Sustainment Training

Basic MK 19 gunnery skills and gunner qualification continues in units. Once soldiers learn individual and crew skills, the unit must help them sustain those skills. To do this, leaders follow the annual gunnery-training program provided in Appendix E, Annual Gunnery Training Program. In addition to sustaining skills, the unit incorporates the MK 19 into collective training exercises such as platoon and squad live-fire situational training exercises (STXs). a. The strategy for sustaining basic...

Always replace both mercury batteries at the same time

To mount the AN TVS-5 (1) Align the scribe line on the sight with the scribe line on the bracket. (2) Place the sight in the grove of the bracket and tighten the lever screw clockwise. (3) Secure the lever screw with lacing wire or tape to ensure the sight does not vibrate loose. (4) Seat the device. After firing the initial burst, retighten the lever screw to ensure the sight is securely mounted. (If you are unable to fire at this time, lightly shake the sight to ensure...

Ammunition must never be scattered this may result in a hazard to friendly soldiers burned HE and HEDP rounds may

If possible, use the mechanical method to destroy MK 19s and equipment. There are three ways to do this (1) Smash them. Using a sledgehammer or some similar heavy tool, damage the MK 19s so that they cannot be used. (2) Bend the MK 19s' guide rods over the receivers. (3) Take off (or out) the same part from each of the MK 19s. If a different part is taken from each gun, new MK 19s may be pieced together. b. Burning Method. To burn equipment or MK 19s, use a fuel source...

Annual Gunnery Training Program

This appendix contains four suggested annual training programs for the MK 19, MOD 3 one for each of the fighting and supporting active and reserve forces. Because of the high cost of M918TP and M430 HEDP rounds, live fire is kept to a minimum. Gunnery training programs have been prepared to adequately train gunners based on the mission profile of the unit. Refer to Chapter 4, Marksmanship, and Appendix I, Gunnery Exercises, for the firing tables that support these programs. A definition of each...

Be prepared to catch droppedejected live round from weapon

Excessive friction from dirt, carbon buildup, lack of lubrication, or burred parts usually causes sluggish or erratic action. Once the gunner realizes that the gun is operating sluggishly or erratically, he should cease-fire and clear the weapon. The two primary corrective actions are cleaning or turning the weapon into the armorer. There are several reasons why a weapon may exhibit sluggish or erratic firing. a. Dirty Bore or Chamber. A dirty bore or firing chamber can cause sluggish or...

Caution

The sear assembly should be removed only in a clean and well-lit area because a small pin could possibly fall out and become lost, which makes the gun inoperable. a. Disassembly. Disassembly includes removal of parts to the extent explained in this chapter. To ensure that parts are not lost and are replaced properly, place them (in the order in which they are taken off) on a clean flat surface. A spent cartridge casing, a section of the cleaning rod, and a cartridge link may be used as removal...

CObtain and Record Direction Readings to all Targets Within the Sector of Fire

Loosen the traversing slide lock lever and move the slide along the traversing bar until the MK 19 is laid on the center of a point target or on either flank of a linear target. Lock the traversing bar and read the direction from the scale on the traversing bar. If the left edge of the traversing slide does not fall exactly on a 5-mil tickmark, move the left edge of the traversing bar slide back to the next smaller mil reading. Use the traversing handwheel to complete the initial...

Control

The alert is the first element of the initial fire command. Its purpose is to choose the gun crews and ready them to receive and execute the fire command. FIRE MISSION is announced for all targets. When two or more guns are to fire, the leader announces, FIRE MISSION. If only one gun is to fire, then NUMBER 1 (2) FIRE MISSION is given. When the leader wants to alert all guns, but only wants one gun to fire, the announcement is FIRE MISSION, NUMBER 1 (2). (2) Direction. There are...

Fighting Forces Active Component

These forces consist of infantry, military police, scout, and engineer units of the active Army. Gunners assigned to these units are required to qualify semiannually. They are also required to participate in squad platoon-level live fires quarterly and combined arms live fire exercises (CALFEX) annually. Assistant gunners are also required to qualify or fire familiarization exercises annually. a. Every quarter the unit conducts preliminary marksmanship instruction and crew drills. The Gunnery...

Fighting Forces Reserve Components

These forces consist of military police, engineer, and infantry units of the reserve components. Gunners for these forces must maintain a level of proficiency higher than that of the active support forces. At the same time, limited time and range resources must be considered. Gunners of these forces conduct sustainment on the trainer at least quarterly. Live fires consist of annual qualification and a unit level LFX. These forces are allocated 192 or 118 rounds each year for live fire and...

Supporting Forces Active Component

These forces consist of all other units in the active component not identified as fighting force units. These guns are used primarily in defense of battalion, brigade, and division rear operations. Gunners from these forces participate in instruction fire and qualification annually. a. Every quarter the unit conducts preliminary marksmanship instruction and crew drills. The Gunnery Skills Test is also conducted. b. During the first quarter, there is no additional training. c. During the second...

Supporting Forces Reserve Component

These forces consist of all reserve units not specifically outlined under the paragraph on fighting forces. They are allocated 78 rounds for each year to qualify. a. Every quarter the unit conducts preliminary marksmanship instruction and crew drills. The Gunnery Skills Test is also conducted. b. There is no additional training during the first quarter. c. There is no additional training during the second quarter. d. During the third quarter, gunner practice qualification and qualification...

Fieldexpedient Method Of Laying The Mk

Another method for laying the MK 19 on predetermined targets is to use field expedients (Figure 5-29). Field expedients must be used in the secondary sector, and consist of aiming and base stakes. They can be used in the primary sector to aid the gunner. Figure 5-29. Techniques for laying the MK 19 using field-expedient method. Figure 5-29. Techniques for laying the MK 19 using field-expedient method.

Figure Data section information

Write in the distance in meters between the circles. To find the distance, count the intervals from the weapon to the maximum engagement line. Divide the number of intervals into the range. This gives the distance between circles (Figure 4-24). For example 2,212 meters 294 meters between circles 7.5 intervals Figure 4-24. Determination of range the circles represent. Figure 4-24. Determination of range the circles represent. Number (No.). Starting with number 1,...

Figure G Installing the lens caps

The AN PEQ-2A is equipped with boresight adjusters for zeroing the aiming beam and illumination beam to the weapon (Figure G-8). The AN PEQ-2A adjusters move the beam in true horizontal and vertical directions with the top adjusters used for elevation and the side adjusters for windage. When zeroing the AN PEQ-2A, it is best to zero the aiming beam to the weapon and then align the illumination beam to the aiming beam.

Figure G Operation of the button switch

The cable switch is used when the AN PEQ-2A is mounted on a weapon (Figure G-5). The cable switch plugs into the back of the AN PEQ-2A assembly. Pressing the button or pad at the end of the cable switch causes the unit to turn on in the operational mode selected by the mode select switch. When released, the AN PEQ-2A turns off. (a) If continuous operation of the AN PEQ-2A is desired, pressing the cable switch twice in rapid succession will latch the unit ON. The unit will...

Figure G Safety block installation

The mode selector is used to set the mode in which the AN PEQ-2A will operate when the cable switch button or push button is depressed. The mode selector has six positions (Table G-2). The aiming beam operates at low power. The aiming beam and the illuminating beam operate at low power. The aiming beam operates at high power. The aiming beam operates at low power and the illuminating beam operates at full power. The aiming beam operates at high power and the illuminating beam...

Figure G Using the focus knob

Several lens caps can be used with the AN PEQ-2A for different purposes (Figure G-7). (a) The black lens cap blocks the AN PEQ-2A illuminator or aiming laser beam should the device be activated. To use the black lens cap, pull it from its stored location on the side of the unit and stretch it over the front of the focus knob or aiming beam so that it fits snugly in place. (b) The diffuser lens cap enables the illuminator or aiming laser to emit in a 45-degree cone (10 feet at 10...

Figure H Feed slide assembly moved to the left

The gunner closes the top cover and charges the weapon (Figure H-12). The gunner presses the trigger, which places the lead round in the bolt extractor. He charges the weapon a second time, forcing the lead round from the bolt extractors into the bolt fingers. The weapon is ready to fire. When the assistant gunner raises the rear sight, the gunner calls Up (Figure H-13). Figure H-12. Gunner charging the MK 19.

Figure Marginal information

Never show unit higher than company level. Magnetic north. Orient the range card with the terrain and find the direction of magnetic north with a compass. Draw a magnetic north arrow using the straight edge of the compass. (i) Fill in the data section in the following manner (Figure 4-23) Position identification. Write primary, alternate, or secondary. Weapon. Write MK 19, grenade machine gun. Date. Write the day and month.

Figure Mil relationship

The mil relationship, as shown in Figure 5-7, is X W R where X is the angular width of the object in mils (f), W is the width of the object in meters, and R is the range or distance in thousands of meters. (1) To find Width when the known Range is 4,000 meters and the object is 15 f wide, multiply R times X f or 4 (range in thousands) times 15 (mils). The answer is 60 (meters), or 4 x 15 60 meters. (2) To find Range when the known Width in meters (between two bursts or two obj ects) is 60...

Fire Control

To correctly exercise fire control, the gunner must be able to Open fire at the instant desired. Shift fire from one target to another. Failure to exercise correct fire control results in danger to friendly troops, loss of surprise, premature disclosure of position, misuse of fire on unimportant targets, loss of time in securing adjustments, and waste of ammunition. The main factors to consider for effective fire control are as follows a. Sector of Fire. This is an area of terrain that an...

Antvs

The AN TVS-5 is a portable, battery-operated electro-optical instrument used for observation and aimed fire of weapons at night (Figure G-14 and Table G-4). It amplifies reflected light such as moonlight, starlight, and sky glow so that the viewed scene becomes clearly visible to the operator. The sight does not emit visible or infrared light (except from the eyepiece) that can be detected by the enemy. By using this device, the gunner can observe the area and detect and engage any suitable...

Convert The M Hmmwv Tow Missile Carrier From Mk Mode To Tow Mode

To convert the M966 weapon system from the MK 19 mode to the TOW 2 mode, the crew performs the following actions. (1) Places the traversing unit in the traveling position. (2) Obtains the nightsight and collimation cases from the stowed position and places them on top of the vehicle near the gunner. (3) Stows the gun cradle ammo bracket, T& E mechanism, and empty case catch bag assembly. (4) Unstraps the missile guidance system (MGS), unlatches its cover, and stows the MGS in the commander's...

Engage Targets With The Mk

The MK 19 squad must be able to successfully engage a target while occupying a firing position. This crew drill is based on the procedures found in Section III of Chapter 5, Application of Fire. The purpose of this drill is to exercise proper fire techniques to successfully engage a target while not hitting friendly troops or attempting to hit a target out of range. The crew occupies a dismounted position when the squad leader announces, Fire mission. a. The squad leader then performs the...

Inspection Of Equipment

All crewmembers repeat the command and inspect the components. The equipment is inspected and verified by the following crewmembers. a. The assistant gunner inspects the M3 tripod, gun cradle, and T& E mechanism and ensures (1) The indexing levers and clamps on the front and trail legs work, and that the legs are in the short (low) position. (2) The front leg is placed at a 60-degree angle and the trail legs are closely folded and the front leg clamp is...

Placing The Mk Into Action

The leader commands and signals GUN TO BE MOUNTED, and points to the position where the gun is to be mounted FRONT, and points in the direction of fire ACTION, and indicates with his fist the MK 19's direction in the chosen position. Crewmembers take the following steps to place the gun into operation. (1) Drags the tripod to the firing position by its front leg with his right hand, and carries the gun cradle with the T& E mechanism attached in his left hand. (2) When he arrives at the...

Taking The Mk Out Of Action

To take the gun out of action, the leader commands OUT OF ACTION. Each crewmember accomplishes the following in sequence. a. The gunner raises the top cover of the MK 19. The assistant gunner releases the ammunition belt from the feed tray and places it in the ammunition can. The gunner takes the round or spent cartridge case from the bolt fingers, places it in the ammunition can, and closes the top cover. b. The assistant gunner releases the MK 19 from the gun cradle. The gunner lifts the MK...

Transport Of The Tripodmounted Mk

To move the MK 19 and equipment a short distance, the gunner commands SECURE EQUIPMENT, FOLLOW ME. The MK 19 can be moved using one of three methods a. Dragging. The gunner grasps the front leg and pulls the MK 19 to the new position, and the assistant gunner secures any loose equipment. b. Two-man Carry. The gunner stands behind the tripod with a trail leg in each hand. The assistant gunner grasps the front leg and avoids touching the barrel if it is hot. The gunner and assistant gunner carry...

Collective Gunnery

These three exercises test the application of fire from two or more guns against linear, deep, linear with depth, and area targets. They test collective individual skills, fire control, leader skills, adjustment of fire, methods of target engagement, and the control of one or more fire units. Tables I-5 through I-7 should be used with unit LFXs. They can be held on any range or piece of terrain that supports the MK 19. Targets may be made up of 55-gallon drums, hulks of old vehicles,...

Individual Gunnery

These first four tables are used for gunnery practice. Each single gun exercise requires the gun crew to mount and dismount the MK 19, and engage point and area targets at various ranges. The two dismounted day exercises require the gun crew to prepare a range card and engage targets using data from the range card (Tables I-1 and Table I-2). The third exercise (Table I-3) is a mounted combat exercise and the fourth exercise (Table I-4) is a night fire exercise. a. Instructional Fire Exercise...

Information For Instructors

This chapter provides information to aid instructors in training MK 19 crews to become skilled teams. This chapter is organized to lead the trainer in a progressive manner through the material necessary to aid him in training units. Information is presented beginning with preliminary subjects these areas include mechanical training, knowledge of the gun's capabilities, and the principles and fundamentals of MK 19 gunnery. To present instruction in the time allotted, the instructor must be...

Introduction

Although the MK 19 is a recent entry into the Army's inventory, development began in 1963. The first version was a hand-cranked, multiple grenade launcher called the MK 18. In 1966 the needfor more firepower inspired the development ofa self-powered 40-mm machine gun called the MK 19, MOD 0. This model was neither reliable nor safe enough for use as a military weapon system. Product improvements begun in 1971 resulted in the 1972 MOD 1, of which only six were produced. The MOD 1 performed...

Marksmanship

With gun and mount, the instructor makes arrangements for a demonstration crew to be available. He ensures that he has a sighting bar, an illustration of a correct sight picture, a sighting target (panel with holder), a stopwatch, control flags, cleaning rods, and patches. a. Organization. Organize the crew and the training area. Organize each crew with four members, if possible. Use a centralized area, preferably with bleachers, for conferences and demonstrations. The area should be fairly...

Observation And Adjustment Of Fire

Observation and adjustment gives the soldier a chance to practice adjustment of fire by observing traj ectory and impact or by re-laying often on the target using the sights. Live-fire training is held on the firing range after the methods are explained in the classroom. a. When firing on targets, adjust by moving the burst into the target. Based on the strike of the rounds, adjust the number of clicks for elevation and direction needed to move the center of impact onto the target. This does...

Readings Recommended

These readings contain relevant supplemental information. Physical Security of Sensitive Conventional Arms, Ammunition, and Explosives. August 2000. NBC Decontamination. 31 January 2002. Mechanized Infantry Platoon and Squad (Bradley). 20 August 2002. * This source was also used to develop this production. FM 5-250 Explosives and Demolitions. 30 July 1998. FM 7-8 with change Infantry Rifle Platoon and Squad. 22 April 1992. FM 7-20 with change The Infantry Battalion. 29 December 2000. FM 31-70...

Section I Preparatory Marksmanship Training

Preparatory marksmanship training for the MK 19 covers the firing positions, the MK 19 fighting position, use of the T& E mechanism, and manipulation exercises. Thorough instruction during the preparatory training and exercises helps ensure efficient use of time and ammunition during range firing. Use the basic sitting, standing, and kneeling positions during training and range firing of the MK 19. a. Sitting. When the tripod is used in the low or high position, sit directly behind the gun...

Section Ii Range Fire

Range firing gives hands-on MK 19 firing experience to the soldier who has completed the Intermediate Gunnery Test. Use the procedures in this section to set up and conduct range firing. The desired width for each lane is 100 meters at 800 meters from the firing line but can be modified due to local range or terrain limitations. Range firing includes zeroing procedures, observation and adjustment for fire, instructional firing, and qualification firing. Active fighting-force gunners qualify...

Sources Used

These are the sources quoted or paraphrased in this publication. DA Cir 35G-3B DA Form 5517-R DA PAM 3B5-63 FM 3-22.6B Standards in Weapons Training. 3 July 1997. Standard Range Cards. February 1986. Range Safety. 19 May 2003. Crew-Served Machine Guns, 5.56-mm and 7.62-mm. 31 January 2003. Map Reading and Land Navigation. 20 July 2001. Unit Training Management. 10 September 1984. Training in Units. 12 December 1984. Training Ranges. 16 November 1992.

Station Five

TASK Identify characteristics of a defensive position for the MK 19. CONDITIONS The gunner is given an M3 tripod, a complete MK 19, a location in which to work, a direction of fire, and a partially dug fighting position. STANDARDS The gunner must identify the actions needed to complete the fighting position. 1. Check assigned direction of fire. 4. Check fighting position camouflage. 5. Check for protection against small-arms fire. 6. Check for protection against indirect fire fragments. 7....

Station Four

Station Four has four intermediate training objectives. TASK Mount and dismount the MK 19 onto one of the following M3 tripod, M4 pedestal on a 1 4-ton vehicle, HMMWV with weapon platform, or commander's cupola on a M113. CONDITIONS The gunner is given a complete MK 19, a complete MK 64, MOD 7, gun cradle, a location in which to work, TM 9-1010-231-13& P, and one or more of the following M3 tripod, 1 4-ton vehicle with an M4 pedestal, HMMWV with weapon platform, or M113. STANDARDS The gunner...

Station Seven

TASK Mount, place into operation, and dismount the AN TVS-5 NVD from the MK 19. CONDITIONS The gunner is given a mounted MK 19 and an AN TVS-5. STANDARDS The gunner must mount the AN TVS-5 on the MK 19, place the sight into operation, and dismount the AN TVS-5 from the MK 19. Mount the M2 mounting bracket onto the MK 19. Mount the AN TVS-5 onto the M2 bracket. Install the batteries in the device. Press your eye against the eye guard. Turn the ON-OFF TUBE BRIGHTNESS control to ON. Adjust the...

Table G Hwts controls and Indicators

(2) The EMERGENCY SWITCH CONTROL places the HTWS in emergency mode. The eyecup must be depressed in order to for the CRT to illuminate. (3) The BRIGHTNESS CONTROL is a rotary switch with an off detent position (turned fully counterclockwise). The purpose is to turn the system on or off and adjust the brightness of the eyepiece display. (4) The FOCUS RING adjusts the telescope focus from 20 meters to infinity. It requires a manual adjustment and affects both the wide and narrow fields of view....

Table I Linear and deep targets

Engage a deep target with a pair of MK 19s (two guns). Given a deep target 100 meters long with midrange to the target from 800 to 1,200 meters, two MK 19s on tripods with T& E mechanisms, during the hours of daylight or under degraded conditions. Gun crews must cover 90 percent of the deep target with effective fire while performing the following 1. The leader lays the guns on his respective ends of the target. 2. The leader issues the fire command for engaging a deep target. 3. Gunners...

Table I Linear and deep targets continued

Engage a linear target with depth using a pair of MK 19s (two guns). Given a target 100 meters wide and 50 meters long (or 50 meters wide and 100 meters long), from 800 to 1,200 meters, two MK 19s with tripods and T& E mechanisms, during daylight or under degraded conditions. Gun crews must cover 80 percent of the linear with depth target with effective fire while performing the following 1. The leader lays the guns on the gun crews' respective flanks (ends) of the target. 2. The leader...

Table I Linear targets with depth

Engage an area target with two pairs of MK 19s (four guns). Given an area target from 1,000 to 1,400 meters (midrange) extending over 200 meters in length and width, four MK 19s on tripods with T & E mechanisms, during the hours of daylight or under degraded conditions. The combined gun crews must cover 70 percent of the area target with suppressive fire while performing the following 1. The leader determines direction and elevation to the area target (midrange). 2. The leader divides the...

Table I Mounted combat exercise

During scoring procedures, the grader positions himself so that he can observe both the gunner and the target. Once the exercise commences, he Times the tasks having a time standard. Observes and informs the gunner of the strike of the rounds. Records the results of each task in the right hand column with a Y for satisfactory completion of the task or an N for an unsatisfactory completion. Sums the results and assigns an overall score in accordance with the scores in the bottom box of the...

The backplate is under extreme pressure when the bolt is in the rear position To avoid serious injury ensure the bolt

(a) Place the safety switch in the F (FIRE) position. (b) Take out the backplate pin using the rim of a spent cartridge case or metal link. (c) Pry outward on the pin lip and remove the pin with the fingers (Figure 2-18). If the pin cannot be removed with the fingers, hit the small end of the pin with the secondary drive lever until the pin comes loose. (d) Grasp the control grips with both hands and lift up slightly to disengage the backplate from the locking lugs in the receiver. (e) Pull the...

Any of these three symptoms mean a bore obstruction Do not attempt to clear a bore obstruction

Emergency Actions after a Short Recoil. The gunner does the following actions after a short recoil (2) Clear area of personnel and ammunition. (3) Notify range safety officer. (4) Pull the charger handles to the rear, without stopping or pausing, until the bolt locks. Ensure that the bolt stays to the rear before releasing the charger handles. (5) Insert cleaning rod section through slot in side of receiver. Prepare to catch the ejected live round. (6) Raise cleaning rod to force live round...

Remount The Mk

The vehicle crew must be able to mount the MK 19 from the ground-mount to a vehicle-mount or stowed position within four minutes. a. To mount the MK 19 from the ground to the vehicle the crew performs the following actions. (1) The squad leader assists the gunner in clearing the weapon by releasing the ammunition belt from the feed tray, and placing it in the ammunition can. He then (a) Removes the ammunition can and places it on the ground. (b) Releases the MK 19 from the gun cradle. (c)...

Measurement Of Lateral Distance

The gunner can use the finger method to find distance. He extends his arm toward the target with his palm out, elbow locked, one eye closed, and index finger raised (Figure 5-9). He sights along the edge of the finger, adding extra fingers to fill in the space (the average finger is 30 mils wide). One finger equals 30 mils, two fingers equals 70 mils, three fingers equals 100 mils (Figure 5-10). Figure 5-9. Use of fingers to measure deviation. Figure 5-9. Use of fingers to measure deviation....

Figure H Securing the TE mechanism

(1) Carries the MK 19 receiver to the tripod, with the barrel in his left hand, and the control grip in his right hand (Figure H-5). (2) At the tripod, the assistant gunner grasps the barrel while the gunner holds the grips. (3) The gunner and assistant gunner align the grooves on the receiver with the lugs in the gun cradle, and slide the receiver forward (Figure H-6). (4) Secures the rear of the weapon by inserting the retaining pin through the cradle and sear assembly (Figure H-7).

Stoppages Malfunctions Immediate Actions And Remedial Actions

A stoppage is any interruption in the cycle of operation caused by faulty action of the weapon or ammunition. A malfunction is a failure of the weapon to function properly. Neither defective ammunition nor improper operation of the gun by a crewmember is considered a malfunction of the MK 19. This appendix lists the actions to correct common stoppages and malfunctions. For more complete information on troubleshooting common malfunctions and stoppages, refer to TM 9-1010-230-10 Troubleshooting...

Table E Practice and qualification tables

Gunnery exercises allow individual gun crews to practice firing the MK 19 while performing other tasks such as mounting the gun and preparing range cards. They also allow multiple gun crews to coordinate their fires while engaging targets. Table E-1 outlines each of the seven exercises. Based on their unit's training needs and the resources available, commanders must decide on the number and type of gunnery exercises to include in their annual training program.

Never try to break the ammo belt with your hands Injury could result Lower one charger handle to stop gun from firing

Once the gun has stopped firing, clear the weapon and report the condition to the armorer or support maintenance. A bore obstruction is indicated by a muffled sound of round firing, excess smoke out of the chamber, and or excess debris gases below the gun. a. Emergency Action. The emergency actions for an obstructed bore are the following (2) Notify range safety officer (during training). (3) Depress feed pawls, release ammunition belt, and clear feed. (4) Move the ammunition belt and can to...

Documents Needed

These documents must be available to the intended users of this publication. * DA Form 5517-R DA Form 751B-R DA Form 7519-R Standard Range Cards (LRA). February 1986. MK 19 Day Practice and Qualification (Hull Targets). MK 19 Night Practice and Qualification with Hull Targets and Night Vision Devices. MK 19 Day Practice and Qualification (Pop-up Targets). MK 19 Night Practice and Qualification with Pop-up Targets or without Night Vision Devices. Crew-Served Weapon Night Vision Sight. 2G January...

Crew Equipment And Drill Area

Dismounted crew drills are conducted with a gunner, assistant gunner, and ammunition bearer. For drills involving a vehicle, the squad leader, gunner, and driver are crewmembers. In addition to individual weapons and equipment, each crewmember for dismounted drills carries specific equipment used with the tripod-mounted MK 19 (Table H-1). M3 tripod, MK 64 gun cradle, with T& E mechanism attached

Figure G Anpasb V heavy weapon thermal sight

Mark Agl With Thermal Sight

The HWTS is capable of target acquisition under conditions of limited visibility such as darkness, smoke, fog, dust, and haze. The HWTS operates effectively at night and can also be used in the daytime. Infrared light is received through the telescope, detected by an IR sensor, converted to digital data, processed, and then displayed for the user. Besides the carrying cases, the HWTS is composed of four major components the telescope, the basic sensor, the eyepiece, and the...

Table I Dismounted range card exercise continued

During scoring procedures, the grader positions himself so that he can observe both the gunner and the target. Once the exercise commences, he Times the tasks having a time standard. Observes and informs the gunner of the strike of the rounds. Records the results of each task in the right hand column with a Y for a satisfactory completion of the task or an N for an unsatisfactory completion. Sums the results and assigns an overall score in accordance with the scores in the bottom box of the...

Table I Night fire exercise

During scoring procedures, the grader positions himself so that he can observe both the gunner and the target. Once the exercise commences, he Times the tasks having a time standard. Observes and informs the gunner of the strike of the rounds. Records the results of each task in the right hand column with a Y for a satisfactory completion of the task or a N for an unsatisfactory completion. Sums the results and assigns an overall score in accordance with the scores in the bottom box of the...

Convert The M Hmmwv Tow Missile Carrier From Tow Mode To Mk Mode

This exercise requires the crew to accomplish its task within three minutes. To convert the M966 weapon system from the TOW 2 mode to the MK 19 mode and put the TOW 2 into its stowed position, the crew performs the following actions. (1) Disconnects the J-1 cable from the MGS, coils the cable and stows in the traversing unit. (2) Disconnects the battery power conditioner cable from the MGS battery power cable, and winds it on the stowage handle. (3) Disconnects the MGS battery cable, recovers...

And qualification hull targets

MK 19, 40-mm GRENADE MACHINE GUN, MOD 3 FIRING TABLE III DAY PRACTICE AND QUALIFICATION WITH POP-UP TARGETS SCORECARD For use of this form, see FM 3-22.27 the proponent agency is TRADOC. PRIVACY ACT STATEMENT AUTHORITY 10 USC 3012(g Executive order 9397 PRINCIPAL PURPOSE To aid individual training on targets at various ranges. ROUTINE USES To evaluate individual proficiency. DISCLOSURE Voluntary. However, mass rating and recording require some tracking method. TABLE III (A). DISMOUNTED AND...

Diagnostic Gunnery Test

This written test, given before and during preparatory training, evaluates trainees' knowledge of the MK 19. It also serves as an evaluation tool for the instruction. Training units prescribe procedures for the test, and announce scores of those who satisfactorily complete the test. If this test is used, it should be given before range firing. To satisfactorily complete the test, the trainee must earn 80 out of 100 points. Name the five major assemblies of the MK 19. Explain how to clear and...

Zeroing Procedures

Zeroing procedures are crucial for hitting targets at ranges of 600 meters or more. It is strongly recommended that a target at 400 meters be used to zero. The following is the correct way to zero the MK 19 to the gunner. a. Loosen the range plate screw. Move the range plate to the midpoint between the two studs. Tighten the range plate screw. Move the rear sight slide to the meter mark that represents the distance to the target. For example, move to the 400-meter mark to zero on a target known...

Fire Procedures

However, to be effective, the gunner must be able to skillfully manipulate the trigger and T amp E mechanism the weapon must be held down and to one side while aiming and adjusting the T amp E mechanism. The following steps are simple, but the gunner must remember to estimate the distance to the target, set the sights for distance, manipulate the T amp E mechanism, press the trigger, and fire a single round since the MK 19 is a fully automatic weapon, this can only...

Remedial Actions To Clear Stoppages

If the weapon still does not fire, the gunner clears the weapon, identifies the problem and then takes corrective action to fix or report the problem. a. Bad Ammunition. Bad ammunition can cause a stoppage and is checked first. 1 Primer on the Ejected Round is Indented. Clear the weapon and check to see if the primer is indented. If the primer is indented, it is a bad round and dispose of it as authorized. Reload the weapon and continue with the exercise. 2 The Primer is Not Indented. Clear the...

Measurement By Visual Estimation

Visual 200 Meters

Range is often determined by this method. There are two ways to estimate range visually. a. Using the 100-meter unit-of-measure method, visualize 100 meters on the ground this takes practice and determine how many units of 100 meters there are to the target Figure 5-4 . For targets more than 500 meters 5 units away, pick a point about halfway, estimate the range to that point, and double it Figure 5-5 . Figure 5-4. Application of the 100-meter unit-of-measure method for ranges Figure 5-4....

Figure Direction reading

The elevating scale plate is graduated in 50-mil increments from -250 to 100. Except for the zero, each number has a plus or minus sign above it. All numbers, including zero, have an index line below them. To get the major elevation reading, hold the T amp E mechanism so that the eyes are even with the top of the elevating handwheel. The major reading for example, -50 is the first number, with an index line, that is visible above the handwheel Figure 4-7 . 2 Minor Reading. The...

Description

Qualification Card Example

There are two types of ranges that may be used for MK 19 live-fire practice and qualification. Regardless of which range is used, the MK 19 can be fired from either a tripod or a vehicle. a. Multipurpose Gunnery Range for the 40-mm Grenade Machine Gun Figures 4-25 and 4-26 . This range is designed for the conduct of individual firing exercises and qualifications against hull type targets. Details about this range can be found in TC 25-8. Figure 4-25. Multipurpose gunnery range for the 40-mm...

Table Technical data

Shotgun Velocity Chart

Meters point target meters area target rounds per minute rounds per minute rounds per minute degrees elevation automatic fire , based on mounting arrangements pounds 48 rounds in M548 metal container pounds 32 rounds in PA120 metal container Figure 1-5. 40-mm cartridges. 1-3. TRAINING STRATEGY A training strategy that integrates resources with the instruction and training of individual and collective skills is necessary to carry out a unit's wartime mission. TRADOC institutions, such as the...

Measurement Using Angvs Laser Range Finder

The handheld AN GVS-5 laser range finder provides observers and small-unit leaders the ability to more accurately determine range to targets and other known points. This range finder allows first-round fire for effect, which results in increased enemy casualties and saves ammunition. Friendly units can use the range finder to precisely locate themselves using intersection and modified resection techniques. The range finder aids in the determination of sector depth, range to suspect enemy...

Livefire Exercises

LFXs allow the gunner to qualify on the MK 19 and to participate in collective gunnery exercises. Gunners practice and qualify using Tables I through IV in Chapter 4. The gun crews practice individual and collective skills using Tables I-1 through I-7 in Appendix I. a. Practice and Qualification Table Matrix Table E-1 . The tables used for gunner practice and qualification are in Chapter 4. There are four scorecards available and they are used based on the type of target hull or pop-up...

Figure H Securing the MK to the cradle

1 Carries the ammunition can to the MK 19 position Figure H-8 . 2 Takes the lid off and ensures the ogive ends of the rounds are pointed downrange Figure H-9 . 3 Gives the can to the assistant gunner. 4 Returns to the ammunition point and stands by to do whatever is needed to complete the mission. Figure H-8. Ammunition bearer with ammunition can.

Station

Station Two has seven intermediate training objectives. TASK Perform operator's maintenance on the MK 19. CONDITIONS In any environment, the gunner is given a complete MK 19, cleaning equipment, tools, workspace, and TM 9-1010-230-10. STANDARDS Disassemble the MK 19 within four minutes. Use the cleaning materials as specified in the operator's TM to clean the MK 19. Inspect, lubricate, and assemble the MK 19 within four minutes, and perform a function check. Intermediate Training Objective 1...

Operations Checklist

This appendix consists of an operations checklist of procedures to be followed before, during, and after use of the MK19. Oil lightly and test for worn or broken parts. The moving parts should function without excessive friction. Lubricate working parts. Observe the functioning of the gun to anticipate failures. a. Ensure the correct type of ammunition is used. b. Ensure the ammunition is clean and dent free. c. Ensure all ogives are tight. d. Have an adequate supply of ammunition on hand. Keep...

Table I Dismounted range card exercise

Engage a 1,100-meter BMP target while using range card data. Given a tripod-mounted MK 19, selected firing position, BMP target at 1,100 meters, completed range card, and 8 rds of 40-mm TP. Gunner must impact on BMP target at 1,100 meters with at least 2 out of 8 rds within 2 min. 6. Engage a 600-meter area troop target while using the range card data. Given a tripod-mounted MK 19, 6 rds of 40-mm TP, selected firing position, and a troop target at 600 meters. Gunner must impact at least 4...

Glossary

Fighting vehicle manufactured by the former Soviet Union Department of Defense Identification Code high-mobility multipurpose wheeled vehicle lubricant, automatic weapons, arctic load-bearing equipment light emitting diode live-fire exercise left hand lubricant oil, semifluid, automatic weapon lubricant oil, semifluid, automatic weapons, temperate multipurpose arcade combat simulator mission-oriented protective posture multipurpose machine gun multipurpose range complex mission training plan...

Anpeqa Description And Operation

Peq Tpial Battery

The TPIAL projects an infrared laser beam that cannot be seen with the eye but can be seen with NVD. It is also capable of projecting a much wider infrared illuminating beam from an integral illuminator. The TPIAL works with night vision goggles and mounts on various weapons with mounting brackets and adapters Figure G-1 and Table G-1 . Leaders can also use the AN PEQ-2A in the hand-held mode to illuminate and designate targets. Figure G-1. AN PEQ-2A major components. Cable Switch, 20 inch...

Aiming Devices

This appendix provides information on the employment of the AN PEQ-2A target pointer illuminator aiming light TPIAL , AN TVS-5, and the AN PAS-13B V 3 heavy weapon thermal sight HWTS . These devices have the advantage of greater magnification and resolution for the employment of the MK 19 during periods of degraded visibility. These devices, when properly boresighted and employed under proper conditions, allow infantrymen to engage targets at the weapon's maximum effective ranges during periods...

Table G Antvs component names

Tvs And Sight Picture

Controls allow the gunner to configure the sight to the situation and individual preferences while indicators display the current configuration. 1 The ON-OFF TUBE BRIGHTNESS control applies power to the sight and controls the brightness of the image intensifier tube. It also enables the ON-OFF RETICLE BRIGHTNESS control to function. 2 The ON-OFF RETICLE BRIGHTNESS control applies power to the reticle and controls the brightness of the reticle. 3 The OBJECTIVE FOCUS...

Ground And Vehicle Mounts

Mag Pintle Cradle

The MK 19 can be mounted on the ground or on a vehicle. The M3 tripod, the most often used ground mount, allows the gunner to fire the weapon in a stable manner from any angle. The MK 64, MOD 7, gun cradle allows the MK 19 to be mounted on any vehicle equipped for the M2 caliber .50 machine gun this includes the 2 1 2 and 5-ton cargo trucks, high-mobility multi-purpose wheeled vehicle HMMWV , M113-series armored personnel carrier APC , and others. This chapter discusses both the ground-and...

Intermediate Gunnery Test

What are the MK 19's five major groups field strip groups a. Receiver assembly, top cover assembly, sear assembly, bolt assembly, and feed slide assembly. b. Top cover assembly, receiver assembly, barrel, sear assembly and feed tray, and bolt and backplate assembly. c. Receiver assembly, feed slide assembly and feed tray, top cover assembly, sear assembly, and bolt and backplate assembly. d. Sear assembly with chargers, receiver assembly, feed tray assembly, top cover assembly, bolt and...

Target Engagement

The method chosen depends on terrain, target presentation, type of target, and tactical situation. a. Distribution of Fire. To be effective, fire must be distributed over an entire target. Improper distribution results in gaps between beaten zones and allows some of the enemy to escape or to use guns without effective opposition. 1 Factors Affecting Distribution of Fire. No fixed rule can be given as to the widest target that a single MK 19 may effectively engage. Ideally, the target should be...

Warning

The following procedures must be performed in sequence to open the top cover. The bolt could spring forward suddenly and fire a round causing severe injury. Be prepared to catch ejected round. a. Emergency Action and the Bolt Can be Pulled to the Rear. The following emergency actions must be taken if the weapon initially jams but the bolt can then be pulled to the rear. 2 Press charger handle locks and rotate charger handles down. 3 Pull charger handles to the rear as far as possible without...

Do not relink or fire any ammunition that has been cycled through the weapon

7 Holding the bolt to the rear, insert a cleaning rod through the receiver rail to the top of the shell casing and as close to the face of the bolt as possible. 8 Place left hand underneath as close to the round as possible. Raise cleaning rod upward forcing the round off the bolt face into the hand. Remove round to designated area for explosive ordinance disposal EOD . b. Correcting an Obstructed Bore. To correct an obstructed bore follow these procedures 1 Place selector lever on F FIRE and...

Figure MK target board

Gun Target Boards

Sight Setting and Laying Exercises. This first exercise teaches the soldier how to set the rear sight quickly and correctly Figure 4-10 . The second builds accuracy and speed in laying the gun on an aiming point, and allows extra practice in sight setting. Explain and show each exercise before beginning instruction. 1 Sight Setting Exercise. Explain that, by training the elevating screw knob, the soldier can make minor adjustments in elevation. All major adjustments are made by using the...

Figure G MK bracket

Mounting the HWTS to the MK 19 is a two-step process Figure G-13 a Mount the bracket to the MK 19 by sliding the bracket into the dovetail slot until the locking pin engages the mount. b Install the HWTS onto the bracket mount. c Shake the HWTS to make sure the sight is secured properly. 2 Dismounting Procedures. To dismount the HWTS a Take the HWTS off the mounting bracket rail and place the HWTS back in its carrying case. b Pull out the locking pin and slide the...

Figure MK mm grenade machine gun Mod Applications

Grenade Assembly

The MK 19 supports the soldier in both the offense and defense. It gives the unit the capability of laying down a heavy volume of close, accurate, and continuous fire. The MK 19 can also Protect motor movements, assembly areas, and supply trains in a bivouac. Defend against hovering rotary aircraft. Destroy lightly-armored vehicles. Fire on suspected enemy positions. Provide high volumes of fire into an engagement area EA . Provide indirect fires from defilade positions. 1-2. DESCRIPTION The MK...

Defilade Position

Machine Gun Position Defilade

The MK 19 is most effective when laid directly on a target. Depending on the tactical situation, however, defilade could be the most desirable position. a. Definition. A MK 19 is in defilade position when the gun and its crew are hidden by a landmass such as the crest of a hill from enemy ground Figure 5-21 . The position can be on the reverse slope of a hill, on the forward slope of the next high ground to the rear of a hill, or in a small fold in the ground. A defilade firing position does...

Classes Of Fire

Machine Gun Danger Space

Fire is classified with respect to the ground, target, and the MK 19. a. Respect to the Ground. Normally, this means either plunging or grazing fire. However, since grazing fire is not practical for use with the MK 19, only plunging fire will be considered. Plunging fire strikes the target from a high angle and confines the danger space to the beaten zone. For example, when fired from the top of a hill, projectiles follow an arcing trajectory and land in the valley Figure 5-1 . b. Respect to...

Fighting Position

Machine Gun Fighting Position

A fighting position is dug when the unit has time to prepare it or is in a defensive position. Make the fighting position according to Figure 4-4. a. Position the MK 19 so it is oriented on the center of the assigned sector of fire. Mark the position of the tripod legs and trace the outline of the firing platform, which will be dug about 3 inches deep. b. Dig the position in an L shape around the firing platform. The position should be chest-deep and wide enough to allow the MK 19 crew to load,...

Fire Commands

Fire commands are the means by which leaders control fires. A fire command is a set of instructions, given in a prescribed format that enables the gun crew to properly engage the desired targets. There are two types of fire commands initial and subsequent. Initial fire commands are used for engagement of targets and the shifting of fire to new targets. Subsequent fire commands are used to adjust fire, change the rate of fire, and cease-fire. The explanation below is based on two gun crews. A...

Figure MK gun cradle

M66 Gun Mount

1 Unscrew the leg-clamping handle press down on the indexing lever, and extend the leg to the desired length. 2 Align the indexing lever stud with one of the holes in the tripod leg extension. 3 Release pressure on the indexing lever, allowing the stud to fit the desired hole. Tighten the leg-clamping handle. b. Set the front leg of the tripod by following these procedures 1 Turn the front leg clamp handle counterclockwise to loosen the front leg. 2 Adjust the leg to the desired angle,...

Section I Stoppages Immediate Actions And Remedial Actions

A stoppage is cleared through immediate or remedial action. Immediate action is the action taken to reduce the stoppage without investigating the cause. The gunner takes remedial action if immediate action does not end the stoppage. Remedial action has three parts the gunner first unloads and clears the MK 19, identifies the problem, and then applies corrective action to fix the problem. If the MK 19 still does not fire, or cannot be repaired at the user level, contact the unit armorer....

Eye damage can occur if the laser is handled carelessly The danger area is meters in the training mode and meters in

Mounting and Dismounting Procedures. The AN PEQ-2A can be mounted on various weapons or used in the hand-held mode to illuminate and designate targets. 1 Mounting Procedures. Ensure that the mounting bracket is installed before proceeding. a Secure the bracket adapter to the underside of the AN PEQ-2A. b Place the bracket adapter into the MK 19 bracket mounting groove, located in the center of the rail grabber. c Tighten the bracket's lever screw into the bracket adapter hole. d Plug the...

Crew Drills

The purpose of a crew drill is to build precision, speed, skill, and teamwork in checking equipment, placing the MK19 into and out of action, and moving the MK 19 to a new position. The main goal is achieved by following prescribed procedures. Precision, speed, skill, and teamwork grow with practice. During the crew drill, all oral and visual signals are repeated. Once crewmembers can perform their duties well, they rotate to allow each member of the crew to learn the duties of others. The...

Traverse Bar And Te Mechanism

40mm Automatic Grenade Launcher

Use the T amp E mechanism to engage preselected target areas at night or during degraded light conditions. Record direction and elevation readings from the traversing bar and T amp E mechanism. Record all readings in mils. a. Zero the T amp E Mechanism. Before the gunner can use the T amp E mechanism to engage targets, he must zero it Figure 4-5 . Refer to section 3-2 for more information on zeroing the T amp E mechanism. IM 200 8 l i ll lllllllllllliil lll

Individual Gunner Exercises And Qualification

The individual gunnery exercises train and qualify MK 19 gunners. There are four scorecards available and they are used based on the type of target hull or pop-up silhouettes and whether the practice-qualification is during the day or during limited visibility. Each scorecard has two tables, one for practice and one for qualification. The tables have versions for hull or pop-up silhouette engagements and for the type of NVD used. Sample scorecards are shown in Figures 4-27 through 4-30 and...

Figure Angle of elevation angle of sight and quadrant elevation

French Artillery Elevation Angle

After the gun s has been laid, the leader must determine whether or not the entire cone of fire will clear the mask, if mask clearance is not obvious. In order to ensure mask clearance, the leader has the gunner sight on the crest of the mask and re-lays the MK 19 for elevation on the target. The gunner ensures that the difference in elevation from the MK 19 to the target and from the MK 19 to the mask is at least 10 mils. The gunner checks this by sighting along the bottom...

Figure Example of completed Da Form R Mk night practice and qualification with hull targets and NVDs

MK 19, 40-mm GRENADE MACHINE GUN, MOD 3 FIRING TABLE IV NIGHT PRACTICE AND QUALIFICATION WITH POP-UP TARGETS SCORECARD For use of this form, see FM 3-22.27 the proponent agency is TRADOC. PRIVACY ACT STATEMENT AUTHORITY 10 USC 3012 g Executlve order 9397 PRINCIPAL PURPOSE To aid individual training on targets at various ranges. ROUTINE USES To evaluate individual proficiency. DISCLOSURE Voluntary. However, mass rating and recording require some tracking method. NOTE Use this table if you do not...