This weapon was developed from the German 7.92mm short StG 45 (M) assault rifle. This weapon is covered in detail under "Germany." The development in Spain was done at the Centro de Estudios Tecnicos de Materiales Especiales, "CETME," a Spanish government establishment, by a group headed by L. Vorgrimmler, a former member of the Mauser design staff. Vorgrimmler had gone to France at the end of World War II and had worked for the French on development of a prototype delayed blow back carbine for a short 7.65mm cartridge; he then went on to Spain to work for CETME. In Germany much of the work was done on the StG 45 (M) by Dr. Karl Meier and Altenburger at Mauser.
Spanish 1.62mm NATO CETME Model 58 Assault Rifle.
The "CETME" has the roller bearing retarding lock of the StG 45 (M) and its method of operation is basically the same as that weapon with the following exception: the StG 45 (M) bolt rear section is of generally rectangular section with the exception of its nose section; the rear section of the W. German G$ and CETME 58 rifles is made in the form of a cylinder built as the underside of a long cylindrical piece which acts as a bolt carrier. The forward portion of this "boll carrier" rides in a tube over the barrel. The operating handle is mounted on the left side of this tube where it contacts the bolt carrier.
The GETME and the West German are loaded and tired in the same manner:
1. A loaded magazine is inserted in the magazine well.
2. Set selector lever, located on the right side above the pistol grip on whatever type of fire is desired. On the Spanish weapon the setting marked 4,T" is for semiautomatic fire, that marked "R" is for automatic fire, and that marked "S" is the safety. On the West German G3 the markings are "D" for automatic fire, for semiautomatic fire, and "S" tor safety. The selector lever on the G3 is on the left side.
3. Pull operating handle to the rear; if the safety selector is set on automatic fire, the bolt will remain to the rear when cocked. If the selector has been set on semiautomatic fire the bolt will close when the operating handle is released, chambering a cartridge. This weapon fires from an open bolt in automatic fire and from a closcd bolt in semiautomatic fire. This helps to prevent "cook offs" at the conclusion of burst firing and gives the barrel a better chance to cool between bursts.
The GET ME 58 and the West German G3 rifles are very simple to field strip. The two spring loaded receiver retaining pins mounted behind the pistol grip are easily driven out; at that point the stock can be drawn oft to the rear and removed. The bolt carrier and bolt can then be removed and the trigger group can Ik hinged down for inspection and cleaning. No fur then- disassembly is recommended.
CET ME Locking System,
Prototype 7.92mm LET ME Assault Rifle shown with grenade launcher, 32-round magazine, atul 20-round magazine.
As originally built, around 1953, the GEl Mt assault, rifle was chambered for a special 7.92mm short cartridge. This cartridge was longer than the German World War II 7.92mm short (PP 43 m.e.) and loaded with an unusual bullet. The bullet was extremely long and spire pointed, was made of aluminum, and had a short strip of gilding metal from ogive to rear to take the rifling. At a later date a similar cartridge in caliber 7.62111111 was developed for the GETME. This used the same case as the 7.92mm GETME short necked down to 7.62mm. The Spanish service issue GETME is chambered for the 7.62111111 NA TO. The cartridge used by the Spanish Army in the GETME is physically interchangeable with the 7.62mm NATO cartridge as used in the United States, the United Kingdom, West Germany, etc., but is not as powerful. It has a lower muzzle energy because of its lighter load. The weapon can be made suitable for the higher powered NATO cartridge by fitting a different bolt head. Spain also makes another y.G^niin. This cartridge has a long spire pointed bullet similar in design to that of the early 7.62mm and 7.92mm GETME short cartridges. This cartridge is used in various Spanish machineguns and can also be used in the 7.62111111 conversions of the Spanish Mausers. The GETME Model 58 has a buil t-in rifle grenade launcher/muzzle brake ai the end of the barrel.
7.62mm GETME Model 58
Overall length: 39.37"
Overall weight: (loaded w/bipod): 11.3 lbs. Type of action: Delayed blow-back Type of holt: 2 piece
Type of magazine: Detachable, staggered row box
Barrel length: 17.72" No. Grooves: \ Direction of twist: Right Cyclic rate: (>00 R.P.M. Muzzle velocity: 2493 f.p.s. Sights—front: Hooded blade rear: Tangent with W notch
Spain has been using Mauser rifles since 1891. In that year a few 7.65mm M1891 rifles were purchased by Spain from Mauser. This rifle was similar to the Turkish M1890 having an "in line" magazine which protruded below the stock. Although few of the rifles were made, considerable quantities of carbines were manufactured; numbers of these were captured ¡11 Guba in the Spanish American War by American troops and were brought back to this country; therefore the 7.65mm M1891 carbine is not too rare. The next Mauser rifle and carbine to be purchased in quantity by Spain was the 7mm Model 1892; this weapon introduced the 7mm cartridge and used an "in line" magazine similar to the M1891.
The 7mm M1893 Mauser is one of the best known of the Mausers and represents an advance in the development ol the Mauser rifle. The M1893 introduced the staggered row, integral box magazine that is flush with the stock. The Model
Spanish 7mm Model tS9> Short Rifle.
1893 a^so had a simplified safety lock and an improved bolt stop. The carbine version of the M1893 rifle is the Model 1895. This weapon is stocked to the muzzle as was the Model 1891 carbine. The Mi893 also comes in a short rifle version. The Model 1893 rifles, carbines, and short rifles have been made by Mauser, Ludwig Loewe, Oviedo, and Industrias de G u err a de Cataluna.
The 7111m Model 1916 is a short rifle. It is called a "Mosqueton" by the Spanish. A large number ol these rifles have been brought into this country in recent years, and many of these weapons do not have the manufacturers' marks. They usually have a floor plate release on the trigger guard and all have tangent type rear sights. The latest Spanish Mauser is the 7.92mm M1943. This weapon is similar to the German Kar 98k but has a straight boh handle.
Spanish 7mm M1916 Rifle.
Description of the Ml893 Spanish Mauser
Aside from the matter of caliber, the early Spanish Mi893 Mauser differs from the German type already described only in the following essentials:
The receiver has an additional cut to the rear of the magazine well to permit the front end of the sear to project. When the trigger is pressed, this forward section of the sear rises and, if the locking lugs are fully engaged, enters a cut in the underside of the bolt cylinder. (This is the mechanical safety device found in the U.S. Model 1917-Enfield.) If the bolt is not turned as the lugs are fully engaged, the sear projection bears against the bolt cylinder so that the sear nose cannot be withdrawn from the striker, and the rifle cannot be fired.
The bolt has only the dual front locking lugs (except on some very late patterns of Oviedo manufacture). The rear safety lug and guide rib of the German pattern 1898 (and later) does not appear on the 1893 Models.
The forward end of a stud on the cocking piece rests in a small grove to the rear of the bolt and prevents the bolt sleeve from rotating accidently as the bolt is pulled back.
The sear is the same as the German type except that it carries a projection at its forward end which engages in the underside in the cut in the bolt at the instant of firing as already mentioned.
On iorward thrust of the bolt for loading, the cocking piere stud is caught and held by the sear while there is still about one inch of travel left. Thus, the cocking piece and the striker arc held to the rear while the bolt cylinder and the bolt sleeve move forward to compress the mainspring. Locking takes place as the bolt handle is turned down, thereby turning the forward bolt locking lugs into their recesses in the receiver. (In the German design, the cocking stud does not come in contact with the sear until the lower part of the bolt handle reaches the receiver bridge. Downward pressure on the bolt handle in this design actually produces final mainspring compression for cocking.)
The Spanish Mauser design does not have a magazine cutoff.
The handguard on the Spanish type reaches from the receiver forward to the lower band. (The German patterns usually reach only from the rear sight to the lower band.) A sword bayonet attachment is provided in the Spanish design, below the upper band.
The Spanish rear sight is fitted with a thin metal tube which encircles the barrel and is screwed and soldered to it. It differs from the German design.
In 1932 the National Arsenal at Oviedo manufactured in limited quantity a 7111m gas operated semiautomatic rifle known as the "M.R." The initials represent the name of the designer, Arsenal Commandant Marinas y Ramirez Arellano. This lo-shot rifle loads 'through the open action with Mauser type clips. It fires the standard 7mm Spanish cartridge. It has not been production manufactured. It may be considered an experimental form. This rille is unlikely to be encountered outside Spain cxccpt in the hands of a collector. It is of general interest only in that it represents an attempt at producing a semiautomatic military design.
EARLIER OFFICIAL BREECHLOADERS: In 1869 Spain purchased 10,000 Remington single shot rifles in caliber 11 mm ( 433) for her troops in Cuba. This arm was also supplied as a carbine.
In 1871 the Remington rifle and carbine were officially adopted by Spain for home use.
Model 1871 (Remington) 11mm
This is one of the simplest and strongest actions ever developed. Its principal defect is its comparatively low extracting power. When the external hammer is thumb cocked, the rolling breechblock (which carries the firing pin and is mounted on a cross pin) may be rolled back and down by pulling on its projecting handle. This action operates the extractor. When a cartridge is inserted, the breechblock is rolled up and ahead against the face of the brccch. At this point a flat spring in the action below supports the breechblock firmly. The lower surface of the hammer below its pivot pin is shaped to permit it to slide under a curved face on the lower side of the breechblock as the hammer falls. Thus, when the hammer hits the firing pin in the breechblock, the lower steel hammer surface is engaged firmly behind the breechblock to positively prevent the action from opening.
While by no means in a class with the tremendous production ol pistols and revolvers, the manufacture of export rifles in the Eibar region has developed considerably and consistently since 1920. None of these Spanish designs, however, is in any way original; nor are any of them of outstanding quality. In this connection note ihat Spanish pistols as made by Astra, Star, and Liama and Spanish custom-built shotguns, are as fine as any produced anywhere in the world today.
The common export rifle (found usually in South America) is the "Tigre" (Tiger) Model of 1923. This is a .44-40 rifle which is a direct imitation of the lever action Winchester Model 1892. The magazine tube holds 12 cartridges. This rifle was manufactured at Eibar by Garate Anitua v Cia.
The Carbine "Destroyer" Model 1921 also made at Eibar is a bolt action design commonly shooting the 9mm Bayard pistol cartridge which is standard in Spain and in some parts of South America. The magazine holds 7 or 10 cartridges. These rifles are ordinary turn bolt types with detachable box magazine; but they appear with several designs of fore-ends and stocks. They were commonly used as police weapons.
Extensive machine manufacture in Spain has been concentrated on light and heavy machine guns, submachine guns and pistols and revolvers for military and sporting export. Comparatively little attention has been given to the production of rifles and shotguns, and the only arms in these classes which are of good quality are those manufactured by the occasional master gunmakers who build custom weapons.
There has been a steady and marked improvement in general arms design and manufacture in Spain which may eventually result in production of some quality rifles. Rifle barrel steel from Spain is currently being shipped to countries like Sweden, whose knowledge of steel technology is an assurance of the high quality of the Spanish product.
Experimental rifle designs are under development by some Spanish arms makers whose other weapon production is top quality.
Spanish Model 1871 Remington Single Shot
Caliber: 11 mm
Overall length, rifle without bayonet: 50.3" With bayonet, attached: 73"
Overall weight, rifle without bayonet: 9.3 lbs. With bayonet attached: 10.9 lbs. Type of action: Rolling Block
Barrel Length: 35.2" No. Grooves: 6 Direction of Twist: Right
Bore Diameter: .433" Groove Dia.: 449" Hate of Twist: 20"
The carbine versions of this arm are merely shorter and lighter because of barrel and stock dimensions.
Another variant built in Sweden has an original cocking piece and safety.
Other Names: nmm Remington t ype: Rimmed, Necked, Centerfire Overall length: 2.99" Average Wt.: 640 gr. Type Powder: Black Approximate Chg.: 77.16 gr. Type Primer: Berdan
Was this article helpful?
Deer hunting is an interesting thing that reminds you of those golden old ages of 19th centuries, where a handsome hunk well equipped with all hunting material rides on horse searching for his target animal either for the purpose of displaying his masculine powers or for enticing and wooing his lady love.