Chapter United States Of America

PRINCIPAL GOVERNMENT PLANTS; Springfield, Rock Island. Springfield has been closed and Rock Island no longer manufactures rifles.

PRINCIPAL PRIVATE PLANTS: AAI, Armalite, Colt, Harrington & Richardson, High Standard, Ithaca, Iver Johnson, Marlin, O. F. Mossherg & Sons, Noble, Remington, Savage, Smith & Wesson, Sturm Ruger, Thompson Products, Universal Firearms, Weatherby, Winchester and numerous smaller manufacturers. Manufacturers who do not normally manufacture rifles, but have manufactured them in recent years on government contract are: Thompson Ramo Woolridge (TRW), and General Motors.

PRINCIPAL MILITARY RIFLES: 5.56mm Rifle M16A1, 7.62mm Rifle M14, 7.62mm Rifle M14A1.

The Springfield Single Shot

The last model o£ this famous old Springfield single shot line was the Model 1888. The 1884 and 1888 were the common Volunteer and Militia rifles in the Spanish-American War, although the Regulars were armed with Krags.

These rifles have the following general characteristics: Caliber .45-70-500 black powder. Straight taper brass case with rim, center fire.

Length of barrel 32.6 inches, overall length 51.92 inches, weight 9.30 pounds.

The rifling is 3 concentric grooves of .005 inch depth with a twist of one to the right in 22 inches.

The muzzle velocity is 1315 feet per second and maximum range about 3500 yards.

Earlier Militar)' Rifles

After extensive tests of various magazine rifles, the U. S. Ordnance Department in 1892 officially adopted a slightly modified form of the rifle invented in Norway by Ole Krag, Captain of Artillery and Superintendent of the Kongsberg Armory in Norway, and by an engineer, Erik Jorgensen. The Krag had been officially adopted in 1889 caliber 8mm (.315) as the official rifle of the Danish Army. (See Denmark for sectional drawings.)

The American and Norwegian magazines differ from the Danish M89 in that the loading gate is hinged at the bottom. This arrangement provides a loading platform and makes it less likely that the cartridges will be dropped as they are individually placed in the magazine.

All American Krags were designed for the .30/40 rimmed cartridge officially

1898 Krag Extractor

U. S. Model 1898 (Arag-Jorgensen), action closed and open. Cppei photo shows American Krag remodeled as a sporter. Lower shows Norwegian military finish. Instead of the bolt stop common to most military actions, the A-/ design bolt travel is halted by the single forward locking lug hitting the receiver bridge.

The bolt' is a'modified form of the original Danish K-J. The manual safety differs radically from all the Danish systems. The magazine loading gate which houses the cartridge propelling mechanism hinges down in the American version, and to the front on the original Danish.

Extractor lies on top of bolt. Magazine cutoff can be seen rising from left receiver wall in lower picture.

designated as "Cartridge, ball, caliber .30, Model 1898." Unofficially this cartridge has been designated by a confusing variety of names—'.30/40", ".30 Army" and ".30 Government." After the adoption of the .30/06 rimless cartridge it, too, was dubbed ".30 Government" and some ordinary citizens naturally thought of it as the ".30 Army." Probably the best designation for today's use is ".30/40 Krag."

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