.. .witli oversize sliells
1 You may be using too many wads. If the crimp bulges when the shell is finished, or if bulging or crushing of the paper adjacent to the brass base is evident, your wad column is too high. If the crimp tapers in-
*NOTE: Wad Column must include at least one Nitro Card or plastic Over Powder Wad and one Filler Wad (Fiber, Felt, or Cork).
ward and has an opening in the center, the wad column is not high enough. In either case, correct your wad column so that the resultant crimp is tapered inward slightly. This will insure maximum locking in of the contents as the toggle action of the paper will cause the shell to withstand considerably more abuse without spilling shot.
2. The shells you are using may be moist. This is certain to cause trouble, and especially so, when oversize wads, or too much pressure, or a combination of both enter into your loading operations. All makes of shells DO ABSORB MOISTURE, and their size is directly related to the moisture content of the paper. Hot weather, when high-humidity conditions are unnoticed, will give you your greatest trouble with oversize shells. Your cases may be as much as .015" larger than when working during the winter or during the season when your storage and working area is heated. Dehydrating your cases in the oven of your kitchen range at a temperature of approximately 200° will give surprisingly good results.
3. Check the wads you are using to be sure they are of the correct diameter. Oversize wads will exert too much side pressure on the wall of the shell, causing it to expand when ejected from the resizing die. The same condition results from too much pressure on the wad column. Whenever upward pressure is necessary to extract the shell from the crimping die, it may give trouble if your gun has an exceptionally small chamber. Soft cases will tend to swell slightly during storage, and this, too, could cause trouble. Immediately inspect any shell that requires excess extracting pressure. Remember, any shell that requires high extracting pressure will expand much more than one that extracts easily.
4. The brass base of the shell may be oversize. This portion of the fired shell varies widely and is sometimes so large that it is impossible to resize by conventional methods because of the excessive pressure necessary to extract it from the crimping die. It is advisable to perform a preliminary operation on some domestic and foreign shells, using the special resizing apparatus that is shipped with each Press. The use of this equipment is fully explained on page 12.
.-witti crimping die sticking
Remember, the results that you get from your Loader will, to a great extent, depend upon the condition of the crimping die. The bore of the die is made to exacting tolerances and should be protected between periods of operation. A light coating of oil is suggested as a rust and corrosion preventative. Be sure to remove all oil and check for possible rust and pitting before actual use.
1. Check your shells for moisture. If necessary, dry them as explained in part 2, above.
2. Check your shells for dirt or other foreign materials.
3. Check for oversize wads. To get good results you must use quality components.
4. Check for oversize brass. Use resizing apparatus as explained on page 12 if necessary.
5. Do not lubricate your shells. This softens the paper and makes them difficult to resize. In addition, the finished shells will expand in storage.
.•witlT. misfires or poor ignition
1. Check your powder and primers for moisture or dampness. Never expose the powder to air for any extended period. Most powders will absorb moisture from the air, especially under humid conditions. This will affect the burning characteristics as well as the weight. Whenever checking the weight of your charges, always use fresh powder from a sealed can and agitate to a certain extent to assure uniformity of mixture. Always check the weight of your charges during actual machine operation since movement of the machine will greatly affect the weight of the powder charge especially if it is of the fluffy or less dense variety. Be sure to store your primers in cool dry surroundings.
2. Check the bases of your shells for "dishing". If you find this condition, exert more pressure during the Repriming operation. This will flatten them. Poor detonation or misfire is often caused by the firing pin not striking the Primer with the proper impact due to this "dishing".
3. Be careful not to run out of powder or shot. Many cases of poor detonation or misfire are caused by the loading of several shells before noting that the pow-
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