Rolling Block Rifles

No. Maynard rifle, type of models 1873 and 1882. Model 1873:—As the popularity of the copper cap waned, and the Berdan primer more and more displaced it, the Model 1865 Maynard, which was a copper cap breech loader, was succeeded by the Model 1873 using Berdan primer center fire special shells and also standard commercial rim fire cartridges. The use of either ccnter or rim primed shells in the same rifle was made possible by Hadley's patent breech device. Barrels were made for all calibres of shells between .22 and .38; and emphasis was laid on the economy and convenience arising from the interchangeability of a series of barrels of varying calibres on a single stock and breech piece. Model 1882: — The Berdan primer was succeeded by the Winchester; and fixed ammunition, on sale everywhere, differed in measurements from the old; slight changes in the Maynard rifle, therefore, became necessary, and the Model 1882 was issued to use up-to-date ammunition. Except for .22 rim fire cartridges the Model 1882 was chambered only for center fire; calibres ran the gamut from 22-10-45 to 50-100-500. In the Mass. Arms Company's catalogue of 1885 many excellent targets made with Maynard rifles were published; one made with .22 calibre rim fire ammunition showed 30 consecutive shots, offhand, at 75 feet, in a one-inch circle; at 100 yards, with 32-36-165 ammunition, 10 consecutive shots in or cutting a half inch circle; at 220 yards, with 44-70-520 ammunition, 10 successive shots in or cutting a two and three-eighths inch circle; at 800 yards, 17 consecutive shots all well inside the bulls-eye; and so on, showing that metallic cartridges and rifles of 35 years ago were satisfactory weapons. The manufacture of Maynard rifles was discontinued about 1890.

ATo. 2, Ballard rifle. Data is given under the heading " Martin," in Part III. The specimen shown was the most popular one of the various models issued by the factory, and is true to type. Such specimens are now difficult to secure becausc Ballard actions wrere so popular among the target shooting fraternity that the frames were extensively used with barrels of other makes and gunsmith-made special stocks.

No. J, Stevens rifle, schuetzen model. Mechanism like that of the " Ideal." Data is given under the heading of " Stevens."

No. 4, Wurfflein rifle. The top lever releases the catch of the barrel, which tips up at the breech. Manufacture discontinued.

No. 5, Sharps-Borchardt rifle. Unique in that the firing mechanism was contained in the falling breech block. An excellent mechanism, strong

Remington Rolling Block

Plate is and very speedy, and popular in its day. Discontinued.

No. 6, Remington rifle of the J. Rider or rolling breech type. 'Whitney rifle, rolling breech type. The same illustration serves for both as they arc not differentiated in a small picture. Both discontinued.

No. 7, Hopkins & Allen rifle. Rolling breech, operated by the trigger guard. The Hopkins & Allen was the cheapest of the target, rifles and yet, in the small calibres, as accurate as the best. But in the .22 rim fire size it was a nuisancc because the empty shell could get inside the frame and block the movement. Discontinued.

No. 8t Buck rifle. Breech block, hammer and extractor operated by the trigger guard. Apparently an infringement of two other patents; discontinued before 1885. ¿Made by H. A. Buck & Co., W. Stafford, Conn.

0 0

Post a comment