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Measure The Speed Bullets Artillery

Air resistance to high speed bullets. Air resistance is proportional to the square of the velocity when the latter is not over 900 f.s. and when it is above 3,000 f.s., but not for velocities between 900 and 3,000. There, it is approximately proportional to the square of the diameter. In figuring air resistance a number of influences must receive their allowance velocity, diameter, shape of the tapered front, air density, etc. A starting-place for figuring being necessary, the start is made...

No Springfield Model Rifle Musket Regulation

Changes from Model 1861 the end of the muzzle is slightly countersunk to prevent damage from bruises cone seat improved hammer of revised form lock plate casehardened in colors band springs omitted, and bands of different form held in place by the grip afforded by adjustment screws swell omitted from ramrod improved rear sight bands, swivels and trigger heat blued on some and on others the blued pieces were the cone, screws and sights. The specimen shown is marked Springfield 1863 ' Its length...

No Four Shot Repeating Rifle and

Militia. These multi-shot superposed load flint lock rifles, made for New England militia companies, were produced by Simeon North of Middletown, Conn., by altering his overstock of Model 1817 rifles which he had been making for the government. The alteration consisted of substituting for that part of the regular rifle behind the rear band a screwcd-on barrel piece provided with a number of touch holes and a brazed-on slotted side plate. In the slot of the side...

S

Savage 268-270 Schenkl 107 Scott 177 Serbian, in World War 209 Sharps 46. 104, 105, 107, 113, 154, 172, 227, 230, 232, 236 Sharps and Hankins 155,231 Snipper Rifles 79, 87, 159, 187, 204 Spanish 220 Special Purpose Rifles 55-60, 79 Spencer 155, 156. 223, 234, 281 Springfield-Ailin 173 Springfield, No. 99 180 Springs 341 Stock Renovating 343-349 Striking Energy 319 Supplemental Chamber 326 Swaging Bullets 83 Systems of Rifling 331-333

At Long Range

As the battle had come to a draw, and both sides were exhausted, they drew apart several hours before sundown, and went into camp to rest and prepare for further exertions. One army occupied the gentle eastern slope of a chain of low hills near the sea. Scouts, upon their tops, looked to the west across a plain one to two miles wide, to the other army, which rested upon the eastern slope of a parallel line of hills. The general In command of the army by the sea called his brigadiers and...

No Chaffee Reece Experimental

A few hundred were made at the Springfield Armory and issued to troops for trial in the field. No. 4y Springfield Model 1884. Regulation. The principal change from the preceding model lies in the cartridge, as explained further along. Weight pounds. Length of barrel 32.6 inches. Twrist 1 turn in 22 inches. Three types of bayonets were provided triangular, with socket spade or trowel with socket cylindrical ramrod bayonet. The Buffmgton rear sight was our first military small arms sight to have...

Modern Chalkepope System

Sights, but they didn't go far enough, because they were merely adjuncts to ordinary metallic sights and also they were in some lights unsatisfactory because of disturbing light rays from the sides. The inventor may start with them and improve indefinitely Devices for teaching the rookie to hold. In out army training camps an expert marksman stands beside the rookie wrho is trying to learn to aim right and by looking into a small mirror which is attached to the rifle is able to see the rookie's...

Ptatf

Known represent but a portion of the varieties in use. No. i, Confederate-Perry Carbine. No marks. Calibre .52. Brass breech block which turns up like that of a Perry rifle, operated by a link movement like that of a Maynard. Heavy barrel, apparently an octagonal sporting one turned cylindrical. No. 2y Confederate-Sharps Carbine. Marked on the lock S. E. Robinson Arms Manufacturing Company, Richmond, Va., 1862. Made without a tape priming magazine. Until the closing year of the war the...

The Charm Of Arms Tn The Home

JN some houses, particularly old ones and those of Colonial type and furnishings, arms displayed in cases each side of doors or unndows ore appropriate and astonishingly decorative. A s masses they diffuse a charm which gives to a room a distinction equalled by no other form of adornment. Examined critically as separate specimens richly compounded of form, color, ornament and workmanship, each contributes such a spice of variety as maintains never-failing interest. Whether regarded individually...

United States

British cavalry and mounted infantry used smooth bores. War of 1847 with Mexico. None, except incidentally and unofficially. Mexico had no arms factories and her troops were equipped with purchased European weapons. Usually the agents of Mexico purchased in France, Belgium or England secondhand bargains. The English arms usually were obtained from the warehouses of the British India Company and the British African Company the former were already marked with the sign of the...

X

War, and except the cheap toys made as catch-pennies for boys, the sale of single shot rifles is next to nothing. Probably the revival will occur along the line of a first-class bolt action military gallery rifle. The foregoing statement of disuse and replacement should not be misunderstood to mean that there was a definite date of departure of the single shot and arrival of the repeater. No day, month or year marked the time. Match and wheel lock arms continued in use well into the flint lock...

The Garand Rifle

Springfield .30 caliber repeating rifle was the world's best military rifle, and although there was reiterated statement among army officers that a semi-automatic rifle could not be supplied during battle with sufficient ammunition, yet in 1936 the Garand semi-automatic was officially adopted by the U. S. Government to supersede the Springfield. The Garand, in 1941 still in process of improvement, has 75 parts, uses 8-shot clips of '0 5 ammunition, fires about 25 aimed shots...

Plate

Shows at the top the .303 calibre sporting rifle called Model E-10, an enlarged picture of the action, and a still larger one of the bolt. The helical ribs which turn the bolt spindle and fasten and release it are concealed from view by the outer casing. At the bottom of the plate are longitudinal section drawings of .28 calibre bullets, for which the company claims the design and declares them to have wonderful ballistic qualities, particularly the sharp pointed one. Each has a hollow nose the...

Military Rifles

This rifle, with modifications since 1905, and called The New Springfield ' the U. S. Government has been making and issuing to the Regular Army since 1903. The former high power small bore rifles on the Krag system contained faults due to mechanical design which no amount of correcting could overcome. The Krag system was therefore abandoned and that of the Mauser adopted as a basis for building up a new and more satisfactory U. S. military rifle. The New Springfield, especially the latest, is...

Present Manufacturers

The firearms business of Fred Adolph, of Genoa, New York, is a specialized one pertaining only to madc-to-order high grade arms built to suit the taste of the individual sportsman. From this book, shotguns and pistols being eliminated, mention of only one-third of the Adolph art craft remains, but the Adolph catalogue tells the rest and is worth the cost. The business, a comparatively new one, takes the place in America which, abroad, is held by eminent craftsmen who minister to the wants of...

Japan

No. 7, Arisaka or Year 38 rifle. 1907. In design practically a Mauser. Calibre 6.5 mm. or .256. Box magazine, 5 shots. Weight 8 pounds, 10 ounces. Length 4 feet 2 inches. Length of bayonet about 1 foot 3 inches. Velocity in 1914 about 2,400 f.s. Its use in the World War was against Germany's Asiatic Colonies. No. lt , Mannlicher-Verguiero, 1904. Calibre 6.5 mm. or .256. Box magazine, 5 shots. Weight 8 pounds 13 ounces. Length 4 feet. Length of bayonet 11J inches. Velocity in 1914 about 2,350...

Rolling Block Rifles

Maynard rifle, type of models 1873 and 1882. Model 1873 As the popularity of the copper cap waned, and the Berdan primer more and more displaced it, the Model 1865 Maynard, which was a copper cap breech loader, was succeeded by the Model 1873 using Berdan primer center fire special shells and also standard commercial rim fire cartridges. The use of either ccnter or rim primed shells in the same rifle was made possible by Hadley's patent breech device. Barrels were made for all calibres of...

The Interested Rifleman

Ordinary Air Rifle Bag

For several years the high price of fixed ammunition has caused users of arms to revert to black powder, lead bullets, and home-loaded shells for short and mid range target practice. There has even been a revival of the use of muzzle loading arms, and not only have quantities of old-timers been resurrected from closets and attics, but moreover sporting goods dealers report extensive demand for them. Hence a rifleman of the present time and the near future will need a working knowledge of a wide...

Loading Rifle

Cap Lock Rifle

No. 2, In North Britain, Alexander Henry of Edinburgh was the most celebrated British rifle maker. He invented a system of grooving which made him famous the Martini-Henry rifle, a mili- Renwick Collection courtesy of Captain Wm. G. Renwick. tary arm much in use up to twenty-five years ago, was bored and grooved upon his system. In double barrel sporting rifles he advocated larger bore and more weight than most of his contemporaries. The specimen shown weighs llf pounds and shoots a seventeen...

No.7 Wm. Jenks 1838 54. Calibre

Length of barrel 21 inches calibre .54. The hook-shaped catch for the preceding pattern having not only proved inconvenient for the cavalryman but also capable of inflicting troublesome wounds, a remedy was sought in this device. No. J, Hall. 3d type. Marked S. North, Middletown, Conn., 1842. The principal difference between this arm and No. 2 is in the catch. Improvement questionable. These three types were made from 1833 to 1843, and each is believed to be one of the first of its type issued,...

No Miller Rifle Militia

A device for the conversion of muzzle loaders employed during 1865. No. 1, Model 1865y Springfield Conversion. Regulation. Beginning the era of the metallic cartridge military breech loader. Shortly after the close of the Civil War in April, 1865, a Board was appointed to select a breech loading system for the army. The enormous stock of muzzle loading arms on hand was too valuable to be discarded immediately, so the government invited inventors to submit to the Board designs for converting...

No Model Rifle Regulation

Although, in the very founding of the United States, regiments of volunteer civilian infantry, armed with their own Kentucky rifles, proved again and again infinitely superior in battle to regiments of veteran soldiers armed with smooth bores, nevertheless the new United States let nearly twenty-five years go by before attempting to make military rifles. But the prospect of war with France, at the close of the 18th century, awoke the martial spirit of the new little nation, and revived old...

Our Kklus

Business purchased about 1875 by Oliver F. Winchester and thereafter discontinued. No. 3, Evans rifle. Warren R. Evans' patent of 1871. Made by the Evans Repeating Rifle Co., Mechanic Falls, Maine. The magazine, holding from 26 to 32 cartridges, was a large steel tube on which the top and bottom parts of the butt were fastened. Within the magazine a helix, revolved by the movement of the trigger guard, fed the ammunition to the chamber without the use of a spring. Discontinued about...

40 72 Hepburn Rifle For Sale

Ethan Allen's patent of 1860. Used rim fire 44 calibre copper cartridges. The breech action not being very strong, the issue of this rifle was discontinued about the time that improved center fire cartridges became common. No. 2, Sharps rifle, Model 1874. This model differs, in the action, from its paper and linen cartridge predecessors only in the slight changes necessary for metallic cartridge ammunition. This specimen used the 40-65-330 bottle neck cartridge,...

B

Percussion 103-109 British of 1812 War 211-216 British, in World War 206, 243 Broken Shell, Ext'r 326 Brooks 229 Brown Mfg Co. 172,240 Browning 282 Browning Formulae 336-340 Broughton 173, 174 Buck 113, 183 Buffalo Shooting 114 Buffington-Process 378 Buggy Rifle 59 Bulgarian, in World War 221 Bullard 114, 124 Bullet Seater 322 Bullet Speeds 312, 314, 315 Bullet Starter 82 Bullets, composite 82. 83, 85 patched 82, 83 picket 89 sphcrical 141, 313 conical 114,143,149.301-306 explosive 302, 303...

1859 Bethel-burton Rifle

A metal disc like a washer with a hole in the center occupied by a percussion cap. The bullets were carried in a magazine below the barrel and fed by a simple mechanism actuated by swinging the trigger guard for a lever. No. 9, Springfield Model 1854. Marked Springfield 1854 U. S. Muzzle loading, calibre .54. Brass fore end tip, otherwise iron mounted. Ramrod attached to the barrel by a swivel. No. 10y Pistol Carbine Model 1855.' Marked Springfield 1855 U. S. Calibre .58. Muzzle loading....

Rifles Used Against The United States Since

The Rifle of the British in Our War of 1812 No. 1, The Baker rifle. After a rather discouraging review of the military rifles of the present day it is refreshing to turn once more to the elementary arms of past generations. We of the present have at hand a large accumulation of basic ballistical knowledge and a present and future of immense opportunity in the realm of general science applicable to small-arms, and yet in fatuous conceit we are standing still. Our forbears, however, started with...

Military Rifle Specialists

Arms Co., Chicopee Falls, Mass., Civ. War Smith carbines. Am. Machine Wks., Springfield, Mass., Civ. War, Smith carbines. Ames, N. P., Co., Springfield, Mass. Mex. amp Civ. War rifles Jenks carbines amp rifles. Amoskeag Mfg. Co., Manchester, N. H. Civ. War, 27001 rifle mus. Ballard Arms Co., Fall River, Mass. Civ. War Ballard arms. Brooks, William F., N. Y., N. Y. Civ. War, Gibbs carb. Brown Mfg. Co., Ncwburyport, Mass. Brown rifles. Ballard rifles. Burnside Rifle Co., Providence, R. I....

Hillard Underhammer Rifleardesa

Cning of the grip by cutting away wood there for the lock seat. The bar lock Nos. 1, 2, and 3 are bar locks soon regained leadership. The hammer of this Forsyth cap lock contains the usual hollow in its striking end, but is not vented there, as were hammers of later make. The cone for this lock is seated in a recess in the standing breech, the rain drain of which runs backward after the cap lock had been in use a few years the rain drain was vented forward, which was a more logical way, sincc a...

Gunstock Deformity

Of spelter and copper, ships' cargoes of explosives, countless other things. The plant is so designed that each raw material is stored at the beginning of its journey along the road to becoming a finished part, and all finished parts meet where they are to be assembled, and nothing retrogrades during any part of its journey. But we who follow the making of a rifle have to go forwards, and backwards, and crosswise, because we have to journey to the same end several times, each time by a...

No Springfield Model Artillery Rifle Musk et Regulation

Length of barrel about 33 inches. Two bands. Except for adherence to these specifications the details of this class of arms did not follow a prescribed rule. These arms were made during 1863, T64 and '65 from the left-overs of rifles and muskets of 1865 and preceding years. The specimen shown has a lock of the 1861 pattern bearing the date of 1862 a cut-down barrel dated 1863 a re-shaped Model 1841 stock, and a butt plate of 1819 pattern. Some of the...

Rifle Ornamentation

Breech loader has already been described. One step more remained to be taken, and that was to incorporate the cap in the cartridge. For center fire cartridges the evolution of the BerdajOL primer was that next step. Perhaps it is needless to say that Dr. Maynard adopted it at once and produced gas-tight breech loaders. Of course after the method proved to be the right one the reasons became apparent. The gas generated by the explosion of the powder acts quicker on the elastic walls of the shell...

Smith And Wesson

John Webster Cochran's patent of 1837. Eight, shots. On account of rearward pointing loaded chambers this device was a dangerous one many sad accidents occurred with Cochran and Porter, too arms, and both in their day were heaped with odium, in spite of which many were made and purchasers for them found. Other inventors recognized the impossibility of using the turret and the wheel movements and avoided them. The turret has now, however, been successfully applied as a...

Percussion Forsyth Pistol

Shotgun for a priming he discpvered that it gave better results when ignited by a blow than by a spark out of this small beginning all subsequent developments grew. Several years were spent in developing a gun-lock suitable to this new method of firing a charge of gunpowder in 1805 one was fixed upon and applied to his fowling-piece. He shot with that gun all of the season of 1805 and took it to London in the spring of 1806 to show to some of his sporting friends. By the time he received his...

No i The action part of an Offhand Model Ballard For other Ballard s see Index

Bicycile Rifle

No. 2, Model 1881, the first repeater. It was made in a series of three, for 40 60 260, 45 70 405, and 45-85-285, all, in their day, considered powerful cartridges. This model was discontinued and superseded by No. 3, Model 1889. In this model the opening for ejection of shells was changed from the top to the right side of the frame, leaving the top solid to prevent the entrance of objectionable matter. The gate in the frame, which in the model 1881 was a sliding one, now was hinged at the...

France

No. 2, Lebel rifle, adopted in 1886 the first small bore rifle black powder of any nation, and the first to use smokeless powder. Calibre 8 mm., or .315. Eight cartridges are carried in a tubular magazine below the barrel with one in the receiver and one in the barrel 10 are the total. Length of rifle 4 feet 3.12 inches. Length of bayonet 1 fool 8.72 inches. Weight without bayonet 9 pounds 3 ounces. Four grooves with one turn in about 9 inches. Boat shaped bullet Balle D of solid bronze copper...

Pennsylvania Rifle Ardesa

V .-M .-Xrr. No. lf Pepperbox rifle. Four barrels of different calibres are bored in one piece of iron. There are two lock plates, one on each side, each having two hammers of the mule ear variety. A single trigger throws whichever hammer is cocked if two or more hammers are cocked at the same time all go at once. This arm is selected from many of its kind because it combines all their faults. On account of the waste metal between bores the rifle weighs pounds and has...

Savage

1885 Maynard Breech Loader

The Savage Arms Corporation, of Utica, N. Y. was the development in 1917 of the Savage Arms Company which was organized in 1893 to manufacture a type of hammerless, solid breech, revolving box magazine rifle designed by Arthur Savage, Superintendent of the Utica Street Railway, to handle the .303 Savage cartridge. The cartridge was a smokeless powder one with a jacketed bullet in power it was greater than the popular .30-30, and approached that of the newr U. S. military cartridge. The Savage...

Rifle Illustration

Mostly without firearms of any kind about 600 were La Fitte's pirates, armed with cutlasses and pistols part of them served the 13 cannon , and the rest were for hand-to-hand fighting in case the enemy scaled the breastworks their influence upon the battle was very small there were about 500 regulars armed with muskets at close range they counted for something and then there were about 500 regulars armed with Model 1800 Rifles, and about 2,100 militia from Kentucky, Tennessee and Louisiana who...

Paper Cartridge

Merrill Breech Loading Firearm

About 1859 This arm and the Deringer shown on Plate 31, No. 1, are remarkably similar, barring the construction of the lock and the 1855 priming magazine on this one. Breech loading. Paper cartridge, calibrc .58. Made by Remington. Throwing forward the top lever rotates a cylindrical shaft which is perpendicular to the axis of the bore, and brings an opening in the shaft in line with the bore. The paper cartridge is then pushed into place by a piston worked by...

Delvigne M1841 1848 Rifle

The rifling had been tried between 1 turn in 10 feet and 1 in 6 feet. The first alteration to cap lock was made by screwing the cone into the barrel the second by screwing a plug into the touch hole and seating the cone in the plug the third consisted of brazing a lug on the barrel to take the cone and a fourth consisted in cutting off the breech of the barrel and screwing on a newr breech which had a chamber of less diameter than the bore of the barrel and a ledge around the outer edge of this...

Hillegas Muzzleloaders

Deringer, Henry, Senior, Richmond, Va., about l OO-1806 Phila., Penn., 1806 until his death. Derr, John, Lancaster, Penn. End of the flint period. Dreppert, Lancaster, Penn. Perhaps son of F. Drippard. Dunkle, G., Path Valley, Penn. Ellis, Reuben, Albany, N. Y. Emmes, Nathaniel, Boston, Mass. Before 1825. Ernst, J., Penn. Finch, Joseph, N. Y., N. Y. Died 1828. French, Thomas, Canton, Mass., born 1778, died 1862. Giles, Richards amp Co., Boston, Mass. Hall, John H., Yarmouth, Me., until 1816....

War of Rifles of Spain

No. 4, Spain used the widely known Mauser rifle, pattern of 1892. The Spanish Mauser was about 49 inches long, had a barrel length of about 28 inches, weighed about 8 pounds, and was of calibre 7 mm. Nearly all were marked 14 Loewe amp Co., Berlin. M Of rifles and carbines together the United States captured between twenty-one and twenty-two thousand. Many thousand of them, in almost new condition, were refinished at our Springfield Armory, giving the Ordnance officers in command there the...

Confederate States

Manufacturers and Repairers of Rifled Shoulder Arms the period of the Confederate States was from 1861 to 1865 . Beech amp Rigdon, or Leech amp Rigdon C. Chapman Cook amp Bro. New Orleans, before 1863. Athens, Ga. 1863-1866. Dickson, Nelson amp Co.-- Alabama Fayetteville Arsenal Fayetteville, N. C. Wm. Glaze amp Co. Columbia S. C. Sometimes stamped his work with this name and sometimes Palmetto Armory ' Hyde amp Goodrich New Orleans, La. W. S. McElwainc Holly Springs, Miss. Died 1882....

No Greene Oval Bore Rifle Regulation

1863 Sharps Rifle Size

Marked Greene's Patent Nov. 17, 1857. Length about 52 inches length of barrel 36 inches calibre of bore before ovaling .53, depth of cutting each side .008, making the calibre .546 pitch 1 turn in about 50 inches. Weight without bayonet 10 pounds. The charge, in a paper packet, was 2 inches long, and contained 68 grains of powder and a Minie bullet weighing an ounce and a quarter. The wood was filled and coated writh linseed oil. The hammer was case-hardened in colors the ramrod was bright...

Rifle Accessories

Broken Shell Extractor Tool Patent

Information regarding tools for casting, sizing, lubricating and seating bullets for capping, de-capping, sizing, opening and crimping shells and about machines for measuring powder with a fair amount of accuracy, can be had in the Ideal Handbook, which is or at least long has been distributed gratis by sporting goods stores to customers. Bullet sealer. In target shooting with lead bullets there is advantage to seating the bullet separately in the rifling ahead of the shell. It can be done very...