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zle, and scour the barrel forward and back until this removes all the rust it will take out. This should be followed by the rust remover or opticians' polishing rouge on tight patches. The rouge is a dry powder and should be mixed with a light oil to form a paste. A leather or heavy felt lap may be used instead of the tight patch if the rust appears stubborn.

A last resort to remove rust is to dip a patch in muriatic acid and swab the bore with this. This is only to be used in extreme cases and the barrel must afterwards be cleaned with boiling water and then lapped with the polishing compound on a leather or hard felt lap until the bore is well polished.

If the barrel is pitted, there is nothing that can be done with the pits. Their effect can be somewhat minimized by lapping the bore with a leather lap dipped in #90 emery mixed with a light oil.

As bullets jacketed with cupro-nickel are no longer in use in this country, you do not often encounter this type of fouling in a barrel, but as copper-jacketed bullets driven at extreme velocities will often deposit lumpy metal-fouling in the bore and this fouling can be removed with the same solution as that used to remove cupro-nickel fouling, the formula is given here with instructions for use.

Ammonium Persulphate l/i ounce

Ammonium carbonate 100 grains

Stronger ammonia (28%) 3 ounces

Distilled water 2 ounces

The first two ingredients are powdered together in a mortar, as they are dry, and the second two are added and all stirred together until the powder is dissolved. The same solution should not be used more than once and it is not practical to keep it more than a few days at a time, as it loses strength.

To use this solution in a barrel to remove lumpy

Blowing Off Solvent

Removing ri cartridge ease with head blown off from rifte chamber, using a broken-screw extractor.

Method of plugging breech of rifle with rubber cork and connecting funnel to muzzle with rubber tube, in order to use the chemical solution for removing metal fouling from a barrel.

metal-fouling, push a rubber cork tightly into the breech, put a piece of rubber tubing a few inches long over the muzzle and, with the rifle standing upright, place a funnel in the upper end of the rubber tube and pour the solution into the barrel, pouring in enough so that it rises half an inch or more above the muzzle in the rubber tube, for steel surfaces wet with this solution and exposed to the air will rust rapidly.

Allow the solution to remain in the barrel from twenty to thirty minutes, no longer, then turn the rifle muzzle-down and allow the solution to run out. Keep the rifle in the muzzle-down position, remove the rubber tube and insert a steel rod in the barrel from the muzzle end, which is still in the inverted position, and push out the rubber cork from the breech. Have some boiling water at hand and a clean funnel with a short piece of clean rubber tube upon it and, inserting the rubber tube in the breech of the rifle, run a gallon or more of hot water through the bore to wash oat the solution. Dry the bore with clean patches and inspect it to see that all fouling has been removed. If any fouling remains, cork up the breech again and, using the rubber tube and funnel on the muzzle, put another dose of the solution into the bore and clcan as before.

The modern jacketed bullet with copper or gilding-metal jacket leaves a copper wash, quite thin, in the rifle bore. If it is desired to clean this out, swab the bore with patches dipped in 28% ammonia or put the ammonia in a small can and, placing the muzzle of the rifle in the ammonia, use a tight patch on a steel rod run into the bore from the breech to pump the ammonia up and down in the barrel. In doing this, don't let the patch come out into the chamber or some of the ammonia may get into the action of the rifle and cause some rust. Follow this ammonia cleaning with hot water to wash the bore thoroughly, then dry it well and apply a good grease or gun oil.

Modern powders and primers do not leave any fouling in the bore that cannot be removed with plain boiling water, but a brass or good stiff bristle brush will hasten the cleaning process. Where hot water is not available a good nitro-solvent oil can be used.

Lead can be removed from a rifle barrel by corking up one end and pouring liquid mercury into the barrel, after which the opposite end is corked and the barrel tilted back and forth by hand until the mercury and lead amalgamate, when it can be poured from the

Browning Buckmark Silhouette

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Woodworking Tools and Installation Tips

Woodworking Tools and Installation Tips

There are a lot of things that either needs to be repaired, or put together when youre a homeowner. If youre a new homeowner, and have just gotten out of apartment style living, you might want to take this list with you to the hardware store. From remolding jobs to putting together furniture you can use these 5 power tools to get your stuff together. Dont forget too that youll need a few extra tools for other jobs around the house.

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