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Swedish 6.5mm M>8 Rifle.
44.1". The horizontal bolt of the M96 was retained for the infantry, but the bolt handle was turned down for cavalry issue.
For sniping purposes, highly accurate Mgfi rifles are selected. The bolt handle is then bent down. A telescope is fitted 011 by a detachable German-type side mount with single locking lever. The telescope may be any of three different mrngmmz
Swedish 6.5 M41 Sniper Rifle.
Swedish 8mm MtO Rifle.
models: German Ajack 4 x 90mm, or Swedish Aga 3 x 65mm M42 or M44. Reticules in all three scopes arc typically German, featuring the three-bar sniping pattern. Each Swedish infantry company is issued six M41 sniper rifles.
In the year 1939, Sweden purchased 2,500 German Army Kar 98k Mauser rifles in caliber 7.92 x 57mm from Germany. In an effort to achieve uniformity in ammunition, Sweden recliambered these rifles for the Swedish 8mm M32 cartridge, universally regarded as the most powerful of infantry cartridges. The M32 cartridge had been adopted by Sweden in the late 30's for use in Browning light and heavy infantry machine guns.
Conversion of the German Kar 98k rifles consisted of opening the magazines at the rear to accommodate the Swedish 8 x 63mm cartridge. I he altered magazine of the M40 holds only four M32 rounds because of their larger case diameter. The clip holds only four rounds. A muzzle brake was fitted on the end of the barrel to lessen recoil, but it prevents use of the bayonet.
The M40 rifles were issued to machine gun troops. However, since World War 11 indicated the 6.5mm cartridge to he lully adequate for infantry weapons, the 8mm cartridge was discontinued for military service. Sweden sold the M40 Mausers to Israel after this decision.
Swedish 6.9mm A G-f2 Ljungman Semiautomatic Rifie.
In 1942 Sweden deemed it essential to incorporate a semiautomatic military rifle among iis standard arms and adopted the design of one of the country's » foremost engineers, Eric Eklund. Mr. Eklund accomplished one of the most astounding feats in the annals of gun history. He conceived the idea of the AG42 Ljungman, transferred it to the drafting board, witnessed the prototype pass a thorough testing, and saw production of the gun begin—all within the space of one short year.
The well-made Ljungman rifle draws upon gas as its means of operation, as does the Mi Garand rifle. Bui the Ljungman is unique in (hat it has achieved the epitome in simplicity. In the conventional gas system, typified by the Garand, gas is tapped from the barrel near the muzzle and is transmitted through a tube located beneath the barrel, where the piston rod and return spring are contained. As a cartridge is fired, the expanding gases race through a gas port in the barrel, forcing the piston rod rearward. This action unlocks the bolt, impelling it rearward, simultaneously ejecting the fired case and cocking the firing mechanism. The return spring then re-positions the bolt for the firing of the next round.
The Ljungman gas system eliminates the expensive and complex piston rod mechanism. It consists solely of a gas tube and gas port. It is so designed that only a portion of the expanded gases released upon firing escapes through an orifice in the top of the barrel, located about one-third the length of the barrel back from the muzzle. Gas, speeding through the tube, delivers a hammer-like blow against the bolt cover to unlock the bolt and, together, they move backward. The bolt cover face and end of the gas tube are fitted together in cup-like form. The Ljungman gas system has since been copied by the French MAS 49 and U. S. Anna lite rifles.
The Ljungman uses the same bolt system common with SAFN and "FAL" NATO rifles of Fabriquc Nationalc of Belgium, as well as the Russian Tokarev rifle. The rear end of the bolt tilts downward when locked in firing position, and bears against a crosspiece in the receiver. When a round is fired, gas strikes the bolt carrier, thrusting it rearward which cams up the rear end of the bolt and, together, they travel back to extract the fired case. The bolt return spring returns the carrier and bolt to their forward locked position. This action results in the removal of a loaded round from the magazine and insertion of the round in the chamber. Behind the rear sight there is a built-in muzzle brake.
To disassemble the AG42, the safety arm is swung to midway or neutral position; then the safety is raised up and away from the receiver body. The cover, bolt carrier, and bolt are removed from the receiver by sliding them back and out of the receiver grooves. To assemble, reverse procedure.
A limited number of AG42 rifles were converted to test modifications of the gas system. The modified system consists of an adjustable gas port and an enlarged chamber in the center of the gas tube. The purpose of this chamber is to delay opening of the bolt until gas pressure within the barrel is at its lowest ebb in order to facilitate extraction of the fired case. However, since the quality of Swedish 6.5mm ammunition proved consistently high, it was unnecessary to adopt the new gas tube and regulator.
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