While this is the basic rifle of the Russian Army, other and more modern types—as well as more ancient ones— are in use. This weapon may eventually be supplanted by the new Russian automatic rifle. Caliber: 7.65mm Russian.
Magazine: Fixed vertical box as in Springfield. Barrel Length: 31.5".
Overall Length of Rifle: 4'-3 4/5" (with bayonet about
Weight: 8 lbs. 15 ozs. Bayonet weighs about 13 ozs.
Magazine Capacity: 5 cartridges.
Sights: Barleycorn front and V-rear. Rear sight adjust-ab.e from 400 to 2700 paces. Note that this does not follow the English or European system of sight estimation.
Loading and Firing: Bolt is lifted up and drawn back as far as it will go. Cartridges are then loaded down into the box of the magazine in normal fashion. Pushing bolt forward loads the firing chamber, turning the handle down locks the weapon. Pressing the trigger will now fire the rifle.
Special Note on This Rifle. This rifle is designed on the Nagant system. Its bolt is a very complicated affair. It has a separate bolt head revolving with the bolt and bearing two lugs. The bolt head and bolt are held together by a connecting bar beneath them which acts as a guide to the cocking piece. It also serves to hold the bolt in the receiver. When the weapon is closed, the bolt lugs are horizontal instead of being one above the other as in the Mauser and Mannlicher systems. The striker Is a single piece actuated by a mainspring.
Safety: Pulling out on the cocking piece and turning it to the left prevents the v/eapon from being fired or the bolt being opened.
Magazine: The box magazine is made in one piece with the trigger guard. It is fitted with a special inter rupter to prevent more than one cartridge at a time coming up into the feedway. A projection on the end of this interrupter acts as an ejector.
Trigger: The first pull on the trigger releases it. A tooth af top of trigger projects into the boltway and takes the place of the ordinary sear.
Mainspring: The *rirst part of compression occurs when the cocking-piece nose works In a cam recess on the nose end when the bolt handle is pulled to the rear; the compression is completed as the bolt handle is turned into its iocking seat by the action of the lugs on the sloped entrance of the seat.
Special Note: This rifle is of 1900 design. It is not to be confused with the really superb firearms designed and manufactured by the Russians in the last 10 years.
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