Chapter NORWAY


GOVERNMENT PLANTS: Kongsbcrg Vapcnfabrikk.

PRIVATE PLANTS: H. Larsen (Drammen). No large scale manufacturing of small arms. Imports usually from Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Germany.

PRINCIPAL MILITARY RIFLES: U.S. Rifle Cal. .30 Mi; various other rifles such as British No. 4s. German Kar gSk's, etc., are held in reserve.

FORMER MILITARY RIFLES: 6.5111m Krag Jorgensen M1894 and its variants.

Krag Jorgensen 5mm

Norwegian 6.5mm Ml89.5 Krag Jorgensen, Carbine.

The Norwegian Army realized at the end of World War II that their weapons situation was chaotic. While a number of Norwegian Krag service rifles and German My8 Mausers were extricated from the hands of the departing Nazis, their combined quantities were, nevertheless, insufficient to satisfy Norway's needs. Hence, Norway obtained #4 Lee Enfields in caliber .303 from England, as well as Swedish Mauser rifles in caliber 6.5 x 55mm and AG42 Ljungman semiautomatic rifles from their neighbor, Sweden.

The M98 Mausers which the Norwegians seized from the Germans were predominantly of Czech-Brno origin having the horizontal bolt handle. These particular weapons were immediately designated standard issue for the Norwegian Home Guard, a position they still hold, although the Mi Garand has become the present standard of the Norwegian Army.

When converting M98 German Mausers to the new standard .30-06 caliber for Home Guard use, they are fitted with new .30 caliber barrels. The original Mauser rear sight is retained, but the front sight is adjusted in order to give the same points of impact for the new cartridge. The box magazine is opened to accommodate the longer .30-06 cartridge and a U-notch is milled in the face of the receiver ring to permit clip loading. No further alterations are made by the Kongsberg Arsenal of Norway.

For a brief period after the war, the Kongsberg Arsenal manufactured the Krag rifle in caliber 6.5111m—a total of about 1,000—for Norway's quasi-official shooting association similar to the one in Denmark and comparable with the National Rifle Association of the United States. Since the Krag had ceased to be the official rifle of Norway, its limited production made the cost of over $90.00 prohibitive to the average Norwegian shooter. Under the circumstances, manufacture of the Krag ceased, but not the deep affection the Norwegian NRA members had for the accurate, light-recoiling, smooth-operating Krags. This attachment became a major obstacle in enforcing the association's rule stating that for defense purposes members must use the military-approved rifle and standard army cartridge. Even an offer to permit use of Home Guard Mauser rifles in caliber .30-06 was rejected by the membership. In effecting a successful compromise, the highly-regarded ammunition firm of Norma in Oslo proffered five prototypes, identical only in that each employed the German Mauser action.

The final pattern which evolved has a heavy .30 caliber target-weight barrel and bears the designation M59. The following alterations in the German M98 Mausers made by the Kongsberg Arsenal constitute the new NRA M59. The bolt handle is bent down, swept back,, and polished as in U. S. National Match Springfields. Rear of the receiver is opened up by milling a U-notch to permit clip loading of the longer .30-06 cartridge. The magazine is also opened up for this reason. The trigger is adjusted for a clean, crisp 4!^-pound pull and sandblasted to prevent slippage. A new target-type stock, including upper hand-guard, is made of French walnut. Special aperture rear sight, along the lines of an idea submitted by Norma, was developed at Kongsberg.

Kongsberg M59

SPECIFICATIONS OF THE NORWEGIAN NRA M59 RIFLE Total length of weapon: 48.4". Groove diameter: .308" plus .002" tolerance.

Total weight of weapon: 9.9 lbs. Land width: .167".

Length of barrel: 27.6". Riding, righthand twist, 1 turn in: 10".

Bore diameter: .2996" plus .002" tolerance.

Norwegian G3

In 1964 Norway adopted the West German 7.62mm NATO G3 rifle as standard and is now manufacturing the rifle at Kongsberg Vapenfabrikk. The Norwegian G3 differs from the German in having a finger hole to cock the bolt rather than a cocking lever. They also have two different size butt stocks and a semi-automatic version of the rifle with scope as a sniper rifle.

The Norwegian Krags

The Norwegian Krag is mechanically similar to the U.S. Krag. It has a Mauser type safety mounted on the bolt sleeve and its loading gate is hinged to open downward, rather than outward as does the loading gate of the Danish Krag.

(1) Rifle Model 1894. This was the original form designed to use the first cartridge with round nosed bullet. Barrel length 27.9", overall length 49.25". Weight 9.38 lbs. Carry sling on underside of rifle.

Norwegian Model 189-f (Krag Jorgensen System) caliber 6.5mm. The cocking piece and safety were evolved from the Mauser. This is one of the common rifle variants of this system as used in Norway. While there are various modifications, all are essentially the same mechanically.

Norwegian Model 1894 Krag-Jorgenscn

Caliber: 6.5mm

Overall length, rifle without bayonet: 49.9"

Overall weight, rifle without bayonet: 9.38 lbs.

Type of action: Turn boll

Type of Magazine: Horizontal Box

Barrel I.ength: 29.9" No. Grooves: 4

Bore Diameter: .256" Groove Dia.:


Type of bolt: 1 piccc—Rotating Head Capacity: 5 Direction of Twist: Left Rate of Twist: 7.87"

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Hunting Mastery Selected Tips

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  • Vivaldo
    What is the twist rate for Kongberg Mauser M59 match barrels?
    5 years ago
  • j weiss
    What is MaUSER m59 f1 barrel length?
    3 years ago

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