second flat lever is hinged to the end of the first one and forms the follower for the cartridge (the platform on which the cartridge rests). A second flat spring attached to the lower lever raises the upper one.
The magazine sides are turned in at the top almost their full length to hold the cartridges in the box. Horizontal and vertical cuts in them permit the sides to act as springs of sufficient elasticity to spread when the cartridges are forced down in the magazine, yet are sufficiently strong to held the cartridges from being pushed out by the rising follower. The magazine passes up through an opening in the prolongation of the trigger guard where it is held in position by a small lever catch pivoted to the guard and operated by a small spiral spring. This magazine projects below the bottom of the stock.
This Belgian pattern is not provided with the customary rib on the magazine platform to serve as a bolt stop when the last cartridge has been fired.
The stock is one piece. The stock, receiver and trigger guard are fastened together by screws. The stock is screwed into a boss extending at right angles to the axis of the barrel which serves to pass on the recoil of the barrel and receiver to the stock, thereby saving the screws from being broken by the shock.
BELGIAN MAUSER WITH lO-SHOT MAGAZINE. PHANTOM RIGHT SIDE VIEW WITH MAGAZINE LOADED AND CARTRIDGE IN CHAMBER READY TO FIRE
The curved construction of the magazine is required by the fact that the 7.65 mm cartridge originally tested has a rimmed case. A special long extractor is required in Mauser actions as indicated, when using cartridges with rimmed cases. The magazine is detachable.
Drawings show the magazine loaded to capacity and the action at full cock ready for the trigger pull.
A projection beneath the upper band is provided to attach the short bayonet. A full length cleaning rod scrcws into a nut in the stock. Its head has a slot in it which fits into the rod holder of the front sight Hng'
The butt plate is steel and is fastened with two screws. Normally it is not provided with a trap.
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