Sweden had been armed with the single shot, Remington, rolling-block rifle since 1867. It had been rebarreled in 1889 from 12.17mm rimfire cartridge to 8mm Danish Krag cartridge. However, Sweden was anxious to acquire a small bore repeating rifle. After testing the Mannlicher, Krag, etc., Sweden settled upon the Mauser rifle in caliber 6.5 x 55mm, officially designated M96 to commemorate the year of its adoption, although its origination at the German Mauser works at Oberndorf in collaboration with Swedish small arms experts dated back to 1890.
Swedish ¿Mauser, Caliber 6.5mm. This rifle is the Model 1896. However, in its bolt form it is essentially a modified Spanish 789J. Some were made in Germany, but most Swedish Mausers were made in Sweden. Many of these rifles were modified into short rifles in 19)8.
Swedish 6.5mm M18% Manser
Overall length, rifle without bayonet: 49.6" Overall weight, rifle without bayonet: 8.8 lbs. Type of action: Turn bolt Type of Magazine: Box—Staggered Column Barret Length: 29.1" No. Grooves: 4
Bore Diameter: .256" Groove Dia.: .266"
With bayonet attached: 58" With bayonet attached: 9.5 lbs. Type of bolt: 1 piece—rotating bead Capacity: rt
Direction of Twist: Right Rate of Twist: 7.9"
The Swedish M96 resembles closely the Spanish M93 Mauser which saw service during the Spanish-American war. The M96 was the first Mauser to use a bolt guide-rib to prevent cramping, and a thumb cut-out on the left receiver wall to facilitate clip loading. A small gas escape hole is located on the body of the bolt, just forward of the extractor collar. Cocking takes place upon closing the bolt. The handle of the bolt, itself, is horizontal. An odd arrangement for easy disassembly of the bolt, not found on Mausers of other nations, is a right angle, upward projection on the cocking piece. The stock is straight, without pistol grip. The fine heavy barrel, 29.1", is permitted to vibrate freely, unencumbered by straight-jacket devices, such as barrel bands, fore-end bayonet bands, and upper handguards. Its accuracy is superlative. Bayonet for the M96 was originally designed in 1896. The short knife-tvpc blade measures 8 5/16". The bayonet is well balanced, finely constructed, and fits the weapon snugly.
The M9G has only two locking lugs at the head of the bolt. A third rear safety lug, found in later M98 German Mauser patterns, was never judged necessary for added strength. As a matter of fact, the original Mauser performed so reliably over a period of fifty years that, other than shortening the barrel to carbine length, Swedish ordnance authorities considered it unnecessary to change the design materially or alter its metallurgical specifications. Oddly enough, the disconcerting habit of stamping the year of manufacture on receivers has often been misinterpreted to denote model numbers which, contrary to fact, would indicate constant fluctuation in the design of the Swedish Mauser.
Swedish 6.5mm ;VJQi Carbine.
In 1894, the M94 carbine (also developed at Oberndorf) was accepted by Sweden. First issues of the M94 carbine and M96 rifle emanated from the Mauser factory, but subsequent production was undertaken by the Swedish factories of Husqvarna and Carl Gustaf Stads Gevarsfaktori until discontinuance of both models in 1944 in favor of a semiautomatic rifle, the AG42 Ljungman.
The carbine utilizes the same action as the M96 rifle but the weapon differs in the following particulars: the bolt handle is bent down for cavalry use, and barrel length is 17.7". The original M94 carbine was not used in conjunction with a bayonet; however, in 1917, provisions were made for the fitting on of a special bayonet, not interchangeable with Swedish rifles.
The excessive length of the M96 proved clumsy in the field, so in the 30's a decision was reached to modernize the M96 rifle. The ultimate model, M38, would also serve to eliminate the need for a carbine. The barrel of the M96 was shortened to 23.6", thereby reducing the overall length from 49.fi" to
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