Ammunition

The nomenclature and types of ammunition authorized for use in the caliber .38 revolver are listed below :

a. Cartridge, ball, revolver, caliber .38, short Colt, 125- or 130-grain bullet.

b. Cartridge, ball, revolver, caliber .38, special, midrange, 146-grain bullet (wad-cutter).

c. Cartridge, ball, revolver, caliber .38, special, midrange, 148-grain bullet, nickeled cartridge case (wad-cutter).

d. Cartridge, ball, revolver, caliber .38, special, 158-grain bullet.

e. Cartridge, ball, revolver, caliber .38, special, 158-grain bullet, steel jacket (copper-plated).

/. Cartridge, ball, revolver, caliber .38, special, 200-grain bullet, nickeled cartridge case (super-police).

g. Cartridge, ball, revolver, caliber .38, 200-grain coated bullet (Lubaloy), nickel-plated cartridge case (super-police).

h. Cartridge, blank, revolver, caliber ,38, special.

L Cartridge, test, high-pressure, revolver, caliber .38, special, 158-grain bullet (for use only in ordnance test of weapons).

j. Cartridge, tracer, revolver, caliber .38, special, 120-grain bullet, steel jacket.

k. Cartridge, tracer, revolver, caliber .38, special, 158-grain bullet, steel jacket.

CHAPTER TWO — ACCIDENTS AND MALFUNCTIONS, REVOLVERS

Section I. GENERAL

65. Characteristics

The various models of revolvers used by the U. S. Army are light, defensive hand weapons generally used for ranges of less than 30 yards. They function either single or double action and have swing-out type cylinders that hold six cartridges. The ammunition for the caL.45 revolver is usually loaded in clips that contain tiiree cartridges. The cocking of the hammer causes the cylinder to rotate and aline the next cartridge in the cylinder with the barrel. The weapon is small and light and the firer can point it inadvertently at himself or someone else and pull the trigger.

66. Operating Instructions

The accidents and malfunctions described in this chapter result chiefly from mishandling by persons using the weapons.

Section II. PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES

67. Maintenance and Inspection a. Practice preventive maintenance at all times.

b. Make frequent visual inspections for loose, cracked, or otherwise unserviceable parts. Manipulate the trigger to determine that the trigger pull is adequate for safety.

68. Danger Points a. Check all ammunition.

(1) Prior to release for issue and use, check ammunition for proper type and grade. Refer to TB 9-AMM 4, for all small arms ammunition grades.

(2) Before loading ammunition into the weapon, check for dirt, oil, grease, malformation, loose bullet, and other defects. Do not expose ammunition to direct sun rays or other high temperatures or to prolonged submersion in water.

b. Never point the weapon at any person whom you do not wish to kill.

c. Check the bore prior to firing, to be sure that it is free of foreign matter or obstructions. Keep the weapon pointed in a safe direction when doing so. If, during firing, there is any evidence of misfire or weak charge, make sure that the bullet is not lodged in the weapon.

d. To obviate danger from hangfire, wait 10 seconds after a misfire, then clear the weapon quickly. In the event weapon cannot be cleared quickly and the barrel is hot, danger of cook-off exists. Keep round locked in cylinder, point weapon in a safe direction (for personnel and property), and allow weapon to cool before removing misfired round.

e. Keep your finger off the trigger and outside the trigger guard except when firing or in training.

/. Never raise hammer to cocked position until ready to fire.

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