Contents

Page

PREFACE iv

CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION

1-1. Applications 1-1

1-2. Description 1-1

1-3. Training Strategy 1-8

CHAPTER 2. OPERATION AND FUNCTION

2-1. Cycle of Operation 2-1

2-2. Operating Precautions 2-4

2-3. Clearance Procedures 2-4

2-4. Disassembly and Assembly 2-7

2-5. Loading Procedures 2-20

2-6. Malfunctions, Stoppages, and Corrections 2-22

2-7 Care and Cleaning 2-22

2-8. Operation Under Adverse Conditions 2-23

2-9. Destruction 2-23

CHAPTER 3. GROUND AND VEHICLE MOUNTS

3-2. Ground-Mount Using the M3 Tripod 3-1

3-3. Vehicle-Mount 3-9

CHAPTER 4. MARKSMANSHIP

Section I. Preparatory Marksmanship Training 4-1

4-1. Firing Positions 4-1

4-2. Fighting Position 4-4

4-3. Traverse Bar and T&E Mechanism 4-5

4-4. Exercises 4-8

DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

*This publication supersedes FM 23-27, dated 27 December 1988.

Page

Section II. Range Fire 4-21

4-5. Description 4-22

4-6. Operation 4-23

4-7. Coaches 4-24

4-8. Fire Procedures 4-24

4-9. Zeroing Procedures 4-24

4-10. Observation and Adjustment of Fire 4-25

4-11. Individual Gunner Exercises and Qualification 4-26

CHAPTER 5. TECHNIQUES OF FIRE

Section I. Characteristics and Classes of Fire 5-1

5-1. Characteristics of Fire 5-1

5-2. Classes of Fire 5-1

Section II. Range Determination 5-4

5-3. Measurement by Visual Estimation 5-5

5-4. Measurement from a Map 5-6

5-5. Measurement by Pacing 5-6

5-6. Measurement Using Binoculars 5-7

5-7. Measurement Using AN/GVS-5 Laser Range Finder 5-10

5-8. Measurement by Firing 5-10

5-9. Measurement of Lateral Distance 5-10

Section III. Application of Fire 5-11

5-10. Fire Control 5-11

5-11. Fire Commands 5-12

5-12. Target Engagement 5-15

5-13. Defilade Position 5-29

Section IV. Degraded Conditions 5-38

5-14. Night Firing 5-38

5-15. Firing in a Nuclear, Biological, or Chemical Environment 5-39

5-16. Firing in Fog or Smoke 5-39

Section V. Predetermined Fires 5-39

5-17. T&E Mechanism Method 5-39

5-18. Field-Expedient Method of Laying the MK 19 5-39

CHAPTER 6. INFORMATION FOR INSTRUCTORS

6-1. Presentation 6-1

6-2. Mechanical Training 6-1

6-3. Crew Drills 6-2

6-4. Marksmanship 6-3

APPENDIX A. TRAINING STRATEGY A-1

APPENDIX B. OPERATIONS CHECKLIST B-1

APPENDIX C. STOPPAGES, MALFUNCTIONS, IMMEDIATE ACTIONS,

AND REMEDIAL ACTIONS C-1

APPENDIX D. GUNNERY TESTS D-1

Page

APPENDIX E. ANNUAL GUNNERY TRAINING PROGRAM E-1

APPENDIX F. FIRING TABLE F-1

APPENDIX G. AIMING DEVICES G-1

APPENDIX H. CREW DRILLS H-1

APPENDIX I. GUNNERY EXERCISES I-1

GLOSSARY Glossary-1

REFERENCES References-1

INDEX Index-1

Knife Throwing Techniques of the Ninja

Knife Throwing Techniques of the Ninja

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